Sanskrit Verses in Bihar, Gujarat , Karnataka Inscriptions (Post No.11,214)


Post No. 11,214

Date uploaded in London – 22 AUGUST 2022         

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Ravikirti (ravikeerti), a Jain poet composed the well known Aihoe (aykola) inscription of Chalukya king Pulikesin II alias Sathyaasraya dated 634 CE. It is in Karnataka. The poet built a Jain temple. The inscription is of great importance from the historical as well as from the literary point of view. He has mentioned both Kalidasa and Bharavi (kaalidaasa, bhaaravi), from which we come to know that these two great Sanskrit poets were very popular even in the South at that time.

Ravikirti tried to emulate them. He is thoroughly well versed in the rules of Alankaara saastra (poetics). He has freely used in the Prasasti many phrases and ideas which are parallel to those found in Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa and Bharavi’s Kratarjuniyam (Kiraataarjuniiyam).


Two Madhavas

We come across two poets by name Maadhava in Bihar and Gujarat inscriptions. Both of them are good poets.

Madhava composed Bhagirathpur stone inscription of Anumati Devi. It is in Mithila area of Bihar.

Anumati Devi, was daughter in law of Harinarayana, wife of Ramabhadra and mother of Kamsanarayana of the Oinsvaaraa dynasty of Mithila in Bihar. It is dated Lakshmana sena samvatsara 394 or 403 corresponding to 1512 CE. It records a temple built by Anumati Devi.

The poet belonged to the same family as Siva Jha , father of Makhadevi and is mentioned in the anthology Rasikajeevana of Gadhaadhara Bhatta of Mithila. The panegyric consists of nine verses. Here is verse no.2

“Through her gifts, she destroyed the extraordinary poverty of the world; through her glory she rendered tens of thousands of people more beautiful (delighted) than the autumn moon; through her modesty and prudence, she brought relatives under her control. Such a repository of bright virtues unique in the world got this temple built.”

Daanairyaa dalayaam babhoova jagathaam daaritrachamatyutkatam

Keertyaa yaa saradindusundarataraa lokaamschakaaraayuthaan

Kinchochchairvinayaannayaacha vasataam neetaa yayaa bhaandavaah

Seyam visvavilakshanojwalagunagraamaa matam nirmame

The record refers to another poet named Kuladhara who also seems to have composed a eulogy of the queen.


Naagara Braahmana Maadhava

He was a Brahmin of Chamatkarapura, son of Munjiga. He composed a Saptasloki (seven verses) which is inscribed on a stone slab in Vanthali  in Saurashtra (Gujarat). The record refers to the time of Gujarat Chalukya king Sarngadeva and is dated 1290 CE.

The poet calls himself Visvamaadhava. He seems to be a good poet. The following verse is one from the Saptasloki:

Srngaara bhangisubagaah subagaana veechivaachaalakandakuharaa muhuraattaveenaah

Gaayanti …………… giraanagaraajasrngamaaruhya guhyachakoradrso yasosya

The same poet seems to have also composed the incomplete, but highly poetical, inscription preserved in the Rajkot Museum. The first half of verse 31 of the Rajkot inscription is identical with the first half of verse 3 of the Vanthalli inscription.

It is our duty to collect and publish all the verses from thousands of inscriptions spread all over India. If they are translated into English and vernacular languages, all can appreciate the beauty of those verses.

Source – Sanskrit and Prakrit Poets known from Inscriptions, Prof.D.B.Diskalkar, Pune, 1993 (with my inputs)

–subham–tags- Aihole, Mithila, Anumati Devi, Madhava, Ravikirti, Inscriptions, Sanskrit

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