SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBER SIXTEEN!(Post No.7439)

Abhirami bhattar praying to goddess.

Compiled by London swaminathan

Post No.7439

Date uploaded in London – 9 January 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non commercial blog.

Tamil devotional poet Abhirami Bhattar is a house hold name in Tamil Nadu. Equally famous was Kalamegham whose name means that he pours down poems like a black rainy cloud. These two poets and and an anonymous poet prays to God and Goddess to pay them SIXTEEN GREAT THINGS.

Whenever a newly married couple seeks the blessings of the elders, they used to bless them saying LET BOTH OF YOU GET THE SIXTEEN and LIVE A LONG LIFE.

So there are at least three Tamil poems giving the List of 16 Great Things. Though the lists slightly vary, I will give below the most popular one of Abhirami Bhattar, a great devotee of Goddess Uma/Parvati/Abirami

English Translation
O, Goddess of old Kadavur, Younger Sister of Vishnu who is ‘sleeping’ on the ocean, who is inseparable from Amutheesar, O Abhirami, please bless me with the following:–


1)Good and Proper Education,

2) Long life,

3)Good Friends,

 4)Inexhaustible Prosperity,

5)Youthfulness,

6)Disease free (healthy) body,

 7)Calm mind (tranquillity),

8)Affectionate wife,

9)Children with good character,

10)Name and Fame,

11)Truthfulness,

12)Philanthropy,

13)Theft free Wealth,

14)Good government,

15)Worry free life, and

16) Association with your great devotees.

An alternative translation runs like this :– Life long Learning, Long life, Untarnished Friendship, Undiminished Prosperity, Eternal youth, Healthy Life, Unending exuberance, Ever loving Spouse, Unfaltering Children, Ever rising reputation, Truthfulness, Generosity at all times, Wealth that never ceases to grow, Honesty/ Fair play ( a country with a just government), Life free of sorrows, Love of God or association with god loving people/devotees.

xxx

16 GREAT THINGS  (SIMILAR THOUGHT FROM ENGLISH POEMS)

A Prayer Found in Chester Cathedral

Give me good digestion, Lord,
And also something to digest;
Give me a healthy body, Lord,
With sense to keep it at its best.

Give me a healthy mind, good Lord,
To keep the pure and good in sight;
Which, seeing sin, is not applauded,
But find a way to set it right.

Give me a mind that is not bored,
That does not whimper, wine and sigh;
Don’t let me worry overmuch
About the fussy thing called “I”.

Give me a sense of humour, Lord,
Give the grace to see a joke;
To get some happiness from life,
And pass it on to other folk.

Unknown

Xxxxx

Enormous Wealth

What We Need

A little dash of purpose,
An effort made to cheer,
A little more of courage,
And less of doubt and fear;
A little more of lifting,
And pulling all our weight,
A little less of leaning,
And leaving it to fate.

A little less of grabbing,
Of selfishness and greed,
A little more of helping,
A fellow that’s in need;
A little more of working,
With smiles instead of frowns,
A little less of kicking,
A fellow when he down.

A little less complaining,
About the things that mar,
A little more adapting,
To all the things that are;
A little more of caring,
And willingness to fight,
A little more of daring,
For what we feel is right.

A little splash of humour,
To brighten up the way,
A little joy to follow,
And linger through the day;
A little touch of laughter,
To cause a little mirth,
Is simply what we’re needing,
To gladden this old earth.

Hope Spencer

xxxx

about life

Hindus use cow’s urine for its anti-bacterial properties

Hindus’ greatest contribution to civilization is cow and its milk. They domesticated it and found out the value of milk.

16 Types of Gifts

(From Wisdom Library)

Mahādāna (महादान).—There are sixteen Mahādānas or “Great gifts”. They are: (1) Tulāpuruṣadāna, (2) Hiraṇyagarbha dāna, (3) Brahmāṇḍa dāna, (4) Kalpakavṛkṣadāna, (5) Gosahasradāna, (6) Hiraṇyakāmadhenudāna, (7) Hiraṇyāśva dāna, (8) Hiraṇyāśvaratha dāna, (9) Hemahastiratha dāna, (10) Pañcalāṅgalakadāna (11) Dhārādāna, (12) Viśvacakradāna (13) Kalpalatā dāna, (14) Saptasāgaraka dāna, (15) Ratnadhenu dāna, (16) Mahāpūtaghaṭa dāna. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 210).

Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions say that the great kings did 16 Daanaas (gifts or Donations). The list slightly differs in different Hindu scriptures. But all include Food, Gold, Cows, Land.

Other common gifts were golden images of a Pipal tree, Meru Hills, Divine Tree Karpaka Vruksha, Divine Cow Kamadhenu etc.

The lists say that giving a girl to a worthy man is a good gift and it is known as Kanyaa Dhaanam.

Giving education and helping someone to get married are also great gifts.

The general term for Great Gifts is Maha Dhanam. But the actual meaning of the word is giving gold to a Brahmana equal to one’s own weight.

Great Tamil king Cheran  Senguttuvan weighed himself against gold and gave it to a Brahmin known as Matalan, according to Tamil Epic Silappadikaram.

Hindu king Mulavarman of Indonesia of fourth century CE and Krishna Devaraya of 14th century did 16 Gifts Ceremony.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahadana in Sanskrit glossary (from Wisdom Library)

Mahādāna (महादान).the gift of gold equal to one’s own weight; अथातः संप्रवक्ष्यामि महादानस्य लक्षणम् (athāta sapravakyāmi mahādānasya lakaam).

Derivable forms: mahādānam (महादानम्).

Mahādāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and dāna (दान).

Tamil Encyclopaedia ‘Abidana Chintamani’ by Singaravelu Mudaliyar gives a list of over 30 Daanaas (gifts) with full information.

English word donation is derived from Sanskrit word Dhaana.

Hindus worship cow on festival days

Xxxx Subham xxxx