Kalki Avatar in Parsi literature(Post No.10,659)


Post No. 10,659

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Kalki Avatar in Parsi literature (Post No.10,659)

Hindus believe that the last Avatar of Lord Vishnu will be Kalki Avatar, that is the incarnation of god. Kalki is expected to come on a white horse with a lightning sword. Many religions believe that their prophets will come back. Zoroastrian/ Parsi religion also believes in a or many future prophets.

A detailed description of the resurrection and the last judgment is contained in the last chapter of Bundashish , which is no doubt founded on original Avesta sources which are now lost. In it an old song is embodied, the purport of which is to show that, though it appears short sighted mortals impossible for the body ( when once dissolved into its elements scattered in every direction) to be restored again, yet nothing is impossible for the hard of the Almighty , who created heaven and earth, endows the trees with sap, gives life to embryos in the womb etc

For awakening the dead bodies, restoring all life destroyed by death, and holding the last judgment, the great prophet Sosyosh( Saoshyas in the Avesta) will appear by order of Ahuramazda. The idea is already to be found in the Avesta texts, only with the difference, that sometimes several, sometimes only one Saoshyas is mentioned.

The later Parsi legends distinguish Three Great Prophets who will appear before the end of the world. These are the men who will perpetuate life ( who will produce frasho-kereti). , men of the same stamp as the ancient prophets and fire priests, and bearing the same name, viz Saoshyanto. They will be commissioned to check the influence of the devil, which increases at the time when this world is verging towards its end, by restoring truth and faith and the good Zoroastrian religion.

Their names are potential and imply a simile; the dark period of wretchedness and sin, in which they appear, being compared to night, and the era of eternal bliss, they are endeavouring, to bring about, being likened to the brilliant day.

The first of these prophets is called

1.Hukhsha thra Mao /Hushedar mah /The moon of happy life

The second is

2.Hukhsshathra Bamya /Hushedar bami /

The Aurora of happy rule

And the third and the greatest is called

3.Saoshyas / Soshyos

He is believed to be a son of Spitama Zarathustra begotten in a supernatural way. This means, that just as Spitama Zarathustra was the greatest prophet and priest in ancient times, so will Soshyosh be the greatest of those to come.

Therefore he alone brings with him anew Nask of the Zend Avesta, which was hither to unknown, and reveals it to mankind.

Source book- The Parsis, Martin Haug,ear 1878


My comments

Hukhssha= Subikksha??

Soshyos = swaya ojhas?? It can be compared with the light emitting sword of Kalki

It can be Sreyash in Sanskrit.


Tags-  Kalki, Avatar, Future Prophet, Parsi Religion, Saoshyas , Soshyos

Date of Kalki Avatar!


Research Article No.1735; Date:- 20th March, 2015

Written by London swaminathan

Uploaded at London time 9-23 am

We all know that Lord Vishnu will reincarnate himself as Kalki Avatar at the end of Kali Yuga for “Paritraaya Saadhunaam and Vinaasaaya sa dushkrtaam” (to protect the good and destroy the wicked). Then he will establish righteousness (Dharma sam sthaapanaarthaaya) .

When will this happen? Is there any indication in our scriptures?

Yes, there is a ‘sloka’ (couplet) which clearly tells us the date of his arrival here on earth.

For all the Ten Avatars we have information in the traditional hymns:



Fish – Matsya Avatar/ incarnation – Month Chitra – 13th day in bright half

Tortoise – Kurma Avatar/ incarnation – Month Jyeshta – 12th day in dark half


Boar – Varaha Avatar/ incarnation – Month Chitra – 5th day in dark half

Man Lion– Narasimha Avatar/ incarnation – Month Vaisaka – 14th day in bright half of the month – (Sukla Paksha)



Short man – Vamana Avatar/ incarnation – Month Bhadrapatha – 12th day in bright half of the month – (Sukla Paksha)

Rama with axe – Parasurama Avatar/ incarnation – Month Margasirsha – 2nd day in dark half of the month/ Krishna paksha.

Rama  – Rama Avatar/ incarnation – Month Chitra – 9th day in bright half

Man with a plough – Balarama Avatar/ incarnation – Month Vaisaka – 3rd  day in bright half of the month



Blackman  – Krishna  Avatar/ incarnation – Month Sravana – 8th  day in dark half of the month/ Krishna paksha.

Tenth Avatar


Man on a White Horse – Kalki Avatar/ incarnation – Month Bhadrapatha – 2nd  day in bright half of the month – (Sukla Paksha) at the end of Kali Yuga

Masi Bhadrapathe sukla dwitiyaayaam Janardhana:

Mlechaakraantha kalavanthe Kalki rupo bhavishyati

—is the traditional sloka/couplet.



But nobody knows when the current Kaliyuga will come to an end. Mlechas are interpreted as anti- Hindu or Anti religious.

The foreigners who translated Manu Smrti (Hindu law Book) translated Mlechas as barbarians.

2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature used this word for Romans and Greeks. Tamil commentators are very clear about it.

In Mahabharata , Shalva was a Mlecha king who fought on the side of Kauravas. There was another Shalva who invaded Dwaraka when Krishna was away, but he was defeated by Krishna’s son.

The engineers who built the inflammable House of Lac to kill the Pandavas are described as Mlechas in Mahabharata. Duryodhana borrowed foreign (Greek) ideas to destroy Pandavas.

Anga was another Mlecha in Mahabharata who fought on the side of Kauravas.

Later Sanskrit literature used it for Muslim invaders and British rulers because they were killing cows and eating beef.

The greatest of the modern Tamil poets Subramanya Bharati used the term for Muslim invaders who destroyed Hindu temples.

Tamil Encyclopedia Abidhana Chinatamani gives two more meanings:


  1. Descendants of Durvasu, Son of Yayati; they were described as Mlechas because they were characterless.

In short Mlechas are those people who are against Hindu Dharma.



Foreigners concocted a story saying that Mlechas were the occupants of Indus Valley. But actually those Mlechas were worshippers of Molek. Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch by burning (Bible- 1 Kings 11-7 and 2 Kings 23-10)

Please read my article:

MLECHA: Most Misunderstood Word (Posted on 3 September,2012)


When did Buddha become an Avatar of Vishnu? How& Why?


Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Post No.1156; Dated 7th July 2014.

How many Avatars of Vishnu are narrated so far?
There are twenty two + Avatars (incarnations) of Vishnu in the Bhagavatha Purana. Sikh’s Dasam Granth written by Guru Gobind Singh has listed 24 Avatars of Lord Vishnu.

But Bhagavatha Purana says his incarnations are innumerable. Whenever Vishnu comes down in some form to help a devotee, it is considered an Avatar. But later Puranas made Ten Avatars more popular and grouped them under Dasavatar. The strange thing about this list is suddenly Buddha’s name was inserted as an avatar of Vishnu!! In short Buddha was Hinduized or reconverted to Hinduism!!

Who did this? Why?
First of all Buddha was born as a Hindu and never said anything against Hinduism. He never contradicted anything, but complemented to Hindu philosophy. He devoted one full chapter for Brahmins in his Dhammapada. Wherever possible he praised them (E.g.Indra). From Buddha to Asoka all the scriptures ranked Brahmana first and Sramana second. But Buddha was against sacrificing animals in the Yagas. That was where he differed from orthodox Hinduism. But he was not the only one. Even before the Buddha, Mahavira and his predecessors were preaching different ideologies.


After Buddha’s death some fanatics started “Buddhasizing” everything. The entire ancient Hindu stories from proto Panchatantra folklore, Ramayana and Mahabharata to Puranas were converted as stories of Buddha’s previous Avatar. Six hundred such stories were collected as Jataka Tales. In short they “stole the Avatar concept” from the Hindus and converted all the characters as Bodhisatvas. Bhagavatha Purana of the Gupta period included the Buddha in the Avatar list. Then came a clever man among the Hindus by name Jayadeva (1200 CE), the author of Gita Govindam, who gave a final blow to the already dying Buddhism, by including Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu in his Gita Govindam. Nobody bothered or objected to it. Hindus can digest anything that comes their way. They digested all the invading western tribes. In the same way Buddhism was also absorbed by including the Buddha in the list of Ten Greta Avatars.

Jayadeva’s hymns known as astapathis included Buddha in the following sloka:
“O you merciful heart denounced the Veda where the slaughter of cattle was taught. O Kesava, you in the form of the Buddha, victory to you, Hari, the lord of the world”.
The commentator also said the Buddha did not condemn the whole Veda but only the part of it which supported sacrifices.
bommai krishnan, fb

In the next verse Jayadeva listed all the ten incarnations of Vishnu :-
“Who upheld the Vedas , supported the universe,
Bore up the world, destroyed the demons, deceived Bali,
Broke the force of the Kshatriyas, conquered Ravana , made the plough, spread mercy, who took the ten forms. Prevailed over aliens, Homage. O Krishna”.

Philosopher Dr S Radhakrishnan said, “ Buddha utilized the Hindu inheritance to correct some of its expressions. He came to fulfil, not to destroy.”
Buddhism took different forms in different countries. Some of them went against the main teachings of Buddhism such as non violence, vegetarianism, ascetic life etc. but in India it has entered in to and become an integral part of our culture.

22. Shankaracharya VEDVYASA
Veda Vyasa: Vyasaya Vishnu Rupaya, Vyasa Rupaya Vishnave.

Vedic Origin of Avatars

Story of deluge is found in all ancient cultures. It must have originated in India, because Rig Veda, the oldest scripture in the world, has it’s seed (Manu and Matsya Sammata were mentioned in the Veda). More over all the epics, Puranas and other scriptures described the deluge in detail. Hindu scriptures clearly located it in the Indian sub continent, whereas other cultural references are a bit vague and less detailed.
Avatara means a descent. God is coming down to earth from the heaven. The three steps of Lord Vishnu (Vamana Avatara) is mentioned in the Rig Veda. Sayana, the most famous Vedic commentator, interpreted it as three steps of Vishnu as Vamana. It is one of the Ten Avatars.

In the Taiittiriya Samhita and the Satapatha Brahmana, Varaha (Boar) avatara is mentioned. But Prajapathi’s name was there instead of Vishnu.

Kurma Avatara was mentioned in the Sathapatha Brahmana. Again Prajapathi’s name replaced Vishnu. Satapatha Brahmana mentioned the fish/ matsya avatara as well.
Narasimha’s avatara of man lion, Parasurama’s (Rama with axe) incarnation, Rama and Krishna , followed by the Buddha are featured as Dasavatar in later literature. Last Avatar Kalki is yet to come.
may sri ram bless you

Bhagavatham mentioned the following 22:

1)Purusha, the male progenitor or Four Sons of Brahma 2)Varaha, the boar 3)Narada, the great sage 4)Nara and Narayana 5)Kapila, a sage 6)Dattatreya, a sage 7)Yajna, sacrifice 8)Rishaba, a righteous king, father of Bharata (may be the first Tirthankara of Jains) 9)Prithu, a king 10)Matsya, the fish 11)Kurma, a tortoise 12) Dhanvantri, the physician of the Gods.13) Mohini 14)Nara-simha, the man lion 15)Vamana, the dwarf 16)Parasurama 17)Veda Vyasa 18)Rama 19)Balarama 20)Krishna 21)Buddha 22)Kalki
Hamsa (swan) and Hayagriva (horse faced) avatars also mentioned elsewhere.


Dasamagranth gave a slightly different list with 24 avatars by adding, Brahma, Rudra, Manu, sun, moon, Seshasayi, and Jalandhara by replacing a few. But all the main ten Avatars are there.
So the inclusion of the Buddha in the avatar list was a tactical move to neutralise the effect of Buddhism. They were paid back in their own coin!

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