JUGGERNAUT AND LORD JAGANNATH! (Post No.5251)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 23 JULY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 17-13  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5251

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

What is the origin of the word Juggernaut?

Meaning in English dictionary:

Definition of juggernaut

 

1: a massive inexorable force, campaign, movement, or object that crushes whatever is in its path

  • an advertising juggernaut

 

  • a political juggernaut

2chiefly British a large heavy truck

xxx

 

 

Juggernaut is derived from Sanskrit word and modern North Indian languages such as Hindi:

Naut here is ‘nath’ Lord of the Universe (Jagath).

The compound jaganath, is a title of the Hindu god, Vishnu, especially in his eighth incarnation as Krishna.

 

Huge lorries are called juggernaut because the epithet of the deity had come in English to be associated with the enormously heavy chariot /rath which bears Jagannath in procession at the annual festival- rath yatra at the town of Puri in Orissa in north East India.

 

This has been reported by European travellers from 1321 CE and reports mentioned worshippers dying, crushed under the massive wheels.

 

Western observers’ usually disparaging accounts led to an immediate usage of juggernaut for any institution to which persons are ruthlessly sacrificed (OED 1933) before it was applied to a very large lorry for transporting goods by road, especially one that travels throughout Europe (Collins Dictionary 1979)

 

During the past 150 years, juggernaut served in a derogatory sense as a verb and an adjective as well as noun.

–Elenore Nesbitt, Senior Research Fellow Religious Education, University of Warwick

The Guardian Newspaper, Notes and Queries, Vol.5, Year 1994

 

My comments:

 

First it was used to do propaganda against Hindus by Christian missionaries. Slowly the dictionaries changed the meaning and made it milder and milder.

In fact not many people died in such Rath yatras. The crowd that gathers there is more than the population of several European and Pacific Ocean island countries.

Like they keep on changing the language of The Bible every year and now 200 different types of Bibles are available, the dictionaries also differ. Derogatory sense is left behind.

 

–SUBHAM–

 

 

 

The Story of ‘Juggernaut!’

Compiled by London swaminathan

Post no.1878, Date: 20 May 2015.

Most of us know that the word ‘juggernaut’ in the English dictionary is derived from Lord Jaganatha of Puri, Odisha.

If you look at Oxford Dictionary you will get two meanings:-

1.A very large Lorry/Truck

2.A large powerful force or institution that cannot be controlled

British News Paper The Guardian has published the following matter under its question and answer column (Notes & Queries, Vloume 5)

Question: What is the origin of the word Juggernaut?

Answer:

JUGGERNAUT is derived from Sanskrit and modern North Indian languages like Hindi ‘Naut’ here is Lord(nath) of the universe (jagat), the compound Jagannath, is a title for the Hindu god Vishnu, especially in his eighth incarnation as Krishna. Huge Lorries are called juggernauts because the epithet of the deity had come in English to be associated with the enormously heavy chariot (rath) which bears Jagannath in procession at the annual festival (Rathayatra) at the town of Puri (Jagannath Puri) in Orissa in North East India.

This has been reported by European travellers since about 1321 and reports mentioned worshippers dying, crushed under the massive wheels. Western observers’ usually disparaging  accounts led to an intermediate usage of juggernaut for any institution to which persons are ruthlessly sacrificed (OED 1933) before it was applied to ‘a very large lorry for transporting goods by road, especially one that travels throughout Europe’ Collins Dictionary of the English Language 1979). During the past 150 years, juggernaut served in a derogatory as a verb and an adjective as well as a noun.

–Eleanor Nesbit, Senior Research Fellow, Religious Education, University of Warwick.

Brewer’s Book of Myth and Legend add…

The chief festival is the car festival when Jagannath is dragged in his car (35 feet square, 45 feet high) to another temple. The car has sixteen wheels, each seven feet in diameter. The belief that fanatical pilgrims cast themselves under the wheels of the car to be crushed to death on the last day of the festival is largely without foundation. However it has led to the phrase the car of the juggernaut, used to denote customs, institutions etc., beneath which people are ruthlessly and unnecessarily crushed.

My comments: Actually the Christian missionaries published pictures of Jagannath Rath in bad light (throwing people under the wheels) and women thrown into husband’s funeral pyre etc. to justify their conversion agenda.