Bernier’s Description of Peacock Throne (Post No.2808)

Shah_Jahan_op_de_pauwentroon

Written by london swaminathan

 

Date: 13 May 2016

 

Post No. 2808

 

Time uploaded in London :–  17-13

 

( Thanks for the Pictures)

 

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)

 

 

Francois Bernier (1620-1688) was a French traveller and a physician to Moghul emperors. Following is his description of the Peacock Throne:

In a letter to M.de l Mothe le Vayer, dated July 1, 1663, contemporaneously translated, the Frenchman writes “The king appeared sitting upon his throne, in the bottom of the great hall of the Am-kas, splendidly apparelled. His vest was of white satin flowered and raised with a very fine embroidery of gold and silk. His turban was of cloth of gold, having a fowl wrought upon it like a heron, whose foot was covered with diamonds of an extraordinary bigness and price, with a great oriental topaz, which may be said to be matchless, shining like a little sun.

 

A collar of big pearls hung about his neck down to his stomach, after the manner some heathens wear here their great beads. His throne was supported by six high pillars, or feet, said to be of massive gold, and set with rubies, emeralds and diamonds. I am not able to tell you aright  neither the number nor the price of this heap of precious stones, because it is not permitted to come near  enough to count them, and to judge of their water and purity. Only this I can say, that the big diamonds are in confusion, and is the throne is said to be  worth four kouroures of rupies, if I remember well.  I have said elsewhere that a rupie is almost equivalent to half-a-crown, a lacquer to a hundred thousand rupies and kourour to a hundred lacques; so that the throne is valued forty millions of roupies, which are worth about sixty millions  of French livres.  That which I find upon it best devised are two peacocks covered with precious stones and pearls.

 

Beneath this throne there appeared all the Omrahs in splendid apparel upon a raised ground covered with a canopy of purified gold with great golden fringes, and enclosed by a silver balistre. The pillars of the hall were hung with tapestries of purfled gold, having the ground of gold; and for the roof of the hall there was nothing but great canopies of flowered satin fastened with red silken cords that had big tufts of silk mixed with threads of gold hanging on them. Below there was nothing to be seen but great silken tapestries, very rich of, of an extraordinary length and breadth. In the court there was set abroad a curtain tent as long and large the hall and more”.

 

Peacock throne of Shajahan

(from my old post)

Persian king Nader Shah invaded India in 1739 just for gold and gems like Alexander and Mohmed of Gazni. He took lot of invaluable jewellery items to Persia (modern Iran). But it is believed that the Peacock Throne of Mogul emperor Shahjahan was broken into parts and shared by the commanders of his army. But there are different thrones in Tehran (capital city of Iran) museum taken from India. These are displayed items and there are many more items not displayed. The King of Iran who ruled before Khomeini’s Islamic revolution took lot of items with him when he left the country.

But the original peacock throne was more valuable than this. It was made up of over 1100 kilo gold and 250 kilo gem stones. But the Peacock Throne in Tehran Museum is not the original one. Even the famous Kohinoor diamond was part of the throne. Two Peacocks made up of gems decorated the top of the throne. French traveller Jean Baptist Taveriner was an expert in jewellery. He had given full details in his report.

Iranian Crown jewellery is the largest royal collection in the world. The most important items were from India. Several crowns, golden thrones and chains are in the vault of Central bank of Tehran.

Persian King Nadir Shah invaded when a weak Mogul king Mohamed Shah was ruling Delhi. A rumour was spread that Nadir Shah was killed in the battle. Enraged by this rumour Nadir Shah ransacked Delhi and his soldiers killed 30,000 people in one night. Mogul king begged to him to leave Delhi promising him all the treasures in the world. Nadir Shah took the most valuable jewellery including the globe and the Peacock Throne. But he was killed by the Kurdish while returning to Persia. Immediately his soldiers and Kurdish enemies divided most of the booty.

 

My old posts on the same theme:

Rs1000 Crore Indian Gem Wonder (4 May 2012)

India needs an Indiana Jones ! (1 May 2012)

 

–subham–

 

 

 

Rs1000 Crore Indian Gem Wonder

A gem studded globe of an Indian king is in Iran. The National Museum in Tehran has many Indian gem wonders. One of them is The Peacock Throne. The other one is a globe made of diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires. 51,000 gem stones, mostly emeralds, are on the globe. The diameter of the globe is 18 inches and it is 44 inches tall. 35 kilo gold was used to make it. Emeralds are used to show the seas and rubies and spinels were used to show the land areas.

When the National Geographic Magazine published an article with a picture of the globe in 1990s it was valued Rs. 300 crores. Now it is valued above Rs.1000 crores or Rs 10,000 million!!

Persian king Nader Shah invaded India in 1739 just for gold and gems like Alexander and Mohmed of Gazni. He took lot of invaluable jewellery items to Persia (modern Iran). But it is believed that the Peacock Throne of Mogul emperor Shahjahan was broken into parts and shared by the commanders of his army. But there are different thrones in Tehran (capital city of Iran) museum taken from India. These are displayed items and there are many more items not displayed. The King of Iran who ruled before Khomeini’s Islamic revolution took lot of items with him when he left the country.

Peacock throne of Shajahan

But the original peacock throne was more valuable than this. It was made up of over 1100 kilo gold and 250 kilo gem stones. But the Peacock Throne in Tehran Museum is not the original one. Even the famous Kohinoor diamond was part of the throne. Two Peacocks made up of gems decorated the top of the throne. French traveller Jean Baptist Taveriner was an expert in jewellery. He had given full details in his report.

Iranian Crown jewellery is the largest royal collection in the world. The most important items were from India. Several crowns, golden thrones and chains are in the vault of Central bank of Tehran.

Persian King Nadir Shah invaded when a weak Mogul king Mohamed Shah was ruling Delhi. A rumour was spread that Nadir Shah was killed in the battle. Enraged by this rumour Nadir Shah ransacked Delhi and his soldiers killed 30,000 people in one night. Mogul king begged to him to leave Delhi promising him all the treasures in the world. Nadir Shah took the most valuable jewellery including the globe and the Peacock Throne. But he was killed by the Kurdish while returning to Persia. Immediately his soldiers and Kurdish enemies divided most of the booty.

 

Tippu’s Tiger

Tippu Sultan was the son of Haider Ali, King of Mysore. Haider Ali fought with the British rulers in India and was defeated. His son Tippu Sultan was the de facto ruler. He was very fond of tigers and believed that he would win like a tiger. He gave his soldiers tiger striped uniforms. He had lot of tiger artefacts in his collection. He made a mechanical wooden tiger toy with some clever mechanical and sound actions. The British took it from him in 1799 and now it is kept in London Victoria and Albert museum. Anyone who walks in to the museum can easily see it in a glass window. It is a life size toy prowling on an English soldier. It was made by French engineers who hated the British as much as Tippu Sultan.

 

The toy has a pipe organ like mechanism with a handle. When the toy is operated it makes noise like the growl of a tiger. The European soldier also cries in fear. The hand will move as if it is going to tear him to pieces. Tiger will try to devour the prostate European. The noise also varies according the movement of tiger’s mechanical hand. This is one of the main attractions of V & A museum. Nowadays they don’t operate the toy. But it is still in working order. India can be proud of such attractions displayed around the world.

India needs an Indiana Jones !

Indiana Jones and Temple of doom

Where are our Hindu treasures?

Indians lack historical sense. This is because our ultimate goal is to merge one with God, that is Moksha. So they did not bother much about recording everything with time and date according to modern western standards. Moreover, History begins for Westerners only when they get records, epigraphs, inscriptions, monuments or artefacts. But Hindus laugh at such things. Tamil and Sanskrit literature were very clear about the number of kings the world had seen. They say it is uncountable, innumerable, incredibly big equal to the number of stars in the heaven or the number of water drops in the rain or the number of sand particles on the sea shore. This simile was used 2000 years ago in Mahabharata, Ramayana, Kalidasa’s works and Sangam Tamil literature.

 

Even Ramkrishna Paramahamsa warned people, “Don’t waste your time by counting the number of leaves in a tree. Such a research won’t take you anywhere near your goal-Moksha”. But yet Hindus did research in Sex (vatsyayana), Medicine (Susruta, Saraka), Grammar (Linguistics/Panini), Astronomy (Varahamihira, Aryabhatta), Mathematics (Leelavati), Theory of Dilation of Time (Mahabharata), Acupuncture (Bheesma’s Arrow bed)–name any subject in the world, we were the first one to have contributed. Then the Greeks took the mantle from us.

The times have changed. We can’t sit idly when the whole world is using mass media to reinterpret their history and religion. Even Krishna’s Syamantaka diamond (now named Hope diamond in Smithsonian ,Washington DC) was used as a plot for Indiana Jone’s film—Indiana Jones and Temple of Doom. So we need an Indiana Jones type person to find out our lost treasures. Some of them have already been traced. Others may be in temple vaults, like the biggest treasure in History at Pathmanabha Swamy temple, Tiruvananthapuram, Kerala,India.

 

Hindus must create awareness about their treasures. They must know the value of their treasures and display them like the British Museum in London or famous American museums. They must use these plots for interesting feature films like Indiana Jones.

The great Chola king Rajaraja mentioned hundreds of gold items donated to Lord Shiva temple in Thanjavur. Now they are not there!! A lot of temple inscriptions mention thousands of gold items and gems. Now they are not found anywhere. Some temples like Tirupati and Madurai Meenakshi temple have some of the jewelleries. But there is a rumour that some were replaced with fake and artificial jewellery by the politicians. But we can check them with ultra modern scientific instruments.

 

There is an old Kadamba tree inside Madurai Meenakshi temple well protected with fence. We may do some research to find its age with carbon dating and other methods. Christians did such research on Turin shroud. Every temple had something historic. We have to do scientific research on such artefacts. This wouldn’t affect our faith in Hinduism. This will reinstate our faith in our religion and culture.

Where is Akshya Pathra, the Eternal Bowl, that Draupadi (Mahabharata) used to feed thousands of people? Where is it today?

Where is Amutha Surabhi, that Manimekalai used to feed all the poor in Tamil Nadu? Where is it today?

Where is the Peacock Throne, that is worth millions of dollars today? We knew it was used by Shajahan, the Moghul emperor? There is one Peacock throne in National Museum, Tehran, Iran. But they say the original was broken in to pieces by Nair Shah’s soldiers after he plundered Delhi.

 

Where is the original Peacock throne-(Mayil Asanam in Tamil)- today?

Where is the Sangam Board/Plank that allowed to Tiru Valluvar to launch his book Tirukkural? The plank that allowed only good and genuine authors. Where is it today?

Where is Syamantaka that produced gold? Is it the Hope diamond at Smithsonian Museum in Washington? Where is it today? ( I argued that it is Syamantaka in my article “ Is Krishna’s diamond in USA”? But a scientific study will prove my theory right or wrong)

Where is our famous  and lucky Kohinoor diamond? Where is it today? We Knew that it is in the Crown Jewellery collection in the Tower Museum. London.

 

Where is our Kamadhenu that produced food for thousands of people when Vashista was raising it? Where is it today?  If it is a real living animal it would be long dead. But it is magical. So I think it must survive. May be it is an instant cooking machine our ancients invented. Now we have machines that make 1000 chapatis or 1000 Idlis at one go!!

Where is the Karpaka Vruksham tree that fulfils all your wishes? Where is it today?

Where is the Vikramadityan Simhasanam (Lion Throne), the magical throne which will make even a fool the most intelligent man in the world? Where is it today?

Where is the golden throne used by the Pancha Pandava brothers? Where is it today? The Mysore Palace Golden Simhasana which is worth millions of rupees is described as Pancha Pandava throne. Can’t we do some tests to establish the fact?

Where is the blue sapphire that Nala donated? Where is it today? Where is it today?

 

(Please read my article “The Wonder that was Madurai Meenakshi Temple”. East India Company sent it to Queen Victoria for inspection)

Where is the magical blue cloth that was presented by Neela Nakan to Tamil King Ay which was presented to Lord Shiva (temple) ? Where is it today? Where is the magical blue cloth that Naga tribal leader Karkotakan presented to King Nala for identification? (Please read my article Are Mayas, Indian Nagas? for more details).

Where is Ulavakizi mentioned in Tamil Thiruvilayadal Puranam? Where is Ulava Kottai? It gave us unlimited supply of paddy and gold.

 

Now that we have discovered the greatest treasure trove on earth in the vaults of Pathmanabha Swamy Temple at Tiruvananthapuram, we must make an inventory of our treasures around the world.

For further information contact author at swami_48@yahoo.com

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