Date: 8 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 16-24

Post No. 7317

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Dhanadeva is a poet quoted by Sharngadhara Paddhati (1363). His verse mentions eloquent achievements of Shiilaa, Vijjaa, Maarulaa, Morikaa and others as poetesses of distinction.

We have already seen the works of Shila and Vijja.

Vijja alias Vidyavati lived before Rajasekhara’s time. One of her poems is in the Abhidhaa vrtti Maatrikaa of 855 CE . This work is written by Mukula who lived during the period of King Avantivarman of Kashmir (855-883 CE).

Vijja’s most often quoted verse is

Nilotpala dala shyamam Vijjakam mamajanata
Vrithaiva Dandinapyuktam Sarma shukla

“Without knowing me ,Vijjaka , dark like the petal of a blue lotus, vainly has the poet Dandin said that the goddess of learning is all white.”

Some people change the word ‘maam’ in the verse to ‘taam’ and attribute it to a different person.

Of Marula and Morika little is known; but some of their stanzas are quoted in Jalhana’s SUkti Muktavali, 1258 CE

The Kavindra vachana Samuchchaya quotes some stanzas of poetess Bhaavadevi. Another book also gives her stanzas.

Another ancient poetess is Phalguhastini. Some of her stanzas appear in later anthologies. Since Vamana’s Kavylankara Sutra vrtti is quoting her one Stanza ,she must have lived before 800 CE. Vamana was the Minister King Jayapida of Kashmir 779-813 CE.

Chandala vidya!
Sadukti karnamrita quotes a verse under the joint authorship of Chandala vidyaa, Kalidasa and Vikramaditya. So she must be from Gupta Period.

Another poetess is Jaghanachapalaa. Her stanza is found in Kavindra Vachana Samuchchaya.

We see two stanzas jointly composed by Bilhana and Rajakanya.
Raja Kanya means Princess. Her real name was Shashikala or Chandrakala.
Verses of a poetess named Sarasvati hav ebeen quoted in several anthologies beginning with Sadukti Karnamrita. But she lived before eleventh century.

Rajasekhara Charita mentions the following poetesses:-
Madhu Ranga

Of these the last three are from Malwa (Madhya Pradesh).
We don’t know much about others.
We have lost their original works and only quoted stanzas are available now.
No where in the world and in no other language we find such a galaxy of poetesses.
Sanskrit stands far higher than other ancient languages when it comes to Poets and Poetesses.

We are going to see more poetesses.