Nature in Indian Villages (Post No.2978)


crow kaka

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date:17 July 2016

Post No. 2978

Time uploaded in London :– 7-45 AM

( Thanks for the Pictures)




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Following piece is an interesting excerpt from a 100-year-old book written by a Muslim scholar: –


Source : Life and Labour of the People of India by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Barrister at Law, London, 1907

owl and crow

“It will be noticed that there are very few trees in the village. Those which do exist cluster together in well-defined groves. The largest tree area is that within or surrounding the village site. Among the fields here and there are two or three groves of mango trees. There are isolated trees of that kind that yield timber, such as the tun, the shisham, or the niim. The mango tree itself yields timber, but it is principally grown for the sake of its fruit, and on that account is very valuable. Usually if there is an isolated tree, its shade is detrimental to the crops in the immediate vicinity, and therefore agriculturists always try to plant clumps or clusters in those parts of the village which are not very fertile for ordinary crops.


Snakes and Banyan Trees


The shade trees such as the banyan or the pipal, are generally in or around the village site. They often mark the shrine of a tribal or local god, and sometimes harbour snakes in their hollow trunks. As the snake, however, is considered sacred, and is sometimes looked upon as the guardian genius of the village, the villagers entertain no fear on that account. They sometimes feed them with milk, and therefore the snakes themselves rarely molest the human beings around them.



In the branches of these spreading trees there is a large quantity of bird life. Pigeons, doves, mainas, gree pigeons, sparrows, crows, and owls find a habitation there; while the pretty striped squirrel that skips with such wonderful agility from branch to branch, and playfully descends to the ground to snatch, it may be, a piece of bread from a village urchin, serves to diversify and render lively the ordinarily sober and lazy animal life around.

er uzavan picture

Herds of antelope – the famous black buck of India – roam wild from village to village. They are so tame to the villager that they will allow him to approach within ten yards of them; but with sportsmen they enter into the spirit os sport, and “play the game”. Lucky would be the sportsman who can get within rifle-shot of three fine heads of a morning. In spite of their long, straight spiral horns, which attain a length of 18 to 28 inches, they can make their way through dense sugarcane fields with ease. The villager look them upon as harmless friends, except when they approach too near the village site, and begin to nibble at the young green shoots of valuable crops in the immediate vicinity of habitations. Here the land is freely and specially manured, and the crops are more valuable; but as soon as the villagers have driven off the black buck, there comes a troop of monkeys who begin to help themselves to the more advanced corn. These cannot be quite driven away. On the approach of men they climb up into the branches of the trees, but descend again immediately the danger is past.”

Er, plough


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