Written by London swaminathan
Date: 13 APRIL 2017
Time uploaded in London:- 10-12 am
Post No. 3814
Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.
Hindus are the strangest people in the world. Every day they worship sandals (shoes), sun and moon, Tulsi and Bilva leaves, several flowers and trees, cow and elephant, stones and metals (statues and idols), umpteen gods and innumerable symbols including Om and Swastika. In short they worship earth and all its occupants and stars and planets above the earth. This means they see God in everything. Since they have been doing it for 3500 years continuously according to Max Muller and 6500 years continuously according to Herman Jacobi and B.G.Tilak, I consider the Hindus ‘living fossils’.
But if one worships even prosody and grammar, numbers and mathematics for 6000 years until today they must be the most advanced civilization and most intelligent people on earth.
Five Years ago, I wrote an article in this blog with 41 points in 41 paragraphs under the title:
“Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records”; posted on 26 January 2012
in which I mentioned the following as one of the points:
G for Grammar: When we do the Gayatri Japa we do touch our nose and say Gayathri (24 syllables) , Ushnik (28), Anushtub (32), Bruhathi (36), Pankthi (40), Trustub (44), jagathi (48 syllables)–all these are Vedic meters. Grammar for writing poetry-prosody. Who in the world use grammar (prosody) terms for worship? Don’t we deserve a place in the Book of Records for using Grammar in our daily rituals?
Brahmins do Sandhavandana three times a day: before sunrise, noon and after sunset. They do worship Vedic Gods in the prayer. Just before doing the most important Gayatri mantra they touch their nose and say Gayatri, Ushnik,Anushtubh, Brhti, Panti, Trshtubh, Jagati.
These are the Vedic metres, part of prosody (the study of versification, especially, the systematic study of metrical structure). Vedic Hindus paid so much attention to it and stressed its importance by including it into every day rituals. They studied sounds and its rhythm and patters. Vedic Hindus classified it in an order; we can see a pattern, arithmetic pattern in it. Lot of research is required to study them scientifically. Since Aitareya Brahmana says,
“He who wishes for long life, should use two verses in Ushnih metre; for Ushnih is life. He who having such a knowledge uses two Ushihs arrives at his full age (100 years).
“He who desires heaven should use tow Anushtubhs. There are 64 syllables in two Anushtubhs. Each of these three worlds (Earth, Air and Sky= Bhur Bhuva Suvah) contains 21 places, one rising above the other (just as the steps of a ladder). By 21 steps he ascends to each of these worlds severally; by taking the 64th step he stands firm in the celestial world. He who having such a knowledge uses two Anushtubhs gains a footing (in the celestial world).
“He who desires strength should use two Trishtubhs. Trishtubh is strength, vigour and sharpens of senses. He who knowing this, uses two Trishtubhs, becomes vigorous, endowed with sharp senses and strong.
He who desires cattle should use two Jagatis. Cattle are Jagati like. He who knowing this uses two Jagatis, becomes rich in cattle”.
GAYATRI METRE (or Meter)=24
Three times 8 syllables
This is the most sacred one and it is the proper metre for Agni (Fire God).
USHNIH = 28
It has got 28 syllables
This is the symbol of life; anyone needs longevity use this.
ANUSHTUBH = 32 Syllables
It is the symbol of celestial world
Those who wish to go to heaven should use this.
BRIHATI = 36 Syllables
This metre is used to attain fame
PANKTI = 40 syllables
Five times 8
This is also used to get wealth.
It expresses the idea of strength and royal power
This is the proper metre to invoke Indra
Kshatriyas use it to get strength and power.
Four times 11 syllables
JAGATI= 48 syllables
Anyone who wishes for wealth, cattle wealth must use it.
(Viraj = 30 syllables; It helps one to get food and satisfaction.)
Why did Vedic Hindus attribute certain qualities to each metre?
Why did they arrange them in a particular (number) pattern?
Is there a scientific basis for it?
Has any one studied the Vedas form this angle?
Are they just symbolic way of saying something else?
(Number five is used to denote five senses; 64 used to denote 64 arts; Cattle and elephant are used as symbols of five senses)
We must do more research in these metres and its claims of longevity, fame, strength etc.
Dance and Music
Max Muller says, “The metres were originally connected with dancing and music. The names for metre in general confirm this. Chandas, metre, denotes stepping, vritta, metre from vrit, to turn, meant originally the last three or four steps of a dancing movement, to turn, the versus which determined the whole character of a dance and of a metre. Trishtubh means three steps”.
Griffith says, “The Hymns are composed in various metres, some of which are exceedingly simple and others comparatively complex and elaborate, and two or more different etres are frequently found in the same hymn, for instance in Book 1 shows nine distinct varieties in the same number of verses”.
More research with all the scientific instruments will prove how advanced were the Vedic Hindus in the science of sound and music.
They were highly civilized, far ahead of the known ancient civilizations.
An Account of the Vedas with Numerous Extracts from The Rig Veda by J Murdoch.