Science in Aitareya Brahmana Book! (Post No.4102)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 21 July 2017

Time uploaded in London- 15-39

Post No. 4102

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Aitareya Brahmana is the oldest Brahmana book. It is dated 1000 BCE or before. There is an interesting passage in it (3-44):-

“The sun neither ever sets or rises. When people think, he sets he (only) turns himself round, after reaching the end of the day, and makes night below and day above. Then when people think he rises in the morning he (only) turns himself round after reaching the end of the night, and make the day below and night above. In truth, he never sets. The man who knows this, that the sun never sets, enjoys union and sameness of nature with him and abides in the same sphere:– aitareya Brahmana 3-44


It is amazing to see how they found it. And the description looks like that some one went in a satellite up above the earth and watched it. It is possible. If Narada, the Divine Messenger can do Inter Galactic Travel, then there is nothing to wonder about this description.


Einstein talks about the speed of light – the fastest in the universe, approximately 186,000 miles per second. But Hindu scriptures talk about the speed of mind (thought)- Mano Vegam!

If someone builds a machine that can travel at the speed of light it will take at least four years to reach the nearest star Alpha centaurai. But with the speed of mind you can be there in a fraction of a second. NASA  or Russian scientists are no where near the speed of light; how can they understand the speed of mind/thought. Hindus believe that you can travel by thought and be present anywhere in the universe. We hear lot of stories God rushing to help someone at the thought of that man or animal. When the elephant Gajendra cried O Adhi moolame! ( Oh My God) Lord Vishnu came the next minute.


Since Western scientists look at Time that flows in one direction – linear direction, they think that time cannot be reversed; but Hindus see time flows in circle – cyclical- they think that one can travel forward and backward in Time.


Concept of ONE GOD in the Atharva Veda

Lot of you would have heard about the famous Rig Vedic Hymn: Ekam Sat Viprah bhahuda vadanti (see below)


(Ekam Sat Viprah Bahuda Vadanti)- 1-164-5

“They call him Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni and he is heavenly nobly winged Garutman

To what is One, sages give many a title

they call it Agni, Yama , Matarisvan:


Hindus believe in monotheism; but allow the devotees to visualise Him or Her in different forms; each one personifying some virtue or quality.

Brahma for creation or starting a new cycle

Vishnu for preservation or continuation

Shiva for destruction or end of the cycle


Durga for Heroism

Lakshmi for Wealth

Sarasvati for Knowledge


Vedas say “the gods are only a single being under different names”

In the Atharva Veda we read (13-3-13)

“In the evening Agni becomes Varuna; he becomes Mitra when rising in the morning; having become Savitri (Surya/Sun) he passes through the sky; having become Indra he warms the heaven in the middle”.

Though the Rig Veda says,

“Three hundred, three thousand, thirty and nine gods have worshipped Agni (RV 3-9-9)

“Ye gods, who are eleven in the sky, who are the eleven on earth, and who in your glory are eleven dwellers in the (atmosphere) waters do ye welcome this offering”

it makes it clear that GOD IS ONE in the following oft quoted hymn:

“The One Being sages call by many names

as they speak of Indra, Yama, Matarisvan

The wise poets with their words shape the one being in many ways” – Rig Veda 1-164-46 and 10-114-5


This theme is repeated in several places in the Vedic literature.



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