Manu’s Most Beautiful 12 Couplets (Post No.4504)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  17-59

 

 

Post No. 4504

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

All the Hindu scriptures we have today, except Vedic literature and Bhagavd Gita, are updated versions. Hindus always update their scriptures and so there is scope for interpolations. For instance, Narendra Modi became the 14th Prime Minster of India on 26 May 2014. Pauraniks will write it in a different language:

 

“In the Kaliyuga there will come a man with the name of Indra from the land of Somnathji and he would rule India from Indraprastha for long. He is fond of a flower that grows in water. He would not be from the Brahmana or Kshatria castes. He would paint the land with saffron colour. He will be flying high in yantra Pakshis (mechanical birds)”

 

Even the events that had already happened, they would put in future tense as if it was written in 1000 CE or before. It is a style or genre.

 

In the same way lot of materials are added to Manu Smrti during the time of Brahmin rule- the Sunga Dynasty. All those were put in the mouth of Manu or Bruhu. Lot of things against shudras were added. But how can one know which is new which is old. It is very easy if one reads the whole book without any bias. Most of the anti-shudra materials are at the end of the chapters. So any one could have added them easily or amended them easily. Another touch stone is there. We can easily find out what sort of man Manu was by reading the full book.

 

Here is a proof to show that he was genuinely a man of honesty and integrity. In the second chapter, there are 12 slokas or couplets which show that he held Vedas in high esteem. After upholding the Vedas he gives free hand to every one. He says if anyone has doubts or conflicts of interest they can always follow the tradition that is followed by the elders. Then one can follow what gives one real pleasure. This means one should not act against his or her conscience.

 

All adults know what is right and wrong; all of us know which gives one permanent happiness that which never affects others. If something gives us happiness, but pricks our conscience then that is not true happiness. If one cannot do a thing in public, then it is not happiness. So he give the four marks to identify the Dharma or right things or righteousness:

Here are the first 12 Slokas of Second Chapter of Manava Dharma Shastra or Manu Smrti, the Hindu Law Book, in fact the oldest Law book in the world:

 

1. Learn that sacred law which is followed by men learned in the Veda and assented to in their hearts by the virtuous, who are ever exempt from hatred and inordinate affection (passion).

 

2. To act solely from a desire for rewards is not laudable, yet an exemption from that desire is not to be found in this world: for on that desire is grounded the study of the Veda and the performance of the actions, prescribed by the Veda.

 

3. The desire for rewards, indeed, has its root in the conception that an act can yield them, and in consequence of that conception sacrifices are performed; vows and the laws prescribing restraints are all stated to be kept through the idea that they will bear fruit.

 

4. Not a single act here below appears ever to be done by a man free from desire; for whatever man does, it is the result of the impulse of desire.

 

5. He who persists in discharging these prescribed duties in the right manner, reaches the deathless state and even in this life obtains the fulfilment of all the desires that he may have conceived.

 

6. The whole Veda is the first source of the sacred law, next the tradition and the virtuous conduct of those who know the Veda further, also the customs of holy men, and finally self-satisfaction.

 

7. Whatever law has been ordained for any person by Manu, that has been fully declared in the Veda: for that sage was omniscient.

 

8. But a learned man after fully scrutinising all this with the eye of knowledge, should, in accordance with the authority of the revealed texts, be intent on the performance of his duties.

 

9. For that man who obeys the law prescribed in the revealed texts and in the sacred tradition, gains fame in this world and after death unsurpassable bliss.

 

10. But by Sruti (revelation) is meant the Veda, and by Smriti (tradition) the Institutes of the sacred law: those two must not be called into question in any matter, since from those two the sacred law shone forth.

 

11. Every twice-born man, who, relying on the Institutes of dialectics, treats with contempt those two sources (of the law), must be cast out by the virtuous, as an atheist and a scorner of the Veda.

 

12. The Veda, the sacred tradition, the customs of virtuous men, and one’s own pleasure, they declare to be visibly the fourfold means of defining the sacred law.

 

My Views:-

Most beautiful points are

1.Four fold Mark of Religion

Vedas, Law Book, Customs of virtuous men, One’s own pleasure (Self Satisfaction)

 

2.No one acts without desire. If anyone does anything without desire, one reaches the highest stage

3.Good men are those who have neither hatred nor passion.

The rules Manu insists for the twice born are very strict. If someone follows those strict rules, the concessions he gives to learned Brahmins are justified.

Two recent things that happened in the British courts point in this direction.

(1).A girl who is an Oxford University student hit her boy friend in drunken state. But the judge spared her the prison sentence saying that since she was very studious having higher education, he did not want to send her to prison.

Here we see those who have knowledge are given concessions.

(2). The second incident was about a doctor. Because of his status the judge exempted him from coming to the witness box.

(3). In the Soviet Union, even the most dictatorial government in the world did not send Sakharov, the father of nuclear science, to concentration camps. He was given lot of concessions.

This is the reason that Buddha and Manu said even if the Brahmins kill their own father and mother, destroy a king and the kingdom no sin would touch them.(Please read my earlier articles on this topic)

 

–Subham–

 

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1 Comment

  1. It is wrong to associate MANUB LAW with Sungas. First of all Sungas can never be said to be Brahmins. Like Kadambas Sungas also had their own tree. Everybody knows that Brahmins are identified only with Palasa or Purasu in Tamil. The whole confusion arises due to omission to consider the adoption of Gothras for unknown reasons by Buddhists. Jain literature does not either speak about Brahmins or ill twrds them. On the other hand Buddhism was like Brahmo Samaj targetting only anarya Brahmins. The entire Deccan kingdoms from Satakarnis to Eastern Gangas had sported Gothras and hence Sungas can never considered North Indian but only Brahmakshatriyas. anothe important aspect omitted to be considered was the fivehold clan of KAHSATRIYAS–SURYA/SOMA/NAGA/AGNI/BRAHMA. This clan of Brahma Kshatriyas were wrongly taken as BRAHMINS. All the kingdoms from Satakarnis to Pallavas/paluvur/Kodumbalur Velir/Sambuvaraiyar were all Brahmakshatriyas. Now in the commentary of astronomy by Brahmagupta Brahmagupta severly criticises ARYABHATTA but supports MANU. Thus Manu was none other than a person by name but in order to gain popularity as with SANKRIT SCRIPTURES he was converted as BRAHMIN. It is only the inscriptions of arnataka Kadambas to Chalukyas which speaks about extensively on MANU AND MANAVA DHARMA and all the commentators to MANU LAW VIGYESWARA/VISWARUPA/VISHNU belong to west coast. Satakarnis themselves belong to Middle east and they combined HAMMURABHI’S CODE WITH PLATO’S REPLICA and wrote an excellent treatise called MANU DHARMA. Neither in North India nor in South India thee is exact fitment for communities in VARNA HIERAARCHY. It is more on the bsis of dominant community than on rule of law

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