Good and Bad Brahmins: Chanakya’s Definition! (Post No.4775)

Date: 22 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 15-28

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4775

 

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Various Types of Brahmins- Chanakya Niti

 

Chanakya classifies Brahmins according to the work they do and the virtues they possess. Some are called Rishis and others are called Mlechchas (Foreigners, barbarians)

 

A Brahmin who living life in a forest all times performs Sraadhdha with fruits and roots growing in untilled land every day is called a Rishi

11-11

akrusshta pala muulena vanavaasarataha sadaa

kurute aharahaha sradhdham rushi  vipraha sa ucyate

11-11

xxxx

 

One Meal a Day!

 

A Brahmin who is satisfied with only one meal and keeps himself engaged continuously in six activities and has coition with his wife in the period favourable for conception is called Dwija.

11-12

eka ahaarena santushtaha shatkarma nirataha sadaa

rtukaalaabigaamii ca sa vipro dwija ucyate

11-12

 

(Six activities of Brahmins: Teaching, Studying, Performing sacrifice, Helping others to perform sacrifice, Giving  charity and receiving charity)

xxxx

Vaisya Brahmana

 

A Brahmin who keeps himself busy in worldly affairs, looks after animals and engages himself in trade and agriculture is called a Vaisya.

laukike karmani rataha pasuunaam paripaalakaha

vaaniijya krsi kartaa yaha saha vipro vaisya ucyate

11-13

xxx

A Brahmin who sells lac and the like, oil, indigo, saffron, honey, ghee, liquor and meat is called a Sudra.

11-14

laakshaaditaila niilaanaam kusumba madhu sarpishaam

vikrato madhya maamsaanaam sa vipraha suudra ucyate

 

xxx

Brahmin Cat

A Brahmin who puts spokes in the form of others, is hypocritical, selfish, deceitful, envious, gentle and cruel is said to be Maarjaara, a he cat

11-15

parakarya vihantaa ca daampikaha svaartha saadhakaha

chalii dveshii mruduhu kruuro vipro maarjaara uchyate

11-15

xxx

 

Mlechcha/ Foreigner Brahmin!

A Brahmin who has no compunction in destroying an oblong reservoir of water, well and tank, garden and temple is called a Mleccha.

11-16

vaapii kuupa tadaagaanaam aaraamsu ravesmanaam

uchcheedane niraasankaha sa vipro mlechcha uchyate

11-16

 

(Real meaning of Mlecha is reflected in it; Foreigners distort the meaning  and attribute it to Dravidians, aborigines etc. But Mlechas are foreigners who destroyed Hinduism and India; in short Anti Hindus are called Mlechas; it is in Sangam Tamil literature as well.)

 

xxxx

Chandala/ outcaste Brahmin

A Brahmin who steals the money given as an offering to gods as also to teachers, outrages the modesty of the wives of others, and can get along with all kinds of people is called Caandaala

11-17

devadravyam  gurudravyam paradaaraabhimashanam

nirvaahaha sarvabuteshu viprascaandaala uchyate

11-17

Foreigners always distort the meaning of Chandala and the real meaning is Anti Social elements, immoral elements and thieves.

 

xxx

 

Feed the Brahmins

That is the food which is the left over of the Brahmins, friendship is that which is cultivated for the sake of others, wisdom is that which does not commit sin (= Which does not allow one to commit sin), Dharma is that which is followed with no show.

15-8

tad bhojanam yad dwija bukta sesham

tat sauhrudam yat kriyate parasmin

saa praakjnataa yaa na karoti papam

dambam vinaa yaha kriyate sa dharmaha

15-8

Since Chanakya and Manu insist that Brahmins should not save or accumulate money and ask them to beg for ever, Chanakya asks everyone to feed them; unless Brahmins are in begging condition, they would be lazy and woudn’t  go to any distant place for performing Yagas and Yajnas. If they are in begging condition, they would happily travel from village to village for getting Dakshina (fees). They are not allowed to save money like we save today.

 

Looking at the strict conditions Chanakya places, not many people can claim Brahminship today!

 

Source Book for verses: Canakyaniti, Translated by Satya Vrat Shastri

 

xxx SUBHAM xxxx

 

 

 

 

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