QUOTATIONS ON RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY FROM DR S RADHAKRISHNAN’S BOOKS (Post No.7396)

Compiled by london Swaminathan

Date – 29th December 2019

Post No.7396

contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

JANUARY 2020 CALENDAR

MORE QUOTATIONS ARE GIVEN BELOW FROM THE BOOKS OF SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN (1888-1975) GREAT PHILOSOPHER AND EX PRESIDENT OF INDIA. HIS BIRTHDAY SEPTEMBER 5 IS TEACHERS DAY IN INDIA.

AUSPICIOUS DAYS IN JANUARY 2020- 20,27, 30

FESTIVAL DAYS -JAN.1 NEW YEAR DAY; 6 VAIKUNDA EKADASI; 10 ARUDRA DARSAN IN SHIVA TEMPLES; 14- BOGI/ BONFIRE DAY; 15 PONGAL/ MAKARA SANKRANTI; 16- KANU/RICE PUDDING FOR CATTLE DAY, TAMIL POET THIRUVALLUVAR DAY; 17  FARMERS DAY IN TAMIL NADU; 24 THAI AMAVASAI/ DAY FOR DEPARTED SOULS; 26 REPUBLIC DAY OF INDIA; 30- GANDHIJI DEATH ANNIVERSARY

NEWMOON/AMAVASYAI- 24; FULLMOON/PAURNAMI-10;

HINDU FASTING DAYS EKADASI- JANUARY 6, 20/21

JANUARY 1 WEDNESDAY

True religion is born of spirit, not of flesh and blood, not of codes and customs, not of races and nations. The life of spirit consists precisely in being free from these things and in penetrating into true being.

Xxx

JANUARY  2 THURSDAY

Dogmas and codes are not an absolute embodiment of religious truth. They express particular stages in man’s spiritual development. What is revealed is distorted and assimilated according to the make up and spiritual development of the persons receiving them.

Xxx

JANUARY  3 FRIDAY

A man’s religion must be his own and not simply accepted on trust or imposed by authority. While trust and authority may put him on his way, it is his own independent search that will take him to the goal.

Xxx

 JANUARY 4 SATURDAY

 Creative power of the spirit has not been seen in its widest scope. It has not yet achieved its full stature. Civilization is in its infancy and religion yet in the making. Human progress is to be defined as the progress by which society is transformed increasingly in a  spiritual way.

Xxx

JANUARY 5 SUNDAY

So long as man has to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, he will spend his energies in the pursuit of food, but if society is organised with courage and vision so as to secure  for all members food , clothing and shelter, the individuals will be freed for the pursuit of higher things of mind and spirit.

Xxx

JANUARY  6 MONDAY

It is not enough to change outward forms and institutions. We must transform the passions and feelings of men. We require not a revolution in opinion, but a revolution in behaviour.

Xxx

 JANUARY 7 TUESDAY

In Greek thought Plato and Aristotle conceived the Divine being as self sufficient in His own perfection and undisturbed by any changes in the world. Plato sets up a hierarchy of ideas with the Idea of Good at its apex. For Aristotle God is the unmoved mover, a thought thinking itself, self enclosed operative only by the appeal of its own perfection.

XX

JANUARY 8 WEDNESDAY

The God of the Hebrews is of a different type. He is personal and active in history and interested in the changes and chances of this developing world. He is a being who holds communication with us

Xxx

JANUARY  9 THURSDAY

Christianity represents a blend of the Hebrew and the Greek traditions, though it has not yet succeeded in reconciling them.

Xxx

Arudhra day in Shiva Temple; from Lalgudi Veda

JANUARY  10 FRIDAY

The Hindu is aware of this fundamental problem and as early as the period of Upanishads we find attempts to reconcile the doctrine of the changeless perfection of the Absolute with the conviction that God is also responsible for this changing world.

Xxx

JANUARY  11 SATURDAY

God is the timeless spirit attempting to realise realise timeless values on the plane of time. God is the definitisation of the Absolute in reference to the vales of the world.

Xxx

JANUARY 12  SUNDAY

Life grows to some end and the end is the growth of the spirit. A universe that has produced man cannot be indifferent to his highest good.

Xxx

JANUARY  13 MONDAY

Religious geniuses are devotees of the ideal of universal brotherhood, based on the conception of the sanctity of the human person.

Xxx

JANUARY 14 TUESDAY

Plato in his Seventh Epistle declares, his intention of publishing nothing on his Idea of the Good “There is no writing of mine n this subject and nor  shall be. It is not capable of expression like other branches of study  but as the long intercourse and common life spent upon the  thing, a light  is suddenly kindled as from a leaping spark, and when it has reached the soul, it thenceforward finds nourishment for itself”.

xxx

JANUARY 15 WEDNESDAY

Religion is, in essence, experience of or living in contact with ultimate reality. It is not a subjective phenomenon, not mere cultivation of the inner life, but the apprehension of something that stands over against the individual.

Pongal is Makara Sankranti

xxx

JANUARY  16 THURSDAY

we cannot prove the reality of god in the same way in which we prove the existence of a chair or a table. For god is not an object like other objects in nature. God is spirit which is indistinct from the knowing subject or the known object. All proofs for the existence of god fail because they conceive of god as an objective reality. The divine is manifested in spiritual life or experience.

Xxx

JANUARY 17 FRIDAY

Spiritual geniuses possess the highest that man can possess, constant contact with the creative principle of life which is the manifestation, co incidence with the divine will, serene calm, inward peace which no passion can disturb, no persecution can dismay.

Xxx

JANUARY 18 SATURDAY

 If art initiates us into truth, if the object of poetry is “truth which is its own testimony” (Wordsworth), it may be well that even religious experience makes a real contribution to the understanding of  the world, and possess a profound metaphysical significance.

Xxx

 JANUARY 19 SUNDAY

Simply because there are persons to whom religious experience is unknown, we cannot say  that it is either unreal or impossible. Our limited experience is not the standard for all.

Xxx

JANUARY  20 MONDAY

There are many for whom beauty is a word and music only a noise, but that does not mean that there is no reality in the artist’s experience. Again religious experience is exceptional only in the sense all genius is exceptional.

Xxx

JANUARY 21 TUESDAY

The sceptics dismiss the experience of saints and mystics as due to unsoundness of mind or psychological tricks. They are perhaps justified by the history of religious experience where it has often been confused with emotional thrills and edifying  feelings. This fact only reminds us of the need for careful scrutiny and examination of what  claims to be religious experience.

Xxx

JANUARY  22  WEDNESDAY

Simply because religion has often been mistaken for what it is not and got mixed up with fantastic notions  and wanton cruelties, we cannot disregard the entire field of religious experience as baseless; we are nowadays reverent even to the experience of ghosts.

Xxx                           

JANUARY  23 THURSDAY

Most of us are slaves of impulse and emotion, habit and automatism. We are not normally aware of the large influence of automatic thinking, of mental habit and the great hold which our past experience has on our present outlook and decisions.

Xxx

 JANUARY  24 FRIDAY

We eat and drink, play and work, attend to business and adopt hobbies not because we have chosen these activities for ourselves but because the environment in which we grew up indicates them for us. We accord to society what it expects from us, fulfil the duties which our station assigns to us. This is passive acquiescence and not active creation. We do not live our lives but in a sense are lived by our conditions. this cannot go for long.

Xxx

JANUARY 25 SATURDAY

Society makes large demands on our life and adaptation to them is not always easy. Sometimes we may feel that we are acting as traitors to humanity, by obeying the rules which our narrow groups impose on us. Often personal relationships happen to be unfulfilled

Xxx

JANUARY 26 SUNDAY

Science can dissolve the physical world into electrons and bombard the atom but cannot account for  the genius who can do all these things, for the noble human countenance , for the expression of its eyes and the affections that shine through them.

Xxx

JANUARY  27 MONDAY

A great writer on aesthetics Theodar Lipps, regards artistic intuition as an act of empathy (Einfuhlung) on the analogy of sympathy. If sympathy means feeling with empathy means feeling into. When we contemplate an object , we project ourselves into it and feel its inward rhythm.

Xxx

JANUARY  28 TUESDAY

If a work of art fails it is due to lack of empathy. In a Sanskrit drama Malavikagnimitram (ii-2) where the picture fails to bring out the beauty of the original, the failure is attributed to imperfect concentration of the painter.

Xxx

JANUARY 29 WEDNESDAY

Act of pure contemplation is possible only for perfectly free minds which look at the objects with utter humility and reverence. This freedom is as rare as that purity of heart which is the condition of seeing god. It is a state in which all our energies are heightened, taunted and sublimated. We draw or paint not with our brains but with our whole blood and being.

Xxx

JANUARY  30 THURSDAY

Art is the utterance of life. It is the expression of soul’s vision and is not wholly rational. It oversteps the limits of the rational and has, in Bacon’s phrase , something strange in its proportion.

Xxx

 JANUARY  31 FRIDAY

Mathew Arnold said that when Wordsworth and Byron were really inspired,

Nature took the pen from their hands and wrote for them.

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