Post No. 9659

Date uploaded in London – –28 May   2021           

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

This is the third part of the article.

There are 25 mantras in the hymn 1-112 of Rigveda.

Mantra 12

Here we get some interesting details about a river called Rasaa.

In the same mandala we saw River Sindhu is helped by God for a good flow. So naturally we expect River Rasa is also helped by the Vedic Gods. But Max muller and gang gives a new interpretation.

“The Rasaa known to the Zoroastrians as the Ranha, was originally the name of a real river, but when the Aryas moved away from it into the Punjab, it assumed a mythical character, and became a kind of Okeanos surrounding the extreme limits of the Earth”, says Max muller.

This is said through out the Vedas by all the white skinned foreign translators. From Mahatma Gandhi to Ambedkar every one rejected Aryan- Dravidian theory. Kanchi Paramacharya, a great linguistic scholar, clearly say Zoroaster migrated from Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Since Zend Avesta is dated around 800 BCE, Vedic Hindus migrated to Iran and named one River as Rasa.

Greek Okeanos also came after 800 BCE. More over Okeanos is Oceanus which means the ocean around the land. All Tamil and Sanskrit poems describe earth as wearing ocean as clothes. Hindu  poets always say ‘earth surrounded by water’.

Max muller gang tries to put the cart before the horse.

Mantra 13

Here we come across a reference to eclipse.

Asvins are said to compass the Sun in order to save him from eclipse. Vedic Hindus were very much conscious of astronomical events. This gives support to my interpretation of ‘wolf catching quail’ as solar eclipse.

Mandhata and Bharadvaja are referred to here. Both of them received help from the Asvins.

This will help us to pinpoint the date of these hymns. Scholars believe that the first mandala is the latest part of the Rigveda. They also believe that it took at least 500 years for the composition of 1000 plus hymns . Internal evidence also points out in this direction.

Mandhata was the son of Yuvanasva. Mandhata’s son is Purukutsa. Since all these names occur in the first and tenth mandalas, we may say they were added by Vyasa around 3150 BCE. Mandhata was 12th king in the Solar dynasty while Rama was 62nd in the line. This will give us a rough idea of the time of Mandhata. 1250 years lapsed between Mandhata and Rama.

Both these are important for Tamils as well. Bharadvaja who figures in Ramayana was associated with ‘Aindram’ grammar. Tolkappiar was an expert in it . Chola kings claim that Sibi Chakravarthy and Mandhata were their forefathers. Through out Sangam Tamil literature and Silapaadikaram we see this north -western origin of Cholas.

It is amazing to see so many names in one hymn. Kutsa angiras was the first one to give us a full list of kings. He is the first historian in the world.

Another interesting detail about Bharadvaja is the word means ‘a country’ and ‘a crow or a black bird’.

Mantra 14

Here we come across more kings of Vedic India.

Trsadasyu, Athithigwa, Divodasa and Kesojum are found in this mantra .

Sayana says Divodasa had the titles Kesojum and Athithiva.

I want to point out the suffix Daasa and Dasyu in two kings names.

They are all great Vedic kings.

Sambara was killed by both Indra and Divodasa. We see another Sambara killed by Dasaratha with the help of Kaikeyi.

Trsadasyu was a great philanthropist, friend of the Devas. He shattered the forts of his enemies.

Mantra 15

Here we get some interesting information about a drinker named Vamra. He was the son of Vikanasa. He was drinking different things.

Westerners interpreted ‘drinking’ as sucking the moisture from the earth.

Vedic seers always speak in secret, coded language

Wilson and Benfie say it is not Drinking, but getting rid of moisture.

Upastuta, Kali, Vyasva, Prithi are others mentioned here.

Vyasva means Horseless.

Kali (Black) is seen in another hymn.

Upastuta, according to Sayana, is an epithet of Vamra.

Vyasva is an epithet of Prithi.

All of them received help from the Asvins

More names are coming in the 13 more mantras.

To be continued ……………

tags– oldest historian-3, Rigveda,

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