Post No. 10,760

Date uploaded in London – –    19 MARCH   2022         

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36.Harana 4-2-65

37.Kabari 4-1-42

It is found in old Tamil  literature. The meaning is a special type of female coiffure (kesa vesa)

Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar used Kavarimaan (Kural 969) . The deer like animal which gives long hair for dressing women or making chowries.

Tamil dictionary also gives the meaning for both Kavari and Savari fake hair; hair extension. Dancing girls use this to extend the length of their hair during shows. Old women also use it when they lose most of their hair. In the olden days men only took the characters on the stages and they also used this Kabari.

B= V are interchangeable; so do Ka=Sa

chowry- Bushy tail of a Yak

In the same way Koni (Goni in Panini) is also listed in old Tamil Dictionary.

38.Kaakshah 6-3-103

Kaastiira  6-1-152

Kaasuu 5-3-90 (meaning spear)

Kaaraskara 6-1-153

Kuucavaara 4-1-104 and 4-3-94

According to some geographical inferences  it was Kuuca, old name of Turkey; appaearing in a sanskrit manuscript  nd inscriptions from that region. Sanskrit dictionary says ‘ name of a locality’; name of a Rishi

43.Kulattha 4-4-4

Later usage meant autumnal crop or pulase.

Tamils also use Kollu (horsegram)

44.Kulija  5-1-55

45.Kumbaa 3-3-103

In feminine gender it becomes Kumbhi. Tamils also form the feminine gender same way

Kizavan – kizavi or kizathi

Kuravan – Kurathi

Modern Tamil Paatakan – Paataki

According to Vedic Index it denotes a female adornment, connected with the dressing of the hair.

Kumbham in modern usage is Pot (Purna Kumbha)

Tamil lexicon (1935) says Karakam (folk dance with  balancing pots on head)

Tamils used it for gathering grains etc in a comb shape.

English word Comb may be derived from it. We can see Hindu ladies’ coiffure in comb shape. Even people gathering is Kumbal in colloquial language

The verbal root is KUVI; (noun Kuviyal).

46.Kustumburu = Coriander; 6-1-143

In Tamil it s KOTTA MALLI; in Telugu Kottamiri and in Kannada Kotambari.

Susruta (1-217-3; 4-2-100) also used it as a spice.

Tamils use it in everyday cooking.

This shows Panini was familiar with Tamil Customs. Coriander seeds are used as a Masala ingredient in North Indian Menu as well.

Coriander and Black pepper show that Panini was familiar with South India.

47.Kutilikaa 4-4-18

48.Kutu,  Kutupa 5-3-89

Later commentaries explain it as a ‘leather case, container for oil.’

It is a container with narrow neck.

Tamils also has the word KUTUVAI (P=V) in a later period

Even in Chemistry labs he narrow necked glass jars called Kutuvai.

Any vessel with round bottom and long neck to store liquids. Even Surai Kudukkai (bottle guard) has the same shape. Hunters use it to store honey.

49.Mahanagara 6-2-89  means Big City; translated in Tamil it is Peru Nagar. That is in old Tamil as well. But no one knows a particular city with this name.

It may mean any ‘big city’

50.Maasatama 5-2-57; meaning last day of the month

(Can we split it as Masa+ athame?)

Tamil literature use Maatha for Maasa (S=T changes is seen through out Tamil literature and in English as well Sion+Tion)

To be continued……………………………..

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