Post No. 10,767

Date uploaded in London – –    21 MARCH   2022         

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Hindu’s sacred bird peacock is found in Mitannian (1400 BCE) and the mysterious Yazidi  culture of Iraq’s marsh lands. In India it is the vehicle of Goddess Sarasvati and Subrahmnya. Mahabharata character Sikhandi’s meaning is peacock.

Peacock is associated with Gods and Goddesses around the world. Even Khonds and Bhils , aborigenes and tribes venerated the bird. In Greek it is called  TAOS and in Latin it is called PAVUS. Taos is the one linked to India. In Sanskrit  it is called SIKHI by Kalidas and others.

Latin word Pavus or Pava cannot be easily traced to Tamil or Sanskrit.

Sikhi becomes Tuki or Taos or Tahos in Greek

Many people don’t know the Sanskrit word Sikhi and Sikhandi for peacock and linked it with TOKAI in Tamil.

T becomes S in many Tamil and English words.

Tion= Sion

Thaanai in Tamil Sena in Sanskrit.

In colloquial Tamil also it is Th= Ch

Padiththaan = Padichchaan (read)  in spoken Tamil

Kadiththaan = Kadichchan  (bitten) in spoken Tamil

Sikhi is found in Meghaduta of Kalidasa of First century BCE. Great Sanskrit scholars place Kalidasa in the first or second century BCE. 200 of his 1500 similes are used by Tamil Sangam poets.


A Kalyanaraman in his book Aryatarangini says about Indus valley pottery:-

“The discovery of the lotus and the peacock design on the pottery , strengthens the case for considering the Indus Valley culture to be Aryan.  Indian archaeologists now believe that the bird motifs on the burial urns corresponds to Vedic theories of the journey of the human soul towards the heaven.(See Kural 338) .  Bhagavad Gita says soul leaving body  is like a person discarding the worn out clothes (BG 2-22).

Tokai for Peacock is used less in Tamil than other two words Mayil and Manjnai. Peacock is associated with Lord Skanda /Murugan in North Indian coins before Sangam Tamil literature. We see Six Faces in Yadheya coins. Later we find it in Sangam Tamil literature. Tamil Murugan is not different from Northern Skanda/ Kartikeya. All the features are same except Valli, a Tamil woman in addition to Deva sena. It is a localised tradition like Andal and Rajamannar/Vishnu. Tuki or Taos in Greek is not Tokai, but Sikhi which  is found earlier than Tamil. More oover most of the words found in Greek are derived from Sanskrit.


Peacock in Turkey/ Syria

Satya Swarup Mishra in his book ‘The Aryan Problem – A Linguistic Approach’ says,

“Linguistic evidence in Anatolian is shown above clearly stamps the borrowed element to be of Indo- Aryan origin. In addition to it there is clearly archaeological evidence to show the influence of Indo Aryan on the Mitannians . This evidence is that of peacock.

PEACOCK is an Indian bird. Peacock evidence is a clear proof for movement of Hindus from India into that area, where they have influenced. Burrow’s theory of a third group beside Indo- Aryans and Iranians based on his guess work is fully outweighed by his archaeological evidence.

(Murv = Mayura= Mor in Hindi)

Credit of this evidence of peacock goes to B.Brentjes, who in his paper has discussed the details in great length. Some salient portions may be quoted here.


“But there is one element novel to Iraq in Mitannian culture and art, which is later on observed in Iranian culture until Islamization of Iran: the peacock, one of the two elements of the ‘Sen-murv’, the lion peacock of the Sassanian art. The first clear pictures showing peacocks in religious context in Mesopotamia are the Nuzi cylinder seals of Mitannian times….

There are two types of peacocks: the griffin with a peacock head and the peacock-dancer, masked and standing beside the holy tree of life. The veneration of the peacock could not have been brought by Mitannians from Central Asia or South Eastern Europe, they must have taken it from the East, as peacocks are the types of bird of India and the peacock dancers are still to be seen all over India. The earliest examples are known from the Harappan culture, from Mohanjo-daro and Harappa: two birds sitting on either side of the  first tree of life  are painted on ceramics. In Iraq the bird was demonised at least since the Mittannians.

The religious role of peacock in India and the Indian influenced Buddhist art in China and Japan need not be questioned…..

It is even possible to trace the peacock as the animal of the battle in Elam till the late third millennium BCE- if it is possible to identify two figured poles  from Susa with peacock symbols (see the picture)  one is a little hammer with two bird heads and a tail with peacock eyes; the other is the oldest proto-Senmurv, a pale stave with a lion head and a peacock tail. The date of the first one is given by a Sulgi inscription on it. So we shall not err if we identify the griffin of the Mitannian seals as fore runner of the Senmurv (lion- peacock.

The second form of peacock veneration by the Mitannians had a long history too.

To be continued …………………………………………..

 TAGS- Peacock, mystery, Harappan pottery, mitannian, Senmurv, Lion peacock, peacock dancers, Susa, Hammer,

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