Post No. 10,769

Date uploaded in London – –    22 MARCH   2022         

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Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,

Part 1 was posted yesterday

The second form of peacock veneration by the Mitannians had a long story , too. One line is traceable to Palestine, perhaps in connection with the Aryans in  Palestine; a griffin ivory from the 13th century BCE found at  Meggido. The second and more important line leads from the Mitannians, the over lord of the  Assyrians, to the then independent Assyria. We find in the middle and late Assyrian art the tree of life between two bird headed demons, the followers of peacock dancers…..The importance of this group in Assyrian art, representing the long living tradition of a  ‘mixed’ animal as the symbol of battle (with lion and peacock in Iranian tradition) poses the question: where , when and  from whom the Iranians could have borrowed this motif; could it have been from the Indo-Aryans or another people venerating peacock before 1600 BCE. That could mean that the Aryans should have been in contact with India even earlier. Yet the development of Andronovo culture did not start before  1650-1600 BCE. So we are forced to accept Indo-Aryans in what is now Iran , especially Eastern Iran before 1600  BCE were under the Indian influence for  such a long period that they could have taken over the peacock veneration. In that case they could not have been part of Andronovo culture, but should have come to Iran centuries before at the time when the Hittites came to Anatolia.(Read my article how priceless, gem studded Peacock Throne disappeared from India).

Thus, Brentjes has supplied us with a very important archaeological evidence and he has shown with cogent arguments that Indo-Aryans were in India much before the second half of the third millennium BCE and they moved to Iran and Iraq from India and influenced them culturally.


Additional evidence from Kassites 

Kassites dynasty of Babylon (1750-1170) BCE has linguistic evidence to support Hindu presence in Babylon. They show a few names of Rig Vedic gods

Suurias – Sooryah in Sanskrit

Maruttas – war god Maruttah in Sanskrit

Abirattas – Abhirathah , a king name in Sanskrit

These names are clearly Indo-Aryan and not Iranian because ‘s’ is found  as ‘h’ is Iranian.  Their language has no aspirate sound to represent bh and th.

The Kassite evidence also is helpful to put Rig Veda beyond 2000  BCE


More about PEACOCK

From the book “Dictionary of Symbolism” by Hans Biedermann

Pavus is the Latin word for peacock. The cock comes from Kukkuta in Sanskrit.

This splendid bird comes from India, where its lavish spread of feathers in male bird made the bird a symbol for the SUN.

The peacock journeyed by way of Babylonia , Persia and Asia minor to Samos , where he became the sacred bird at the shrine to Hera . in the fifth century BCE, Athenians paid to see peacocks displayed as sideshow curiosities; in the second century BCE, the Romans considered them sacred to the goddess Juno . In India many gods are portrayed riding on peacocks.

In the Western World, they were considered mysterious because they were able to kill poisonous snakes and eat them. Poison turns into food. In the Middle East, the Kurdish  Jezidis (Muslims called them devil worshippers ) venerated peacock as Melek Taus (King peacock) . They see it as messenger of God.

In Muslim symbolism, it is Cosmos or Sun or Moon. In early Christianity it symbolised resurrection.

The Christians preserved an ancient superstition that peacock blood dispelled evil spirits. The bird is shown in Christ’s Nativity scenes.

Two peacocks drinking from a chalice symbolize spiritual rebirth and Cherubim often have four wings consisting of peacock feathers. Their eyes were symbols of divine omniscience. The flesh of the bird was long thought of as an ideal restorative meal for the sick.

Charaka Samhita prescribed flesh of peacock for certain diseases. Emperor Asoka instructed to cut down the number of  peacocks to be cooked everyday in his palace kitchen.

Under the influence of Hindus , where goddess Sarasvati and Subrahmanya ride on peacocks, the bird was viewed favourably in China .

The peacock- kung- chiao-  was the embodiment of beauty and dignity, able to dispel evil spirits, and dancing when its gaze fell upon a beautiful woman.

Peacock feathers were symbols of rank for the Manchu emperors and were displayed in vases.   Peacocks were kept in the traditional Chinese garden.

In alchemy it was used in turning base metals into gold.

In Heraldry also it is used as symbol of glory. Manu smrti and other Hindu law books prescribed peacock flesh for the departed souls in the Sradhdha ceremonies.

Throughout Sanskrit and Tamil literature, the hair of the women and her beauty are compared with peacock. Tamil poems describe how they dance just before the rains

Tamils used the words Mayil, Manjnai and Tokai for peacock.

Lord Krishna is always shown with peacock feathers on his crown. The peacock dynasty scared Alexander and he turned back towards Greece from Punjab. A brahmin by name Chanakya/Kautilya who was offended by Shudra Nanda kings sponsored a person from Mura community and established the most powerful Mauryan/Peacock  Dynasty in India 2400 years ago. They were even mentioned by Sangam Tamil poets (See Mamulanar Poem).

Xxx subham xxx

tags- Peacock, mystery, Kassites, Hittites, Mitannian, Senmurv, Mauryan, Mor

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