KINGS WHO WROTE BEAUTIFUL POEMS ON STONE INSCRIPTIONS (Post No.11191)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 11,191

Date uploaded in London – 13 AUGUST 2022         

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Hindu kings were great poets,  and they were well versed in Sanskrit. Professor D B Diskalkar of Pune identified 800 Sanskrit and Prakrit poets of India on inscriptions. His family published it in a book in 1992, thirty years after Diskalkar’s death.

Though we don’t get all the poems written by those poets, there are a few sample poems in the book. It is high time someone publish all the poems on inscriptions with English and vernacular language translations.

Kamala laanchana was a poet and guru of king Nagapala (Naagapaala  of Chamba. He wrote Devi -ri- Kothi fountain inscription. It was dated 1159-1161 CE, in the seventeenth regnal year of king Lalitvarman. Out of the 17 verses in praise of Nagapala, the last part only was in good, readable condition. The description of the pious work done by queen Balhaa after the death of her husband is described in good poetry. She was about to do SATI (dying with husband in funeral pyre) but was held back by her people.

The poet indulges in the use of rhyming words with great melodious effect to emphasize the instability of life. (It is a topic widely used in Tamil and Sanskrit. It is in all the 18 minor works in Tamil including Tirukkural written by Tiruvalluvar. Greatest Hindu philosopher Aadi Shankara sings about it in Bhaja Govindam and Viveka Chudamani).

Here is what Kamalalanchana wrote on the inscription,

Javanapavana vellaloola kallola maalaa

Pratimithasasi lekhaachanchalam jeevalokam

Pratipadamava bhuddayaacheekaratsaatha balhaa

Nijapathi sukruthaartham pushkaraadhaarametham

Xxx

SIVA STUTI BY KING OF NEPAL

BHUPALENDRA MALLA (bhuupaalendra malla) , a king of Nepal, who ruled around 1690 CE, composed a hymn on Lord Shiva and inscribed it on stone.  Pasupathinath temple of Lord Shiva in Kathmandu, capital of Nepal, is very famous and lakhs of Hindu devotees visit the holy temple every year.

Here is what the king wrote on Lord Pasupathinath (naath)

Srimath Pasupathi kamala charana kamala dhuuli dhuusaritha siroruha-

sreemaaneeswarishta devataa

varalabdha prasaada – dedheepyamaana maanonnata sreeraghuvamsaavataara

–ravikulatilaka hanumat dwaja janepaaleswara mahaa rajaadhi raja

 sakala raja chakraatheeswara

xxxx

VERSE OF RAJASTHAN KING

Kakkuka , son of  Kakka, a Pratihaara king, composed a verse in the type of a Sanskrit Subhaashita which is inscribed at the end of  Ghatiyaala stone pillar inscription Jodhpur dated  862 CE.

Sanskrit Subhaashitas are two or four line verses covering all the subjects from A to Z, but mostly didactical.

There over 20,000 Subhaashitas available in books.

Kakkuka was a scholar in Sanskrit. His verse deals with the subjects he liked,

Yauvanam vividhairbhogair madhyamam cha vayah sriyaa

Vrddhabhaavascha  dharmena yasya yaati sa punyavaan.

–subham—-

 tags- poems, on inscriptions, Ghatiyala, Rajasthan, Siva Stuti, King of Nepal, Kamalalanchana, Nagapala

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