INDRA IS ONLY No.30 ; HOW COME YOU CALL A KING, INDRA? (Post No.11,222)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 11,222

Date uploaded in London – 25 AUGUST 2022         

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Xxx

JAGANNATHA PANDITA (1590-1670)  was a poet and critic. He used both grammar and logic to interpret many points in poetics/ alamkaara saastra. He discusses the viewpoints of the vaiaakarana  and Naiyaayika side by side. One of the verses given by him is as follows:-

“The Udayachala by way of holding the rising sun by its peak makes the householders understand that the noble persons should offer hospitality to others”

.

Cuudaamanipade dhatte yombare ravimagatam

Sataam kaaryaatitheyiiti bodhayan grhamedhinah

The question is how can an inanimate mountain be the agent of an action of making others something?

The author gives the reply by saying that the non-sentient may be the agent of a causative verb by the way of being favourable to the performance of an action by some other sentient agent.

xxx

In the context of Vyatireka Alamkara Jagannatha gives the following  verse as an example:

Mahendratulyam kavayo bhavantam

Vadantu kim taan iha vaarayaamah

Bhavan sahasraih samupaasyamaanah

Katham samaanastridasaadhipena

The poets call the king , who is the addressee here, equal to Indra, but how the king who is worshipped by thousands be equal  to the lord  (adhipa) of tri dasa (i.e. the gods of only 30.

Indra is called Mr.Thirty  (tri dasa) in the Vedas. The word Tridasa usually means Gods. Here it is intended to mean the number thirty. Jagannatha refers to Paninian rules regarding samasas  to justify the interpretation.

–subham–

 Tags- Indra, Tridasa, Mr Thirty, King, Jagannatha Pandita, Udayachala

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