Tamil Hindu Encyclopaedia 29: Garuda Purana in Sangam Tamil Books (Post.11,465)


Post No. 11,465

Date uploaded in London – 23 November 2022                  

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com



It is amazing to see the Rig Vedic Garuda in 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature. Rig Veda says that the Soma plant was brought by the falcon or eagle in umpteen places. No one can explain the mystery until this day. Whether someone trained eagle or falcon to identify it and bring it or a certain mountainous tribe was called Eagles, we don’t know for sure. Later Ithihasas and Puranas, (epics and mythologies) give different stories about கருடன், Garuda, the white necked bird of prey. Even today Tamils salute it, worship it, whenever it is sighted. If it is sighted during auspicious ceremonies, it is considered a positive YES from the gods.

Paripatal gives a detailed description of Garuda, which coincides with the descriptions in the Puranas.

“A bird with curved wings, with many lines on it.

White teeth with holes full of poison.

Breaths hot air like fire, has enormous strength to attack snakes till they die,

It has another name ‘Snake Enemy’ ( in Tamil பாம்புப் பகை Paampup pakai)- Pari.13-48/50

It can keep thousand headed ஆதி சேஷன் Aadisesha in his beak, is that all? No, it wears snakes as jewels. It is wound with a snake in its belly area, it eats snake and its life

It has snakes on all its body part” s-

Murugu 148-150, Pari 13-38/40; Pari.3-59/60; Pari 4-42/48

That strong Garuda was subdued by the Red Eyed Maal Vishnu

When the Garuda lost its strength it cried

Oh Red Eyed Maal ஓ, செங்கண் மால். Pari 3-60/61

The Garuda story in the Puranas say that it released its mother from slavery. In a competition with its co wife of her husband it lost its freedom. Garuda released her mother Vinata.

Pari 3-16/17 praised the bird One who removed the difficulty of its mother.

How did Garuda do it also explained in Pari 3-16/17

Because of jealousy Kadru wanted to belittle Vinata. During one conversation Vinata said the tail of Indra s horse is white. Kadru said that it was dark. Then both had a bet. If it is not white Vinata must be a slave to Kadru. And the jealous Kadru changed the colour of the tail into black through foul means. Then Kadru put a condition for her release. If she can get her the Amrita from Indra ,Vinata will be released. Garuda did it and got its mother’s freedom back. Probably this is what the Rigvedic poets mean when they sing Garuda brought Soma plant.

If it is correct, we may say Amrita is equal to Soma and vice versa.

If one studies both the literature with its hidden meaning more mysteries may be solved.

சுமேரியாவில் கருடபுராணம் | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › tag › ச…

முதலில் கருடன் கதையைப் பார்ப்போம். … பல மனைவியரில் விநதா என்பவளுக்கு கருடனும் கத்ரு …

Tamil References:-

விடமுடை அரவின் உடல் உயிர் உருங்கு உவணம்;

அவன் மடிமேல் வலந்தது பாம்பு;

பாம்பு தொடி; பாம்பு முடி மேலன;

பாம்பு பூண்; பாம்பு தலைமேலது;         45

பாம்பு சிறை தலையன;

பாம்பு படி மதம் சாய்த்தோய்! பசும் பூணவை

கொடிமேல் இருந்தவன் தாக்கு இரையது பாம்பு;

பரிபாடல் 4-42-48


படர் சிறைப் பல் நிறப் பாம்புப் பகையைக்

கொடியெனக் கொண்ட கோடாச் செல்வனை;

ஏவல் இன் முது மொழி கூறும்,

பரிபாடல் 13-38/40


ஆயிர அணர் தலை அரவு வாய்க் கொண்ட

சேவல் ஊர்தியும், செங் கண் மாஅல்!   

ஓ!’ எனக் கிளக்கும் கால முதல்வனை;

பரிபாடல் 3-59/60


ஏஎர், வயங்கு பூண் அமரரை வௌவிய அமிழ்தின்,15
பயந்தோள் இடுக்கண் களைந்த புள்ளினை;
பயந்தோள் இடுக்கண் களைந்த புள்ளின்
நிவந்து ஓங்கு உயர் கொடிச் சேவலோய்! நின்

பரிபாடல் 3-16/17

To be continued…………………………..

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: