Win Anger by serenity, wickedness by Virtue (Post No. 2568)


Compiled  by London swaminathan


Date: 23 February 2016


Post No. 2568


Time uploaded in London :–17-28


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Anger in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature

Yesterday the first part of this was posted under the title Count a Hundred When you are Angry’



1.Win Anger by serenity, wickedness by Virtue – Mahabharata 5-15-18; Vidura Niti 7-72

(Akrodhena jayet krodham asaadhum saadhunaa jayet)


2.Unexpressed anger will never subside- Ramayana manjari


3.Duties not performed, invite even the wrath of the good – Valmiki Ramayana 5-1-97



4.What else can scorch better than fire? (Sakuntalam about anger)



5.Anger is the root cause of all calamities –Hitopadesa




6.Anger indeed is the arch rival of man- Subhasita ratna bandagara 3-880



7.He who conquers anger, conquers the whole word – Katha sarit sagar


8.Men of wisdom rule anger, whereas anger rules the common man – Sisupala vada 16-26

(jitarosarayaa mahaadhiyah sapadi rosajito laghurjanah)


9.One who is enraged for a particular cause will surely be pacified once the cause ceases –Panchatantra 1-286



10.The anger of the righteous cannot be endured even for a moment

–Tirukkural couplet 29

The same couplet was interpreted in a different way by two old commentators

The anger of a person who has reached the pinnacle of goodness will not last even for a moment.

(This second interpretation is supported by the lives of holy saints).

The anger of the great is not long-lasting and ends on a gentle note – Bharatamanjari 1-26-1141

(Father who was angry with his son or daughter makes it up later by showering them with big gifts or presents)



11.Only the man who controls his temper, where it can hurt, is in fact controlling it,

Where his anger cannot have sway, such an exercise, is futile either way —-Tirukkural 301


12.Even where it cannot hurt others, anger is bad;

But where does it hurt, there is nothing worse –Tirukkural 302


13.As only evil consequences come out of it,

Anger is best avoided in respect of all –Tirukkural 303


14.Anger and wrath, these also abominations and the sinful man will possess them – Sirach 27-30, Bible


15.Can there be any greater enemy to mankind

Than anger, which kills laughter and joy? –Tirukkural 304


16.Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming –Proverbs 27-4, Bible


17.If you would protect yourself, guard against your own anger;

For, anger not controlled would lead to self destruction –Tirukkural  305


18.A fool gives full vent to his anger;

But a wise man quietly holds it back -Proverbs 29-11, Bible


19.A true saint is one who has eschewed affection, fear and wrath – Bhagavad Gita 2-56


20.Anger not only destroys those whom it affects, like fire, it will also burn

Those kindred souls, who step in to help as a raft towards salvation –Tirukkural 306


(Here Tirukkural uses the Sanskrit expression ‘Asrayasah’ ( in Tamil Sernthaaraik kolli; the one which destroys by hugging/joining; and it destroys itself as well)



Shakespeare also echoed it:

21.Men in rage strike those that wish them best – Shakespeare


22.He who sees substance in anger and gives way to it, will suffer evil consequences,

Even as he fools who slaps the ground —Tirukkural 307


23.Even if the memory of a great wrong burns one up like a holocaust

It is best to strain oneself to hold back the anger–Tirukkural couplet 308

24.A soft answer turns away wrath

But a harsh word stirs up anger – Proverbs 15-1, Bible


25.To an ascetic, who does not even think angry thoughts,

Every constructive thought will result in instant success–Tirukkural couplet 309

(This is how the saints get powers to get miracles; if one gives up lust or anger or desire, one develops miraculous powers; even animals wont harm one, in fact obeys one’s orders)

26.Heaven is won by composure – Katha sarit sagar



27.Those who have yielded to anger and to consequent evils, are like the dead,

While those who have reined in anger, are like the good ascetics–Tirukkural 310


28.Triple is the gate of hell, destructive of the self: Lust, Anger and Greed, therefore one should forsake these three – Bhagavad Gita 16-21


29.Anger is the enemy within (antah sapatnah kopoyam)- Jatakamala




When angry, count a hundred! (Post No 2565)


Compiled  by London swaminathan


Date: 22 February 2016


Post No. 2565


Time uploaded in London :–9-52 AM


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This is the first part on Anger; in the second part,  I will give Tamil and Sanskrit quotations on ANGER.


1.He that is angry is seldom at ease.

2.An angry man never wants woe

3.Anger makes a rich man hated, and poor man scorned

4.Anger and haste hinder good counsel

5.Anger punishes itself


(My comments: Many angry people refuse to take food; refuse to attend important family or social events. This is how anger punishes one)


6.Wrath killeth the foolish man (Job 5:2)

7.Wrath often consumes that goodness husbands (Icelandic proverb)

8.Anger ends in cruelty.


(My comments: If you divide all the Crime stories in the newspapers about husband killing wife or wife poisoning husband or killing children, you will know what havoc anger can do. Lt of ignorant farmers kill others just for water or animals grazing in their fields. In Western countries, people divert their anger on pet cats and dogs)


9.Take heed of the wrath of a mighty man, and the tumult of the people.

10.From a choleric man withdraw a little; from him that says nothing for ever.

angry babay

11.Anger has no eyes (Hindi Proverb)

(My comments: Another saying about anger is “When a man is angry he opens his mouth and closes his eyes)


12.When a man grows angry, his reason rides out.

13.When wrath speaks , wisdom veils her face

14.Anger begins with folly, and ends with repentance

15.When a man is angry, he cannot be in the right (Chinese Proverb)


16.As fire is kindled by bellows, so is anger by words

(Fire- Anger simile is very popular in Tamil and Sanskrit literature; we will see it in the second part)

17.A hungry man is an angry man

(Great revolutions such as the French revolution happened because people became hungry and there was no food. French queen Marie Antoinette said this when people complained that they had no bread to eat; she was killed by the guillotine)


18.Patience provoked turns to fury

19.Short folk are soon angry

20.Anger dies quickly with a good man

(This is said by Hindu poets which will see in the second part)




21.Anger is a short madness

22.The anger is not warrantable that has seen two suns

23.He who slowly gets angry keeps his anger longer.

24.When angry, count a hundred

(This is a good exercise. The next proverb also says that delay is the best solution. Never ever send an e mail or a letter in haste. Write it and keep it abeyance for a day or two. When you read it again after 48 hours, you will soften your stand/language or completely tear the letter to pieces and throw it into the dust bin)

25.Delay is the antidote of anger

26.If you be angry, you may turn the buckle of your belt behind you (to provide a harmless outlet for one’s anger)

27.When meat is in, anger is out

28.A soft answer turneth away wrath (Proverbs 15:1)

29.Anger restrained is wisdom gained

30.When you enter into a house, leave the anger ever at the door.



31.He has wisdom at will, that with an angry heart can hold him still

32.Let not the sun go down upon your wrath (Ephesians 4:26)


33.Two things a man should never be angry at; what he can help, and what he cannot help.

34.He that is angry without a cause, shall be pleased wthout amends.