Post No. 10,612

Date uploaded in London – –    30 JANUARY   2022         

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How many Gods are there in Hindu Religion? Ten years ago I published a post under ‘330 Million Gods’ (Matter given at the end)

33 is repeated in all the four Vedas of Hindus. But it is equally important in Buddhist and Zoroastrian religions. We know that Hinduism influenced them. When we compare the similarities between the ancient religion of Iran, also known as Parsi Religion or Zoroastrian religion, this is one of the points discussed by scholars of yester years.

Rig Veda, Buddhist and Avesta scriptures describe the Heaven as ‘the region of eternal light’. Vanaparva of Mahabharata also described the stars are nothing but holy souls. The Hindu belief is that holy souls become eternal stars.

Later Buddhist scriptures used the expression ‘heaven of 33 gods’ it is also found in Zoroastrian’s Avesta. More than half a dozen passages in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, quote 33 gods. In some passages we see 33,330, 3309 etc. here is the list from 3 Vedas-

Rig Veda –

1-34-11; 1-45-2; 1-139-11;


8-28-1; 8-30-2; 8-39-9



Yajur Veda




Atharvana Veda

10-4-27; 10-7-13, 23


Later we see 33 gods in Brahmana books , Ramayana ,Mahabharata and the Puranas .

This was borrowed by the Buddha .

Who are 33 gods ?

Vasus 8

Adityas 12

Rudras 11




330 MILLION GODS (posted on August 5, 2012)

From London Newspaper’s Q and A column

How many gods and goddesses are there in the Hindu pantheon?

Depending on how you look at it, the Hindu pantheon may consist of one Supreme Being and 330 million gods. In ancient times, it was held that there were 330 million living beings, given rise to the idea of 330 million deities or gods.

Of course, this vast number of gods could not have been worshipped, since 330 million names could not have been designed for them. The number was simply used to give a symbolic expression to the fundamental Hindu doctrine that God lives in the hearts of all living beings.

The misunderstanding arises when people fail to grasp the symbolism of the Hindu pantheon. For just as a single force in space can be mathematically conceived as having various spatial components, the Supreme Being or God, the personal form of the Ultimate Reality, is conceived by Hindus as having various aspects.

A Hindu deity (god or goddess; note the small “g”) represents a particular aspect of the Supreme Being. For example, Saraswati represents learning and knowledge. So if a Hindu wants to pray for knowledge and understanding, he prays to Saraswati.

Just sunlight cannot have an existence independent of the sun itself, a Hindu deity does not have a separate and independent existence from the Supreme Being.

Thus, Hindu worship of deities is monotheistic polytheism and not simple polytheism.

-Marion Kinder, Manchester ( Daily Mail, Saturday, 3rd Feb. 2001; Answers to Correspondents)

Xxxx  subham xxxx

 Tags- Number 33, Avesta, Zoroastrian 



Post No. 10,611

Date uploaded in London – –    30 JANUARY   2022         

Contact –

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,

ALL religious scriptures talk about future Prophets. But the most famous of all the future Prophets is KALKI AVATAR OF LORD VISHNU.

Lord Krishna’s oft quoted verse in Bhagavad Gita 4-8 says,

परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय  दुष्कृताम् |
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे || 8||

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṁ vināśhāya cha duṣhkṛitām
dharma-sansthāpanārthāya sambhavāmi yuge yuge

BG 4.8: To protect the righteous, to annihilate the wicked, and to re-establish the principles of dharma I appear on this earth, age after age.

Not only Hindus but also people who follow Parsi religion believe in future Prophets.

Bhagavata Purana gives a list of 22 Avatars of Vishnu and the last two are Buddha and Kalki.

Great Sanskrit poet Jayadeva of tenth century in his Gita Govinda says,

“O Keshava, at the destruction of the multitude of the Mlechas, you will wield the dreadful sword, which is like a COMET.

O Hari, lord of the world, may you be successful having got the body of Kalki.”

In Zoroastrian religion we come across SOSIOSHA as the future prophet (See Fravardin Yt 129)

Garuda purana also says it.

Jayadeva used the Sanskrit words

Dhumaketumiva ‘comet like sword’.

Now we see such sword fights in the imaginary Star War episodes. It looks like Lord Vishnu will also use modern weaponry like Laser swords. Probably you may not need Nuclear bombs or Hydrogen Bombs. With laser light you may be able to destabilise foreign military power.

Dhumaketu is Comet in Sanskrit. We may take it some sword like it. Lord Kalki is shown riding White Horse in Puranic descriptions.

My opinion is ‘Asva’ is wrongly translated from the days of Rig Veda. Asva is ‘fas’t and not horse. Even today we use the term Horse Power, where we do not see any horse.

So Kalki will use some Supersonic Jets painted white or shining bright.

About the Zoroastrian SOSIOSHA, it may be ‘Swayam Ojas’ or Svaroshisa as in Svarosisha Manu.

References to future Avatars…….

 the Pairika Khnãthaiti * for whose destruction Sosiosha will be born out of the water Kaçoya from the Eastern country [ from the eastern countries ) .

KALKI AVATAR(Skt.) “Avatar of the White Horse” who will be the last Manvantaric incarnation Vishnu according to the brahmins; Maitreya Buddha, according to Northern Buddhists; Sosiosha, the last hero and Savior of the Zoroastrians, according to the Parsis; and ” Righteous and True“on a white horse.


Old Articles in this blog:–

Date of Kalki Avatar! | Tamil and Vedas › 2015/03/20 › date-of-kalki…

20 Mar 2015 — We all know that Lord Vishnu will reincarnate himself as Kalki Avatar at the end of Kali Yuga for “Paritraaya Saadhunaam and Vinaasaaya sa …

Kalki Avatar and Holy Ganges in old English Poetry (Post No … › 2021/03 › kalki-a…

30 Mar 2021 —, if u want the article in word format, please write to us. HINDU INFLUENCE ON ENGLISH POETS.

மிலேச்சர்களை அழிக்கும் கல்கி அவதாரம் எப்போது?; post 1736;21-3-2015


tags- Kalki avatar, Avesta, Sosiosha, Parsi,