Post No. 10,622

Date uploaded in London – –    2 FEBRUARY   2022         

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Let us analyse more verses in the Hymn to Earth (Bhumi Sukta) of Atharvana Veda (AV.12-1)

We have covered up to 43 stanzas or Mantras so far.

44th Mantra talks about the hidden treasures such as gold and gemstones. This shows the Vedic poets were aware of the mineral wealth under the earth. It is corroborated by innumerable references to gem (Mani)  studded golden jewelleries; it was a wealthy society and they dug out gold and gems from under the earth.

45th verse is more interesting; the poet talks about people speaking different languages and people worshipping various gods with different rites. This shows the Vedic society was in touch with the Egyptian and Babylonian religions. We have a supporting proof. We have a man from Harappa speaking a different language with an interpreter. Moreover the Panis i.e. the Phoenicians traders were also mentioned frequently in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. The Indus Valley man might have spoken Sanskrit or a proto Sanskrit language.

Verse 46 mentioned the poisonous creatures such as snakes and scorpions, centipedes and millepedes and the poet seeks protection from such creatures.

Let us pause here for a while and ponder over the many things, subjects, topics the poet remembers in one hymn. He talks about the happiest scenes on earth such as dancers and musicians, wealthiest treasures such as gold and gems and at the same time he remembers the dangers on earth.

Here in verse or stanza 47, we come across beautiful roads on which fast moving chariots ‘fly’. But like we see bad people on earth today, Vedic society also had robbers. If you see the jails around the world today, we see millions of criminals inside the prisons; leave alone the criminals still outside attending the courts in handcuffs. And yet we think we are far advanced in civilization! The poet warns us about such elements.

Stanza 48 talks about the fools and idiots, the burden of earth, along with intellectuals. it gives us a practical picture of earth. We live in the same condition today. When we see million scientists, we also see billion idiots and criminals.

Now the poet moves to dark tropical rain forests where tigers and lions roam.  And also the uncivilised, uncultured cannibals- the demons known as Rakshasas.

Verse 50 mentioned ghosts or demons unknown to us today- Arayas, Kimidins. We know the Picasas and Rakshas from later literature. Strangely the poet mentioned the Gandharvas and Apsaras in the hated list. It may be due to that they distract one from good path. They were the heavenly singers and dancers. Ancient people believed that they take various forms , come to earth and fool people or trap people into bad habits.

Stanza 51 described the beautiful birds and the stormy monsoon days. Rig Veda also referred to Forest fires. Here we see the flames in the sky- thunder and lightning – and flames on the earth, -the forest fires.

Along with some scenes from the civilized cities the poet shows us the tropical rain forests. A true picture of earth!

We will look at the last 12 stanzas in the next article. There are 63 verses or stanzas in the Bhumi Sukta.

(Please see the attachments)

To be continued ………………….

 tags- gems, gold, forest animals, demons, Bhumi Suktam



Post No. 10,584

Date uploaded in London – –    21 JANUARY   2022         

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It is amazing to see someone is singing 3000 years ago, ‘Let us not hurt the heart and vital organs of the Earth’. What an amazing thought! Wonderful concern for the health of the earth! It must be made a motto and displayed in all the environmental departments around the world.

AV hymn has 63 mantras or stanzas in the Hymn to Earth, also known as Bhumi Sukta. We have already seen the first 32 verses. Now here is my commentary on the stanzas from 33 to 36.


Mantra 33

Here the pet calls Sun as ‘friend’. As long as it shines let me have good vision is his prayer. This is a prayer every Brahmin around the world recites in the mid day prayer to Sun .

Pasyema saradas satam (let me enjoy good vision for 100 years)

Jivema saradas satam (healthy life)

Nandaama saradas satam (happy life)

Modaama saradas satam (make others happy with my happy face)

Bhavaama saradas satam ( useful existence)

Srnvaama saradas satam ( hear good things)

Prabravaama saradas satam (speak good things)

Ajeetaasyama saradas satam (Let me live 100 years unconquered, invincible, ever victorious)

The second interesting point in this calling Gods as Friends. Throughout the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, Gods are addressed as Friends. Co workers are addressed as Comrades.


Mantra 34

I have already explained that Hindus think it is a sin even to put our feet on Holy Mother Earth; so one prays to earth ‘Please pardon me for putting my feet on you (Samudra vasane Devi……… Pata sparsam kshmamsva me). I do it every morning in London before getting up from the bed.


Mantra 35

The recycling principle or thought and the idea of reforestation existed even during Vedic period. The poet prays ‘whatever I dig from you, may that grow again’. And the most beautiful line “O Purifier, May We Not Injure Your Vitals or Your Heart” occurs in this mantra. This must be the moto of every environmental movement.


Mantra 36

This stanza explodes he myth spread by Max Muller gang, Marxist gang(sters) and Caldwell gangs. Here the poet talks about SIX SEASONS and not four seasons as found in Europe or any other parts of the world. Here is a very clear message, the Vedic culture is typical Indian and Hindu. Moreover Tamil Hindus also sing about this six seasons in their 2000 year old Sangam literature. So there is only one culture from Himayas to Kanyakumari. There is no Dravidian or Aryan. Kalidasa the most famous poet of India, wrote a long poem known as Rtu Samharam describing all the Six Seasons. Here is another answer to a puzzle in that book. Scholars wondered why Kalidasa begin his poem with Summer as the first season instead of beautiful Vasantha/Spring season. May be he was influenced by this AV mantra where the poet puts Summer (Greeshma Rtu) as the first one. And the poet prays for abundance all along the year- during all the six seasons.

The above four stanzas are full of positive thoughts, positive ideas!

Let us thank the Vedic Brahmins for preserving this hymn and passing it to generations to come by word of mouth. They never wrote it, but simply spread it by word of mouth. They learnt it by heart.


Linguistic titbits

Look at the word Hrudaya for heart in Mantra 35. That HRT gave us the word Heart in all ancient languages including Tamil.

Look at the word Bhumi for earth. That is used as Puvi and Bhumi in 2000 year old Tamil epic literature (Silappadikaram and Manimegalai).

Tamils followed Six Seasons of the year and divided even a day into six small periods (See Tolkappiam- Porul Athikaram; Sutram:- kaarum……)

I have explained in mantra 31 that Tamils, tamilized even Sanskrit words Udeechyai, Prachyai as Uusi ,Pasi etc (Puram verse 229). We come across directions again in mantra 34.

To be continued………………..

tags- Rtusamharam, six seasons, Tamil, Tolkappiam, Bhumi Suktam, Heart, Vital organs