Post No. 10,622

Date uploaded in London – –    2 FEBRUARY   2022         

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this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,

Let us analyse more verses in the Hymn to Earth (Bhumi Sukta) of Atharvana Veda (AV.12-1)

We have covered up to 43 stanzas or Mantras so far.

44th Mantra talks about the hidden treasures such as gold and gemstones. This shows the Vedic poets were aware of the mineral wealth under the earth. It is corroborated by innumerable references to gem (Mani)  studded golden jewelleries; it was a wealthy society and they dug out gold and gems from under the earth.

45th verse is more interesting; the poet talks about people speaking different languages and people worshipping various gods with different rites. This shows the Vedic society was in touch with the Egyptian and Babylonian religions. We have a supporting proof. We have a man from Harappa speaking a different language with an interpreter. Moreover the Panis i.e. the Phoenicians traders were also mentioned frequently in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. The Indus Valley man might have spoken Sanskrit or a proto Sanskrit language.

Verse 46 mentioned the poisonous creatures such as snakes and scorpions, centipedes and millepedes and the poet seeks protection from such creatures.

Let us pause here for a while and ponder over the many things, subjects, topics the poet remembers in one hymn. He talks about the happiest scenes on earth such as dancers and musicians, wealthiest treasures such as gold and gems and at the same time he remembers the dangers on earth.

Here in verse or stanza 47, we come across beautiful roads on which fast moving chariots ‘fly’. But like we see bad people on earth today, Vedic society also had robbers. If you see the jails around the world today, we see millions of criminals inside the prisons; leave alone the criminals still outside attending the courts in handcuffs. And yet we think we are far advanced in civilization! The poet warns us about such elements.

Stanza 48 talks about the fools and idiots, the burden of earth, along with intellectuals. it gives us a practical picture of earth. We live in the same condition today. When we see million scientists, we also see billion idiots and criminals.

Now the poet moves to dark tropical rain forests where tigers and lions roam.  And also the uncivilised, uncultured cannibals- the demons known as Rakshasas.

Verse 50 mentioned ghosts or demons unknown to us today- Arayas, Kimidins. We know the Picasas and Rakshas from later literature. Strangely the poet mentioned the Gandharvas and Apsaras in the hated list. It may be due to that they distract one from good path. They were the heavenly singers and dancers. Ancient people believed that they take various forms , come to earth and fool people or trap people into bad habits.

Stanza 51 described the beautiful birds and the stormy monsoon days. Rig Veda also referred to Forest fires. Here we see the flames in the sky- thunder and lightning – and flames on the earth, -the forest fires.

Along with some scenes from the civilized cities the poet shows us the tropical rain forests. A true picture of earth!

We will look at the last 12 stanzas in the next article. There are 63 verses or stanzas in the Bhumi Sukta.

(Please see the attachments)

To be continued ………………….

 tags- gems, gold, forest animals, demons, Bhumi Suktam



Post No. 10,201

Date uploaded in London – 12 OCTOBER  2021         

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Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

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Rig Veda, the oldest book, and the oldest anthology in the world, contains many riddles. Sometimes the seers (Rishis) play with numbers, sometimes they play with words and sometimes with names. Even about the name, they talk about Secret Names of Gods. No one knows what they mean. Even the half baked, non- believers of Western countries could not say anything about them.

In the Yajur Veda the seers talk about 200 animals, plants, objects to be sacrificed in the Horse Sacrifice called Asvamedha. No one could identify several words in the list.  They don’t even know whether they mean a bird or insects or animals or plants!

Let us stick to Rig Veda and see how many unknown names crop up:


Seven and Three are found in Indus Valley seals . Among the Number Seals they are at the top. For Hindus everything Sacred is 7 or 3. Seven rivers, cities, hills, continents etc are Sacred for them. Here Sayana rightly says they are the seven tongues of Fire/ Agni. They are given names Kaali, Karaali etc.

Seven is associated with rain bow colours (VIBGYOR) and Hindus called them Seven Horses of the Chariot of Sun God.

Mr Dave describes Seven Sisters as a kind of birds in Eastern Part of the country. Even Sayana interprets Seven differently as 7 meters in prosody, Saptaswara in  Music. That is why Hindus said Veda is the root of the world :-


वेदोऽखिलो धर्ममूलं स्मृतिशीले च तद्विदाम् ।

आचारश्चैव साधूनामात्मनस्तुष्टिरेव च ॥ Manu 2-6

 “The whole Veda is the (first) root of the righteousness/ dharma/ religion and sacred law, next the tradition and the virtuous conduct of those who know the Veda further, also the customs of holy men, and finally self-satisfaction”- MANU 2-6

पितृदेवमनुष्याणां वेदश्चक्षुः सनातनम् ।

अशक्यं चाप्रमेयं च वेदशास्त्रमिति स्थितिः ॥ Manu12-94॥

 “The Veda is the eternal eye of the ancestors, gods and humans; the teachings of the Vedas are impossible to master and impossible to measure; this is an established fact”- Manu 12-94


GANDHARVI : Rig Veda 10-11-2

Said to be the daughter of Surabhi, one of the daughters of Daksa and the Mother of the Race of Horses ( we are reminded of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels- Houyhnhnms are a fictional race of intelligent horses described in the last part of Jonathan Swift’s satirical 1726 novel Gulliver’s Travels. The name is pronounced either or. Swift apparently intended all words of the Houyhnhnm language to echo the neighing of horses)

(Seeds of all Hindu Mythologies are in the Rig Veda; one must  learn to read between the lines)



Kavyas – a class of manes, the spirits of a pious race of ancient times. No one knows who they are. Funeral hymns in the tenth Mandala are full of puzzles and riddles.

Matali is the charioteer of Indra; but in the Vanaparva of Mahabharata he is the pilot of Inter Galactic Space Shuttle who takes Indra to another galaxy and brings him back to earth. Even theory of Time Dilation is explained there. Stars are interpreted as departed pious people.


GHOSTS 10-14-9

According to Sayana, this stanza is addressed to the Pisacas/ ghosts and other evil spirits that haunts the place of cremation.

Sangam Tamil book Purananuru also talks about the spooky, eerie and unearthly things in the crematorium.

Next mantra talks about world’s first recorded dog Sarama’s two off springs, two dogs with four eyes. Sarama is Indra’s hound. Greeks borrowed this word from us and called Hermes (H=S in Greek; Sindhu becomes Hindu)


USANAN -10-22-6

Usanaa or Usanas Kavya is frequently mentioned in the Veda as a favoured friend and companion of Indra.

(Indra is a title; not a single person; it means leader)

In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna identifies himself with Usana among the Kavis/poets. Even during Rig Vedic days he became legendary. Probably the world’s first poet. He is known as Kavi. From him came Kavya; the oldest Tamil poet Tol Kappiyan also belongs to this clan. He is called Tol- Kavya. V=P/B are interchangeable. He is not the only one from this clan- Kavya Gotra; another Kaappiyaatru Kaappiyanaar of Sangam book Pathitru Pathu is also famous. They are all from Kerala, ancient Taml Chera Country.


SUSA, SUSI – 10-26-6

Ludwig says name of a man and a woman. According to Sayana and Wilson it is ‘he goat’ and ‘she goat’. But why Susa and Susi for goats? No explanation. This mantra also says about woollen garments

Vedic god Pusan has a goat drawn Chariot (it is in mantra 8). In later Puranas, the Vahana of Agni is also goat.



Here Sayana gives some interesting details about Soma herb. Its leaves grow for 15 days in the bright half of month and dies in the next fifteen days in the dark half of a month. So, Soma is punned with Soma/moon because of this quality. Now we know the reason Soma herb is named after Soma, the moon because of this. Hindus always link Moon and the growth of plants, unlike others. Scientists couldn’t agree with us.



For the purple tinted eagle, commentators say Soma, The Moon (My view is that Soma herb is always connected with the falcon or eagle in many verses. So, it is not moon).

And in the fifth mantra Soma Osadhi is interpreted as Dharba or Kusa grass. In short Soma is interpreted according to their whims and fancies!



Probably it meant two kinds of waters called Ekadhanaa and Vasativari.

( I don’t know what they mean; probably terms used in the Yaga??)



No one knows whether it is the name of a king or anyone that hears the hymn. Sayana interprets ‘the one who hear the praises’ (in the hymn); but others say it is the name of a King!!


DHUHISASU- 10-33-1

There is a scholarly discussion  on the word. Ludwig suspects it to be the name of a prince defeated by the king KURURSRAVANA. Literally the word means ‘the malevolent’.Ghost??


WOLF AND QUAIL- 10-39-13

Commentators say the quail is probably ‘Dawn’ delivered from the jaws of the wolf ‘Night’ by the TWIN LIGHT GODS. This is Yaska’s interpretation according to Sayana. Also in 1-112-8. Everyone, thus, agrees, that a lot of imagery, symbolism and allegory are in the Vedas. Wolf is not an animal here; quail is not a bird here!!!



Vaikunthaa was a female demon. Her son was Vaikuntha. That ‘Asuri’ woman becomes Indra’s second mother!

Saptagu means drawn by Seven Oxen!!



Commentators say apparently ‘Tree Demons’. Sangam Tamils said Anangus/ Nymphs live in lakes, ponds, rivers and on Trees. Later Hindu Tamil epics said Brahmarakshas live in natural spots.

In 1-53-8 also we come across them along with one more Asura Vangrda



KAVI, 10-49-3 father of Indra’s friend Usana


MRUGAYA, 10-49-5 A demon of the air.

Also occurring in 4-16-13 and 8-3-19

In Fourth Mandala, Mrgaya and Pipru are described as demons of the Air. And in the next line Indra is said to have struck down 50,000 black demons. Immediately the Anti Hindu Max Muller gang added it must be native aborigines!!! In all the world conflicts, we see enemies! But in Vedas only, all enemies are given Racial attributes!!! In 2000 year old Tamil literature Tamils killed only Tamils and they are all described as fiery enemies!!!


SRUTHARVARNAN -KING 10-49-5; may be a king.

PADGRIBI- DEMON  or some savage or enemy 10-49



VAGINAN – 10-56-2 it meant strong, strong steed; apparently the name of the deceased.

ASUNITI – 10-59- 5 it is assumed it is the personification of a deity presiding over the funeral

USEENARANI- 10-59-10- It must mean wife of Usinara. The meaning is not clear. With the same name some people in Madhya Pradesh are found.

ASAMAATI- 10-60-2 Sayana says it is the name of a king; others don’t agree and they say it meant Unequalled.

BAJERATHA VAMSAM- 10-60-2 Griffith writes it is un certain whether the name of a prince or a country!


BOAR- 10-67-7 Sayana says bearers of excellent water!

SEVEN SISTERS – 10-71-3 commentators say tone of seven singers. One ornithologist says it meant a kind of birds. Even today they are known as seven sisters in Bengal.

ARJIKIYA, SUSOMA, VIBHASA – 10-75-5 commentators couldn’t even recognise these rivers.

SILAMAVATI and URNAVATI ARE RIVERS – 10-75-8 but no one knows where they are. Sayana says they are Sindhu’s other names.


10-85 is the most famous Wedding Mantras, used even today by the Brahmin priests:-

RAIBHI 10-85-6

This and the following two are feminine names; they may be secular songs; only a guess




KOSAM 10-85-7 some say bridal outfit; others say chariot part; only a guess

KRTHYA 10-85-28 it may be the name of a deity or an evil spirit or demon



Some interpret it as parts of wedding dress; others as cutting, chopping meat. Hindus never serve non vegetarian food in weddings.

Even in wedding mantras (10-85) foreign translators could not get the meaning. They add ‘may be, probably’ etc. They say the wedding mantras are latest part of Vedas and yet they couldn’t get the meaning!



tags- Soma plant, Demons, Asuras, Ghosts, Evil Spirits, in Rig Veda

அரக்கர்கள் யார்? கம்பன் தரும் உண்மைத் தகவல்! (Post No.3066)


Picture from James Bond Film


Written by London swaminathan

Date : 16th August 2016

Time uploaded in London: 5-51 AM

Post No.3066

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks for the pictures.



அரக்கர்கள், இராட்சதர்கள் ஆகியோர் திராவிடர்கள் என்றும், தேவர்கள் எல்லோரும் ஆரியர்கள் என்றும், ஆரியர்களும் வெள்ளைக்காரர்களும் இந்தோ ஐரோப்பிய இனத்தவர் என்றும் வெளிநாட்டு “அறிஞர்கள்” எழுதி வைத்தனர். இப்படி வேற்றுமை விஷத்தை — விஷ வித்தை – விதைத்தால் இந்தியா துண்டாகும், இந்துமதமும் சிதறும் என்று ஆங்கிலத்தில் எழுதிய வெள்ளைத் தோல் அறிஞர்கள் தப்புக் கணக்குப் போட்டனர். காரணம் என்ன வென்றால், சில திராவிட அசிங்கங்கள் அவர்களுக்கு ஆமாம் சாமி போட்டு, வெள்ளைக்கார ஆட்சி நீடிக்க வேண்டும் என்று கோஷமிட்டனர்.


ஆனால் உண்மை என்ன என்பதை ராமாயணமும் மஹாபாரதமும் பிட்டுப் பிட்டு வைக்கின்றன. உபநிஷத்துக்களிலேயே மிகப் பழைய பிருஹத் ஆரண்யக (பெருங் காட்டு) உபநிஷதத்திலேயே தேவர் மானுடர், அசுரர் — ஆகிய மூவரும் தவம் செய்ததும் ஒரே கடவுளிடம் உபதேசம் பெற்றதும் இருக்கிறது. புராண, இதிஹாசம் முழுதும் அவர்கள் சகோதர்கள் என்று காட்டுகின்றன.



இதை மேம்போக்கக எழுதினால் கூட சிலர் இடைச் செருகல் என்று சொல்லிவிடுவர். ஆனால் ஆதி முதல் அந்தம் வரை கதையின் கருப்பொருளிலேயே இவ்விஷயம் உள்ளது.


கம்பராமாயணத்தில் இருந்து இதோ இரண்டு பாடல்கள்:–

விராதன் என்ற அரக்கன் தன் கதையைச் சொல்லும் பாடல்   ஆரண்ய காண்ட விராதன் வதைப் படலத்தில் வருகிறது; :-


அன்ன சாபம் மேவி நான்

இன்னல் தீர்வது ஏது எனா

நின்ன தாளின் நீங்கும் என்று

உன்னும் எற்கு உணர்த்தினான்


ராமனிடம் விராதன் சொல்கிறான்:– “என் பெயர் தும்புரு; குபேர உலகத்தைச் சேர்ந்தவன்; ரம்பையிடம் வேட்கை கொண்டதால் குபேரனின் சாபம் பெற்று அரக்கன் ஆனேன். இச்சாபம் எப்போது தீரும் என்று கேட்ட போது உன் திருவடிகள் படும்போது சாபம் நீங்கும் என்று குபேரன் சொன்னான்.”


இதிலிருந்து அரக்கர்களும் தேவர்களே என்பதும் காமம், க்ரோதம் லோபம் முதலிய விகாரங்களால் — குண வேறு பாட்டினால் — அரக்கன் ஆவதும் , பின்னர் அதிலிருந்து விடுபடுவதும் தெரிகிறது!

இக்கருத்து இந்து மத அரக்கர் கதை எல்லாவற்றிலும் வருகிறது!



Picture from Dracula film

இதோ இன்னொரு கதை:–

இராம இலக்குவரால் கொல்லப்பட்ட, கோர வடிவமுள்ள அரக்கனான கவந்தன், வானத்தில் ஒளிவடிவில் தோன்றியவுடன் இராம, இலக்குவர்கள், ஆச்சர்யத்தோடு அவன் யார் என்று வினவுகின்றனர்:


கவந்தன் சொல்கிறான்:

சந்தப்பூண் அலங்கல் வீர!  தனு எனும் நாமத்தேன்  ஓர்

கந்தர்பன் சாபத்தால் இக்கடைப்படு பிறவி கண்டேன்

வந்துற்றீர் மலர்க்கை தீண்ட  முன்னுடை வடிவம் பெற்றேன்

எந்தைக்கும் எந்தை நீர் யான் இசைப்பது கேண்மின் என்றான்



அழகிய ஆபரணங்களையும் மாலையையும் அணிந்த  வீரனே!


“நான், தனு எனும் பெயரைக் கொண்ட ஒரு கந்தருவன். ஸ்தூலசிரஸ் என்னும் முனிவரின் சாபத்தால் , இந்த இழிவான அரக்கப் பிறப்பை அடைந்தேன் . உங்களுடைய மலர்க் கரங்கள் பட்டவுடன் பழைய வடிவம் பெற்றேன்.  நீங்கள் என் தந்தைக்கும் தந்தை போன்றவர்கள். இப்போது நான் சொல்லுவதைக் கேட்பீராக என்றான்”


.  இதுபோன்ற அரக்கர் கதைகளையும், மஹாபாரதத்தில் காஸ்யப ரிஷியின் வரலாற்றையும் படித்தால் வெள்ளை க்காரன் சொன்னதெல்லாம் பொய் என்பது புலப்படும்!


Please read my earlier research article:–

அரக்கர்கள்,அசுரர்கள் யார்?, Research paper written by London Swaminathan, Research article No.1395; Dated 7th November 2014

இந்துக்களின் 18 பிரிவுகள் : பதினெண் கணங்கள், ஆராய்ச்சிக் கட்டுரை எண்- 1399; தேதி 9 நவம்பர், 2014.

அசுரர்கள், அரக்கர்கள் அகராதி, ஆராய்ச்சிக் கட்டுரை எண்- 1365; தேதி அக்டோபர் 23, 2014.








Who is a Demon? Asuras,Rakshas, Danavas and Daityas

Bhutan masked dancers  4
Bhutan Mask dance; they are not demons.They dress like demons.

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1381; Dated 31 October 2014.

Hindu epics and mythology give a good description of the demons. Those who read them will see how much the foreign “scholars” have distorted and mis interpreted these people. Anyone can see their evil designs in dividing the Hindus. In fact, there is no culture in the world without demons. Every culture has demons.

The wonder of wonders, the greatest wonder, is that they are always described as sons of seers like Kashyapa or born out of Prajapati. In all the Hindu scriptures they are described as part of Hindu society. Vishnu Sahasranama and Bhagavad Gita describe them as part of the human beings or semi divine beings: Sura-Nara- Kaga- Go-Bogi-Gandharva-Daityai:

Kerala Onma dance with masks.

Even according to the Upansishads they went along with the Devas, humans and received the mantra Da—Da—Da—( Read my earlier post about Datta, Damyata, Dayatva).

Even in the churning of the ocean episode they were called to participate in the task together with the Devas. The Ramayana described the different masks they wore like elephants, horses etc like our children wear during fancy dress competition or festivals.

Even today the country where the masks are worn is called Bhutan meaning Bhutastan. But the only difference is they went against the rules. We can compare them to the criminals of today.

All the Asuras, Daityas, Danavas and Raksasa were connected with either Brahma, Brahmin seers Kasyapa or Pulastya, Prajapati. But the foreigners deliberately described them as Dravidians and aborigines. Those who study the Puranas, epics and earlier Brahmanas like Satapata Brahmana or Taitriya Aranyaka will understand what they meant by these terms.

There is a difference between Asuras, Raksasaas, Danavas and Daityas, though the English translation for all of them is demons!!!

Amarakosa, the oldest dictionary in the world, gives ten names for Daityas and Danavas; but it has grouped them together:

Daitya : Descendants of Diti and Kasyapa
Daiteya : same as above
Danujendra: Descendants of Danu
Danava : descendants of Danu
Sukrasishya: Brahmin Sukra was their Guru
Ditisudha: Descendants of Diti
Purvadeva: Originally started as good and then degenerated

Bhutan mask dance

Amarakosa gives 15 names for Rakshasaas

Raksasana = should be protected from
Konapan= dead body
Kravyat = raw meat eaters
Kravyata: = raw meat eaters lie animals

Asrapaka: = Blood suckers
Asara:= one who tortures
Ratrinchara: = roaming in the night; also Naktan chara
Ratrichara:= roaming in the night
Karpura: = Black; they came during night with their face painted with black ink. E.g. In London criminals come with their hoods on the head. So, now the shops have banned the hoodies. This is what the criminal Raksasas did in the olden days.
Nikasatmaja: = Nikasha’s children
Yatudana: = nourishes his own (Yatu) kind; E.g. in London we have lots of gangs. Gangsters get support only from their own group.
Punya jana:= never does anything good, an irony; a parody; E.g.Cobras are called “Good” snakes in Tamil! They wouldn’t tell the name in the night time. They say “Goodies” may come. Because some people, particularly children, get scared if you say Snake!
Nairuta: = descendents of Nitruti
Yaturakshasi = protects their own kind.

Villain Jaws in James Bond film.

They have more epithets descriptive of their actions or character: Hanuushas= killers or hurters; Ischipachas= stealers; Sandhya balas= strong in twilight; Samani sadas= night walkers, Nri chaksas= cannibals; Paldas= carnivorous; Raktapas= blood drinkers; dandasukas=biters; Praghasa=gluttons; Malina mukhas= black faced ; they applied black paint on the faces for camouflage effect during darkness
Asura : In the early part of the Rig Veda Indra, Varuna and Agni are called Asuras. Only in the later parts of the Rig Veda and the Atharva Veda Asura got a bad connotation. This is because one splinter group migrated from Saurashtra area to Iran. According to Kanchi Parmacharya, Saurashtra was called Zoaroastra. When Iran was occupied by the Muslims they came as refugees back to Saurashtra! Because of this division, the word Asura changed its meaning in India. Their Guru was a Brahmin- Sukra Acharya!!
E.g. We see the same thing when political parties divide and splinter groups form; the previous good leaders become bad to another group.

Dracula film

Quotations on Demons

The following quotes will fit with all the fraudsters and criminals in the modern world; when bad thoughts or violent thoughts come to us, if we write them on a sheet of paper, we will also be dubbed a Raksasa!
(From the book Sukti Sudha of Chinmaya International Foundation)
Demons will always be devious — Valmiki Ramayana 6-50-54
Nityam jihmaa hi raakssasaaha

Negotiations do not augur well with ogres — Valmiki Ramayana 5-41 -3
Na saama rakshah su gunaaya kalpaté

Devils are naturally treacherous in war — Valmiki Ramayana 6-50-53
Prakrtyaa raaksasaa sarvé sangraamé kuutayódhinah

Ogres become invincible at twilight — Valmiki Ramayana 1-26-23
Raksaamsi sandhyaakaalé tu durdharsaani bhavanti hi

Demons brim with bestial strength – Valmiki Ramayana 1-20-15
Viiryootsiktaa hi raakssasaaha

Demons are extremely deceitful – Bharat Kthamanjari
Asuraasca bahucchaalaah

Demons are treachery personified — Ramyana Manjari3-24-768
raakssasaaha bahucchaalaah

So, all the immoral, deceitful, violent and fraudulent people who disturbed or troubled good people were called demons. We can compare them to the villains of today’s films. Foreign scholars deliberately concealed what Hindu scriptures told about them: they were our own children, but mislead and mis guided by bad people.


Dictionary of Demons

Shiva killed Andhakasura

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1362; Dated 21st October 2014.


Every ancient culture and religion has two types of forces Angels and Demons i.e Good and Bad. This is symbolic. Every one of us has two sets of thoughts good and bad. People who have only good thoughts, words and deeds are considered great saints in India. They are angels or Devas. Those who have bad thoughts, words and deeds 100 % are considered demons. But most of the people don’t stoop that low. They are at various levels.

In Hindu mythology we see demons like Ravana who are well educated, wealthy but bent upon during very bad things. They were so arrogant that they were not ready to change even when they were given enough opportunities and sufficient time.

In the oldest literature in the world, the Rig Veda, even the natural forces are described as demons. Foreign “scholars” who tried to translate them struggled hard to understand the difference between the demons and the natural catastrophes. People who came to India from outside with a motive to spread their religion or to establish their rule, followed “Divide and Rule” policy and divided India into two classes–Aryans and Dravidians. They dubbed all Dravidians as demons. They boldly concealed the facts available in Hindu scriptures. They published half truths by quoting one couplet from here and another couplet from somewhere and told the people this is what Hinduism say about Dravidians. Hindus who never study their huge, voluminous, gigantic, Himalayan amount of literature, believed those people because they wrote in ENGLISH!!!!.

Indian “Scholars” with divisive tendencies who were either Marxists or Dravidian political leaders became “Yes men” to those foreigners because it served their political purposes. They also adopted the same foreign tactic of Divide and Rule.

Bhasmasura killed himself with his own boon!

Those who study Hindu scriptures will know that both the Asuras and Suras (Demons and Angels) are the sons of the same mother. Even the word Asura (demonic) is used as an epithet of Indra in the early parts of the Rig Veda. It meant great strength. All the Iranians (Persians) and Assyrians called themselves Asuras. It did not have any bad connotation other than terrific, huge, strong etc.

Lord Krishna gives a list of Daivic (angelic) and Asuric (demonic) qualities in the Bhagavad Gita. It is very clear that people are divided on the basis of qualities and not on birth. Living beings are classified into 18 types of people and the scriptures say that they all came from the same mother. Some narrowed it down to six or seven categories like we see in Vishnu Sahasranamam: Sura- Nara- Go- Khaga-Bogi- Gandharva- Daityai: (Angels, Human beings, Animals, Birds, Gandharvas (celestial singers), Daityai: (people with asuric qualities).

Those who are born to Kasyapa and Diti are called Daitya. Prahalada, Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyakshan were born in this family. Krishna says that he was Prahlada among the Daityas in the Bhagavad Gita (10-30). The Vibhuti Yoga of Gita (Chapter 10) makes it clear that all are Lord’s children. And just to give this message to the humanity he described himself the best one in each category.

List of Asuras, Rakshasas, Daityas and Danavas:

Demons killed by Lord Krishna
Putana (woman)
Sakatasura (Cart Demon)
Trinavarta (Wind Demon)
Vatsaura (Calf demon)
Bakasura ( Stork or Heron demon)
Aghasura (Snake demon)
Dhenukasura (ass demon)
Kaliya (sepent )
Pralambasura (human)
Arishtasura (Bull)
Kesi asura (Horse demon)
Sankachuda- Shell demon
Kamsa – Human
Chanura – wrestler
Vyomasura- sky demon
Madhu – demon
Tarakasura in Yakshagana

Demons killed by Indra

Ahi (RV 2-11)
Vritra – a Brahmin (in a lot of RV hymns) (RV 2-11)
Trisiras (Visvarupa) — a Brahmin
Sambara (RV 6-26) (RV 4-30)(2-12)
Susna(RV 2-14)
Kuyava ( RV 1-103)
Uranu (RV 2-14-4)
Svarbhanu (RV 5-40-5)
Ahisuva – snake (RV 8-32-2),(10-144-3)
Karanja (RV 1-53-8)
Parnaya ( R V 10-48-8)
Vangrda ( R V 10-48-8)
Arbuda(RV 2-14)
Vrkadvaras (2-20-4)
Pipru(RV 2-14)
Chumuri (RV 6-20)
Namuci (RV 2-14)
Ridhikra (RV 2-14)
Dhuni (RV 6-20)
Vala (RV 2-11)
Drbhika (RV 2-14)
Tugra (RV 6-26)
Vetasu (RV 6-26)

Digital Capture
Keshikasura killed by Krishna

Names of all the Vedic “demons” end with vowels ‘a, u,i’. This uniformity shows that they were also sons of the soil belonging to the same race. Hindu Gods’ names also end with the same vowels AgnI, IndrA, VarunA, YamA, VayU, MitrA,NasatyA, DasrA, ArkA,VaghisA, BrhaspatI, VachaspatI etc ( a, i, u). If they are foreign names, we can’t see this similarity!!

Demons killed by other Gods
Madhu Kaitaba – killed by Hayagriva (Vishnu)
Hiranyakasipu – Narasimha
Bali – Trivikrama or Vamana
Ravana, Indrajit, Kumbakarna , Maricha – Rama
Kara, Dushana – Rama
Tadaka – Rama
Kabandha – Rama
Vatapi – Agastya
Bakasura – Bhima
Jatasura – Bhima
Andhakasura – killed by Shiva
Bamsmasura – killed himself
Gajamukasura – Ganesh
Surapadman – Subrahmanya
Tarakasura – Subrahmanya/Skanda
Mahisasura – Devi
Sumba– Devi
Nisumba– Devi
Sunda– Devi
Upasunda– Devi
Vidyunmalai- Lord Siva
Viryavana — Lord Siva
Tarakaksha — Lord Siva

Durga killed Mahisasura

During the mythological period and Ramayana period people with bad qualities were called demons. In the Mahabharata period we see less number of demons and more number of bad people like Duryodhana. Even the demons killed by Krishna are not portrayed as demons in the Mahabharata. Only in the Bhagavatha Purana which was written in ‘old Puranic style’, baddies were described as Asuras. In short, Asuras are as human as we are in appearance but with bad qualities. They derived sadistic pleasure by troubling others. If we reject the foreign theories on our Gods and Goddesses, we will understand them better.

chola Bronze Narasinha
Narasimha who killed Hiranyakasipu