Sanskrit inscription in Delhi Iron Pillar (Post No.9519)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9519

Date uploaded in London – –22 APRIL  2021     

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A lot of us have read about the amazing Iron Pillar in Delhi. But not many people know the origin of it and the inscription on it.

Here is a paper cutting from 16 June 2007

The Iron Pillar next to the Qutab Minar in Delhi has been the centre of attraction for metallurgists from all over the world. For nearly 1600 years, it has been standing undaunted under the open skies, during all types of weather conditions. In so many years it has not rusted; this has been a surprise for the world.

As far as the question of its history is concerned, it was made in the fourth century CE. According to the Sanskrit inscription on it, it was set up as a flag post in front of the temple of Lord Vishnu on the Vishnu mountain in Mathura by Chandra Raj. It may have been made to place a Garuda (Eagle, Vahana of Vishnu)  on top of it. That is why it is also called the Garuda Pillar. It was brought to Delhi in 1050 by Anang Pal, the founder of modern Delhi.

The Pillar is 735.5 CMS tall, of which 50 CMS is below the earth and 45 CMS in the stone platform around it. It has a circumference of 41.6 CMS at the base and 30.4 CMS above. It might once have a statue of Garuda on top of it. The total weight of the Pillar is 6096 kilo.

A chemical examination in 1961 showed that the Pillar is made of surprisingly good quality steel and contains much less carbon in comparison to the steel of today. Dr B B Lal, the chief chemist of Indian Archaeological Survey has concluded that the Pillar is made by joining 20-30 kilos of hot Iron pieces. It is believed to have been manufactured in 15 days by 120 workers.

The fact that 1600 years ago the technique of joining pieces of hot Iron was known to us, is a matter of amazement by itself because not a single joint can be seen in the whole Pillar. The fact that despite remaining in the open and weathering out for 16 centuries, it has not rusted, , has amazed expert scientists . It has more phosphorus and less of sulphur and manganese.

Large quantities of slag by itself or collectively increases resistance to rust. Besides this, a 50-600 micron thick layer of oxide also protects the Pillar from rusting.

By Sri Suresh Soni, RSS Sar Karyavah, Organiser Magazine

SANSKRIT INSCRIPTION IN GUPTA BRAHMI SCRIPT

—subham—

TAGS- DELHI IRON PILLAR, SANSKRIT, INSCRIPTION, GUPTA

Kings of Gupta, Kushan Dynasties!

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Compiled by London swaminathan

Article No.1763; Dated—31 March 2015.

Dictionary of 10,000 Indian Kings – Part 18

Summary of Previous 17 Parts:–

160 Kings in Rig Veda published here on 23rd November 2014.

First part of the article –146 kings beginning with letter ‘A’.

Second part– 65 Pandya Kings of Madurai+ Puranic Kings

Third part — 122 kings beginning with letter ‘B’

Fourth Part- 43 Kings of Vijayanagara Empire + 34 Kings under letter C.

Fifth Part – 106 Kashmiri Hindu Kings

Sixth Part – 30 Satavahana  Kings  + 136 Kings under letter D.

Seventh Part –  35 Tamil Pandya Kings of Sangam Age.

Eighth Part – List of Chera (Kerala) 22 kings of Sangam Age+ Kings listed under E (3),G(37) & H(28)=68kings

Ninth Part- 39 Choza Kings of Tamil Nadu

Tenth Part- 104 kings from Cambodia, Champa, Sri Vjaya Kingdom of Indonesia and Pallava

11th part:Under ‘I’  13 kings+ Under ‘J’ 40 kings+ Under ‘K” 147 kings are listed.

12th Part:– 113 kings of various Indonesian kingdoms are listed.

13th Part –UNDER ‘L’ 14 + UNDER ‘M’ 72 + PANDYA II LIST 36=122 KINGS

14TH PART:Dynasties of Vishnukundina (10), Vakataka (16),Salankayana (4),Andra Ikshvaku (4) and Names under “N”(60)=94 kings.

15th Part:—-Kadamba dynasty – 14 kings, Badami Chalukya -10 kings, Rashtrakuta dynasty kings- 16

Western Chalukya kings – 14, Kakatiya dynasty – 16, Eastern Chalukya kings – 33, Ganga vamsa – 16, Kalachuri dynasty- 14,Pala vamsa -21, Chandela dynasty 34, Gurjara Pratihara -17

Hoysala-13, Alupa – 32 kings are listed = Total 226 kings

16th part – Under R—121 kings and 152 Kings of Nepal = 273 kings

In this 17th part, I have listed Kings under ‘S’

In this 18th part I list the kings of Kushan (18), Gupta Dynasties(26) and Kings under the letter ‘T’ (38 kings). So far we have listed 2483+82=2565 kings!

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G1)Sri Gupta

G2)Ghatotkacha

G3)Chandragupta I

G4)Samudragupta

G5)Ramagupta

G6)Chandragupta II

G7)Kumaragupta I

G8)Skandagupta

G10)Purugupta

G11)Kumaragupta II

G12)Budhagupta

G13)Narasimhagupta Baladitya

G14)Kumaragupta III

G15)Vishnugupta

G16)Vainyagupta

G17)Bhanugupta

G18)Shashankgupta

G19)Neeravgupta

G20)ShivaGupta II

G21)SidharthaGupta

G22)Budhha lalJi Gupta

G23)Shankar Lal Gupta

G24)Raja Pistam Gupta

G25)Akhilesh Gupta

G26)Vishisht Gupta

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  1. 320 : Chandragupta Ifounds the Gupta Empire.Chandragupta wins many battles against many northern emperors.
  2. 330-376 : Samudraguptaexpands the empire from the Indus River to the Bay of Bengal, and up into the northern mountains.
  3. 376-415 : Chandragupta IImakes the empire secure, and encourages trade.
  4. 415-450 : Kalidascomposes most of his poetry in the reign of Kumargupta(415-455).
  5. 450 : Empire begin to collapse under pressure from invading Huns.
  6. 554 : The Gupta dynasty ends when the last emperor Shashakgupta

KUSHAN DYNASTY

Ku1)Heraios (c. 1 – 30), first Kushan ruler, generally Kushan ruling period is disputed

Ku2)Kujula Kadphises (c. 30 – c. 80)

Ku3)Vima Takto, (c. 80 – c. 95) alias Soter Megas or “Great Saviour.”

Ku4)Vima Kadphises (c. 95 – c. 127) the first great Kushan emperor

Ku5)Kanishka I (127 – c. 140)

Ku6)Vāsishka (c. 140 – c. 160)

Ku7)Huvishka (c. 160 – c. 190)

Ku8)Vasudeva I (c. 190 – to at least 230), the last of the great Kushan emperors

Ku9)Kanishka II (c. 230 – 240)

Ku10)Vashishka (c. 240 – 250)

Ku11)Kanishka III (c. 250 – 275)

Ku12)Vasudeva II (c. 275 – 310)

Ku13)Vasudeva III reported son of Vasudeva III,a King, uncertain

Ku14)Vasudeva IV reported possible child of Vasudeva III,ruling in Kandahar, uncertain.

Ku15)Vasudeva of Kabul reported possible child of Vasudeva IV,ruling in Kabul, uncertain

Ku16)Chhu (c. 310? – 325)

Ku17)Shaka I (c. 325 – 345)

Ku18)Kipunada (c. 345 – 375)

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Kings Under letter T from Morton Smith Book (all years are in BCE)

T1)Taksaka 1580 BCE

T2)Talajhangha  haihaya1100 BCE

T3)Tama saunaka 1310 BCE

T4)Tamrakalpa – daughter of Satyabhama

T5)Tamrarasa – daughter of Bhadrasva

T6)Tamrayaksas

T7)Tamsu apratiratha 1520 BCE

T8)Tantra vantivana 1150 BCE

T9)Tapasvini Bhangavati 1070 BCE

T10)Tapati –wife to samvarana 1300

T11)arakayana

T12)Tarapida kalainga

T13)Tarasvin 1040 – son of Samba

T14)Tigmatman vatsa 560

T15)Titiksu anava – 1360

T16)Tittiri yadava –1110

T17)Traisanu turvasa -1330

T18)Tranakarya maharathin 200

T19)Trasadasva -1390

T20)Trasadasyu aiksvakava 1450

T21)rasadasyu purukutsi -1170

T22)Trasu ailina – 1300

T23)Traiyaruna aiksvakava 1320

T24)Traiyaruna auruksaya 1120

T25)Tridhanvan aiksvakava 1335

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T26)Trigarta raja – 1220

T27)Trinetra of Magadha – 710

T28)Trisanku satyavrata – 1375

T29)Trisanu turvasa – 1350

T30)Trivana – son of antinara

T31)Tranabindu saka -1320

T32)Trayaruna vasumanas -1340

T33)Tryaruna traivrsna -1170

T34)Tumba saura -1230

T35)Tumbabvana saura -1225

T36)Tumburu – father of Nala- 1090

T37)ura kavaseya – 925

T38)Turvasu yayateya – 1420 BCE

(Pictures are taken from Historical Atlas; thanks.