Post No. 9694

Date uploaded in London – –6 JUNE   2021           

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

WEBSTER’S , the world’s biggest 18 volume English dictionary, is said to have as many as 40,000 words “akin to Sanskrit”. Dr N R Waradapande says one fourth of the total English vocabulary is Sanskritic. Dr Waradapande is currently engaged in compiling a full-fledged dictionary of Sanskrit based English words and he is confident of identifying 10,000 such words (This report is from Organiser dated February 19, 2006.)

My comments

My google search led me to www.nrwardpande.in and I came to know he died in 2015. Though he had authored books on Date of Rig Veda, Soma Plant etc. I don’t find any book on languages.



Article written by Sudhakar Raje in The Organiser gives some details about Concise Oxford Dictionary. It says “the words in the COD are stated to have generally Latin roots and frequently Greek roots. As a matter of fact, in numerous such cases, the evolved English word or the Latin/Greek root has such a striking resemblance to a Sanskrit word both phonetically and in respect of meaning, as to clearly suggest that the root of the given word is Sanskrit. This writer has identified 100 such words in COD. In addition, there are at least a thousand words in this dictionary where the prefix or suffix is derived from Sanskrit. COD also lists about 70 purely Sanskrit words as part of the English vocabulary.

My comments

In my over 100 articles in this blog, I have given more than 1000 English words with Sanskrit root.


The same Organiser article gives the following information as well:-

In South East Asia the influence of Sanskrit was so strong that it can be seen not only in old inscriptions but also but also in Sanskrit names for people and places that are still in use, such as in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Burma. In the Middle East , the present home land of fundamentalist Islam, Sanskrit had an undeniable presence.

The worship of the Vedic Sun Gad was a popular religion in the Roman Empire, Egypt and all over the Middle East.

Prof. Avinash Chandra writes in his book ‘ Rig Vedic India ‘ that emigrants from India settled in various parts of Europe and Asia in ancient times. This resulted Sanskrit influence on local languages.

Arnold Toynbee’s book ‘Mankind and Mother Earth’  contains a map showing Sanskrit speaking nomads to the south-east  of the Caspian Sea. When even nomads moving between Asia and Europe spoke Sanskrit, it is certain that the language was used by householders and educational institutions of Asia and Europe in those times.


Oldest War in the World- Battle of Ten Kings

The Rig Veda contains the description of a great battle called Dasharajnya , Battle of Ten Kings, which is the world’s oldest recorded battle. It was fought between the Tritsu King Sudasa on the one hand and a confederacy of ten peoples or clans on the other.

The ten peoples were Paktha, Bhalana, Alina, Siva, Vishanin, Simyu, Bhrigu, Prithu, Parshu. Collectively they had two group names- Anu and Druhyu. The Druhyu king defeated in the battle was named Angara. His successor king Gandhara , migrated to the North West with his clan and gave his name to Gandhara country. The puranas which are the historical companion texts of the Rig Veda, clearly state that major sections of these Druhyu emigrated to distant lands to the North. Those among them who spread to Europe came to be known as Celts and the language they spoke came to be called Celtic.

During the last some centuries before the Christian era, Cetic was spoken over a wide area of Europe from Spain to Britain. These ancient Celts were originally the Druids, who in turn were identifiable with the Druhyus.

The languages spoken by the peoples that fought Dasharajnya War split into two broad groups called Satem and Kentum, in the original Vedic/Indian homeland itself, the Anu speaking the Satem dialects and the Druhyu the Kentum ones. With the Westward spread of the Druhyus, the latter evolved into proto-proto Indo European languages, some of which became extinct, like Latin, while others developed into extant , spoken languages including English.


tags- Sanskrit words, Webster’s, Dictionary



Post No. 9317

Date uploaded in London – –27 FEBRUARY  2021     

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Agreement between Tolkappiam and Sanskrit works on Grammar

BY S N Sri Rama Desikan


The first two chapters of Tolkappiam deal with grammar while the third deals with literature/ rhetoric. These are analogous to three divisions in Sanskrit-


Vyakarana and

Alankara sastra

It may be observed that the portion’s of Tolkappiam dealing with the form of letters, their origin, their four -fold manner of compounds and seven Vyakrthis agree with the Sanskrit grammatical works of Panini, Yaska’s Nirukta, Patanjali’s Mahabhasya etc.

In Tolkappiam, we find 50 Sanskrit words, 25 Prakrit words and some technical terms.

In regard to the explanations for the

eight sentiments/Rasas,

ten states/Avastas and

32 Accessory feelings/Vyabhichari bhavas, there is full agreement between the Bharata Natyasastra and Tolkappiam.

As Tolkappiar himself says in several places,

I am giving here explanation according to Natya sastra; some consider that the source should be Bharatas Natya sastra.

In the matter of

32 Kavya Yuktis/ literary practices,

ten kavya doshas/ literary blemishes and

Sutra lakshanas / characteristic’s of aphoristic compositions also,

Tolkappiam agrees with the Bharata Natyyasastra and Arthasastra.

Tolkappiar has also followed closely the sastras like

Manu Smrti and Dharma sastras in regard to

eight kinds of marriages, their classification according to castes , proper and improper marriages and their characteristics .

There are similarities also regarding

nature of Jivas and

 five Tinais / regional classification

It can be inferred that there should have been a common basic work even if one does not go so far as to state that one language follows the other.

The Sangam poets have referred profusely to the episodes in the epics and Puranas.

Following list of Sanskrit words in Tolkappiam is given by Prof. Vaiyapuri Pillai


tags- Sanskrit words, Tolkappiam, Prakrit words, Bharata, Natya Sastra