Hindu’s Life according to Atharva Veda- Part 2 (Post No.4065)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 9 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 12-29
Post No. 4065

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



He was a man of importance in his village, and when he attended the assembly — which may have been a kind of Municipal Committee or Council his great ambition was to  command respect and attention aa a speaker, and with this view he fortified himself with charm and magic herb that inspired eloquence, and enabled him to overpower his opponents in debates.



His life on the whole somewhat monotonous and dull but it seems to have suited him as he was continually praying that it might be extended to its full natural duration of hundred years.



At the end of that time, with his sons and his son’s children around him, he was ready to pass away to the felicity  that  awaited him in the world of the Fathers



The small merchant or trader lived a less settled life and saw some of the world than the agriculturist. We see him on the point of starting on a journey for business purposes with his little stock of goods.


He first propitiates Indra who as a merchant also, the God who trades and traffics with his worshippers, requiring and receiving prayer and oblations in exchange for the blessings which he sends, and who will now free the travelling merchants from wild beasts, robbers, and enemies of every kind.



He prays also to many other deities that he may make a rich profit and gain a hundred treasures, and commits the care of his children and cattle in his absence to Agni, God of all men. His ritual is an extensive one and he may be about to journey to all points of the compass, and he must accordingly conciliate all the divine Warders of  heavenly regions He has  to recite some ten hymns of Book VI invoking the aid of all protecting deities, not forgetting to consult the Weather Prophet, and to obtain from him the promise of auspicious mornings, noons, and nights. He bids an affectionate farewell to the houses of his village, and departs on his way encouraged by the hymn which ensures him a safe and successful journey.


In due time he returns having bartered his wares for the treasurers of distant places, for bdellium and other fragrant gums and unguents, for Kushta and other foreign plants and drugs of healing virtue, for mother of  pearl, ornaments for the women, and perhaps cloth of finer wool.



The merchant’s object in life is gain, and he is not always very scrupulous in his dealings. 1f he is in debt he would prefer to be freed by the intervention of a god, and not by his own exertions; and he is bold enough even to pray for release from debts which he has incurred without intending to pay them. He is probably the gambler who prays for success in play and for pardon when he has been guilty of cheating”


My comments:


Griffith is imagining the worst thing and gives the reasons for using charms. It is like taking one bad word from a scripture and imagine everything bad about the community. He himself uses “probably” “intend” etc We can do this sort of trick to any book or scripture. Sangam Tamil poems have been divided into two groups : one dealing with family life and another dealing with war and public life. There lot of poms dealing with prostitutes in the family life section. If one goes by the number of such poems one will paint a very bad picture about Tamil community. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has umpteen chapters about bad qualities and virtues that which one should shun. I anyone takes only those couplets than one will think that the Tamils are bad. But it is not correct.  Unless one is involved in the culture one wouldn’t understand it. So it is dangerous to interpret it literally.

Foreigners interpret Vedas literally where they want to attribute bad meaning. If there are good things they hide it.  Same Atharva Veda has got very good and unique poems on motherland, earth, nature and Vedic gods. They project only the charms.


Most Beautiful Love Poem


A MAN’s LOVE CHARMS: There are seven hymns entitled, “A Man’s Love Charms”. They show that infant marriage did not prevail in Vedic times.


A Charm to win a Maiden’s Love. AV.VI. 8.

1.Like as the creeper throws her arms on every side around the tree,

So hold thou me in thine embrace that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


2.As when he mounts, the eagle strikes his pinions downward on the earth,

So do I strike thy spirit down that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


3.As in his rapid course the Sun encompasses the heaven and earth, So do I compass round thy mind that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


There are many more love poems in the Atharva Veda.




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