TIT FOR TAT- CHANAKYA’S ADVICE (Post No.4661)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 25 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 17-55

 

Post No. 4661

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

 

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‘Cut a diamond with a diamond’, ‘take a thorn with another thorn’ are some of the proverbs in many Indian languages. We have many stories of ‘Tit for Tat’ in Indian folk tales. Chanakya also advocates this policy.

 

Every South Indian child has heard the story that elephant and pots are equal. If you have not heard that story, here it is in short : A person hired an elephant for a procession and unfortunately it died while it was in the procession. When the owner came and demanded the elephant the person was ready to give its price saying it was dead during the procession. But the owner harassed him saying that he wanted the elephant alive and not the money. The person who hired it was struggling to convince him. But he had a wise friend who whispered something into his ear. Then he asked the owner of the elephant to come to his house next day morning to get the elephant.

 

The stupid owner went to his house the next morning. When the door did not open, he broke it open and entered the house. Behind the door were several mud pots staked into several rows. All those pots were broken because of his gate crashing. And yet he demanded his elephant.

 

Now the person inside the house cried, “ Oh my god, my pots with big antique value were all crushed into pieces’. He demanded that the owner of the elephant should return all those pots intact. When he told that he would give the money for the pots he refused to accept it. He told him , “ you refused to accept my money for the elephant and wanted the dead elephant to come back alive. In the same way, I  want my pots with antique value to come back ‘alive’.

 

When the argument grew louder and louder they went to the court and the judge told that you lost your elephant and he lost the valuable mud pots. Both of you refused to accept money and the lost elephant and the lost antique pots were equal and so no one need to give anything to the other party. Case was settled.

 

This is what we call ‘Tit for Tat’.

Chanakya says,

“A good turn is to be repaid by good turn and the violence by counter-violence. There is nothing wrong in it. One should behave in a wicked manner with the wicked.”

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 17, Sloka 2

krute pratikrutam kuryaad himsane pratihimsanam

tatra dosho na patati dushte dushtam samaacharet

 

xxx

At bad time, Mind goes astray!

He also added that one’s mind go astray when one’s end is near i.e Vinaasa Kale Vipareetha Buddhi

 

“The golden deer was not made by some one, nor was it seen earlier, nor it heard about. When adversity is round the corner, mind goes astray.”

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 16, Sloka 5

na nirmitah kena na drushtapuuvah

na sruuyate hema mayah kurangah

tathaapi thrushnaa raghunandanasya

vinaasa kale vipareeta budhdhih

 

(This is a reference to the golden deer anecdote in the Ramayana)

 

–Subham–

 

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