Date: 19 FEBRUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London- 16-58


Written by London swaminathan


Post No. 4764


PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources. They may not be directly related to the article. They are only representational.






The second chapter of Manu Smrti, also known as Manava Dharma Shastra, contains very interesting details on various topics; I am summarising it with my comments below:


What did Vedas say to the Brahmins?

2.114. Sacred Learning approached a Brahmana and said to him: ‘I am thy treasure, preserve me, deliver me not to a scorner; so (preserved) I shall become supremely strong.’

2.115. ‘But deliver me, as to the keeper of thy treasure, to a Brahmana whom thou shalt know to be pure, of subdued senses, chaste and attentive.’

2.116. But he who acquires without permission the Veda from one who recites it, incurs the guilt of stealing the Veda, and shall sink into hell.

2.113. Even in times of dire distress a teacher of the Veda should rather die with his knowledge than sow it in barren soil.


My comments:

The greatness of Vedas is explained here. It is a treasure to be preserved by the Brahmins; but if there is no worthy hand to receive it, beter die than to give to irreverent people.

It is also interesting that the Brahmins first refused to teach the Mlechas (foreigners like Max Muller, Wilson etc). When a few greedy Brahmins violated their code of conduct, the Mlechas got it and interpreted it to according to their whims and fancies. Like no two clocks agree, no two Mlechas/ barbarians agree!


Don’t Talk, Don’t Argue, Act like an Idiot!

There is very interesting advice to the students of Vedas:

2.110. Unless one be asked, one must not explain anything to anybody, nor must one answer a person who asks improperly; let a wise man, though he knows the answer, behave among men as (if he were) an idiot.

2.111. Of the two persons, him who illegally explains anything, and him who illegally asks a question, one or both will die or incur the other’s enmity.


Ten Types of People are fit to Learn Vedas

2.109. According to the sacred law the following ten persons, viz. the teacher’s son, one who desires to do service, one who imparts knowledge, one who is intent on fulfilling the law, one who is pure, a person connected by marriage or friendship, one who possesses (mental) ability, one who makes presents of money, one who is honest, and a relative, may be instructed in the Veda.


2.106. There are no forbidden days for the daily recitation, since that is declared to be a Brahmasattra (an everlasting sacrifice offered to Brahman); at that the Veda takes the place of the burnt oblations, and it is meritorious even, when natural phenomena, requiring a cessation of the Veda-study, take the place of the exclamation Vashat.


Three Beautiful Similes

2.99. But when one among all the organs slips away from control, thereby man’s wisdom slips away from him, even as the water flows through the one open foot of a  leather water-carrier’s skin.

2.94. Desire is never extinguished by the enjoyment of desired objects; it only grows stronger like a fire fed with clarified butter.

2.113. Even in times of dire distress a teacher of the Veda should rather die with his knowledge than sow it in barren soil.

Om and Gayatri

2.74. Let him always pronounce the syllable ‘Om’ at the beginning and at the end of a lesson in the Veda; for unless the syllable Om precede the lesson will slip away from him, and unless it follow it will fade away.

2.78. A Brahmana, learned in the Veda, who recites during both twilights that syllable and that verse, preceded by the Vyahritis, gains the whole merit which the recitation of the Vedas confers.

2.79. A twice-born man who daily repeats those three one thousand times outside the village, will be freed after a month even from great guilt, as a snake from its slough.

2.80. The Brahmana, the Kshatriya, and the Vaisya who neglect (the recitation of) that Rik-verse and the timely performance of the rites prescribed for them, will be blamed among virtuous men.

2.81. Know that the three imperishable Mahavyahritis, preceded by the syllable Om, and followed by the three-footed Savitri are the portal of the Veda and the gate leading (to union with) Brahman.

2.82. He who daily recites that (verse), untired, during three years, will enter (after death) the highest Brahman, move as free as air, and assume an ethereal form.

2.83. The monosyllable (Om) is the highest Brahman, three suppressions of the breath are the best (form of) austerity, but nothing surpasses the Savitri truthfulness is better than silence.

2.84. All rites ordained in the Veda, burnt oblations and othe) sacrifices, pass away; but know that the syllable (Om) is imperishable, and it is Brahman, and the Lord of creatures (Prajapati).

2.85. An offering, consisting of muttered prayers, is ten times more efficacious than a sacrifice performed according to the rules of the Veda; a prayer which is inaudible (to others) surpasses it a hundred times, and the mental recitation of sacred texts a thousand times.




Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: