CHANAKYA AND TAMIL POET VALLUVAR ON EDUCATION (Post No.4859)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 MARCH 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  16-47

 

Post No. 4859

 

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(பிறர் எழுதியதைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் மனைவியைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் பொருளைத் திருடுபவனும் ஒன்றே – ஐன்ஸ்டீனின் அண்ணன்பெர்னார்ட் ஷாவின் தம்பிகாந்திஜியின் தாத்தா சொன்னது)

 

It gives great pleasure to see the same thoughts in two great men Chanakya (3rd century BCE) and Tiruvalluvar (Fourth or Fifth Century CE  dated linguistically, first century BCE dated politically).

 

On Education

Handsome and young , born in high families, if uneducated, would look no good like the Kimsuka trees with no fragrance.

Chankaya Niti 3-5

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

Those who are unable to elucidate their learning are like a cluster of blossoms without fragrance- Kural 650

 

Letters and Numbers are the two eyes of man – Kural 392

xxxx

 

Learned Men = Citizens of the World!

A learned man wins admiration in the world, he gets honour, everything is obtained through knowledge, knowledge is revered everywhere- 8-20

 

What excessive weight is there for those possessed of strength,?

what is distant for the energetic,

what is a foreign country for the learned and

who is alien for the one with sweet tongue?

3- 13

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

The learned find their home and town everywhere. Why not learn and learn till death –Kural 397

 

xxxx

Ugly ones and Educated

The beauty of cuckoos is in their sweet cooing, that of women in their faithfulness and loyalty to their husbands, that of ugly ones in their knowledge and that of ascetics in forgiveness.

3-6

Tiruvalluvar says,

A wife who may not worship God but wakes up with worshipful devotion to her husband has the power to make rain fall at her bidding- Kural 55

 

xxxx

Knowledge is Kamadhenu

Knowledge has in it the quality of the desire-yielding cow. It yields fruit even when there is no season for it. In foreign sojourn it acts like other. Knowledge is accepted as a secret treasure.4-5

Learning is the lasting joyful wealth; all other material wealth are lost in time – Kural 400

The heritage of culture acquired in one birth lasts to the seventh- Kural 399

 

xxx

 

Lower Birth and Higher Birth

What one has to do with a high family where there is no education. One born in a low family, if learned, is adored even by gods 8-19

 

Tiruvalluvar says,

Though high-born, an unlettered man is deemed lower than a leaned man of lower birth  – Kural 409

(I have already compared this to Sangam Tamil verse Purananuru 183 and Manu Smrti 10-65, 2-240, 2-234).

 

–subham-

 

 

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