CHANAKYA AND TAMIL POET VALLUVAR ON EDUCATION (Post No.4859)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 MARCH 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  16-47

 

Post No. 4859

 

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(பிறர் எழுதியதைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் மனைவியைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் பொருளைத் திருடுபவனும் ஒன்றே – ஐன்ஸ்டீனின் அண்ணன்பெர்னார்ட் ஷாவின் தம்பிகாந்திஜியின் தாத்தா சொன்னது)

 

It gives great pleasure to see the same thoughts in two great men Chanakya (3rd century BCE) and Tiruvalluvar (Fourth or Fifth Century CE  dated linguistically, first century BCE dated politically).

 

On Education

Handsome and young , born in high families, if uneducated, would look no good like the Kimsuka trees with no fragrance.

Chankaya Niti 3-5

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

Those who are unable to elucidate their learning are like a cluster of blossoms without fragrance- Kural 650

 

Letters and Numbers are the two eyes of man – Kural 392

xxxx

 

Learned Men = Citizens of the World!

A learned man wins admiration in the world, he gets honour, everything is obtained through knowledge, knowledge is revered everywhere- 8-20

 

What excessive weight is there for those possessed of strength,?

what is distant for the energetic,

what is a foreign country for the learned and

who is alien for the one with sweet tongue?

3- 13

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

The learned find their home and town everywhere. Why not learn and learn till death –Kural 397

 

xxxx

Ugly ones and Educated

The beauty of cuckoos is in their sweet cooing, that of women in their faithfulness and loyalty to their husbands, that of ugly ones in their knowledge and that of ascetics in forgiveness.

3-6

Tiruvalluvar says,

A wife who may not worship God but wakes up with worshipful devotion to her husband has the power to make rain fall at her bidding- Kural 55

 

xxxx

Knowledge is Kamadhenu

Knowledge has in it the quality of the desire-yielding cow. It yields fruit even when there is no season for it. In foreign sojourn it acts like other. Knowledge is accepted as a secret treasure.4-5

Learning is the lasting joyful wealth; all other material wealth are lost in time – Kural 400

The heritage of culture acquired in one birth lasts to the seventh- Kural 399

 

xxx

 

Lower Birth and Higher Birth

What one has to do with a high family where there is no education. One born in a low family, if learned, is adored even by gods 8-19

 

Tiruvalluvar says,

Though high-born, an unlettered man is deemed lower than a leaned man of lower birth  – Kural 409

(I have already compared this to Sangam Tamil verse Purananuru 183 and Manu Smrti 10-65, 2-240, 2-234).

 

–subham-

 

 

Importance of Cow in Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.4053)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 5 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 9-28 am
Post No. 4053

 
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The cow occupies a unique position in Hinduism. Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa gives a graphic account of care and respect shown to a cow by the emperor Dilipa.

Hindus’ greatest contribution to the world civilization is cow and its products. When the world was drinking goat’s milk and camel’s milk and even donkey’s milk they discovered that the cow’s milk is the best in the world and it is as good as mother’s milk. No ancient literature praises or values cow’s milk as Hindu literature. From Rig Veda to Sangam Tamil literature we find innumerable references in praise of the cow.

 

There are very interesting words in Sanskrit from the cow:-

Vaatslayam

Love and affection shown towards calf by its mother cow. Oft quoted in the Vedas

Go loka

The heaven of Krishna is Go loka (cow’s world)

Duhitri

A daughter is called milk maid (duhitri)

Gotra

clan; group

Gopis

Women with divine love towards Krishna

Madhuparka

All the saints are honoured with Milk and Honey. Hospitality is a unique Hindu concept. Rig Veda and Tamil Sangam book Purananuru have a lot of Danastutis, in praise of donation and hospitality. (English word donation comes from Sanskrit Dhaana).

Hosipitality is the rule of life among the Hindus. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has a chapter on it. Rig Veda praises it. Mahabharata has several stories in praise of hospitality. Panchatantra is full of quotations on hospitality. Guests were received with great ceremonies in ancient India. They must be given water to wash their feet and a seat to take rest. If they are unknown people, pial of the house was given to them to take rest and provided with full meals.

 

Hindus not only domesticated the cows and oxen, they worshipped them as gods and goddesses. Kamadhenu is the wish fulfilling cow. The picture and statues of Kamadhenu are in Hindu houses and temples.

Go puja and Gaja Puja (cow and elephant worship) are done in all the temples and religious Mutts. This has been going on for several thousand years without stopping. No animal in the world is worshipped continuously like this.

A word ‘Gohna’ is used for the guests. Foreigners translated it literally as Cow killer. They thought a cow was killed by the seer to feed another seer. The real meaning is that a cow’s products such as milk, butter, ghee, curd/yogurt, cow dung Go mutra (cow’s urine)– all are used in the service of the guests. Cow dung will be sprinkled with water in front of the house. Cow dung will be smeared in the oven to clean it. Cow’s urine is used to purify a place and a person.

Story of Cow’s creation

Satapata Brahmana (2-2-4-1) gives the story of Cow’s creation.

“Prajapati alone existed. He generated Agni (fire) from his mouth.

When they had sung praises, they went towards east saying, ‘We will go back thither! The gods came upon a cow which had sprung into existence. Looking up at them, she uttered the sound ‘hin’. The gods perceived that this was the ‘hin’ of the Saman (melodious sacrificial chant of Sama Veda); for heretofore their song was without ‘hin’, but after that it was the real Saman. (musical chant of Rig Vedic mantras; Hindus discovered the musical notes sa, ri, ga , ma pa, da ni – seven notes)

 

And as this same sound, ‘hin’ of the Saman, was in the cow, therefore the latter affords the means of subsistence; and so does he afford the means of subsistence whosoever thus knows the ‘hin’ of the Saman in the cow”.

 

“They said, ‘Auspicious indeed, is what we have produced here, who have produced the cow; for truly she is the sacrifice, and without her no sacrifice is performed; she is also the food. This word ‘go’ (Sanskrit word for cow; English word cow came from Sanskrit Go) then, is a name of those cows, and so it is of the sacrifice; let him therefore repeat it, saying , good, excellent! and verily, whosoever, , knowing this, repeats it, as it were saying good, excellent! with him those cows multiply, and the sacrifice will incline to him”.

Foreigners couldn’t understand this mantra. They took the word sacrifice and wrote that cow was sacrificed in the fire. But Hindus knew the correct  meaning: without cow’s products they cant run their life or do religious performance; Hindus use milk in birth and funeral ceremonies. Without Go mutra (cow’s urine), Ghee and milk no ceremony is done. They were great scientists to find that that Cow’s urine and Cow’s poo (cow dung) have got great curative and anti- bacterial properties.

Another story about cow is as follows:

Cow came from Prajapati’s Breath

Satapata Brahmana says ((7-5-2-6)

“Prajapati was alone at first. He desired, May I create food, may I be reproduced!. He fashioned animals from his vital airs, a man from his soul (mind), a horse from his eye, a cow from his breath, a sheep from his ear and a goat from his voice”.

 

Foreigners couldn’t understand the meaning of such mantras. Whenever and wherever they wanted they interpreted some words according to their whims and fancies; and the fact is no two foreigners agreed on the meaning, because they don’t know the real meaning. We can see this tend throughout the Vedic translations done by 20 to 25 authors. For them it was jigsaw puzzle game.

 

In the above mantras if they see a direction ‘North’, they will write “Look, they have come from North pole”. Here in the mantra the direction mentioned is east. Poor foreigners couldn’t say that Aryans came from the east. So they will keep quiet!

 

–Subham–

 

 

Divine Dinners by Moses, Jesus, Hindu Saints & Draupadi !

Image

 

Picture of Draupadi with Akshaya Patra.

By London Swaminathan: Post No.  747   dated 15th December 2013.

Divine dinners are miraculous dinners provided by great saints, religious leaders and pathfinders. Every religion has got some stories like this. Here are eight famous episodes from different cultures.

 

Divine Dinner 1

First a story from Ramayana: Bharadvaja Maharishi (seer) showed some amazing magic to Bharata, brother of Lord Rama. Chapter 91 of Ayodhya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana gives a vivid description of the magic shown by Bharadvaja.

The seer asked Bharata why he came alone leaving his army behind. Bharata replied to him that his army was huge and they may damage the trees and huts and defile the water. (Look at the environmental concerns of Bharata!)

But Bharadvaja insisted to him to bring the army so that he can entertain everyone. In the middle of the thick jungle, he summoned all the angels. Suddenly a cool breeze came from Malaya and Dardura hills. There was a rain of flowers. Sound of divine gongs could be heard on every side. Apsaras women danced to the tune of the Gandharvas. Earth and sky were filled with sweet and harmonious sounds. Bharata’s army could see the wonderful creations of Viswakarma (Divine Architect).

When Rama returned to Ayodhya, Bharadwaja wanted to honour him with sumptuous dinner. He brought all the best things from the heaven through his mental power. As he thought of Amutha Surabhi, Chintamani and Amrita, all those came to serve him. Bharadwaja served the same type of food to every one. All were very happy.

 

Divine Dinner 2

Now a story from Mahabharata: Draupadi stayed in the forest for twelve years with the Pandavas. During her stay in the forest, a lot of pilgrims and saints visited her. When her husband Yudhistra was struggling to find food, Dhaumya advised him to pray to sun god. He did and received an Akshaya Patra from the Sun God. This magical vessel supplied Draupadi with food without stopping. It was always full even after she distributed food. Akshaya Patra  means an inexhaustible vessel.

When Duryodana sent the short tempered saint Durvasa at an odd time to the Pandavas in the forest, he thought the Pandavas could not satisfy this man and eventually he would curse them. Durvasa went to the Pandavas and told them that he would take food after bathing in the river. Pandava’s wife Draupadi got so worried for lack of food at home and prayed to Lord Krishna. He asked whether there was at least anything left over in the vessel. There was only one rice sticking to the pan. Krishna ate it and smiled at her. Durvasa came and told them that his stomach was full and he did not want any food!

Sathya Sai Baba also was said to have distributed Laddus (sweets) to his disciples during his birth day with never ending supply from his basket!

 

Divine Dinner 3

Queen Meenakshi, also known as Thatathakai, got married to Sundreswara. Grand dinner was arranged for their wedding in Madurai. But after all the guests eaten there was plenty of leftover food. The cooks came to queen Meenakshi and told her their problem. She went to her faithful husband King Sundara Pandya alias Sundareswara, who was god Shiva, and told her grievance. He simply smiled at her and winked at his servant Gundotharan who was standing behind him. He went to the kitchen and started eating whatever he saw. The vessels became empty in a few minutes. When he asked for more and more food, the kitchen staff ran to the queen and told her what was happening. She went to her husband again and he thought of Annapurani. Immediately fountains of food appeared.  When his hunger was over, Gundothara asked for water. Shiva asked him to put his hand on the ground and there came a river. It is called Vaikai (Put Hand) river which runs through Madurai. The place he ate was called Anna Kuzi Mandapam near the west tower of Goddess Meenakshi temple. This story is part of Thiruvilaiyatal Purana, detailing 64 leelas (plays) of Lord Shiva in Madurai. Every year there is a festival to celebrate this divine dinner.

 

Divine Dinner 4

This is also a story from the same T V Puranam. A farmer’s wife by name Dharmaseela was a philanthropist of Madurai. She ran a charity kitchen to feed all the pilgrims, the poor and the saints. Lord Shiva, the presiding deity of Madurai, wanted to show her greatness to everyone in the Pandyan kingdom. So he made all her fields yield less. She had to borrow money to feed the people. But in course of time, the lenders pressed her for their money. Both the husband and wife went to the temple and decided to commit suicide. Lord Shiva appeared before them and asked them to go back home where they would find lot of paddy in the barn. It provided them undiminished supply of paddy. It was called ‘Ulavak Kottai’, meaning a barn with inexhaustible supply.

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Divine Dinner 5

When Jesus Christ went to a desert area near the Sea of Galilee, a crowd of 5000 people followed him. Sun was going under the mountains and it was getting dark. His disciples came to him and asked him to send the crowd back to their villages because there was no food for them. Jesus asked them to give food. They told him they have got only five loaves of bread and two fish. Jesus got them and started distributing them to his 5000 disciples. They were all happy and their stomachs were full. At the end of the day his disciples went around and collected 12 baskets of leftover fish and bread! This is one of the miracles as reported in the gospels in the New Testament of the Bible.

 

Divine Dinner 6

King Viswamitra and Sage Vashista clashed several times and one of them was over the divine cow Kamadhenu. It would give anything one wants. When Vashista fed the entire army of the king with this magical wish fulfilling cow, Viswamitra was wonder struck. He asked for the cow which provided them a divine dinner. When Vashista refused to give him the divine cow he forcefully took it from him. The cow produced an army of soldiers who decimated Vishvamitra’s army completely.

 

Divine Dinner 7

 The old testament of the Bible describes the ‘Manna from the heaven’. It was the food given by the God for the Israelites. Moses and his disciples survived for forty years with this food. Though scholars see a cognate word of Manna in Egyptian ‘mennu’ meaning food, I have explained in my article ‘Sanskrit in the Bible’, Manna means Annam in Sanskrit meaning food. The mirror image of the word ‘Manna’ is ‘Annam’ (food). Since there are more Sanskrit words in the Bible, it is not a co incidence. Please read my two part article ‘SANSKRIT IN THE BIBLE’.

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Divine Dinner 8

Prisoners’ rehabilitation is a new concept in the western countries. Manimekalai, the heroine of the Tamil epic ‘Manimekalai’, did this service 2000 years ago and transformed all the prisoners as good citizens. Prisons were converted into charitable homes.

When Manimekalai went to the prison she spoke to the prisoners kindly with gentle words of advice and comfort. She gave them all a hearty meal from her magic bowl Amuthasurabhi. The inmates became penitent and their behaviour was reformed beyond recognition. When the prison guards informed the king he asked Manimekalai to come to the palace. She advised him to release all the prisoners and convert all the prisons in to charitable houses for saints and sages. The king readily agreed to do it. This type of service was unheard of in any other countries till modern days. (Divine Dinner 8 is taken from my earlier post).

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