BOMB SHELL THROWN ON TWO KEY TAMIL WORDS- TAMIL-SANSKRIT RELATIONSHIP -PART 6 (Post No.8048)

BOMB SHELL THROWN ON TWO KEY TAMIL WORDS- TAMIL-SANSKRIT RELATIONSHIP -PART 6 (Post No.8048)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 8048

Date uploaded in London – 26 May 2020   

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

This is part six of P S Subrahmanya Sastri’s lectures at Trivandrum in January 1946 under the auspices of University of Travancore:-

I will continue from page 60

Pages 60-61 Sastri makes some controversial remarks.  He says that Tamils had only Kalavu marriage (Clandestine marriage) and then Aryans introduced Karpu (Chastity) marriage. He goes further and says that the Tamil word Karpu itself has come from Sanskrit word ‘Kalpam’ in Paraskara Grhyasutram.

My comments:

Actually Tamils had both types of marriages like their counterparts in the North. Earlier Sastri himself quoted Gautama Grhya Sutram for 8 types of Marriages. It is same in Manu, Tolkppaim and Gautama GS. Akananuru verses 86 and 136 beautifully describes arranged marriage with all the Sumnagalis greeting and wishing  the newly weds. In both poems it is mentioned that the marriage took place on Rohini star day and the Sanskrit word Vadhu and chaste woman Arundhati  are mentioned. And in the post Sangam Tamil epic Silappaadikaram Kannaki goes round sacred fire in front of Brahmin priests and married Kovalan. And in Purananuru and Tolkappiam the system of Sati (wife burning) is mentioned which is absent in Manu and Rig Veda). In short Tamils and their counterparts in the North had same wedding and funeral customs with slight differences.

These customs are followed only when it is not a clandestine marriage.

Infant instead of ‘Karpu’ I will attribute Sanskrit origin for Kalavu. Because the word is in Greek as well

Kalavu= Clandestine= Clepto= ‘to steal’ in Greek

Page 62 – Sastri rightly refers to Bhodayana who recommends Kalavu marriage if the girl is not married on time. Even in the Mahabharata the story goes to say that all these rules were enacted when one’s wife was taken by another without any consideration.

Page 63-64 All gods mentioned by Tol. are Vedic Gods. He explodes the theory that Murugan alias Skanda was a Dravidian god.

Page 65 – sastri points out to Tol. Sutra about translation and says that even before Tol. ,Sanskrit works must have been translated and unfortunately we lost all of them.

He  concludes by saying author Tolkappian was well versed in all important Sanskrit books.

***

Part III

SANGAM CLASSICS AND SANSKRIT LITERATURE

Page 67- earliest poem in Purananuru.

Page 68- reference to 4 Vedas ,Himalayas in Tamil

Page 68 – 70 Three types of Fires of Brahmins.

Page 71 – Pancha  bhutas; and Pandyas came from Pandavas.

Pages 72-74 Brahmins and cows were protected; importance of sons to perform last rites.

Page 75 Pandyan Nedunchelian’s  interest in Yagas

Pages 76-81 All similarities between the Sanskrit and Tamil scriptures.

Please see the attached pages (up to page 81) for references: –








to be continued 

Tags — Tamil- Sanskrit-6, PSS Sastri, Karpu, Kalavu, Marriages

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