Our Heritage- Sanskrit (Post No.9502)

COMPILED  BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9502

Date uploaded in London – –17 APRIL  2021     

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Date of the paper cutting 29-6-1985, Indian Express

Points from the talks at the Ninth Tamil Nadu State Sanskrit Conference ,Madras June 21-23 (continuation of article dated June 23, 1985)

Sri AV Subramaniam:

According to Acharya Narayana (as reported by Viswanatha); Adbhutarasa with its Sthayi Bhaava as Sismaya (wonder)—

A surprising denouement ( the basis being flash , show or spectacle – Chamatkara- Freshness of concept) adds vibrations to other Rasas to make them more penetrative-powerful. Thus, it is a codaka rasa (Anandavardhana and Abbinava Gupta are in essential agreement.)

He gave instances from Kalidasa’s Sakuntalam,Bhavabuti’s Malati Madhava and Mahavira Charitra;Bhaskaran’s Urubhanga and Murray’s Anargha Raghavan, and Bhatta Narayana’s Veni Samharam —-Swapna vasavadatta  .

Unpleasant things are held as pleasant , bad things as good etc.

A boy losing a job in a distant place is the cause of his returning to his wife in his village, accidental hearing of words as in answer to a doubt or query.

Aswatthama wallowing in grief at the death of his father Drona, is rushed to fury and vengeance by the harsh words of Duryodhana and Karna.

A fine excess or exaggeration is needed to attract attention

Prof S Ramaswami:

To have a bright future for Sanskrit studies, all available facilities should be utilised, it should not be repetitive memory test as it were, but should have a critical and clear approach. Shakespearean studies are still going on, exploring new avenues. Difficulties in propagating Sanskrit are exaggerated. Critical editions have to be brought out by dedicated labours of scholars. Dictionaries of Puranas etc should be published.

Dr S Viswanathan: He made a comprehensive survey of Alankara theories , stressing those of Mammata and Ananda vardhana.

Srimati T V Savitri:

She gave a delectable citation from Mukakavi’s Pancasati Arya Sataka, Padaravinda Sataka— verses in praise of Sri Kanchi Kamakshi.

Dr N Veezinathan:

He spoke on the message of Sri Adi Shankara — his compositions for the enlightenment of the ordinary people— hymns and Prakarna granthas

Dr P K Sundaram:

The spirit of scientific enquiry was evident in early days, but it was not pursued in later times.

Sri B Madhavan:

Speaking generally on Hinduism,he observed

Strictly it is not a religion based on the teachings of a single person. We have only a collection of teachings, discussions, practices etc of several persons— seers, avatars etc with inevitable doubts and contradictions.

Still it has distinctive concepts that can be understood and acted upon, e.g. theory of re births based upon one’s karmas and cyclic civilisation.

The Four Yugas signifying the constant changes from good to bad and viceversa, not uni- directional.

Another concept is that evolution is governed by the three factors- heredity, environment and individuality.

Man has the scope to exercise his free will in a set up which is to a large extent beyond his control.

The concepts are universal in scope, – what applies to the macroeconomic level is applicable to the microcosmic level as well. From the point of view, there should be no room for dogmas. The Bhagavad Gita is a supreme example of being free from dogmas. Do not mislead. Try not to make others fall in line with you BG.3-28.

Of what use is compulsion? BG.3-33

What ever way one tries to meet me, I meet him in his own way BG.4-11

Full freedom of action— no essential ritual.

The final statement to Arjuna is striking,

Act in any manner you want to- the guidelines have been simply presented to you- BG.18-63

Sankara puts this as Smaarakam – na ti karakam- recommendatory and not mandatory.

As religion or philosophy, Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma), is all comprehensive- covering all shades of thought, beliefs etc.

Universality, tolerance, accommodation, and freedom are its hallmarks. This is at once its weakness and strength.

It has survived through the ages despite various onslaughts on account of its universality and accommodation, perennial philosophy.

Dr S S Janaki:

She spoke on Sanskrit and Music. This will be reviewed separately.

Xxxx Subham xxxx

ags- sanskrit, conference , madras

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