‘NEMI’ FROM RIG VEDA TO SANGAM TAMIL LITERATURE VIA INDUS VALLEY (Post No.7454)

RESEARCH ARTICLE WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No.7454

Date uploaded in London – 14 January 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

Hundreds of Sanskrit words found in the RIG VEDA , the oldest book in the world, are used by us today. They are found in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature and later Indian languages. Nemi which means Wheel is found in the . Rig Veda and Sangam Tamil literature. But this word has extended meaning , mainly the God who holds Sudarsana Chakra, ie.Vishnu/Krishna. It  is also found in Sangam Tamil literature.

It has other meanings such as Chakra/Indra, Varuna, Sun, sea, wheel of a Chariot, Chakravarti/emperor, chariot etc.

Indus-Sarasvati Civilization has many symbols in the shape of a wheel. So it is interesting to study the symbol. It may mean any one of the above meanings or the sound, if we believe the Indus language is phonetic. Many scholars believe it is logo-syllabic and not phonetic.

I have already written one article many years ago saying that the elephant with a person standing on it with wheel symbol is Indra. Indra’s name is Wheel/chakra and his Vahana is Airvavatha elephant.

Let me give the Vedic and Tamil references of NEMI first:-

Rig Veda  1-32-15; 1-141-9; 2-5-3; 5-13-6; 7-32-20; 8-46-23; 8-75-5 and many other places in later Vedic literature.

Linking Chakra/wheel with the Chakravarti/emperor is a unique Hindu concept. The Vedic concept is found in later Tamil Sangam poems. There’ Aazi’ is used for chakra. Strange coincidence is  Tamil ‘Aazi ‘and Sanskrit ‘Chakra’ mean sea as well. If we continue our research we may find more meanings. In the oldest part of the Vedas, Nemi meant wheel, particularly of Ratha/ Chariot.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Nemi is found in the following places in Sangam Tamil literature:–

Akananuru.14-19, 175-14, 251-13, 324-11, 400-21.

Kalitokai .104-9; Kuruntokai.189-3, 227-1, 36-4, . Narrinai .394-5.

Paripatal.1-55, 3-94, 13-6, 9, 15-3, 19-46;

Purananuru .3-4, 17-7. tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

In Purananuru verse 58- Nemiyon refers to the holder of the wheel -Lord Krishna. In Kalitokai, Nemiyaan refers to Vishnu with the wheel.

In short NEMI is connected with Vishnu or Emperor. Thus it is interesting to connect  Indus- Sarasvati civilisation with Nemi. Among the ancient civilisations all foreign encyclopedias and history books written by the British, which is followed in Indian educational institutions until today, India is the only country that has no kings for 2000 years! They wrote that we had kings only from the period of Buddha. They ignored all the kings mentioned in Vedic literature and Hindu Puranas. It is an urgent task to rewrite our history.

Neminatha -Indus connection

Some years ago we read that the submarine archaeologists  have discovered the Dwaraka port that was devoured by the sea long ago. Historians dated it around Indus Sarasvati Riverbed civilization period. Hindu Puranas say that the city Dwaraka went under the sea after the demise of Lord Krishna around 3100 BCE. We had very well developed transport facilities then because Krishna shuttled between Dwaraka and Mathura. They were 700 miles apart. More over we read about Krishna’s Naval Expeditions in the Puranas. Along with this we read about Krishna’s cousin and the 22nd Tithankara Neminatha lived in the same city. His father’s name Samudravijaya shows that he was a sea merchant like the Ma Nayaka of Tamil epic Silappadikaram. Looking with this background we should study Jain literature, particularly the activities of Neminatha and his family in sea side port. Neminatha’s brother was called Rathanemi (Chariot wheel).

MY OLD ARTICLES:–

“Indus” Valley Civilization to “Ganges” – Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2014/03/28 › change-indus-valley-civilization…

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28 Mar 2014 – Following this morning’s news report of the discovery of an “Indus” valley site on the Ganges plains larger than Harappa, I wrote this article.

Indus Valley – Brahmin Connection! | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2014/05/10 › indus-valley-brahmin-connection

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10 May 2014 – The world was misled by some scholars in the case of Indus Valley … Ram’s sons invaded Indus cities: Please see my earlier article Indus …

Indus Valley Civilization | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › category › indus-valley-civilization

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Posts about Indus Valley Civilization written by Tamil and Vedas. … Read more: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2227146-ancient-monkey-painting- …

Indra – Taranis – Thor in Indus Valley Civilization | Tamil and …

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2014/09/05 › indra-taranis-thor-in-indus-valle…

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5 Sep 2014 – On 29 May 2011, I posted an article with the title “Indus Valley Civilization- New Approach required” in this blog. I have posted the picture of a …

Tiger Goddess of Indus Valley | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2012/08/22 › tiger-goddess-of-indus-valley

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22 Aug 2012 – Scholars who study Indus valley civilization are struggling to identify … Please read my previous articles on Indus/Saraswati Valley civilisation:.

Serpent Queen:Indus Valley to Sabarimalai | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2012/06/17 › serpent-queenindus-valley-to-sa…

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17 Jun 2012 – We have a faience figure in Indus Valley with two snakes. Minoan Goddess … (Please read my other articles on Indus Valley 1. Bull Fighting: …

Human Sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2012/10/31 › human-sacrifice-in-indus-valley…

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31 Oct 2012 – Indus valley has two or three human sacrifice scenes. On a … Tamil articles: சிந்து சமவெளியில் பேய் முத்திரை. 10.

Indus Valley to Egypt: Lapis lazuli Export! | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2014/09/06 › indus-valley-to-egypt-lapis-lazul…

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6 Sep 2014 – Earlier articles on INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. Indus Valley-Brahmin Connection (Post No 1034, Date 10-5-14) Bull Fighting: Indus Valley to …

You’ve visited this page 2 times. Last visit: 21/02/17

Number 7: Rig Vedic link to Indus Valley Culture ! | Tamil and …

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2014/11/21 › number-7-rig-vedic-link-to-ind…

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21 Nov 2014 – Sapta Mata (Seven Mothers ) seal from Indus Valley Research paper written by London Swaminathan Research article No.1427; Dated 21st …

Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2012/12/18 › indus-valley-cities-in-ramayana

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18 Dec 2012 – Ramayana Wonders Part 5 Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana The “destruction of Indus Valley cities” was debated by scholars at one time.

Missing: articles ‎| Must include: articles

Vishnu Seal in Indus Valley Civilization | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2011/10/19 › vishnu-seal-in-indus-valley-civil…

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19 Oct 2011 – Please read my article about a newapproach to solve the Indus … Ficus Indica in Latin) is drawn on many seals and objects in the Indus valley.

Manu on Indus Valley | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › tag › manu-on-indus-valley

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28 Apr 2014 – Posts about Manu on Indus Valley written by Tamil and Vedas. … (First part of the article “30 Important Quotations from Manu” posted on 27th …

Which were the gods of the Indus Valley civilization and did they …

http://www.interfaith.org › … › Eastern Religions and Philosophies

25 Sep 2016 – https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/08/22/tiger-goddess-of-indusvalley/. Click to … The Indian Express has an article called The riddle of Mhatoba, …

–subham–

King and Scholar: Who is Powerful? Post No. 2403

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Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 18 December 2015

 

Post No. 2403

 

Time uploaded in London: 19-41

( Thanks for the Pictures  ) 

 

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

Anecdote from China:

 

china-chin-large

The famous First Emperor of the Chin Dynasty (221-206 BC) was snubbed by the scholarly envoy of a very small state. It happened in this way.

 

Chin having arbitrarily proposed to the small state to exchange a piece of territory, the latter being unwilling, commissioned an envoy to Chin to explain matters to the emperor who was at the height of his power.  At the audience, which seemed to be a tête-à-tête conference, the following incident took place:–

 

 

The emperor, suddenly losing his temper said, “Have you ever heard of anger of an emperor?”

 

“No, Your Majesty”, replied the envoy.

 

“When an emperor is in anger, said the emperor, there will be a million corpses lying about with blood flowing a thousand miles”.

 

“Has Your Majesty, asked the envoy, ever heard of the anger of a plain scholar?”

 

“The anger of the scholar, answered the emperor, can mean no more than taking off his hat and shoes, and knocking his head against the ground.”

 

“No Your Majesty, said the envoy, This is the anger only of a fool, not that of a scholar”.

 

After saying this, in highly poetical diction, he recited graphically three well known but not far distant historical instances where unworthy reigning princes were openly slain by scholars. At the end of the citation he calmly exclaimed,

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“Now I am going to add my name as the fourth to the list. When a scholar is in anger, there will be only two corpses lying about with blood flowing within five steps. Today is the day when the whole Empire shall be in mourning”. Thereupon he rose with his sword in hand. The Emperor, visibly affected, forthwith knelt before his interlocutor saying,

 

“Please sit down, Master. Why should things be like this? I understand now. The fact that (larger states like) Haan and Wei have perished, while (a small state like) yours survives is merely because it has (men like) you, Master”.

 

dynasty-05-Qin

—–SUBHAM—–

xxxxx

 

 

The King and the Slave! Punctuality and Reliability!!

king

Article No. 2103

Written by London swaminathan
Date : 27 August  2015
Time uploaded in London :– 19-58

Here is a story on Punctuality, Loyalty and Reliability!

A king had a slave serving him with all faith and love. In fact the slave adored his master and was ever ready to please him in all manner of ways. The king appreciated his lovable nature and made him a minister in his court. He gradually raised him to the position of his Prime Minister. Seeing his rise to the biggest position under the king, the other ministers, who had served long in the state, becoming envious of the slave, grumbled and complained. All of them joined together and went to the king in deputation with the complaint. The king heard them patiently and said, “Exactly a week hence all ministers including the prime minister should meet me in the green rest house five miles away from the city, at four pm sharp. He who would meet me first would be considered to have real love and regard for me.

Soon after, he sent for the prime minister and, after telling him what he said to the ministers, asked him to build houses, camps and shamianas on both sides of the road that led to the distant garden where the ministers had to meet him as arranged. In the newly constructed camps and houses, all kinds of entertainment, shows etc. should be exhibited besides lines of shops and restaurants providing the most tempting foods and articles – the condition for meeting the king was all those who go to the garden house should do so on foot.

king 2

The day came. The prime minister along with the other ministers started on the journey. When they walked on the road leading to the place, except for the prime minister, all other ministers were tempted to see the shows, witness the entertainments, visit the restaurants, etc. as all these could be had without payment. They thought that there was plenty of time to reach the place where they were to meet the king. Leisurely, they went from one place of entertainment to the other. Time passed. The prime minister, without looking to the left or right walked straight to the garden where the meeting was fixed, reached there an hour before schedule. The other ministers reached the place half an hour late, or one hour late. Some of them failed to be there at all.

The next day, the king called all the ministers and addressed them thus,

“Now you all know why I made this slave (pointing to him) a prime minister. He is a man possessing sterling qualities for the high post. Ministers hung down their heads in shame and unanimously applauded the king for his choice of the PM.

So also, God’s devotees, when they possess genuine love and devotion for him, never think of anything or anybody other than God. They take the straight course that leads to him and are not drawn away by the attractions and temptations of worldly pleasures.

–Story as told by Swami Ramdas.

Astrologer’s Prediction to Adolf Hitler!

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Post No 1936; Date: 16th June 2015

Compiled by London swaminathan

Uploaded from London at 19-33

An astrologer foretold the death of a lady whom Louis XI passionately loved. She did, in fact, die; and the King imagined that the prediction of the astrologer was the cause of it. He sent for the man intending have him thrown through the window, as a punishment.

“Tell me, you pretend to be so clever and learned a man, what your fate will be?”

The soothsayer, who suspected the intrigues of the King and knew his weakness, replied: “Sir, I foresee that I shall die three days before Your Majesty”

The king believed him, and was careful of the astrologer’s life.

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Angry Hitler

Adolf Hitler is known to frequent astrologers, soothsayers and others to know his future. A certain astrologer was asked by him, “On what day will I die?”

After studying his charts, the astrologer announced, “You will die on a Jewish Holiday”.

Much perturbed, Hitler demanded, “Which one?”

“I do not know”, replied the astrologer.

Hitler became very angry, “You must know”, he shouted, “I insist upon the truth”.

“I do not know”, persisted the astrologer, “because any day you die will be a Jewish Holiday”.

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(Following ‘Saints versus Planets’ was posted by me on June 8, 2014 along with other stories)

Saints versus Planets

A Story by Swami Ramdas
Following story is from “Stories as told by Swami Ramdas”:–

An itinerant saint came to a certain place along with his young disciple. The routine was that the disciple should go for alms (Bhiksha), and after collecting sufficient provisions come back to the Guru. Both would then cook food from the provisions thus secured and satisfy the hunger.

As usual, the disciple, who was yet a boy, started in the morning on his daily Bhiksha (going for alms). When he was passing through a lane he was called by an astrologer who sat on the Verandah of his house waiting for customers. Having had no customers till then and finding no work to do he asked the boy to sit by his side. Taking that moment as the basis, the astrologer studied the planets governing the life of the boy and found out that the boy, according to his reading, should die next day. The astrologer told this anticipated event to the boy.

The boy hearing the prediction of the astrologer was thoroughly frightened. He could not collect the Bhiksha for the day, but hurriedly went back to his Guru. With tears in his eyes he told his Master about the dire prediction of the astrologer. Then the guru calmly replied: “Look here my boy, nothing is going to happen to you tomorrow. You will be alright.” He kept the boy with him the whole day. On the following day the boy was asked to go for Bhiksha in the usual course. The boy again happened to go through the same lane in which the astrologer lived. The astrologer was astounded to find him alive contrary to his prediction. He called the boy, asked him who his Guru was, and expressed a wish to have his Darshan.

Accordingly, led by the boy, the astrologer went to the saint whose disciple the boy was. The boy introduced the astrologer to his Guru. The saint looked at the astrologer and said, “You freighted my disciple unnecessarily. Do you think he will meet with any harm so long as he is under my protection? It was unwise of you to have upset the mind of the boy by saying that he would die yesterday”
Such is the power of the saints.

16 Virtues of Great Kings

dasaratha

Dasaratha in painting

Research paper written by London Swaminathan

Research article No.1517; Dated  25  December 2014.

Kalidasa, the greatest Indian poet of classical age, begins his Raghuvamsa, with bombastic words in Sanskrit. But he was so humble that he compared himself to a dwarf trying to reach fruits on a tall tree with his tiny arms.

But in the very next verse he said that he can do it because the old poets had already pierced the diamond through their verses. Now his job is like sending a thread through that hole.

But those who knew Sanskrit felt that he excelled all other poets in the choice of words as well as the description of sixteen great virtues of the Raghukula, the clan of Lord Rama (Rama’s forefather was Raghu).

This is not only for those who look for literary gems but also for those who want to study what Hinduism stood for.

rajasthani_painting_HM45_l

1.Pure from their birth- Aajanma Sudhhaanaam

The kings were pure from their birth. No bad name for the family, all their forefathers were embodiments of great virtues

2.Who till they won success worked on – Aafalodaya karmaanaam

They worked very hard till they won the task.

Perseverance was one of their virtues, never stopped in the middle.

They tried like Bhageeratha, who brought Ganges from the heaven ( actually he was a great engineer and planned to divert Ganges towards Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Bengal for irrigation. With great and long effort  he succeeded in the Himalayan engineering work)

3.Ruled Earth to the Sea – Aasamudra Kshithisaanaam

They did not rule small areas. From shore to shore they ruled. Kalidasa , who lived in the first century BCE, during the reign of Vikramaditya, knew what he was talking about. He routed all the foreign forces and drove them out of the vast Indian sub continent.

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4.Their Car track reached to heaven —  Aanaaka ratha varthmanaam

Their chariots had direct route to heaven; that meant they were so pure they go to heaven when the leave their bodies at will.

5.The altar fire they tended – Yathaavidhi Huthaagniinaam

They were very pious and did great Yagnas like Asvamedha, Rajasuya etc.

6.Suppliants all Most fully satisfied – Archithaarthinaam

All were satisfied; their needs were met.

7.Ill deeds they punished – Yathaaparaatha Dandaanaam

They punished according to the gravity of the crimes; neither too much nor too less.

indian-royal-procession-bi96_l

8.Nor were slothful in their rule –Yathaakaala Prabhodhinaam

They were never lazy.

9.Wealth they amassed to scatter – Thyaagaaya sambruthaarthaanaam

They accumulated wealth only to give it back to the poor

10.Sparing words they never spoke falsely- Sathyaaya Mithbahaasinaam

They spoke a few words fearing that they may tell something wrong by the slip of the tongue.

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11.Fame in war they sought- not gain – Yasasee Vijigishuunaam

They fought wars indeed, but all Dharma Yuddha, not for the booty, but for fame. This is a great concept seen nowhere in the world. Sangam Tamil literature and Sanskrit literature were crystal clear that innocents should not suffer during wars. All the old people, invalids, women, Brahmins, sick people, children were asked to vacate the place and the wars were fought outside the town.

When the king was killed or defeated they accepted the verdict. But after the foreign invasions, the picture changed completely. Since they did all the illegal and immoral things, Hindu rulers also fell in that grew.

12.Wedded  for noble seed – Prajaayai Gruhamedhinaam

They married and led a family life not for sexual pleasure, but for progeny.

13.Their children studied—Saisave abhyasthavidhyaanaam

They studied all through their life from childhood. They were lifelong students. They updated their knowledge now and then.

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  1. Youth pursued its decent pleasures – Yauvane Vishayaishinaam

They followed only decent pleasures even when they were young.

15.And in ripe old age they lived as ascetics – Vardhakee Munivriththinaam

They lead ascetic life when they became old

16.Relinquished their bodies in meditation- Ante Yogena Thanuthyajaam

They did not die without any purpose. They left the body at will meditating upon God like the great Bhishma Pitamaha.

Contact swami_48@yahoo.com