Manu Smrti on Low Caste Women (Post No.2946)


Written by London swaminathan

Date: 5 July 2016

Post No. 2946

Time uploaded in London :– 19-15

( Thanks for the Pictures)



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klai add2

The oldest law book in the world ‘Manu Smrti’ has very interesting couplets on women who were born in low caste.


A man who has faith may receive good learning even from a man who is lower, the ultimate law even from a man of lowest caste, and a jewel of a woman even from a bad family.

Manu 2-238


Ambrosia may be extracted even from poison;

And good advice even from a child;

Good conduct even from an enemy;

And gold even from impure ore.

Manu 2-239

Women, jewels, learning, law, purity, good advice and various crafts may be acquired from anybody


Manu 2-240

In extremity, one is permitted to learn even the vedas from someone who is not a Brahmin and to walk behind him and obey him like a guru as long as the instruction lasts

Manu 2-241

It is interesting that Tamil king Nedunchezian who lived 2000 years ago also said the same about education in verse 183 of Purananuru. Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar who lived 1500 years ago also said the same:-

Though high born, an unlettered man is lower than a learned man of lower birth. Kural – 409


Low Caste Woman Arundhati

When a woman is joined with a husband in accordance with the rules, she takes on the very same qualities that he has, just like a river flowing down into the ocean (River=wife, Ocean = husband).

Manu 9-22

When Akshamala (Arundhati), who was born of the lowest, united with Vasishta, and Sarangi, the hunter woman with Mandapala, they became worthy of honour.

Manu 9-23

Six acts banned for women


Associating with bad people

Being separated from their husbands

Wandering about

Sleeping alone in other places

And living in other peoples’ houses

Are the six things that corrupt women.

Manu 10-13


Respect Women! Or else you will be destroyed!!


Manu’s severe warning:–


Fathers, brothers, husbands, and brothers-in-laws who wish for great good fortune should revere women and adorn them Manu 3-55

The gods delight in places where women are respected, but where women are not honoured all rites are fruitless

Manu 3-56


Where the women of the family feel miserable, that family is soon destroyed, but the family where the women are happy thrives well

Manu 3-57

Homes that are cursed by the women who have not treated with reverence are completely destroyed, as if struck down by magic



Therefore, men who wish to prosper should always revere those women with ornaments, clothes and food at celebrations and festivals

Manu 3-59

There is unwavering good fortune in a family where the husband is always satisfied by the wife, and the wife by the husband

Manu – 3-60

Nowhere else in the world we can see such support for women. Manu was the greatest supporter of women’s rights.





Arundhati wins; Vishwamitra defeated!

vasi viswa

Written by London Swaminathan (Story as told by Sri M N Kalyanasundaram)
Post No.1095 ; Dated 9th June 2014.

Arundhati was one of the celebrated women of ancient India. Though born in a low caste she was elevated to the highest status due to her chastity. Ancient Tamil Sangam poets who lived 2000 years ago praised her sky high. They said she was the symbol of chastity. Every newly married couple must see her in the sky just before First Night. She is seen in the Sapatarishi constellation (Ursa Major or Great Bear constellation). It is a double star system which is seen as Vasishta and Arundhati by the Hindus.

Seeing Arundhati or looking at the star on the first night debunks Aryan-Dravidian Race theory. Tamils respected her like North Indians from the remotest period. Sangam Tamil poets and later Tamil epic poets referred to her in scores of places. Ramayana and Mahabharata referred to her with the same respect.


Picture of Pirandai (Cissus quadrangularis)

There is a very interesting story about Arundhati. Ancient Hindu women were very intelligent and educated in the scriptures. Once Vasistha invited his arch enemy Vishwamitra for a feast on a Srardha day. On the day of Srardha, the departed souls are propitiated. Brahmins and saints were fed on the day. The guests are worshipped as the representatives of the departed souls. Vishvamitra promised to participate on one condition. He insisted that he must be served with 1008 curries (side dishes). Vasishta knew what he was up to. He told him that he would inform his ‘home minister’ Arundhati as she was in charge of the guests.

The fight between Vishvamitra and Vasishta began on the day Vishwamitra tried to snatch the wish fulfilling cow from Vasishta. He was badly punished for this. He clashed with Vasishta on many more occasions. At the end he did great penance and was certified as Brahma Rishi by Vasishta himself.

pala and sulai
Picture of Jack Fruit (Panasam)

Vasishta informed Arundhati the condition laid by Vishwamitra. She did not bother. On the day of Srardha , Vishwamitra came and sat at the dining hall. But to his disappointment he saw only 10+ curries on the plate (plantain leaf). When he angrily questioned Vasishta, he told him to put the question to Arundhati as she was in charge of the ceremony. Before Vishwamitra questioned her, Arundhati recited a popular sloka (couplet) which made Vishwamitra speechless.

What did Arundhati tell him?
कारवल्लि शांत चैव वज्र वल्लि शतत्रयं
पनसं षट् शतंचैव श्रार्धकाले विधीयते

Kaaravalli satam chaiva vajra valli satatrayam
Panasam shat satam chaiva sraardhakaalE VidhiiyatE

“If someone serves at the time of Srardha, karela/bitter gourd that is equal to 100 items, Pirandai that is equal to 300 curry items and the Jack fruit that is equal to 600 items. That is the rule for the ceremony.”
Srardha= ceremony to pay obeisance to the departed souls.
Vajravalli/Pirandai = Cissus quadrangula
Vitis quadrangularis

She served these three vegetable dishes along with 8 more items on the plate. So it came to 1008 items. Vishwamitra was happy at the explanation from the chastest woman in the world.


Women are projected as more intelligent than men in Hindu scriptures. Savitri defeated Yama, the God of Death. Gargi (800 BCE) questioned Yajnavalkya, the first philosopher in the Upanishads. Tamil poetess Avvaiyar was bold enough to challenge the powerful Tamil kings. Draupadi argued her case like an attorney when she was dragged to the court of Duryodhana. Many queens fought the foreign invaders. Great beauties like Padmini, Queen of Chitoor, jumped into fire instead of molestation by the foreign invaders. Ganga Devi was the oldest war correspondent who accompanied her husband when he invaded ‘foreigner infested’ South India. Rig Veda had more than twenty poetesses who lived 3500 years ago. Sangam Tamil literature had more than 25 Tamil poetesses who lived more than 2000 years ago. No part of the world had such a galaxy of poetesses! We had great mathematicians such as Lilavati!