Post No. 8850

Date uploaded in London – –24 OCTOBER 2020   

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

In the first part of the article posted yesterday we saw the mystery behind Nazca figures and lines. The latest discovery of a huge cat figure last week added one more thing to the mystery. I wrote that there is only one precedence to such huge figures and that is in the oldest and longest epic in the world- Hindu’s Mahabharata. Now I will explain that and add more points from Paninian grammar and Hindu Salagrama worship in South America. When we look at these together with the Mayan civilization’s Hindu connection, we can see the whole of South America and Central America was civilized by the Hindus thousand years before Christopher Columbus. Despite Christian destruction, still we get more and more proofs from dense forests and rom below the earth. (Please read my articles on Mayan civilization – Hindu Naga connection written by me several years ago in this blog).

The strangest and biggest proof comes from Paninian grammar, which itself is a literary wonder . Katyayana’s Vartika on it says that there were owl shaped buildings and owl shaped army formations. When Katyayana commented on Panini’s sutra 4-1-55, he added some examples such as

Uluuka pakshi saalaa- a building constructed in the shape of an owl

Uluuka puchi sena – army formation in the shape of owl tail.

Here I would like to point out a few more interesting facts. Owl is derived from uluka in Sanskrit; budgie is derived from pakshi/bird in Sanskrit.

More interesting coincidence is here Katyayana speaks about Visha puchi – scorpion with poisonous tail. And in South America we have Machu pichu- fish tail. The most famous archaeological site in Peru. We have same Machu pichu in the Himalayas as well . Correct spelling is Matsya Pucha- Fish tail.

So the Sanskrit connection is seen in Matsya Pucha/ Machu pichu in Peru.

In the first part I mentioned the god of the Incas of Peru is Viracocha. Actually he has several titles but the Spaniards gave us only one name.


Viracocha is called

‘Ilya Tiqsi Wiraquoca  Pacaya caciq’ which means

‘Ancient Foundation, Lord, Teacher of the World’.

He was the supreme Creator Deity of the Incas Actually all these titles go with Lord Vishnu, Brahma and Siva, Hindu Trinity. Incas also has the flood story and creation of human beings from clay. We see such stories in Hindu Puranas.

Vyuhas in Mahabharata

There are at least 18 types of Vyuhas in Mahabharata. To form such huge army formations in bird shapes, geometrical shapes, you need a blueprint/drawing with mathematical precision. Then you execute it in mega scale. Katyayana also speaks of Owl Shaped buildings and army formations that existed before 2400 years ago. That is a few hundred years before the date of Nazca lines and figures. So now the mystery is solved. Like the army engineers and mathematicians of Mahabharata period, Nazca architects or civil engineers did a blueprint/drawing on paper and then made it bigger. They don’t need to fly high at every point to construct such figures.

In short, we may even say that they learnt it from us. Or our people went there and taught them. To support it, I have more evidence from their Saligrama (Fossils with Vishnu’s Chakra figures) worship. Before that let us look at the shapes of Vyuahas/army formations in Mahabharata War:-

Army Formations in Mahabharata

The Mahabharata lists the following 18 battle formations or Vyuhas:

  1. Krauncha vyuha (Heron formation)
  2. Makara vyuha (Crocodile formation)
  3. Kurma vyuha (Tortoise or Turtle formation)
  4. Trishula vyuha (Trident formation)
  5. Chakra vyuha (Wheel or Discus formation)
  6. Kamala vyuha or Padma vyuha (Lotus formation)
  7. Garud vyuha (Eagle formation)
  8. Oormi vyuha (Ocean formation)
  9. Mandala vyuha (Galaxy formation)
  10. Vajra vyuha (Diamond or Thunderbolt formation)
  11. Shakata vyuha (Box or Cart formation)
  12. Asura vyuha (Demon formation)
  13. Deva vyuha (Divine formation)
  14. Soochi vyuha (Needle formation)
  15. Sringataka vyuha (Horned formation)
  16. Chandrakala vyuha (Crescent or Curved Blade formation)
  17. Mala vyuha (Garland formation)

Please go to Mahabharata-research.com for pictures and day to day strategic formations in 18 day war.

My research shows that there were more strategic formations; I have already shown the owl shaped strategic formation from 2400 year old Vartika of Katyayana.

Saligrama – Bana linga Worship

Hindus worship different shaped stones in their Panchayana Puja. In many houses they have Saligrma in their Puja rooms. According to geologists they are ammonite fossils, millions of years old, with different shapes of marine animals. Incas and Tibetan Lamas also worshipped such stones. From Kanyakumari to Amarnath Ice Cave and Kailash in China we see linga shape worshipped for thousands of years. Siva Linga, mostly made up of stone, is the worship of God without form. That is the meaning of round shaped stones.

Nazca people called them Wakas.

Tibetans worshipped smooth black jet stones as Karmapas. We can see many stone piles in the Himalayas even today. Banalinga , Salagrama, crystals are worshipped in orthodox Hindus house even today. In Nazca culture they called them  Wakas. But that is not the only name; they have three different piles of stones . We may not have the same sound as we have in Sanskrit today in their Quecha and Aymara languages. They called them Quontu, Tiyano (Dhyana in Ssnskrit), altipano.

When the villager explained it as the’ place to sit and think’, we understand he meant Dhyana/meditation.

They called the malevolent spirits in mountains as Acasila; achala in Sanskrit means mountain as in Himachala, Venkatachala, Vindhyachala etc.

Household gods were called Conopas (like Sanskrit Ganas or Ganapathy)

One has to study the words in their contexts. We should not just look in dictionary and see the similarities in sound and meaning. When we study them in their contexts, we get full meaning.

My 25 year study

I bought a book on Nazca Lines on 31-3-1994 in a London shop and started marking the similarities when I read other books . Following are my remarks:-

Varuna’s vahana

Varuna ‘s vehicle is a dolphin or fish; we see it among 300 figures in Peru .

Varuna is said to travel on white Makara in the Vedas. It may be a white whale like we see in Moby Dick or a dolphin.

The 140 feet long spider drawing on the Pampa de San Jose is seen on Mycenae pots as well. In fact, lot of similarities are found in Mycenean and Nazca figures, particularly on pots.

Spirals and animals are characteristic deigns of the early phases of Nazca style pottery. More than a hundred spiral patterns are found on potteries.


The long lines are called ceques- pronounced as sikh-is. The holy stones called wakas were placed on those lines in an order. Those places were like holy stopping places, to be venerated by all. Hindus also follow an order when they do Parikrama/going round places in a circular route. In Kurukshetra 48  holy places have to be covered. In Kanyakumari district and other places they cover 12 towns running from one place to another within 24 hours. Probably Nazca people also did such Parikramas/Visiting places in a circle. Traditionally Hindus do Rameswaram to Kasi trip in an order.


Pampa in India and South America

Pampa is a word common in all Indian languages. It refers to rivers in South and North India. And in Tamil it is used for vast dry land. Probably that is the sense in which Incas used the word. Pampa means flat space in their language.


Capuchin monkey figures are seen in Nazca culture; capi/ kapi is a Sanskrit word for monkey.

Christian Atrocities

Christian preachers destroyed most of the old-world artefacts and holy objects. But they have some drawings or descriptions of the things they destroyed or melted if it is made up of gold.

In the early seventeenth  century  the Spanish church in Peru instructed its priests to destroy any symbol of ancient religion, especially the wakas or sacred shrines.

One account from the time of the Viceroy Montesclaros says that 600 idols from Huarochiri were burned in Lima’s public square and an Indian idolater was flogged in viceroy’s presence.

In the years 1617 and 1618, idols and witch hunts were legion. Records show that in one coastal area alone 6000 people confessed to idolatry, 679 sorcerers were discovered and 603 principal wakas were removed with 3418 Conopas.

Conopas are small pebble like things like Banalingas, salagramas of Hindus, worshipped inside the houses.

At the same time Christian priests confiscated 617 mummies as evidence of ancestor worship. All over Peru , the Spanish clergy arrested the native worshippers. Those who refused to become Christians were killed or punished severely. This is from one single report. We have hundreds of reports like this. In short, they destroyed every bit of Nazca culture. South Americans were all called Indians because of their appearance and their idol worship.

A lot of scope is there to compare the Hindu- South American link. Most of the facts are in Spanish and Portuguese books. Some objects and drawings are still available.


Thousands of years before Nazca culture Hindus also formed huge animal figure shaped formation in battle fields; they built animal shaped buildings. The yaga kundas (Fire Altars)  were constructed with 10,800 bricks in eagle shapes in Vedic periods. Saligrama, Banalinga worship of South Americans also is also another proof for Hindu connection. Above all Sanskrit words are seen in South American languages in corrupted forms.




Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 15  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 19-07

Post No. 7219

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000


Archaeologists find a 3,000-year-old megalithic temple that was used to stage ‘pagan rituals of water worship’ in ancient Peru

  • The graves that were found at the temple site by archaeologists date back to between 1,500 BC to 292 AD
  • The religious monument’s total structure is over 131ft long and features a staircase that is 49ft long
  • The discovery was made in October but the news was delayed to deter treasure hunters from visiting the site
  • Researchers believe the megalith template would have been used by a water cult to Promote fertility
  • The religious monument is over 131ft long and is located in the springs of the Zaña Valley river about 500miles from Lima, the modern capital of Peru. 
  • Inside the temple archaeologists found a square with an alter that was likely used to offer important fertility rituals with water taken from the Zaña Valley river.

Archeological excavation has revealed the remnants of an ancient megalithic temple in Peru, believed to have been constructed some 3,000 years ago. The temple is thought to have been dedicated to the worship of water. Experts have concluded this based on altars at the site, their shape and how they were positioned.

The ancient megalithic remnants were discovered at the archaeological complex Huaca El Toro, in the district of Oyotún, in Peru’s Lambayeque region.

The director of the Royal Tombs of Sipán Museum, Walter Alva, reported that this temple is located near the junction of two rivers that were sacred places in ancient times: the Nanchoc and Udima rivers.

It is precisely there where an ancient culture chose to construct a massive temple.

Although temples are not a rarity in Peru, this is the only megalithic structure that has been discovered so far in Peru’s Lambayeque region.

To the surprise of archaeologists, excavations revealed that the ancient temple had been constructed entirely of supermassive stones. The facade, as well as the side wall s of the temple, were all built using massive granite blocks.

Some of the megalithic stones bear messages on their surfaces. The symbols suggest that the massive granite blocks were hauled from sacred places.

The temple was used as a center for the worship of water. In front of the megalithic construction are altars representing the cult of water. Water is thought to have been considered divine at the time.

The temple comes from a time when water was considered divine and was used in a number of rituals and religious practices, researchers claim. 

They were able to determine this temple was home to a cult that worshipped water by studying the way the alter is positioned and how it looks.

The altar includes holes similar to those found on other temples from the period.

‘This is typical of water altars that are in other places, and it is located in the springs of the Zaña Valley river’, Mr Alva said.

Mr Alva said they have identified a circular column, where evidence of sedimentation of rains and rituals was found.

‘This temple is facing the mountain. This place is strictly ceremonial because of the signs of burning that took place.’

‘The rituals were performed for fertility,’ (To get children) he said. 

Stunning walls surround the monument and there is a central staircase that is 32ft wide and 49ft long. (Like Hindu Temple Tanks and Tirthas)

The Peruvian team discovered 21 tombs on the site of the temple which is thought to date back to about 1,500 BC to 292 AD.

Inside the tombs they found ceramic pieces and metal objects such as knives that were placed next to the graves. 

Mr Alva says it is likely the tombs were later re-used as 20 of burial sites were from the later Inca Chimu culture which dates back to about 1,000 to 1,470 AD. 

This isn’t the first major discovery made by Walter Alva and his team. 

The archaeologist also discovered the tomb of the Lord of Sipan in 1987. Sipan (Lord Shiva’s name??) was a ruler of Mochica culture and his remains were found intact in Northern Peru. 

In 2007 he discovered a number of 4,000-year-old murals in Peru.

Like Hindu river Ghat and Temple Tanks, they had steps to get the holy water (Tirtham)



Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 21 June 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-28 am
Post No. 4021
Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.



“Light giving Varuna! Your piercing glance does scan

In quick succession, all this stirring active world

And penetrates, too the broad ethereal space,

Measuring our days and nights and SPYING OUT all creatures”—Rig Vedic Hymn on Varuna


Brahmins who do Sandhyavandanam thrice a day worship Varuna; He is the God of the coastal area according to the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam; Sangam Tamil verses say that Tamil fishermen worshiped Varuna on sea coast of Tamil Nadu. Varuna is in almost all European and Iranian languages.


Max Muller says,

“Varuna is one of the most interesting creations of Hindu mind, because, though we can still perceive the physical background from which he rises, the vast, starry, brilliant expanse above, his features more than those of any other Vedic God have been completely transfigured, and he stands before us as a god who watches over the world, punishes the evil doer, and even forgives the sins of those who implore his pardon”


In the Rig Veda an exceedingly high position is ascribed to Varuna. He is Chief of the Adityas – sons of Aditi. They are inviolable, imperishable, eternal beings.


Aditi, the great Mother Goddess has twelve sons including Varuna, Mitra, Daksha, Indra and Surya. Varuna is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘var “to cover”. He is therefore god of the heavens covering all things. A mysterious presence, a mysterious power and a mysterious knowledge were all ascribed to him.

He is the one who makes the sun to shine in the heavens; the winds that blow is but his breath; he has hollowed out the channels of the rivers which flow at his command, and he has made the depths of the sea.


His ordinances are fixed and unassailable; through their operation the moon walks in brightness, and the stars which appear in the night sky vanish in the day light.


The birds flying in the air, the rivers in their sleepless flow, cannot attain a knowledge of his power and wrath. But he knows the flight of the birds in the sky, the course of the far travelling wind, paths of ships on the ocean, and beholds all the secret things that have been, or shall be, done.

He witnesses man’s truth and falsehood.


In truth, omniscience is his outstanding attribute. The sun and the thousand stars are his eyes searching out all the passes on earth, from which even darkness cannot hide. When two are in the company, he is the third. He is the god of the serene distant heaven, yet he is not far from any one of us.


“His spies descending from the skies glide all this world around;

Their thousand eyes, all scanning, sweep to earth’s remotest bound

Whatever exits in heaven and earth, whatever beyond the skies.,

Before the eyes of Varuna the thing unfolded lies.

The secret winkings all he counts of every mortal eyes

And wields this universal frame as gamester throws his dice!


Tamil God

Varuna is one of the Gods mentioned in the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam. He is portrayed a s a god of the coastal Tamils. Tamil Sangam literature also has a reference to fishermen worshipping Varuna.


Mitra and Varuna are always paired in the Vedic hymns. Some people see it as positive and negative forces in the universe. Mitra represents light and Varuna represents night. It is like Shiva and Sakti; both are required for the survival of the universe.


Rig Veda (7-86-3/6) has the following prayer:

Be gracious, O mighty God, be gracious. I have sinned through want of power; be gracious.

Seeking to perceive that sin, O Varuna, I inquire: I resort to the wise to ask. The sages will tell me the same; it is Varuna who is angry with you.

What great sin  is it, Varuna, for which you seek to slay your worshipper and friend?

Tell me, O unassailable and self dependent God; and, freed from sin, I shall speedily come to you for adoration.

Release us from the sins of our fathers, and from those which we have committed in our own persons.

O King, loose, like a thief who feeds the cattle, as from the cord a calf, set free Vasistha.

It was not our own will, Varuna, but some seduction which lead us astray – wine anger, dice or thoughtlessness. The stronger perverts the weaker. Even sleep occasions sin.”


It is the prayer from the bottom of the heart of a true devotee!


Hundreds of hymns in the Vedas praise the mighty Varuna. They all make very interesting reading. The ancient Hindu society knew the general weakness of the human beings.

Perun (Varun) in Slavish Countries.



In the Yajur Veda, the following story is narrated of Varuna:_

Varuna is found instructing Bhrigu, one of the Seven Divine Rishis, as to the nature of Brahman, the Supreme Spirit.

Varuna tod the seer: Whence all beings are produced; by which they live when born, towards which they tend, and unto which they pass.

Bhrigu, after meditating in devout contemplation, recognised food to be Brahman; for all things are indeed produced from food; when born they live by food; towards food they tend, they pass into food.

Unsatisfied, however after further meditation, he discovered breath to be Brahman: for all things are indeed produced from breath; when born they live by breath; towards breath they tend; they pass into breath.

Again he sought Brahman in deep meditation, and discovered intellect to be Brahman; for all things are indeed produced from thought; when born they live by thought; towards thought they tend; they pass into thought.


Then he went to Varuna and requested him,

“Venerable Father, make known to me Brahman.

Varuna replied, “Inquire by devout contemplation, profound meditation”.

Bhrigu thought deeply and then he knew Ananda (bliss, joy, felicity) to be Brahman; for all things are indeed produced from desire; when born they live by joy; towards happiness they tend; they pass into happiness.

Such is the science taught by Varuna of the origin of things.


Hymns to Varuna reach a lofty poetic height because they are rather sombre and inspire reverence and awe in a manner few other Vedic Gods do. As an unwinking watcher of men’s conduct and as judge and punisher he inspires awe and fear- the god who evokes an ethical response.


These hymns show that the Vedic Hindus were highly intellectual and reached the pinnacle of civilization. They are not primitive as westerners described. Human psychology is fully reflected in these Vedic poems.

(Bhagavad Gita 3-14 to 3-17 also discuss it)


“He instructs the seer Vasistha in mysteries; but his secrets and those of Mitra are not to be revealed to the foolish”


(that is why Vedic seers speak in symbolic language; it has hidden meaning; only the enlightened people can read between the lines)


“he has a hundred thousand remedies, and is supplicated to show his wide and deep benevolence and drive away evil and sin, to unite sin like a rope and remove it. He is entreated not to steal away, but to prolong life, and to spare the life who daily transgresses his laws. In many places mention is made of the bonds or nooses with which he seizes and punishes transgressors.


Amazing Knowledge of the Seas!

“By his wonderful contrivance the rivers pour out their waters into one ocean but never fill it”.

These lines are in the Vedas and Sangam Tamil Literature. Paranar, a Brahmin poet, quoted this in his Tamil Sangam verse.

This shows that the Vedic Hindus had amazing knowledge about the seas and oceans. They talk about thousands of rivers pouring into ocean and yet the seas never cross its shores. This is because of God’s order- Varuna’s orders.


All the Hindus use the simile every day at the end of their prayer “Akasat patitam toyam yathaa—– like the rain water that fall from the sky reaches the ocean , all my salutes/pranams go to Kesava”. They knew very well about the thousands of rivers and 7 oceans.


All the Tamil Sangam verses and earlier Sanskrit verses, whenever they mentioned earth, they say ‘sea clad earth’. Every second they remembered it. No literature in the world would mention it in all their verses that mentioned earth.


Vedic Hindus migrated from India to different parts of the world and spread Hindu values. All the famous rivers and seas around the world have Sanskrit names!

(I have dealt with this in my articles; so I am not going to repeat it)


If you get hold of the Vedas, just read the poems/hymns on Varuna! You will be wonderstruck!!!

In Mahabharata and Puranas, we see a different Varuna. ( I will deal with it separately)


Source Books:–  four different books on Vedas.

Vedic God Varuna in Oldest Tamil Book | Tamil and Vedas


8 Jul 2013 – Vedic God Varuna in Oldest Tamil Book. East European Slavs worshiped Varu as Perun. Oldest Tamil book Tolkappaiam dated to 1st century …