Gateway to Hell and Gateway to Heaven (Post No.5638)


Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 8 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –14-27

Post No. 5638

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There are beautiful slokas/couplets in Sanskrit language giving details about gateways to hell and heaven. We find it in Pali scriptures and Tamil scriptures as well. Bhagavad Gita, Dhammapada, the Buddhist Veda and Tamil Veda Tirukkural have got similar couplets.

Let us look at Sanskrit slokas first:-

Hitopadesa (sloka) says,

Doors to Death (Mrtyoh dvarani):-

1.Beginning of an unworthy act

2.Enmity with one’s own kin

3.Competition with a stronger person

4.Faith in young women

Anicita karyarambah svajana virodho baliyasa spardha

Pramadajanavisvaso mrtyoh dvarani catvari

–Hitopadesa 3-149


Gateway to Moksha/Liberartion

Yoga Vasistah says

1.Control of mind



4.Association with saints

are the four gateways to Moksha.

mokshadvare dvarapalascatvah parikirtitah

samo vicharah santosascaturtah sadhusangamah

Gateways of Hell

kama krodha lobha dambha

kamo lobhastatha  krodho dhambascatvara ithyami



Bhagavad Gita (16-21) says,

The Triple Gate of Hell

trividham narakasyaedam

dvaram nasanam atmanah

kamah krodhas tatha lobhas

tasmad etat trayam tyajet

The gateway of this hell leading to the ruin of the soul is threefold, lust, anger and greed. Therefore, these three, one should abandon (BG 16-21)

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural says,

Once the triple evils of lust, anger and delusion are eliminated

All sorrow will come to an end —(Kural 360)

Buddha in The Dhammapada says

He in whom these (envy, greed and wickedness) are destroyed, removed by the very root, he who is free from guilt, and is wise, is said to be handsome (263)

Lord, saints and poets repeated the same advise in different words.

Tags- Gateway, Hell, Heaven, Moksha, Greed, Lust, delusion, envy, anger.


Marriage between Heaven and Earth (Post No.4301)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:14 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-59



Post No. 4301

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



The Heaven Father and the Earth Mother are two of the ancient deities in the Rig Veda. They are revered as primitive pair from whom the rest of the Vedic gods sprung. They are described in the Vedas as ‘wise, great and energetic’. They ‘promote happiness and lavish gifts upon their worshippers’. Their marriage is a most poetic conception. In the Aitareya Brahmana (4-27) the marriage of Heaven and Earth is mentioned:

“The gods then brought the two, Heaven and Earth together, and when they came together they performed a wedding of the gods.”

“The Vedas set before us a world of rich and vigorous life, full of joyous fighting men”, says Huxley.

“These two worlds were once joined (subsequently) they separated. (After their separation) There fell neither rain, nor was sunshine.

This marriage of heaven and earth were found in many cultures. They have borrowed it from the Vedic Hindus. The Greeks addressed the Earth, ‘as the Mother of the gods and starry heavens’.

In the 41st fragment of Aezchylus (from the Danaides), Aphrodite is introduced as saying, “The pure heaven loves to inflict upon earth an amorous blow; and desire seizes the Earth to obtain the nuptial union. Rain falling from the moist Heaven impregnates the Earth, who brings forth for mortals the food of sheep, the sustenance of Demeter (Deva Mata= demeter). The verdure of the woods also is perfected by the showers preceding from this marriage. Of all these things I (Aphrodite) am in part of the cause”

French author Albert Reville says, that “the marriage of Heaven and Earth form the foundation of hundred mythologies”.


Max Muller Bluff

Max Muller and Wilkins spread wrong information that Dyaus (Sky father) and Prithvi (Mother Earth) as ‘the most ancient deities of the Aryans and they were replaced by Indra and Agni later’. But there is no proof for it. All the references to marriage of Dyaus (sky) with Prthvi (earth) come from later part of the Vedas. Greeks borrowed it from us and pronounced it as Zeus.


Moreover, in the early Mandalas Agni and Indra are praised more than the Dyaus and Prithvi. The early Suktas divided it into three Sky, Atmosphere and Earth. Even the parents of Earth and Heaven (Pusan) are mentioned. So his concocted story that the Earth and the Heaven are ‘the most ancient deities’ has no basis.


If one idiot says something 1000 idiots repeat it without verifying the fact. With very great enthusiasm, he identified himself with those ‘’marching Aryans’’ who entered India .

Dyaus in Rig Veda :

“At the festivals ( I worship) with offerings, and celebrate the praises of Heaven and Earth, the promoters of righteousness, the great, the wise, the energetic, who, having gods for their offspring, thus lavish with the gods the choicest blessings in consequence of our hymn”

“With my invocations I adore the thought of beneficent Father, and that mighty inherent power of the mother. The prolific parents have made all creatures, and through their favours (have conferred) wide immortality on their offspring”—Rig Veda 1-159-1


One must be careful about English translation of the Vedas. No two foreign authors agree on the meanings of the Vedic mantras. And these people add ‘Sayana said’, ‘Sayana thinks’, ‘Sayana believed ‘and then add “Aryan” as a race. Sayana never used it in that sense. He used it like the ancient Tamils used Arya in Sangam literature and Greatest Tamil poet Bharati used Arya throughout his poems; in short, no racial connotation! They meant ‘cultured’, ‘who believed God’. Even Buddha used Arya (Ajja= ayya= ayyar in Tamil) in the right sense. Those who use English translations of the foreign authors must be very careful; there are over 40 interpretations on the word Asura and origin of Asuras!!!

Dyaus Pita | Tamil and Vedas

In the hymns there are various speculations about the origin of Dyaus and Prithvi. A Perplexed poet enquires, “Which of these was the first, and which the last?



Disadvantages in Heaven! Mahabharata Description!


A page from Mahabharata.. ..

This is Heaven – Part II

by S.Nagarajan

Post No 1639; Dated 10th February 2015.


On 8th February (Post No 1633) I posted the first part of This is Heaven. Here is the second part-swami

The celestial messenger, after describing the Heaven started telling the disadvantages of the heaven to Sage Mudgala.


“A person, while reaping the fruit of the acts he had already performed , can not be engaged in any others. Also he must enjoy the consequences of the former until they are completely exhausted. Further, he is subject to fall after he had entirely exhausted his merits.

The fall of a person whose mind had been steeped in happiness must be pronounced as a fault. The discontent and regret that must follow one’s stay at an inferior seat after one had enjoyed more auspicious and brighter regions must be hard to bear.

The consciousness of those about to fall is stupefied and also agitated by emotions. As the garlands of those about to fall fade away, fear invade their hearts. This mighty drawbacks extend even to the regions of Brahma.


In the celestial regions, the virtues of men who have performed righteous acts are countless.  This is another of the attributes of the fallen that, by reason, they attain to high fortune and happiness.

If one comes by an inferior birth, however, cannot  acquire knowledge in heaven.

The fruits of acts done in this world are reaped in the next.

This world has been declared as one of acts, the others as one of fruit.”

The celestial messenger thus described fully the advantages and disadvantages of the heaven,

Having heard this Sage Mudgala started reflecting in his mind.

Having deliberated well, he told the messenger,” Oh, messenger of the gods, I bow to you. Please depart in peace. I have nothing to do with either happiness or heaven having such prominent defects. Persons who enjoy heaven suffer, huge misery and extreme regret in this world. Therefore, I do not desire heaven. I shall seek for that unfailing region where people have not to lament or to be pained or agitated. You have described to me these great defects belonging to the celestial regions. Please tell me about a region free from these faults”

The messenger then described the Vishnu loka to the sage and left.The sage bade farewell to him and assumed perfect contentment. Praise and dispraise became equal to him. A brickbat , stone, and gold assumed the same aspect in his eyes. He always engaged himself in meditation. By means of knowledge he obtained power and acquired excellent understanding.

Then he attained that supreme state of emancipation which is regarded as Eternal.


This excellent portion in Mahabharata, Vana Parva gives a beautiful description of Heaven.


For full details one may go through the chapters  about  Durvasa’s visit to the sage  Mudgala.

*********  Concluded

Note: Interested persons may download (free) full Mahabharata (18 parvas) in English. (Mr Ganguly’s translation, published in 1896)

This is Heaven! Beautiful Description in Mahabharata!!


by S.Nagarajan

Post No 1633; Dated 8th February 2015


In Vana Parva of Mahabharata , Heaven is described very beautifully. (Chapter 262 Mahabharata in Tamil) . Given below is a brief description of the chapter.


Once the great Sage Durvasa came to meet Rishi Mudgala. Mudgala received him with great reverence and offered him food. While they were talking a celestial messanger appeared before Mudgala and invited him to come along with him in his chariot to go to Swarka loka.


Mudgala asked him what constitutes happiness in heaven and what are the disadvantages thereof?


The celestial messenger was wonderstruck with these questions because everybody will jump on to his chariot once they are invited whereas this rishi is asking about the merits and demerits of heaven!


He addressed him as an unwise person and described him about the Heaven as follows:


” The region called Heaven exists there above us. Those regions tower high and are furnished with excellent paths and are always ranged by celestial cars.  Atheists  and untruthful persons and those that have not practiced ascetic austerities and those that have not performed great sacrifices cannot come there.

Only men of virtuous souls and those of subdued spirits and those that have their faculties in subjection and those that have controlled their senses and those that are free from malice and persons intent on practice of charity ; and heroes and men bearing marks of battle after having with subdued senses and faculties, performed the meritorious rites attain those regions.

There are established separately myriads of beautiful shining and replendent worlds bestowing every object of desire owned by those celestial beings, the gods, the sadhyas, the Vaiswas, the great sages, Yamas, the Dharmas, the Gandharvas and the apsaras.

There is that monarch of mountains the golden Meru extending over a space of thirty-three thousand yojanas.


There are sacred gardens of celestials with Nandana at their head where sport the persons of meritorious acts.


And neither hunger, nor thirst, nor lassitude, nor fear, nor anything that is disgusting or inauspicious is there.


And all the odours of that place are delightful and the breezes delicious to the touch.


And all the sounds there are captivating to the ear and heart.

And neither grief, nor decrepitude, nor labour, nor repentance also is there. That world  obtained as the fruit of one’s own acts is of this nature.


Persons come there by virtue of their meritorious deeds. And the persons of those that dwell there look resplendent solely by virtue of their own acts and not owing to the merits of  their father or mothers.

golden himalayas

Who are Ribhus?


There is neither  sweat, stench nor urines.


There no one could soils one’s garments. And their excellent garlands redolent of divine fragrance never fade. They yoke such cars as the one I have brought now. Men live very happily there devoid of envy, grief , fatigue, ignorance and  malice.

Higher and higer over such regions there are others endued with higher celestial virtues – of these the beautiful and resplendent regions of Brahma.

Rishis  sanctified  by meritorious acts come to that  Brahma regions .

And there dwell certain beings named Ribhus. They are the gods of the gods themselves.


Their regions are supremely blessed and are adored even by the deities. These shine by their own light and bestow every object of desire.

They sufer no pangs that women might cause and do not possess worldly wealth and are free from guile.


The Ribhus do not subsist on oblations nor yet on ambrosia. They are endued with such celestial forms that they cannot be perceived by the senses. And these eternal gods of the celestials do not desire happiness for happiness’ sake, nor do they change at the revolution of a Kalpa.


For them there is neither ecstacy, nor joy, nor happiness. They have neither happiness nor misery. The number of those deities is thirty-three. Wise men come to these regions, after observing excellent vows or bestowed gifts according to the ordinance.


– Disadvantages of  the Heaven ,in the next article.