Vishnu (for school children)- Post No.9624


Post No. 9624

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Vishnu (for school children)

Earlier I told you there are three great gods Brahma Vishnu and Shiva. You already know about Lord Shiva and his wife Parvati. Today I will tell you about Lord Vishnu.

His main work is protecting everyone. If anyone harms good people, then Vishnu gives protection for the good people. For this he came to earth many times. But we remember his Ten Visits called Avatars. Hindus call it Dasaavatar.0f his ten visits or Avatars you may have heard about Rama and Krishna. But his first Avatar was in the form of FISH. At the end of this essay read the interesting story.

Vishnu can be easily identified. If you see Sangu and Chakra in his hands then you can tell your friend He is definitely Vishnu. He rides on powerful eagle and Hindus call the bird Garuda. GARUDA is the King of the Birds.  What is a Sangu?. It is a sea shell called conch in English. What is Chakra? It is a powerful wheel. The name of the wheel is Sudarsana.

It acts like boomerang of Australian tribes. It will kill a bad man and return to Vishnu’s hands .

You learned that you can chant Om Nama Sivaya to get the blessings of

Lord shiva. In the same way you may chant Om Namo Narayanaya to get Vishnu’s blessings. It has eight letters .So Hindus call it Ashtakshara mantra, meaning Eight Lettered Mantra. Narayana is Vishnu’s another important name.

Though Vishnu resides in Vaikunda, he always lies on the milky ocean. He does not lie on water. He has a bed made of a big snake. It is very interesting to see him happily lying on the snake bed! That snake called Adi sesha or Ananta.

Vishnu’s 1000 names are in Vishnu Sahasranama. His worshippers are called Vaishnavites.

I will give you  the pronunciation of two words:-

Aadhi sesha (1000 headed Snake)

Naaraayanaa (One who resides in Water)

Lakshmi is the name of his wife. She is the richest goddess. She gives gold, currency and food grains to all of us. Vishnu has given her a place on his chest. So if you worship one god you get the benefit from both the god and goddess.

Vishnu has four hands. Two hold Sangu and Chakra. Other two have lotus and a mace. If Vishnu is shown in standing position, then he will be on a Lotus flower. That is the National Flower of India.

Vishnu is dark blue in colour. We saw Lord Shiva is always dancing, that is the vibration or movement we see in every object in the universe. As a contrast Vishnu is always ‘sleeping’. But this ‘sleep’ is not ordinary sleep like we do. His sleep is called ‘conscious sleep’. He watches everything in the world by closing his eyes 99 percent.

There are ten avatars, I said. Each one has some interesting story. Only one story is given below. This FISH story is in all the books around the world, in the Bible, in Sumeria and many more places.

There was a king by name  Satya vrata. One day he went to a river and a fish spoke to him. “Save me today; I will save you and your people tomorrow”. So he took it in his water jar. After some time, it grew bigger and bigger and so he transferred it into a tank. When it became very large he took it to the ocean. It said to the king Great Flood called Pralaya is going to come. You save every plant and animal in a big ship and I will drag your ship to a high place. As expected, the big flood came one day and water was everywhere. Those on the ship only escaped. The king was called Manu, so all human beings are called Man (men) from Manu.

Fish in Sanskrit is called Matsya. So the first avatar of Vishnu is Matsya Avatar. Nine more interesting stories are there.  I will tell you one by one.


Don’t forget OM NAMA SIVAAYA


tags-Vishnu, Garuda, Matsya, Vishnu,

Mysterious Fish Gods around the World



The Story of Floods is in every culture. The first incarnation of Hindu God  Vishnu known as Matsya Avatar (Fish Incarnation) has spread to different parts of the world. We read about it in Sumerian Atrahasis /Ziusudra/Gilgamesh, Biblical Nova and other cultures including Mayan culture. One fact is very clear in all these stories. There was a civilization before. That civilization was very good in Marine Engineering. They were able to build a big ship so as to accommodate all the species. The thought of preservation for the posterity was also there. So it must be an intelligent society. Otherwise they would have perished without trace. Now who was that intelligent person or god who instructed them to build a ship? That person must be a scientist and must have Tsunami monitoring equipments. Otherwise he couldn’t have forecast a catastrophic event. All fingers point to India. No one has that intelligence in maths or calculation in those times.

1. Every other culture stopped with fish and flood story. But Hindus developed it logically to Ten Incarnations of Lord Vishnu. From water born fish they took it to amphibian turtle. From Amphibian turtle, they took it to the next level of land animals- ‘pig’ avatar. Then half man half animal (Lion) Narasimha avatar, then humans with more and more intelligence. They beat Darwin by 2000 years in proposing the Theory of Evolution. That is why I said only a Hindu mind can do it. The mathematical (decimal) calculations in the Vedas and the invention of Game of Chess show that we could do it.

2. Hindus First in Biology

The Hindu classification of plants and animals as 84 lakhs is the closest to science. The latest count is 8.7 million (87 Lakhs) species of plants and animals on earth. Hindus had an amazing knowledge about this number, thousands of years before our time. It is a big puzzle to modern science. No wonder we were able to forecast a big rise in sea level—Great Floods.

In Hindu myth, Lord Vishnu took the form of a fish in order to save Manu, the ancestral father of the human race. Every Manvantara (Period of one Manu=306,720,000 years) will have a new Manu.

3. Sumerians, Mayans and Egyptians say that they did not belong to the land they lived. Either they said that they came from a far off place or someone from a far off place came and taught them civilization. Another strange thing about this Great Floods is that this happened in South India. Sanskrit and Tamil Books are unanimous in pointing the direction to south. Tirugnana Sambandha, a Saivaite saint who lived 1400 years ago, even called his own place Sirkazi as Thonipuram (Boat Town). He sang about the great floods and he praised Lord Shiva for making the town safe during the deluge.

4. The gradual development of Fish to fully fledged, civilized man show that the story started its circulation from Indian soil. The scriptures and sculptures stand as a proof. Hindus believed that TIME is cyclical. Civilizations start from Golden age (Krita Yuga) and deteriorate into Kali Yuga/Black age. So even before the Great Floods, there was civilization.

5. Fish Gods

Apart from Matsya Avatar of Lord Vishnu, we hear about other Fish Gods such as Oannes, Dagon and Sindhi saint. Berossus (Vararuchi ?) was a scholar/priest who lived in Babylon in 3rd century BC. He wrote the history of Babylonia. He gave us the story of Oannes. Oannes was a mythical being who taught mankind wisdom. He had the body of fish, but underneath the figure of a man. He taught arts, science and writing. Oannes came from the Uanna, another name for Adapa. Akkadian connects this word to Um Manu. I guess this name as Indian Law Giver Manu. Adapa was a sage according to Sumerian legends. Going by this version I will take it as Manu or a sage from India who taught them Manu Dharma.

Berossus said that the half man-half fish creature was attended by other monsters called Apkallu. Apkallus are Sapta Rishis of India. The Sumerian legend says Seven Apkallus (sages) were created by Enki to establish culture and give civilization to mankind.

First King Narmer ( Nara Meru also knowns as Menes=Manu) was called Catfish Chisel. In other words he was also called a fish. Perch fish was sacred to Goddess Neith.


He was called Dagon in the Bible. He was worshipped throughout the near east from 2500 BC. He was considered god of rain, corn and death. The kings of third dynasty of Ur established for Dagan an official state cult and a sanctuary to him was constructed at Nippur. From fourth century AD, he was considered a fish god.

7.Sindhi Saint on Fish

Sindhi saint Jhulelal is depicted riding a fish. He saved the Sindhi people from a tyrannical ruler called Mirkshah. He was considered a man sent by Vedic God Varuna. He convinced the ruler that God is one and he is common to everyone.


8.Turtle Gods

Following the fish come turtles in the Hindu myths. When the Devas and demons churned the ocean god took the form of a turtle (Kurma) and gave stability. He supported the mountain Mandara that acted as the churning rod while Vasuki the snake was used as the rope. This turtle also figured in the world of mythology in the names of Ao (China), Ataentsic (North America), Bedawang (Bali, Indonesia), Gong Gong (China), Sciron (Greece), Xbalanque and Hunaphu (Mayan Twins).

The Atlas like Mayan deity Pauahtun who supported the world on his shoulders is sometime depicted wearing a turtle shell on his head. Turtle shells are also associated with altars in some contexts, and the maize god is sometimes shown emerging from turtle shell.

9.I reproduce the following passages from my earlier post, ”SANSKRIT INSCRIPTION AND MAGIC SQUARE ON TORTOISE”:

Hindu Gods are associated with all the important birds and animals. They are associated with insects and reptiles as well. Take any animal whether it is elephant or rhino, snake or scorpion, fish or crocodile, eagle or crow, boar or tortoise —they are all associated with Hindu gods. We see it in the Vedas, in the Indus valley civilization and in the temple Vahanas. But when we read that even the Chinese, Mongolians and other cultures believed in such things we raise our brows. When we see Sanskrit inscription on a tortoise statue,that too in the remotest part of the world, we are wonder struck!!

Kurmavatar, the Tortoise incarnation of Vishnu is the oldest tortoise we know. But we have even Rishis (seers) in the name of frog (manduka)owl (Uluka) and tortoise (Kasyapa)in Vedic literature. Kasyapa is one of the Vedic Rishis. Kasyapa means tortoise. Kashmir is named after Kasyapa Rishi. Kumaon hills in the Himalayas is named after Kurma Avatar. If you read the history of Kashmir and Kumaon in Uttaranchal state you will find more surprising things. We have Kurmavatar statues in Kahajuraho Lakshman temple (M.P) and Osiyan temple in Rajasthan. One exclusive temple for Kurmavatar is near Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh .


Three thousand years ago a Chinese king found a turtle with a magic square on its back. The magic square will add up to number fifteen whichever way you add the numbers. From that day it was considered a lucky square and people believe that they will get money etc. It is called Lo Shu. Hindus also believe this as money making square and call it Kubera Kolam. Egyptians and Hindus used the magic squares. Even the Vedic mathematics has magic squares.