Sumerian evil spirit


Post No. 10,074

Date uploaded in London – 9 September   2021           

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We looked at the first 12 mantras out of 25 found in the Rigvedic hymn RV 7-104. Now let us look at other 13 mantras in the hymn.

Here is a beautiful quotation in Mantra 13.

Never does God aid and guide the wicked.

Never does God help one who falsely claims Warrior title.

God slays who speaks untruly; they will be entangled in the noose of Indra.

(I have used God instead of Soma in the mantra)

Indus Valley Ghosts
Indus Valley Tiger Spirit

Mantra 14

I did not worship deities of falsehood; I had never had vain thoughts about God, O Agni!

Then why are you angry with us|? Destruction falls on those  who lie against you.

My comments

Note these curses are against liars and the wicked. It looks like there were some people who did not follow the Vedic truths, but worshipped other gods (It is similar to Moses talking about idolatry in the Bible)

Mantra 15

If I have done anything wrong let all my ten sons die. Someone called me a Yatudhana/demon. It is a lie.

My comments

The word Yaatu dhaana comes  in hundreds of verses in the Valmiki Ramayana. We find this word even in Aditya Hrudaya sloka of Agastya.

‘Ten sons’ is part of the decimal numbers they use very often in the Rig Veda. We see 100s and 1000s as well. Here we must read it as all my sons.

Mantra 16

Those who call me demon and claims that they are true must perish ;let Indra slay them


 Mantra 17

She too who wanders like an owl like at night time hiding her body in guile and malice,

May she fall downwards into endless caverns. Press stones with loud ring destroy the demons.

Max Muller wrongly says it is a hymn against Visvamitra. That is wrong. The hymn condemns both male and female Rakshasas. We even see Tadaka in Valmiki Ramayana.

Yaatudaana means Rakshasas, night walkers (Nisa saras) in Ramayana.

Mantra 18

This is a hymn addressed to all gods. This mantra is addressed to Maruts (God of Wind).

Maruts ! search and seek out Rakshasas and grind them to pieces. They transform themselves into birds and fly far away at night time. They spoil our worship.

My comments

Rakshasas are called as night birds and those who change their appearance now and then according to Ramayana. I think they wore masks showing themselves as birds or demons.  We see such mask dances in Bhutan (Bhuta Sthana)  and Sri Lanka, even in Kerala. They are more active in night. Where as the seers wake up before sunrise and go to bed after sunset.

Mantra 19

Hurl down from heaven your bolt of stone; sharpen it.

Smite down the demons with rocky weapon forward, behind and from above and under .

Demon Dogs

Mantra 20

Indra /Sakra makes his weapon sharp for the wicked. The demon dogs are bent on doing mischiefs.

Let Indra make use of his weapon against them.

Mantra 21

Here are two beautiful similes

These demons spoil the oblations of invokers.

Sakra / Indra splits them like a timber is split  with axe. He smashes them like earthen pots.

Owl , Dog again!! Cuckoo and Vulture

Mantra 22

Destroy the fiend shaped like owl or owlets

Destroy them in the form of dog and cuckoos.

Destroy him shaped like eagle or vulture ; Crush them

My comments

It is an interesting curse. We see different birds here such as Eagle, vulture, owl, cuckoo, and owlets. Probably the Rakshasas used such masks.

Egyptitian Bes

Mantra 23


Let not fiend of witchcraft workers reach us.

May Ushas drive away the couples of Kimiidins.

O Earth! Keep us safe from earthly woe and trouble.

From grief that comes from heaven and mid air.

This type of lines come in all the Kavasa (Shield) stotras.

Kimiidin is an interesting word; commentators say it is the name of a class of evil spirits. they go on saying “kim idaanim” or “What now?” It is a treacherous spirit and informer.

My comment

They act like your friends and gather information and pass it on to your enemies. We see such spies even today. Every government has spies.

Mantra 24

Slay the male demon, slay the female demon, Indra. They are good in arts of magic.

Let the fools’ gods with bent necks fall and perish. And let them not see Sun anymore.

My comments

Tamis do pray like this every day. In Kantha Sashti Kavasam, most famous Kavasam in Tamil on God Skanda/ Kartikeya mentions different classes of evil spirits and black magic. Devotees pray against all such evil spirits. Vinayaka Kavasam of Lord Ganesh mention one or two classes and  Hanuman Chalisa of Tulsidas ( Bhuta Picasa nikata nahim ave ) as well.

Mantra 25

Indra and Soma! Look around. Watch carefully. Cast your weapons against the fiends; hurl your weapons against sorcerers.

For those who are familiar with modern Kavasa Stotras in the name of many Hindu gods, see all these things. It is nothing new for them. On the contrary we see an amazing continuity from Rigveda days to modern day Kavasa stotras in Sanskrit and Tamil. When they mention ghouls, ghosts, spirits, goblins they mean the fear in one’s heart and the bad thoughts in one’s mind . Tamil poet Bharati clearly mentions fear as ghost and lies as snake .


The most famous Frog Song in the Rig Veda (RV 7-103) is also sung by the same seer Vasistha and that is just one hymn before this hymn. When we look at both the hymns we get a clearer picture. (Vedic Frog song and Greek Frog Song are already dealt with in this blog) .

—Subham —-

tags- CURSES -2, 5000 YEARS AGO, STRANGE , RIG VEDA, owl, Kimidins

Owls in Shakespeare and Hindu Literature (Post No.5693)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 23 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –18-28
Post No. 5693

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog

I am adding following points from The Dictionary of Superstitions (year 1989) to my original research article on owls:-
It is interesting to see several cultures have views about owls similar to Hindus. In Hinduism it is mostly associated with death and secret activities. Stories from Panchatantra and Mahabharata adduce proof tp this. At the same time goddess Lakshmi and Chamunda have owl as their Vahanas

I want to add following information to my original article published in 2014
1.Taking owls to Athens is a parallel to the saying Taking coal to New Castle 

2.Theophrastus,319 BCE, says
If an owl is startled by him in his walk, he will exclaim Glory be to Athene!before he proceeds.

3.Ovid, 15 CE, says
The owl of the night sat on an opposite house top and uttered his ill boding funeral voice.
4.Pliny The Elder, 77 CE, in Natural History, says 
Owl seen in day time
The it is looked upon as a direful omen to see it in the city or in the day time.

It is similar to Hindu views. Sanskrit and Tamil literature link owls to crematorium and evil omens.



5.Shakespeare,1595, says in Midsummer Night’s Dream,
Whilst the screitch owle, sctritching loud,
Puts the wretch that lies in woe,
In remembrance of a shrowd 

In 1599, Shakespeare adds in Julius Caesar, adds
Yesterday the Bird of Night did sit,
Even at Noone day, upon the Market place,
Howting and shreeking
I beleeve, they are portentous things Unto the Clymate
That they point upon (an omen of Caesar s death)


6.In 1625, Delaney Thomas of Reading , in 1725 Bourne refer to owls and death.
Bourne says in Antiquates Vulgares,
Omens and Prognostications are still in the mouths of all tho only observed by the vulgar. In country places they are in great repute… If an owl , which they reckon a most abominable and unlucky bird, sends forth it’s hoarse and dismal voice it is an omen of the approach of some terrible thing, that some dire calamity… is near at hand.

7.In 1773 White Selborne says
From this screaming probably arose the common people’s imaginary species of screech owl, which they superstitiously think attend s the window s of dying persons.

8.In 1829, Brocket of North country Words
The barn or the white owl has the reputation of being the herald of horror and disaster
In 1841 Hartsthorne writes
The singular cry or scream of this white owl is considered ominous of death.

9.Even in 1967, S Marshal writes in Fenland Chronicle,
If an owl sat on the roof, or flew up against a window at night, that meant a death actually in the house

OWLS : Are they Good or Bad Omens?
Lakshmi and her Vahana Uluka/owl

Written by London Swaminathan
Post No. 1062; Dated 24th May 2014.

Owls are nocturnal birds. They are known as very intelligent and good birds in the Western World. As a symbol of knowledge and of erudition that can see through obscurity, the owl appears in the emblems of educational institutions, book stores and publishing houses. In Greece owls are associated with Goddess Pallas Athena/Minerva, the Goddess of Wisdom.

In India and China owls are not liked by the people because of its demonic gaze. They consider them as the harbinger of misfortune. Owls have earned a bird name in Indian mythology and folk lore. People associate their calls with the God of death.

Goddess Lakshmi and Chamunda have owls as their Vahanas. In Judaism, the female night demon Lilith is described in the company of the owl; Mayan death God Hunahau is often depicted with a head like an owl’s.
In the pre –Aztec civilization of ancient Mexico (Teotihuacan), the owl was the sacred animal of the rain god. But Aztecs considered it an evil omen.

Emblem of Birbeck college,London

Owls have negative associations in popular thinking: with their nocturnal habits, solitude, silent flight and plaintive cry they came to symbolize evil and death. Hooting of the owls was regarded an ill omen.

In India the famous fable book Panchatantra has a long story of a fight between the crows and owls. At the end, the owls are burnt with their nests by the clever crows. Indians who practise black magic kill owls during Deepavali to ward off evil or to gain magical powers. Villagers kill owls for their meat thinking that it would cure many diseases.

In the Vedas
“Uluka is the ordinary word for owl from the Rig Veda (10-165-4) onwards. The bird was noted for its cry and was deemed the harbinger of (nairrta) ill fortune (AV 6-19-2;Taittiriya samhita 5-5-18-1;Vajasaneyi samhita 24-38). Owls were offered at the horse sacrifice to the forest trees (Vajasaneyi Samhita 24-23; Maitrayani Samhita 3-14-4)”.
(page 102, Vedic Index of Names and Subjects, A A Macdonell & AB Keith)

Greek Goddess Athena with owl

Narada and owl
Scriptures refer to calls of owls as having the character of songs i.e. one note or or a simple combination of notes repeated at various intervals. Thus the call of the Brown Wood Owl is said to consist of four deep musical syllables, who—hoo—hoo–hoo. There is a story that narrates how sage Narada was advised to learn music from an owl residing near the Manasarovar lake on the Himalayas (Lingapuranam). This shows that the ancient Indians also appreciated the musical calls of the hated bird. (Tamils also had the same belief; see below for more details).

The long eared owl is distinguished by long tufts, usually borne erected and is most probably the ‘sasoluka’ which has served as a model for the face of a particular attendant of Lord Skanda (M.Bh. 9-45-79). One of the Matris of the same deity is said to have a face like that of the sasoluka (ch 30)
(Mayans also had the same description; see above)

University seal with owl.

Crow killing owls
A particular species of owl has the habit of killing crows. ‘Kakolukiya’ section of the Panchatantra describes it in detail. They live in the Himalayan region. They are the species of Dusky Horned Owls. Mahabharata describes them as Pravarakarna and long lived (3-199-4). There is also a reference in the Ramayana. When after a break with Ravana, Vibhishana goes to Rama, the latter’s ally Sugriva warns him against the owl like tactic of the enemy (96-17-19).

Again after seeing this owl work havoc among the crows at night, Aswaththamam decided to kill Pandavas while asleep during the night time ( M.Bh 1-2-296) and the epic gives an interesting description of the bird:
Ulukam ghora darsanam
Mahasvanam mahakayam haryaksham bhabrupidangalam
Sudhirgagonanakaram suparnamiva veginam
Suptanjagana subahun vayasan dayasantaka: (M.Bh.10-1-36)

The Skandapurana also relates the above incident and calls the owl the powerful bearded vulture a (31-44/45)
Page 179 of Birds in Sanskrit Literature by K.N Dave.

Greek Coin with owl

My Comments:

1.It is interesting to note that the Jews and Hindus believed that owls are messengers of death. Sanskrit literature and Sangam Tamil literature associate owls with death (See Tamil Purananuru verses 240, 261,364)

2.It is equally interesting that owl like face of Lord Skanda’s attendant and one of the Matri’s is like Mayan Death God Hunahau, who has owl like face.

3.It is also interesting God Indra is called Uluka and several Rishis have the name Uluka and Kausika ,another name of owl. It is same in Tamil literature, as many of the Sangam age poets have Andhai (owl) attached to their names. Previously it was thought they were from the towns with the name of owl (Andhai). So we can conclude that both the positive and negative notions existed side by side. Otherwise we cannot have many Rishis with the name Uluka, Kausika and many Tamil names like Kukai Koziyaar, Pisiranthaiyaar, Othal andhaiyaar etc.

  1. It is amazing to read that Tamils and their counterparts in the North has the same belief the owls have musical skills.

All these debunk the racist Aryan – Dravidian divisive theories created by foreigners with a motive to stabilise their rule and spread their religion.
We also have various types of demons named after large birds like Uluka (owl), Suparna (Eagle) and Grudhya (RV: 7-104-17)

We can also conclude that Hindus are very good observers of nature. There are lot of references to owls in the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Tamil References:
The shriek of the owl in the Nemai tree in the desert tract is like the sound of the smithy (Natrinai 394)
A stanza in Natrinai (verse 83) is an apostrophe to the owl that has its abode in the deep recess of a tree on the bank of the village tank. Its shriek at night is said to be alarming and the lady-companion promises it a fine pleasant dish of meat boiled in ghee and fried flesh of rats if only it kept silent at nights when the hero comes on visit.

One description is of a night bright with the moon light and full of disturbances with the barking of dogs and the hooting of owls (Aka.122)

Owl’s Music

The owl’s harsh hooting is heard like the tune of the instrument called Makuli and seems to have some signification (Aka.351)
(Compare it with Narada learning music from owl :Linga Purana)
Jeevaka Chintamani, one of the Five Tamil Epics, says that the owl emitted sweet music like a lyre. It is in Nachinarkiniyar commentary on the epic.

In a rare reference in the epic, owl is praised as giving a positive message about the hero. But in other places the negative image is projected like other epic Manimegalai where the owl is described as the messenger of death. The oldest section of Sangam Tamil literature associated the bird with death and crematorium (See Purananuru verses 240, 261,364).

Kukai koziyar says that the shrill cry of the owl breaks the eerie silence of the graveyard (Pura.364)
The owl with nocturnal habits living in the burning grounds and other wastelands is said to make the sound ‘’cuttukkuvi ‘’and is imagined to call the dead (Pura. 240)

Owls hoot and keep time to peacock’s dance, says a poet (Aink.291)
Bilo Irudayanath, who has done research with the tribal peoples, says that if an owl sits on top of the hut, they will dismantle the old thatched roof and do a new roof.

Owl has several names in Tamil such as Aandhai,Aandalai, Kuukai, Kuraal, Kutinjai. But some names in Tamil Nigandu/Dictionary have the Sanskrit names Kinnara, Kinnari, Kausika, irudi (Rishi),Uluka and Pingalai. The words Kinnara, Kinnari are linked with musical skills.

Owl who saved Genghis Khan
The arms of the Tartar rulers contain a black night owl in a golden shield, because the first of them, Genghis Khan was saved his life with the help of such a bird. They believed that the barn owl saved his life. When his horse was shot in one of the battles he ran for his life and hid under a bush. His enemies were looking for him. At that time a white owl came and sat on the tree under which he was hiding. They did not even come near that tree thinking that he would definitely not be there. His enemies thought the owl would not have sat there if any man had been hiding under the tree. So owl earned a permanent place in their emblems!

Goddess Lakshmi with Uluka

From Mahabharata

Owl and Crow fight

(8).Uluka (owl) was the name of emissary sent by Duryodhana to tell the Pandavas that their peace proposal is rejected. Seer Kausika (Visvamitra) also means owl. In Tamil also we have many poets with owl name (Pisir Anthai, Othal Anthai). People thought that they are the names of their towns. My view is that they actually mean the bird of wisdom owl, which is the vehicle of Lakshmi and Greek Goddess Athena. In western countries it is a very common logo in the educational institutions.

This confirms my view that most of the tribal names are totem symbols I have already given the names of Tamil poets with frog names like their counterparts in Sanskrit. Tortoise is also the name of several rishis/seers.

Tags– Owl, owls in Shakespeare, Hindu literature, Tamil literature