Asura’s Mistake- Satapata Brahmana Story (Post No.4087)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 16 July 2017


Time uploaded in London-19-03


Post No. 4087


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

Once upon a time the gods and the Asuras, both of them sprung from Prajapati, strove together. And the Asuras even though arrogance, thinking,

“Unto whom, forsooth, should we make offering? went on offering into their own mouths. They came to naught, even through arrogance; wherefore let no one be arrogant, for verily arrogance is the cause (mouth) of ruin.

“Pride goeth before destruction.

But the gods went on making offerings to one another.

Prajapati game himself to them; thus the sacrifice became theirs; and indeed the sacrifice is the food of the gods – Satapata Brahmana.

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“This which is sacrifice is the soul of all beings and of all gods”

–Satapata Brahmana14-3-2-1

 

Prajapati gave himself to the gods and became their sacrifice. He then created sacrifice as his own image or counterpart. Hence they say that ‘Prajapati is sacrifice’; for he created it as his own image.

–Satapata Brahmana 11-1-8-2

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Women in Vedic Times

The following passage is of interest as clearly indicating that women in Vedic times had access to the Vedas; they took part in the sacrifices is clear from quite a number of passages:

Ida, the daughter of Manu, was a revealer of sacrifice. She heard, ‘The Asuras are placing fire’……………. Ida said to Manu, ‘I shall so place thy fire that thou shalt increase in offspring, cattle and twins; thou shalt be firmly established in  the world and shalt conquer the heavenly  word’. She first placed the Garhapatya fire. It was through the Garhapatya she produced for him offspring.

Taittiriya Brahmana 1-1-4-4

(Garhapatya is one of the three fires in a house)

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Manu’s Wife Sacrificed!

There is another story where one must read between the lines; this one of the  symbolic stories:

“Manu had a bull. Into it an Asura slaying, enemy slaying voice had entered. In consequence of this bull’s snorting and bellowing. Asuras and Rakshasas were continually destroyed.

 

Then the Asuras said, “This bull, alas! does us mischief; how shall we overcome him? Now there were two priests of the Asuras called Kilata and Akuli. They said, ‘Manu is a devout believer; let us make trial of him’. They went and said to him, “Let us sacrifice for thee”

“Wherewith”, he asked.

With this bull, they replied.

Be it so, he answered.

 

When it had been slaughtered, the voice departed out of it and entered into Manu’s wife, Maanavaa.

Wherever they hear her speaking, the Asuras and Rakshasas continue to be destroyed in consequence of her voice.

The Asuras said, “She does yet more mischief; for the human voice speaks more”

 

Kilata and Akuli said, Manu is a devout believer; let us make trial of him. They went and said to him,

“Manu, let us sacrifice for thee”.

“Wherewith?, he asked.

“With this thy wife”, they replied.

Be it so, he answered.

When she had been slaughtered, the voice departed of her”.

–Satapata Brahmana 1-1-4-16

The same story is found with variations in the Kathaka Brahmana.

This is a symbolic story. One must rely on saints of India rather than foreigners.

–Subham–

 

 

29 Names of Brahma!

brahma (1)halebedu
Brahma from Halbedu temple, Karnataka

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1423; Dated 20th November 2014.

Please read the First part of this article: Science behind Hindu God Brahma.
Hindu Vedas (Prajapati) and Brahmana (satapata) literature preserved the legend of Brahma alias Prajapati. Brahma is four faced who could see the entire universe. His four faces emit the sounds of Four Vedas.
Four faced Gods are found around the world. Svetovid/ Svatovid/Sventovit (meaning world seer, white in colour) are the names of Slavic God. Another four faced god is found in Sumer, but no one knows much about this god. All went from India and lost their identities in course of thousands of years. Statues of Brahma are found throughout South East Asia. Cambodian statues of Brahma are preserved in Guimet Museum, Paris, France.
Brahma ,Lakkundi, Karnataka
Brahma in Lakkundi Temple, Northern Karnataka

Amarakosa gives the following 29 names for Brahma (I am not sure about a few words. Sanskrit Dictionary and Vsihnu sahasranama are used for some word meanings):

1.Brahma = Big, Supreme, creator; To breathe is also another meaning. We can see him as the life breath of every creature or one who crated all that breathes.
2.Atmabhu = self existent
3.Surajyeshta = elder of the Devas/Deities
4.Parameshti = Giver of supreme desire, Moksha; he who stays in the lotus of heart; also who is worshipped with Yajnas (ishti).
5.Pitamahah = Grandfather
6.Hiranyagarba = Golden Egg
7.Lokesah = Lord of the world
8.Swayambhu = self existent (originated)
9.Chaturanana = Four faced
10.Datha = exalted; leader
11.Abjayonih= Lotus born
12.Druhinah= creator of the world
13.Kamalasanah = Lotus seated
14.Shrashtah = creator of the world
15.Prajapatih = Lord of all creatures
16.Veda = Vedas come from him
17.Vidhata = Exalted in heaven (leader)
18.Viswasrush = one who hears everything
19.Vidhih = Lord of Vedas; one who is in charge of Vidhi/fate
20.Nabijanma = born from the navel (of Vishn)
21.Andajah = Egg born
22.Purvah = First
23.Nidanah =?
24.Kamalodbhava =Lotus born
25.Sadanandah = Ever ha[y
26.Rajomurti: = in charge of Rajoguna
27.Satyakah = Truthful
28.Hamsavahanah = one who has swan as vehicle
29.Virinchi = Creator

He is invoked in all religious ceremonies. He is properly worshiped in a temple in Pushkar near Ajmer in Rajasthan. His statues are found in many temples in India.

prambanan
Temple of Brahma in Prambhanan, Indonesia

Satapata Brahmana says,
He uttered Bhur, the earth appeared;
He said Bhuvar and the air appeared;
He said Suvar and the sky appeared
From these five syllables he created the seasons.
Prajapati then stood up. He was born aged a thousand years.
Just as one can see the far shore across a river, so could he contemplate the far shore across his age ( XI.1, 6, 6).

After Prajapati issued the living beings, his joints started to dislocate. His joints were the junctions of the day and night, full moon and new moon and the beginning of each season. Gods cured him by the ritual of Agnihotra, which tightened his joints. The sun would not rise if the priest did not make the offerings of fire at dawn (Satapata Brahmana II.3,1-5)

Vedic seers enjoy speaking in symbolic language. Above passage is an example.
Mandasore Stone inscription of Yasodharman (533 CE) refers to Brahma as the Creator, Preserver and Destroyer.

brahma-temple7
Brahma temple, Pushkar, Rajasthan

Sanskrit Words Brahma, Brahmana and Brahman are confusing. Brahma is the first god in the Hindu Trinity: Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva. Brahmana is the caste name in the four fold caste system: Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Shudra. Brahman means God, the Supreme God.

Hindu God Brahma had five heads, but lost one to Shiva. He is in charge of creation. He is in Ptah of Egypt and Svetovid of Baltic countries. His wife is Sarasvati or Vach (word). His vehicle is swan. All are white in colour. Brahma is red in colour but wears a white robe. From his face came the Vedas. He is a never stopping radio station broadcasting Vedas every second. Brahma is very generous and he gave lot of boons to Asuras/ Demons. Bali and Ravana got boons from him.

Indian sculptures and paintings show him seated on a lotus that came out of the navel of Vishnu who was lying on the cosmic serpent Ananta in the primordial waters.

guimet-brahma-from-cambodia
Brahma at Guimet Museum, Paris; from Cambodia

In his four arms he holds a sceptre, s spoon, a string of beads or his bow, a water jug and the Vedas. His name Brahma and his story occur in the Valmiki Ramayana for the first time. In the Vedas he is known only as Prajapati. All the major temples in India have his statues. In all the hymns he is praised along with Vishnu and Sadashiva. In fact he stands first in the hymns : Brahma, Vishnu Sadhashiva. There are temples like Suchindram in Tamilnadu where all the three forms of Hindu Trinity are worshipped (sthanu+mal+ayan).

museum brahma

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