Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 15 September 2017


Time uploaded in London- 19-32


Post No. 4215


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.



The following extract from Satapata Brahmana (dated 850 BCE by foreigners) shows that even before the Greeks wrote their literature we have all the stars mentioned in our Vedic literature. So foreigners claim that Hindus borrowed astronomy from the Greeks is  false. They themselves contradict their dates. They believed that Greeks contact came only after Alexander’s invasion.


The following piece shows also how complicated and symbolic is the language of the Brahmanas.


it is interesting to note that Tamil Sangam literature says that the Tamils celebrated the marriages under the star Rohini (see my earlier research article).


It is also noteworthy that Agni, Krithika Star (the Pleiades) and Lord Kartikeya are always linked in later Puranas. This has its  origin in the Vedas. in short, Hindu astronomy is older than the Greek literature. But in the time of Aryabhata, some new elements were introduced in to Hindu astronomy. Since we have lost enormous amount of Vedic literature we may never know who proposed those things first.


Vedic astronomers calculated that Pleiades was rising star at the horizon around 2100 BCE. So this will help us to date the Satapata Brahmana.


“The priest may set up fire (Yaga fire) under the Pleiades (Krithika nakshatra) for the Pleiades are Agni’s constellation (asterism) so that if he sets up fire under Agni’s constellation he will bring about a correspondence between his fires and the constellation.


For this reason be may setup his fires under the Pleiades. The Pleiades are the most numerous  of asterisms; hence he thereby obtains an abundance. For this reason he may set up his fires under the Pleiades. And again they do not move away do move from the eastern quarter. Thus his two fires are established in the eastern quarter; for this reason be may up his fires under The Pleiades.


On the other hand it is argued why he should not set up fires under the Pleiades originally the later ( the Pleiades) were the wives of the Bears (Rikshas or the Ursa Major = the great bear constellation). for the seven rishis (Saptarishi) were in former times called Rikshas. They (the Pleiades) were however precluded from intercourses with their husbands, for the latter ( the Seven Rishis) rise in the north and the  the Pleiades  in the east.


Now it is a misfortune for one to be precluded from intercourse with his wife. He should set fires under the Pleiades. He therefore should not set up fires under the Pleiades lest he should thereby be precluded from intercourse. But he may nevertheless set up his fire under the Pleiades; for Agni doubtless is their mate, and it is with Agni that they have intercourse.



for this reason he may set up fire under the Pleiades’ He may also set up his fire under the  constellation of Rohinii for under Rohini it was that Prajapati, when desirous of progeny, set up his fires. He created beings, and the creatures produced by him remained invariable and constant, like red cows ;hence the cow like nature of Rohini. Rich in cattle and offspring therefore he becomes- whosoever, knowing this, sets up fires under Rohini. Under Rohini indeed, the cattle set up their fires thinking that they may attain to (ruh) the desire or love of men. They did attain the desire of men; and whatever desire the cattle then obtained in regard to men, that same desire he (the sacrificer) obtains in regard to cattle, whosoever  knowing this, sets up his fire under Rohini.


Satapata Brahmana . 2.1-2-1-7


Ursa Major= Saptarishi= Great Bear



In the time of Alexander the Great the Hindus did not claim greater antiquity than 6777 B. c. The mode of reckoning adopted by the Hindus by which they got the Yugas is very simple. Given the precession of 49-8 seconds as determined by Hipparchus, the period of one revolution through the whole circle of 360 degrees would be  26,024 and16/166 (fraction) years. Getting rid of the fraction in the usual way by multiplying by 166 and adding the 16 we have 4,320,000 years – a Yuga.   The same result is obtained by Parasara;s precession of 46-5 or Aryabhata’s 46-2



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