Post No. 8934

Date uploaded in London – –15 NOVEMBER 2020   

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Thuban is a famous star in the sky. It has become famous because of its link with the greatest Pyramid in Egypt. Thuban was the pole star 5000 years ago. And the shafts in Khufu Pyramid align with this star. But the name Thuban is wrong. Dhruvan in Hindu mythology is misspelt, and mis pronounced as Thuban.

If one reads the story of Thuban in different websites, one will see the report is a bundle of contradictions.

What are the contradictions?

Latin name of the star DRACON is attributed to Latin meaning ‘dragon’. But the name THUBAN of the star is attributed to Arabic word which means dragon’s head. It is strange that only the head gets Arabic name body gets Latin name!!

The second contradiction is that even the country which has dragon as its symbol- china, has its own interpretation. But none would fit in here.

Arabs took all the Hindu numerals and mathematics to the West, and the half -baked westerners dubbed it as ‘Arabic’.

But the fact of the matter is Dhruva means  ‘Firm, Static and Strong’ in Sanskrit. Hindus gave this epithet to the pole star. Now it is Polaris which is pointed by Sapta rishi stars near North pole (Ursa Major, Big Dipper, Great Bear) constellation; this is known as Dhruva Nakshatra today.

When Thuban became poll star around 3600 BCE, it also had the same meaning ‘Dhruva’= firmly standing . But it was confused with the word Dhruva and changed it from Dhruva to Dracon and then to Thuban. All mean the same name Dhruva.

Giving new stories or new explanations to old words are quite common. If we look at the sthala Puranas of every temple in Tamil Nadu we have at least one new story attached to it. Sometimes they may even be correct. During the course of several thousand years of long history many things might have happened around a particular time or period.

Why do Pole Stars change?

Change of pole star occurs because of earth’s axis rotation. The earth rotates on its axis and one complete round takes 26,000 years. It may have several pole stars before one complete round. Hindus are the only ones who aptly named it as Firm Star/ Dhruva.

Later it was told that Dhruva was made a pole star because of the little boy’s fight with his step mother. This star helped sailors to find their way during their trip around the world. Hindus named the Great Bear as Sapta Rishis/ Seven Seers. In the same way they named Tri Shanku (Southern Star) and Agastya (Canopus) in the Southern Hemisphere. That also helped people to sail round the world.

Neither Dracon/Dragon nor Thuban is right. Dhruva nakshatram (Star)  is right.

Dhruva= Firm star.

Dhruva – Dracon—Thuban

Whatever the star that stands aligned to the axis of the earth that star becomes a pole star. That is ‘firm star’ which means Dhruva.

Arabic has nothing to do with the name. Like it stole the name of Hindu Numerals it has done one more theft!

Look at what other sources say…………… Thuban, Dhruva, Dracon, Dragon, Pole star, Earth axix

The encyclopaedias say,

Thuban /ˈθjuːbæn/,[7] designation Alpha Draconis (α Draconis, abbreviated Alpha Draα Dra), is a star (or star system) in the constellation of Draco. A relatively inconspicuous star in the night sky of the Northern Hemisphere, it is historically significant as having been the north pole star from the 4th to 2nd millennium BCE.

The traditional name Thuban is derived from the Arabic word ثعبان thuʿbān, ‘large snake’ (e.g. a python or a legendary draconian serpent). It is sometimes known as the Dragon’s Tail and as Adib /əˈdiːb/.[7] In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[8] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN’s first bulletin of July 2016[9] included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN; which included Thuban for this star. It is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[10]

In Chinese, 紫微右垣 (Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán), meaning Right Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure, refers to an asterism consisting of Alpha Draconis, Kappa DraconisLambda Draconis24 Ursae Majoris43 CamelopardalisAlpha Camelopardalis and BK Camelopardalis.[11] Consequently, the Chinese name for Alpha Draconis itself is 紫微右垣一 (Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán yī, English: the First Star of Right Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure.),[12] representing 右樞 (Yòushū), meaning Right Pivot.[13] 右樞 (Yòushū) is westernized into Yu Choo by R.H. Allen with the same meaning.[14]


tags- Thuban, Dhruva, Dracon, Dragon, Pole star, Earth axix

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