Post No. 8934

Date uploaded in London – –15 NOVEMBER 2020   

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Thuban is a famous star in the sky. It has become famous because of its link with the greatest Pyramid in Egypt. Thuban was the pole star 5000 years ago. And the shafts in Khufu Pyramid align with this star. But the name Thuban is wrong. Dhruvan in Hindu mythology is misspelt, and mis pronounced as Thuban.

If one reads the story of Thuban in different websites, one will see the report is a bundle of contradictions.

What are the contradictions?

Latin name of the star DRACON is attributed to Latin meaning ‘dragon’. But the name THUBAN of the star is attributed to Arabic word which means dragon’s head. It is strange that only the head gets Arabic name body gets Latin name!!

The second contradiction is that even the country which has dragon as its symbol- china, has its own interpretation. But none would fit in here.

Arabs took all the Hindu numerals and mathematics to the West, and the half -baked westerners dubbed it as ‘Arabic’.

But the fact of the matter is Dhruva means  ‘Firm, Static and Strong’ in Sanskrit. Hindus gave this epithet to the pole star. Now it is Polaris which is pointed by Sapta rishi stars near North pole (Ursa Major, Big Dipper, Great Bear) constellation; this is known as Dhruva Nakshatra today.

When Thuban became poll star around 3600 BCE, it also had the same meaning ‘Dhruva’= firmly standing . But it was confused with the word Dhruva and changed it from Dhruva to Dracon and then to Thuban. All mean the same name Dhruva.

Giving new stories or new explanations to old words are quite common. If we look at the sthala Puranas of every temple in Tamil Nadu we have at least one new story attached to it. Sometimes they may even be correct. During the course of several thousand years of long history many things might have happened around a particular time or period.

Why do Pole Stars change?

Change of pole star occurs because of earth’s axis rotation. The earth rotates on its axis and one complete round takes 26,000 years. It may have several pole stars before one complete round. Hindus are the only ones who aptly named it as Firm Star/ Dhruva.

Later it was told that Dhruva was made a pole star because of the little boy’s fight with his step mother. This star helped sailors to find their way during their trip around the world. Hindus named the Great Bear as Sapta Rishis/ Seven Seers. In the same way they named Tri Shanku (Southern Star) and Agastya (Canopus) in the Southern Hemisphere. That also helped people to sail round the world.

Neither Dracon/Dragon nor Thuban is right. Dhruva nakshatram (Star)  is right.

Dhruva= Firm star.

Dhruva – Dracon—Thuban

Whatever the star that stands aligned to the axis of the earth that star becomes a pole star. That is ‘firm star’ which means Dhruva.

Arabic has nothing to do with the name. Like it stole the name of Hindu Numerals it has done one more theft!

Look at what other sources say…………… Thuban, Dhruva, Dracon, Dragon, Pole star, Earth axix

The encyclopaedias say,

Thuban /ˈθjuːbæn/,[7] designation Alpha Draconis (α Draconis, abbreviated Alpha Draα Dra), is a star (or star system) in the constellation of Draco. A relatively inconspicuous star in the night sky of the Northern Hemisphere, it is historically significant as having been the north pole star from the 4th to 2nd millennium BCE.

The traditional name Thuban is derived from the Arabic word ثعبان thuʿbān, ‘large snake’ (e.g. a python or a legendary draconian serpent). It is sometimes known as the Dragon’s Tail and as Adib /əˈdiːb/.[7] In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[8] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN’s first bulletin of July 2016[9] included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN; which included Thuban for this star. It is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[10]

In Chinese, 紫微右垣 (Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán), meaning Right Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure, refers to an asterism consisting of Alpha Draconis, Kappa DraconisLambda Draconis24 Ursae Majoris43 CamelopardalisAlpha Camelopardalis and BK Camelopardalis.[11] Consequently, the Chinese name for Alpha Draconis itself is 紫微右垣一 (Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán yī, English: the First Star of Right Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure.),[12] representing 右樞 (Yòushū), meaning Right Pivot.[13] 右樞 (Yòushū) is westernized into Yu Choo by R.H. Allen with the same meaning.[14]


tags- Thuban, Dhruva, Dracon, Dragon, Pole star, Earth axix


Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 1 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London-  14-46



Post No. 4449

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


SHAKESPEARE, the greatest English playwright and dramatist was influenced by Hindu literature. We know from his plays that he has read lot of materials. We see Kalidasa’s Shakuntala in Miranda in his play the Tempest. We hear about Nagaratna (cobra jewel) in one of the plays. I have already listed the parallelisms in Tirukkural, the Tamil Veda and Shakespeare in several articles. Here is one more Hindu story in Shakespeare.


The story of the young boy DHRUVA is known to every Hindu. Dhruva has been elevated to the status of Pole Star in Hindu literature. Not only Pole star but also the seven stars circling the pole star worshiped by millions of Hindus every day three times  when they do Sandhyavandan, the water ceremony.


According to the Vishnu Purana, the sons of Swayambhuva Manu were Priyavrata and Uttanapada. Uttandapada had two wives, one was Suruchi who was very proud and haughty and the other was Suniti who was humble and gentle. Suniti gave birth to Dhruva. Suruchi treated him very badly while he was young. Suruchi made sure that her son Uttama succeeds to the throne. Dhruva and his mother Suniti were helpless. Dhruva wanted to pray to God to keep himself happy. He joined a group of seers (Rishis) and he went through rigid course of austerities. Indra wanted to distract him so that there wont be any competition from him for his post. At the end, he got a boon from Vishnu and became a star. A star among boys and a star in the sky. Hindus are shown Dhruva Nakshatra—known as Pole Star during wedding along with the Seven Stars, the Ursa major. He is the pivot of the planets. He became the symbol of steadfastness, determination, tenacity and resolution to the Hindus. Hindus are advised to be as constant as Dhruva.

Shakespeare says in Julius Caesar,

“But I am constant as the Northern Star, of whose true fixed and resting quality, there is no fellow in the firmament”– (Caesar)


Several of Hindu beliefs are in Shakespeare for which there is no other source such as Greek, Egyptian and Roman.