Bihar in Rig Veda (Post No.11,866)


Post No. 11,866

Date uploaded in London – –  3 APRIL 2023                  

Contact –

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,


 Mighty Magadha Empire is known from the times of Buddha. That means it was one of the 16 empires known at the time of Buddha, i.e. Sixth Century BCE. Before it was known as Kikata desa. Rig Veda not only named it, but also gave the king’s name as Pramaganda.

Famous philosopher king Janaka and his daughter Sita Devi were also from Bihar, known as Videha desa.  Yaska of eighth century BCE also mentioned it and said it was at the outskirts of Aryavarta. But from Ramayana and Upanishadic sources we come to know they were high class Hindus. We also come to know the names who participated in the All India Philosophical Conference convened by Janaka. A woman philosopher  by name Gargi Vachaknavi, challenged a great Rishi Yajnavalkya. Brhad Aranyaka Upanishad lists all the philosophers and their localities.

During the Mauryan period, it was known as Maghada. Among the 30 kingdoms mentioned in the Mahabharata, we see Magdha and its king.

In short, we see a continuous history from Rig Vedic times to the time of Buddha. Now we call it Bihar from Buddha ‘Viharas’. This shows that the place name changes according to the ruler’s location or his name or other factors


Rig Vedic Reference

The Rig Veda refers this place with reference to Visvamitra Rishi, who was a key player in the world’s first big war. It is called Dasarajna Yuddha, the war of Ten Kings. For the first time in history, we come to know that Ten Kings formed a front and attacked Sudas, a king who was a friend of Vasishta, but later changed his loyalty to Visvamitra.

‘Ten kings War’ also show that there were ten kingdoms at that time apart from Sudas’ kingdom.

Western mischief makers labelled them as ‘tribal chiefs ‘ to minimise the importance. But Rig Veda clearly called them ‘Raja.’

This passage in Rig Veda shows that Vedic civilisation was even in Bihar at the remotest time. The Sanskrit name of the king is another evidence.

Pandavas also belong to Bharata vamsa.


Here is the Vedic context:

Rig Veda 3-53-14 refers to the land of Kikata, which is identified with Magadha in Bhagavata Purana 1-3-24

Rig Vedic hymns 3-33 and 3-53 in the third Mandala show Visvamitra’s support for the Bharatas and its king Sudas. From hymn 18 of the Seventh Mandala we know a league of Ten Kings attacked Sudas, which was foiled . this famous battle was fought on the banks of Ravi in Punjab.

Enmity between the two great Rishis Vasistha and Visvamitra is known from other hymns.

Hymn 33 of the Third Mandala contains a dialogue between Visvamitra and the rivers Vipas and Sutudri (Beas and Sutlej), which they want to cross. The sage requests the rivers to stop their course (ramadhvam), to bend low (ni namadhvam) so that the Bharats amy safely cross them with their carts and chariots. The rivers readily agree, but stipulate that the bard will commemorate their kind gesture in hymns. They safely crossed the river. Then Visvamitra told the rivers to swell again and follow its course.

(apart from geography, this is the first River water Miracle which we see in Bhagavata as well where River Yamuna parted away for the baby Krishna to cross. Bible also copied it in Moses episode of Red Sea crossing)


Banyan tree in the Rig Veda

In the hymn 3-53 we get additional information about the Kikatas. They did not follow the same customs of Vedic Hindus. “what purpose of thine is served by the cows in the land of the Kikatas? They neither milk them for the aasiira nor heat the gharma. O bounteous one, bring to us the wealth of Pramaganda, subject to us the Naicasakha (mantra 3-53-14).

Naicasakha is explained by Yaska as a banyan tree.

Niica- saakha= having down reaching branches bahuvrihi compound (Nirukta 6-32).

Later banyan tree was called nyag-rodha= growing downward;

Aitareya Brahmana (35-4) mentions that the banyan trees of Kurukshetra were the first born of the species.

Based on this, Ksetracandra Chattobhahyaya of Allahabad, identified Kikata with Kurukshetra; but it was not accepted by many scholars.

Banyan tree of Kurukshetra is famous, but banyan trees are found throughout India.


Other evidence

Apart from Vedic literary evidence, we come to know about excavations of Indus type of culture in a very wide area up to river Yamuna. Westerners deliberately labelled them ‘Pre Aryan’. But until today no one was able to decipher Indus script and show whether it was pre Aryan. The West mislead the world from the very beginning.


40,000 year old Bhimbetka

We have found Bhimbetka cave paintings older than 40,000 years in the middle of the thick forests in Madhya Pradesh. Hindu civilisation is at least 40,000 years old. Westerners divided the Hindus by putting racial elements.

So, I will conclude that Kikata is Bihar which is known from the oldest part of Rig Veda.

Shrikant G Talageri who has done detailed research in the Vedas, also identified Rig Vedic Mandalas 6, 3, 7 and early part of First Mandala as the oldest hymns. And Kikata (Bihar) of third Mandala is also part of this oldest part of the Rig Veda.


Source books- Woolner commemoration Volume, 1940;

The Rigveda, A Historical Analysis by Shrikant G Talageri,2000

Rig Veda translation by R H Griffith (with my inputs)


 tags- Kikata, Magadha, Bihar, Rig Veda, Geography

Amazing Geographical Knowledge of the Vedic Hindus!! › 2015/05/18 › amazing-ge…

18 May 2015 — But foreign “Scholars” described them as tribes! The Great War was described in detail in several hymns in the Rig Veda, but not mentioned in …

Rivers in the Rigveda and Panini’s Ashtadhyayi-1 (Post No. … › 2021/06/28 › rivers-in-th…

28 Jun 2021 — A geographical feature of the Indus descending from the defiles of Dardistan is expressed in the grammatical formation ‘Daaraadi Sindhuh‘, …

Rivers in the Rigveda and Panini’s Ashtadhyayi-2 (Post No. … › 2021/06/28 › rivers-in-th…

28 Jun 2021 — Tamil and Vedas. A blog exploring themes in Tamil and vedic literature. Rivers in the Rigveda and Panini’s Ashtadhyayi- …

HIMALAYAS IN THE RIG VEDA AND TAMIL SANGAM … › 2022/05/12 › himalayas-i…

12 May 2022 — The Vedas mentioned elephants which are not found in Europe. The Vedas insisted water for all the ceremonies from birth to death.

Tribes in the Rig Veda; Mystery of Hill Tribes of India – Part … › 2016/07/25 › tribes-in-the…

25 Jul 2016 — The oldest religious book in the world is the Rig Veda which is in Sanskrit. It covers a huge geographical area—from Iran to Gangetic plains …

in Rig Veda | Tamil and Vedas › tag › in-rig-veda

It can now be proved even by geographical evidence, that Zoroastrians had been settled in India before they immigrated into Persia ……….. That the Zoroastrians …—subham—

tags- Kikata, Magadha, Bihar, Rig Veda, Geography

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: