TEN “INAUSPICIOUS DREAMS”; DREAMS IN VEDAS AND UPANISHADS!

Sleep-training

Research Article No.2025

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 28  July 2014

Time uploaded in London : 16.19

Hindus stand out in understanding TIME, Working of MIND and Explaining DREAMS. Western scientists have not reached the level of Hindus In these fields. They still lag behind.

Dreams find a place in a Hindus’ everyday life. They knew about the REM sleep and the unavoidability of dreams. Brahmin Hindus pray to Sun thrice a day to kill the nightmares (Dus Swapna Nasanam). This shows how much they have understood about the dreams.

Adi Shankara, greatest philosopher of India, use dream hundreds of time in his hymns and commentaries. Mandukya Upanishad use it to explain the state of mind. Varahamihira, author of Brhat Samhita and several others before him dealt with the dreams. Hindus have several books interpreting dreams. Poets of Sangam Tamil literature even sing about the dreams of birds and animals. Tamil encyclopaedia Abidhana Chintamani has a summary of the interpretation of dreams over six pages. It is the summary of Sanskrit book on dreams attributed t Deva Guru Brhaspati. Like the dream of a dumb person is a popular simile used in Hindu literature.

FRANCE - CIRCA 2005: A stamp printed in France shows sleeping baby in a rose, circa 2005

FRANCE – CIRCA 2005: A stamp printed in France shows sleeping baby in a rose, circa 2005

Ten Bad Dreams in Vedic Literature

The meaning of dreams was an interesting part of Vedic literature. It is dealt with in various passages, including an Athrvan Parisista. The Rig Veda regards as ominous the making of a garland or neckband in a dream.

Ten dreams which presupposed death are recorded in Aitareya Aranyaka (3-2-4); they are

When a black man with black teeth kills you

When a boar kills you

When a wild cat springs on you

When one eats and spits out gold

When one drinks honey and eats lotus roots

When one goes to a village with asses or bears

When one drives south a black cow with a black calf

Wearing a garland of nard (Spikenard plant; Death of Jesus Christ is also associated with nard!)

If one has a dream one should wash one’s mouth.

Dreams in Rigveda:–2-28-10; 10-162-6; evil dreams – RV 2-28-10;

Atharvaveda :– 7-101-1; 10-3-6 (evil dreams)

Vajasaneyi Samhita :– 20-16

Satapata Brahmana:– 3-2-2-23

In classical Sanskrit literature we have several references to dreams.

Separate book on dream interpretation is attributed to Deva Guru Brhaspati.

Svapna is the Sanskrit word for dream. In Sanskrit hymn books there special slokas/hymns to avoid nightmares.

Sleeping-Beauty

Sleeping Beauty Stamp of USA

My previous Research Articles on Dreams:

Role of Dreams in Tamil Saivite Literature (posted on July 4, 2013)

Do our Dreams have Meaning? (Posted on December 29, 2011)

God’s Note Book (posted on March 16, 2014)

STRANGE DREAMS, POSTED ON 27TH JULY 2015.

Mystery of Einstein’s Brain! Smaller than ours!

Albert_Einstein_1979_USSR_Stamp

Article No.2021

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 26  July 2014

Time uploaded in London :10-58 am

The first part of this article was posted yesterday under the title “Einstein’s Hindu Connection.”

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1.Greater than Einstein!

At a gathering of mathematicians, someone undertook to discourse upon the meaning of Einstein’s theories. After he had run on tediously for nearly an hour, someone interrupted to say, “I think you are greater than Einstein himself. Twelve men understand Einstein—but nobody understands you.”

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2.I am NOT a good mathematician: Einstein

Sir William Rothenstein was in Berlin doing a portrait of Einstein. The mathematician was always accompanied to the studio by a solemn, academic looking individual who sat in a corner throughout the sittings. Einstein, not wishing to waste any time, was putting forth some tentative theories, to which the silent companion replied only by an occasional nod or shake of the head.  When the work was concluded, Rothenstein, who was curious, asked Einstein who his companion was. “That is my mathematician”, said Einstein, who examines problems which I put before him and checks their validity.  You see, I am not myself a good mathematician.”

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3.Success Formula

Asked one day for a mathematical formula for success in life, Albert Einstein gave the following:

“if ‘a’ is success in life, the formula is,  ‘a’ equals ’x’ plus ‘y’ plus ‘z’. x being work and y being play.”

“And what is ‘z’?” he was asked.

“Z”, he said, “is keeping your mouth shut.”

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Einstein_stamp

4.Einstein’s jibe at Nazis

The sculptor Jacob Epstein tells this story”When I was doing Professor Albert Einstein’s but he had many a jibe at he Nazi professors, one hundred of him had condemned his theory of relativity in a book. ‘Were I wrong’, he said, ‘one professor would have been enough!”

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E= mc2

5.Brain of Einstein

Charles Saatchi, author of the book   “DEAD: A Celebration of Mortality” gives lot of interesting information about Einstein’s brain.

Einstein’s brain was smaller than our brains

During Albert Einstein’s autopsy his brain was cut into 240 blocks and tissues were taken on slides from all the blocks. The slides were distributed to some of the world’s best neuro pathologists. The autopsy revealed that Einstein’s brain was a great deal smaller than average.

Years a later lot of people asked for his brain samples. The researchers noted a uniquely formed pre-frontal cortex and concluded that this would explain the kind of abstract thinking Einstein would have needed for his experiments on the nature of space and time – such as imagining riding alongside a beam of light.

The advances he ushered into the first half of 20th century – quantum theory and relativity are still the twin pillars of physics, encompassed in the vast sweep of modern science. However, Einstein abilities did not always make themselves clear.

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6.Einstein’s childhood

As a child Einstein struggled to speak, and his worried parents took him to see doctors who misread his lack of interest in taking as a sign of someone of below average intelligence. He also displayed stunted social development, was stubborn and preferred to play alone.

At supper when he was about five years old he surprised his parents by breaking his silence to explain in perfect German: “This soup is too hot.” His parents asked him why he barely uttered a sentence before and he replied: “Because up to now everything was in order.”

Many exceptionally intelligent people have displayed similar slow development at a young age, causing social theorist Thomas Sowell to name the behaviour as Einstein Syndrome.

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Einstein.stamp

7.Belief in God

Einstein’s radical scientific leaps convinced many that they left him with no room for a belief in God.

He explained his position simply:

“Imagine a little child entering a huge library filled with books in many languages. The child knows someone must have written those books but does not know how, or the languages in which they are written.

“It may dimly suspect a mysterious order in the arrangement of the books but doesn’t know what it is. That, it seems to me, is the attitude of even the most intelligent human being toward God. We see the universe marvellously arranged and obeying certain laws but only dimly understand these laws.”

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monaco

  1. Top Ten Highest Earning Dead People!

There is a Tamil proverb about elephants:

An elephant is worth 1000 gold coins whether it is alive or dead.

Even in death Einstein has been prolific.  He is one of the top ten highest earning dead people and generates an annual revenues of $20 million spreading his teaching through educational materials including Disney’s Little Einsteins.

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9.Anagram of Albert Einstein!

“Albert Einstein” is anagram of “Ten Elite Brains”!

If you rearrange the spelling using each letter once, you will get new words TEN ELITE BRAINS.

DWGDN2 Two Mongolia postage stamps featuring Albert Einstein. In one he is sitting in a chair, holding a pipe; the other is a portrait.

DWGDN2 Two Mongolia postage stamps featuring Albert Einstein. In one he is sitting in a chair, holding a pipe; the other is a portrait.

Source: Thesaurus of Anecdotes

News Paper Book Review

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Einstein’s Hindu Connection!

usa e=mc2

Article No.2017

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 25  July 2014

Time uploaded in London : 6-48 am

Where did Einstein get this E= mc2 formula from? Did he get this concept after reading Hindu scriptures? We can’t say anything for sure. But there are two important clues.

Einstein was a Jew. Jews are Yadavas who migrated to Middle East during Rig Vedic days. Yadu became Juda. J=Y is linguistics. But it won’t give any clue to his discovery.

The concept of time in Hindu scripture is very different from the old Western concept. Hindu concept is very scientific. Hindu sages are called Tri Kala Jnanis= who can go beyond Past, Present and Future. Like we see TV serials and films on VCR by ‘Fast Forwarding’ and ‘Rewinding’ they saw TIME!

We are the one to tell the world first about Big Bang and Big Crunch/Shrink. We are the one to tell the world that time is different for Brahma in Celestial Worlds and Brahmins on earth. We are the one who spoke about very big numbers in astronomical terms where as other books were able to count 40 to 120. We are the one who told the world about Zero without which no scientific invention was possible. We are the one who taught the world to write numbers 1,2,3 etc. They were using complicated Roman script to write numbers until a few centuries ago.

india eistein

First clue

Einstein had several books about Hinduism in his library. One of them was ‘The Secret Doctrine’ published by the Theosophical Society. He has met Hindu scholars including Tagore. Does it say anything about what Einstein said? No. it might have helped him to think scientifically. For instance the Viswarupa Darsanam (Arjuna’s Vision of Universal Form of God) in Bhagavad Gita explains the cyclical nature of time. Even Black holes may be explained with that description. Everything is sucked into this Universal Form in an amazing speed. Arjuna was shown a parallel universe. And I am not the first one to see nuclear science in Bhagavad Gita. Even the Father of Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer recited Gita sloka in great excitement when he witnessed the first atomic explosion (Please read my Atomic Bomb to Zoology in Bhagavad Gita article).

eistein quote

Second Clue

The following anecdote is found in a very old book of anecdotes:

This story is told of, and possibly by, Alfred Einstein, who was asked by his hostess at a social gathering to explain the theory of relativity. Said the great mathematician,

“Madam, I was once walking in the country on a hot day with a blind friend, and said that I would like a drink of milk.

“Milk? Said my friend, ‘Drink I know; but what is milk?

“’A white liquid’, I replied.” ‘Liquid I know; but what is white?’

“’The colour of swan’s feathers.’

“’Feathers I know; what is a swan?’

“’A bird with a crooked neck’

“’Neck I know; but what is this crooked?’

“Thereupon I lost patience. I seized his arm and straightened it. ‘That is straight’, I said; and then I bent it at the elbow. ‘That is crooked’.

“’ ‘Ah!’ said the blind man, ‘Now I know what you mean by milk!’”.

(Thesaurus of Anecdotes, page 198)

albert-ajnstajn-velika

This story is found in the Hindu ‘Katha Sarit Sagara’, which is the largest Story collection in the ancient world. All the seeds or plots of old stories such as Arabian Nights are found in it. If Einstein has said it, then he must have read several Hindu stories and scriptures. This might have given some new idea for his lateral thinking on TIME!

15 Anecdotes from George Bernard Shaw’s Life- Part 2

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Article No.2016

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 24  July 2014

Time uploaded in London : 13-37

 

(Seven of the 15 anecdotes were published yesterday in Part-1)

 

8.I think of nothing but Money!

It is reported that Sam Goldwyn telephoned to G.B.Shaw and attempted to drive a bargain for the film rights for some of his plays. Shaw’s terms were stiff and Goldwyn endeavoured to whittle them down by an appeal to the artist.

“Think of millions of people who would get a chance to see your plays who would otherwise never see them. Think of the contribution it would be to art.”

“The trouble is, Mr.Goldwyn,” Shaw replied, “that you think of nothing but Art and I think of nothing but money.”

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my fair lady

9.Producers

How Producer Gabriel Pascal acquired the film rights to Shaw’s plays – a mine of entertainment material practically every producer in Hollywood has tried one time or another – is utterly implausible story. In 1935, after spending six months in Hollywood doing nothing, Pascal, who had made one successful picture and a succession of shorts, left in disgust. He arrived in London, and out of a clear sky called on Shaw, whom he had never met, saying he wanted to produce his plays. When Shaw asked how much capital he had to do it with, Pascal replied: “ Fifteen shillings and six pence – but I owe a pound.”

Delighted as much with his effrontery as with Pascal’s obvious admiration for his work, Shaw gave him a pound to pay his debts, and agreed to the experiment. The successful “Pygmalion” was the result.

(My connection with Shaw’s plays: When I was working as the Producer of BBC Tamil Service in London, we produced Pygmalion in Tamil and broadcast it. I acted as professor in the play. The BBC has got official permission to translate St Joan of Shaw into Tamil, which I translated for the BBC Tamil Service. But we did not produce it in the studio for lack of time between 1987 and 1992—London swaminathan)

saintjoanplay

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10.Swimming: Helped a youth

Bernard Shaw was enjoying a swim in a pool during a stay in South Africa; so were some boys who knew nothing of the august author one small boy was “dared” by his playmates to “duck the old man” for a Shilling. He accepted, but when he was close to his victim, panic seized him. Shaw turned, saw the youngster, and asked him what he wanted. In halting accents, the boy revealed the plot and the shilling bet.

“Well”, said Shaw, looking sternly at the youngster, “if you wait a moment while I get my breath, I will let you push my head under water.

He did, and the small boy swam back triumphantly to collect his shilling.

life shaw

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11.Shaw writes “Nonsense”

After the premiere performance of “Arms and the Man”, Bernard Shaw was called upon to take a bow. As he stepped forward upon the stage amidst the applause, a loud voice called from the balcony, “Come, come, Shaw, you know all this stuff is balderdash.”

((Balderdash = nonsense, senseless writing))

Shaw good-naturedly looked up toward the balcony and called back, “I quite agree with you, my friend, who are you and I against many?”

XXX

GeorgeBernard-Shaw-Heartbreak-House-1

12.True Characters in Shaw’s Drama

“When I wrote ‘Major Barbara’, the characters were modelled on people I knew. The liknesses were unmistakable, and therefore I was anxious to make sure that no words used in the play could hurt the originals. I read the play to an old dear friend of the family.  All went well till I came to the lines: “ Never call me Mother again”. ‘Oh’, said she, ‘you must not say that for those are the very words used by ….. (the character copied in the play), and used in tragic circumstances.’”

Shaw paused. Bridges opened his eyes, ‘remarkable co-incidence,” he said and closed his eyes again.

XXX

shaw wealth

13.Social Activities

Bernard Shaw one day received an invitation from a celebrity hunter: “Lady X will be at home Thursday between four and six.”

The author returned the card; underneath he had written: “Mr Bernard Shaw likewise”.

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devils disciple

14.Age

“Youth”, said George Bernard Shaw, “is a wonderful thing. What a crime to waste it on children.”

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15.Vegetarian Shaw

George Bernard Shaw was noted as a vegetarian. On time, at a dinner party in London, he had before him on his plate the special concoction which was always provided for him, consisting of some greens with a mixture of salad oils.

Sir James Barrie, who was Shaw’s neighbour at the table, bent over him and, in a confidential tone, asked, “Tell me one thing, Shaw, have you eaten that are you going to?”

george_bernard_shaw_quote

-End–

15 Anecdotes from George Bernard Shaw’s Life- Part 1

Shaw1981CZ

Article No.2013

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 23  July 2015

Time uploaded in London : 14-17

1.Children

There is a legend about the fervent message Bernard Shaw received from Isadora Duncan expressing the opinion that by every eugenics principle they should have a child.

“Think what a child it would be”, she said, “with my body and your brain.”

Shaw sent the following response, discouraging the preposition, “Think how unfortunate it would be if the child were to have my body and your brain.”

2.Shaw—an imaginary Personage?

Bernard Shaw’s name first became familiar to the general public as the result of scurrilous attacks, disguised as interviews, made upon by him by a section of the London evening press. The interviewer would force his way into Shaw’s modest apartment, apparently for no other purpose than to bully and insult him.

Many people maintained that Shaw was an imaginary personage. Why did he stand it? Why didn’t he kick the interviewer downstairs? Failing that why didn’t he call the police? It seemed difficult to believe in the existence of a being so Christian as this poor persecuted Shaw appeared to be. Everyone talked about him.

As a matter of fact, the interviews were written by Shaw himself.

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shaw2

3.Shaw as a Critic

When Bernard Shaw wrote dramatic criticisms for the “London Saturday Review” he commented about a certain play in his column as follows:

“I am in a somewhat foolish position concerning a play at the Opera Comique, whither I was bidden this day week. For some reason I was not supplied with a program; so that I never learned the name of the play. At the end of the second act the play had advanced about as far as  an ordinary dramatist would have brought it five minutes after the first rising of the curtain; or say as far as  Ibsen would have brought it ten years before the event. Taking advantage of the second interval (intermission) to stroll out into the Strand for a little exercise, I unfortunately forgot all about my business, and actually reached home before it occurred to me that I had not seen the end of the play.  Under these circumstances, it would ill become me to dogmatize on the merits of the work or its performance. I can only offer the management my apologies.”

4.Practical Joking

George Bernard Shaw was poring over a second hand book stall of volumes much marked down, when he came across a volume containing his own plays. The book was inscribed, moreover, to a friend, beneath whose name on the fly-leaf, G.B.S. saw, written in his own hand, “With renewed compliments. G.B.S,” and sent it back to the early recipient.

5.Habits

In reply to an invitation to lunch with Lady Randolph, George Bernard Shaw wired: “certainly not; what have I done to provoke such an attack on my well known habits?”

Lady Randolph sent another telegram:

“Know nothing of your habits; hope they are not as bad as your manners.

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6.Shaw came to conquer England

Lillah Mc Carthy asked Bernard Shaw why he had come to live in England instead of seeking inspiration among the Dublin (Irish) poets – George Moore, A.E.Yeats and the others. He answered: “Lord bless you, I am old enough to be A.E.’s father; and George Moore had not discovered Ireland then. He was in Paris studying painting. He hadn’t even discovered himself. The Ireland that you know did not exist. I could not stay there, dreaming my life away on the Irish hills. England had conquered Ireland; so there was nothing for it but to come over and conquer England. Which, you will notice, I have done pretty thoroughly.”

7.Oscar Wilde  on G.B.Shaw

When G.B.Shaw, as a young man, emerged from his native Ireland and moved to England he began writing a column for a London weekly publication.  At that time Oscar Wilde was enjoying his vogue as a wit and epigram maker. One evening an acquaintance, calling upon Wilde, happened upon a copy of the paper to which Shaw was a contributor and reading therein one of Shaw’s characteristic articles which was signed with the author’s initials, said to his host:

“I say, Wilde, who is chap G.B.S. who is doing a department for this sheet?”

“He is a young Irishman named Shaw,” said Wilde. “Rather forceful, isn’t he?”

“Forceful”, echoed the other, “well, rather! My word, how he does cut and slash! He doesn’t seem to spare anyone he knows. I should say he is in a fair way to make himself a lot of enemies.”

“well,” said Wilde, “as yet he hasn’t become prominent enough to have enemies. But none of his friends like him.”

Rest of the anecdotes in Part 2……………..

Greek Philosopher Diogenes lived like a Hindu Yogi!

Diogenes_looking_for_a_man_

Research Article No.1996

Written  by London swaminathan

Date 15th July 2015

Time uploaded in London: 20-33

Diogenes (410- 320 BC) was a Greek philosopher. He belonged to Sinope in modern Turkey, an ancient Greek colony. He came to Athens (now capital of Greece) and founded the Cynic sect with his Guru Antisthenes. The English word Cynic (doggish) came from this sect. People who belonged to this sect lived like Hindu ascetics sacrificing all comforts. Greeks thought it is a dog’s life.

Diogenes life was like a Hindu ascetic. He was like Seshadri Swamikal, a sage who lived in Tiruvannamalai during Ramana Maharishi’s time. Many of his acts were categorised as a mad man’s activities. But he was a great saint and senior to Ramana Maharishi. Diogens was also like him.

 

I wrote a post in 2013 with the title “Philosopher who carried Lantern in day Time!” posted here on June 17, 2013 .

 

Diogenes was said to have lived in a big broken jar. When Alexander the Great came to him and asked what he could do for him, Diogenes asked him to move away so that his shadow would not block the sunlight!

He wandered through Athens with a lamp in day time! When people laughed at him, he told that he was looking for an honest man!

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Here are more anecdotes about the great philosopher:

Diogenes was a prominent citizen of Sinope. He was exiled about the middle of the fourth century BCE, allegedly for defacing the currency. He lived in Athens and Corinth, becoming the prototype of cynicism.

Plato said about Diogenes, “He is a Socrates gone mad”

Diogenes embraced bronze statues in winter to train the body in hardship and eradicate physical desire. He would court insult to test the subjugation of emotion in his mind.

Diogenes’ own life as a stateless beggar sleeping where he could in Athens was a practical demonstration of endurance of hardship. His nickname was Dog, from which the word Cynicism.

FLATTERY

The politic philosopher Aristippus, by paying court (praise) to the tyrant Denys, had acquired a comfortable living and looked down upon his less prosperous fellow sages with no small degree of contempt. Seeing Diogenes washing some vegetables, he said to him disdainfully, “If you would only learn to flatter King Denys you would not have to be washing lentils”.

“And you,” retorted Diogenes in the same tone, “if you had only learned to live on lentils, would not have to flatter King Denys.”

PRIDE

Diogenes visited Plato one day and perceiving that the floors were beautifully covered with carpets of the richest wool and finest dye, stamped his foot in scorn exclaiming:

“Thus do I tread on the pride of Plato!”

“With greater pride”, mildly added Plato.

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Alexander meeting Diogenes

HOME LIFE

An Athenian (as was customary with that people) had caused the following inscription to be placed over the door of his house:

“Let nothing enter here but what is good”

Diogenes asked, “Then where will the master of the house go in?”

LEARNED MEN

“Bury me on my face”, said Diogenes, and when he was asked why, he replied, “ Because in a little while everything will be turned upside down.”

When the mighty Alexander the Great asked the ragged philosopher Diogenes what favour he could grant him, the cynic who was reclining on the ground, remarked quietly:

“Now please little out of my sun.”

DIOGENES QUOTE

LAWYERS

A lawyer and a doctor having a dispute about precedence, referred it to Diogenes, who gave it in favour of the lawyer in these terms:

“Let the thief go before and the executioner follow.”

PICTURES ARE USED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES;THANKS.

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HINDU VIEW OF DOCTORS AND LAWYERS!

doctor

Research Article No.1994

Written  by London swaminathan

Date 14th July 2015

Time uploaded in London: 19-43

“Judges shall discharge their duties objectively and impartially so that they may earn the trust and affection of people.” (Arthasastra 3-20-24)

“ A king who observes his duty of protecting his people justly and according to law will go to heaven, whereas one who does not protect them or inflicts unjust punishments will not.” (Arthasastra 3-1-41)

“It is the power of punishment alone, when exercised impartially in proportion to the guilt, and irrespective of whether the person punished is the king’s son or an enemy, that protects this world and the next.” (Arthasastra 3-1-42)

21  Pirmoji širdies operacija

Greek View

Lawyers = Robbers (Thief)

Doctors =  Yama Dharma (Executioner)

I gave fifteen interesting anecdotes about doctors and lawyers yesterday to illustrate the western view of these professionals. Diogenes, the Greek philosopher, who lived 2300 years ago, called the lawyer a thief and a physician an executioner. Today, even Indians say this. But 2000 years ago, Hindus, unlike Greeks, had very high respect for  these professions. Here are some quotes about the lawyers and physicians:-

Earlier in my posts I quoted  the Rudra (Yajur Veda) mantra where Lord Shiva is called a doctor (Bhishak). He is a doctor to our physical illness and mental illness.

Popular Sanskrit proverb says

Vaidye grhaste mriyate kathannu

Whence death when the doctor is at home?

But it is true that there are sayings against inexperienced doctors and doctors running late:–

Anubhava rahito vaidyo loke nihanti praaninah praanaan

An inexperienced physician snuffs out the life of the living

Siirse sarpah desaantare vaidyah

The serpent dangles over the head and the doctor is miles away

Both in Tamil and Sanskrit we have a proverb

Hatvaa nrnaam sahasram pascaat vaidyo bhavet siddhah

It is only after finishing off a thousand that a doctor becomes proficient.

The hidden meaning is that doctors too learn by mistakes.

medicalstamps1

Kautilya’s Arthashastra

India was the most civilized country and the richest country in the world  2000 years ago. I have given enough proof for these in my 1800 articles so far. In all the fields that we know of, India stood first, whether it is environmental science or consumer protection, etymology or grammar, aeronautical engineering or nuclear physics.

Kautilya (Chanakya), who lived 2300 years ago, wrote the first economic treatise. It gives a list of punishments and fines for all the mistakes or errors or blunders committed by various workers or professionals:

“Physicians shall inform the authorities before undertaking any treatment which may involve danger to the life of the patient. If, as a result of the treatment, the patient dies or physically deformed, the doctor shall be punished (Arthasastra 4-1-56)

Doctors not giving prior information about treatment involving danger to life with the consequence of physical deformity = same punishment as for causing similar injury”.

Only after patients sued the hospitals or the doctors claiming millions in damages, the consumer/patient protection rules came into Western countries. Nowadays they inform the patient about the risks involved in a treatment and then get the signature of the patient in a consent form. Kautilya thought about it 2300 years ago!

Because of these strict rules, the standard of physicians was very high. They were treated like angels.

“Any doctor who is called to a house to treat a severely wounded person or one suffering from unwholesome food or drink shall report the fact to the ‘gopa’ and the ‘sthanika’. If he does not report, he will be charged” – Arthasastra 2-36-10

Gopa and sthanika were like supervising officers.

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Judiciary

There are clear guidelines to judges about testimony of witnesses and punishments in 3-11 (Chanakya’s Arthasastra)

Manu says

“A king who wishes to hear legal cases should enter the court-room modestly with priests and counsellors who know how to counsel” (Manu smrti 8-1)

There are 18 causes of legal action. When the king could not sit in the court he must ask a priest to sit there with three judges.

A man who gives false evidence is an offender.

How to find an offender?

“The king or judge should discover the inner emotion of men from the outward signs, by their voice, colour, involuntary movements, and facial expressions, by their gaze and their gestures.

The inner mind and heart is grasped by facial expressions, involuntary movements, gait, gesture, speech, and changes in the eye and the mouth.” (Manu 8—25/26)

This shows that there was no lawyer in those days. But the ministers or judges used various methods to find the true criminal.

Chapter eight of Manu Smrti gives lot of information about the judicial procedures. They were very careful not to punish the innocent.

“Neither the king nor even one of his men should start a law suit himself, nor ever swallow up a case brought by anyone else.

Just as a hunter traces the track of a wild animal by the drops of blood, even so the king should trace the track of justice by inference.

When he is engaged in a legal proceeding, he should examine the truth, the object of the dispute, himself, the witnesses, the time and place, and the form of the case.”  (Manu. 8-44/46)

judiciary

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Doctors and Lawyers: Western View

ICJ-and-palestine

Article No.1992

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date 13th July 2015

Time uploaded in London:  20-21

Following anecdotes will show how the lawyers and doctorswere projected in the western world 100 years ago. The anecdotes were taken from the Thesarus of Anecdotes.

ANECDOTE 1

A lawyer and a doctor having a dispute about precedence, referred it to Diogenes, who gave it in favour of the lawyer in these terms:

“Let the thief go before and the executioner follow.”

Diogenes: Greek Philosopher 412 BCE to 323 BCE

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ANECDOTE 2

A certain lawyer had his portrait done in his favourite attitude, standing with one hand in his pocket. His friends that it was an excellent picture of him. An old farmer remarked that the portrait would have looked much more like the lawyer if it had represented him with his hand in another man’s pocket instead of his own.

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ANECDOTE 3

A stranger, arriving in a small New England town, approached the first native he saw and asked:

“Have you a criminal lawyer in this town?”

“Well”, replied the native cautiously, “we think we have, but so far we can’t prove it on him.”

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ANECDOTE 4

A Dublin Attorney died in poverty and many barristers of the city subscribed to a fund for his funeral. Toler, later Lord Chief Justice of  Orbury, was approached for a shilling. “Only a shilling?” said Toler. “Only a shilling to bury an attorney? Here is guinea; go and bury 20 of them”.

Old British Currency: One guinea= 21 shillings.

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ANECDOTE 5

A man came to Newark (USA) one day and asked a landlord to direct him to a first rate lawyer

“Well”, said the landlord, “if you have a good cause, go to Frelinghysen; he is honest lawyer and never undertakes any other kind; but if you want a keen, sharp lawyer, who sticks at nothing, go to a lawyer So and so.”

He watched the stranger and he went straight to So and so.

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intl_court_stamp

ANECDOTE 6

In Kansas (USA) court a witness, a tall awkward fellow, was called to testify. The counsel for the defence said to him, “Now, sir, stand up and tell your story like a preacher”.

“No, sir”, roared the judge. “None of the; I want you to tell the truth”.

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ANECDOTE 7

The coroner’s jury was pretty thoroughly baffled as to the cause of death in a certain case. Unable to come to any conclusion, they at last officially termed the case, “An act of God under very suspicious circumstances.”

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ANECDOTE 8

The community was shocked by a killing in its midst, doubly shocked because of the fact that the killer was one of the most popular and well-liked men in the town. Realizing that the evidence against him was conclusive, the man entered his plea of guilty. No means of saving him from the electric chair could be seen.

But the jurors, all friends of his, determined to save him in spite of his plea of guilty. When, at the conclusion of the case, they were asked to give their verdict, it was “Not Guilty.”

“Now how in the world,” said the judge, “can you bring in such a verdict when the defendant pled guilty?”

“Well, your honour”, said the foreman of the jury, “the defendant is such a liar that we can’t believe him, even under oath.”

Dumas1970FR

And the Doctors……………………………

ANECDOTE 9 

Alexander Dumas, the French novelist, being the guest one day of Dr Gistal, an eminent doctor of Marseilles, was asked by his host after dinner to enrich his album with one of his witty improvisations.

“Certainly,” replied Dumas with a smile, and drawing out his pencil he wrote under the eyes of the doctor, the following lines:

“Since Dr.Gistal came to our town,

To cure diseases casual and hereditary,

The hospital has been pulled down” –

“You flatterer!”, exclaimed the doctor, mightily pleased.

But the poet went on —

“And we have made a larger cemetery.”

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ANECDOTE 10

The patient was lying on the stretcher waiting to be pushed into the operating room. “I am so nervous,” he remarked to a sympathetic young woman standing by.

“This is my first operation.”

“So am I,” said the young lady, “my husband is the doctor and it is first too.”

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ANECDOTE 11

Stephen Leacock tells this story:

“Years ago when I first got my Ph.D. degree, I was inordinately proud of it and used to sign myself ‘Dr.Leacock’ in season and out. On a trip to the Orient I put my name down that way on the passenger list of the liner (ship).

I was getting my things straight in my cabin when a steward knocked and said: Are you Dr.Leacock?

“Yes, I answered.”

“Well, the captain’s compliments, doctor, and will you please come and have a look at the second stewardess’s leg?”

I went off like a shot, realizing the obligations of a medical shot. But I had no luck. Another fellow got there ahead of me. He was a Doctor of Divinity.”

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Hospital-operation-t

ANECDOTE 12

A doctor was aroused in the middle of the night by a phone call from a man whose family he had not had occasion to render medical services for some time.

“Doctor,” said the excited man, “please come over right away. My wife is in great pain and I am sure it is appendicitis.” The doctor had been sleepily mulling over the medical history of the family and said, “Well, now, it probably isn’t like anything like that. I will come around first thing in the morning. Don’t worry. Probably just indigestion.”

“But, doctor, you have got to come. I am positive it is appendicitis,” protested the alarmed the husband.

“Oh come, Mr.Johnson”, the doctor said, somewhat irritably, “I took your wife’s appendix almost two years ago. You know as well as I do that she hasn’t got another one.”

“That is alright”, said the husband, “but I have got another wife.”

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ANECDOTE 13

Dr.Samuel Garth, the celebrated physician of Pope’s time, loved wine to excess. At a favourite club of which he was a member, he once remained to drink to a late hour. A companion said to him, ”Really, Garth, you ought to quit drinking and hurry off to your patients.”

“It is no great matter”, replied Garth, “whether I see them tonight or not.; for nine of them have such a bad constitutions that all the physicians in the world cant save them; and the other six have such good constitutions, that all the physicians in the world cant kill them.”

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ANECDOTE 14

A certain person coming to a doctor said, “Sir, when I awake from sleep I have a dizziness for half an hour, and then I feel alright.”

“Get up after the half hour,” the physician replied.

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ANECDOTE 15

Senator Beveridge told this story:

“I once saw two famous physicians introduced at a reception. They were deservedly famous, but they were of opposing schools; and the regular, as he shook the other by the hand, said loudly:

“I am glad to meet you as a gentleman, sir, though I cant admit that you are a physician.”

“And I”, said the Homoeopathist smilingly faintly, “am glad to meet you as a physician, although I cant admit you are a gentleman.”

–END–

Two Animal Anecdotes: Gratitude and Ingratitude

panchatantra

Article No.1988

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date 11th July 2015

Time uploaded in London:19-50

The benevolent man should serve society seeking no return, for,

How can the earth recompense the bounty of the rain clouds?

—Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar, Kural 211

For help rendered, not as return for benefits already received

All the gifts of the earth and heaven cannot compensate

Kural 101 by Tiruvalluvar

There may be salvation for those who have killed all other virtues

But not for the one who has killed gratitude – Kural 110

Indians are very familiar with the stories of gratitude. We have such stories in the Panchatantra fables. But I am not going to repeat those fables. Here is a real life story:

Dr.Walter Adams, astronomer at Mount Wilson Observatory told a story of gratitude:

“A hunter in the jungle came across an elephant limping. The hunter followed it. Finally it toppled over. The hunter examined its feet. In one there was a large thorn. This he removed

Years passed and the hunter was in a cheap seat at a circus. A turn was given by a troupe of performing elephants. One of these elephants reached in its trunk, encircled his waist, and lifted from his cheap seat and set him down in a seat in a private box.

Nature-India---Snakes---Gliding-Snake

Snake and Frog

While fishing one day, said the old timer, I ran short of bait and and temporarily at loss as to what to do. Upon looking down near my feet, I noticed a small snake which held a frog in its mouth I removed the frog and cut it up for bait, feeling very fortunate that my eyes had lighted on the snake at that moment.

I did, however feel a bit guilty at relieving the poor reptile of his meal, and in order to give him a slight recompense for my supply of bait, I poured a few drops of whisky into its mouth. Fortunately for my conscience, the snake seemed to leave in a contented mood, and I turned and went on fishing.

Sometime had passed when something hitting against the leg of my boot. Looking down I saw the identical snake, laden with three more frogs.

I have given the famous stories of grateful dogs in my post, VEDIC DOG AND CHURCH DOG, posted on 18 January 2013.

hachiko

Picture of the most famous dog Hachiko  of Japan. The statue is in Tokyo. The dog went looking for his master every day for nine years and nine months.

Please read other animal stories posted earlier in this blog:

  1. Animal Einsteins (Part 1 and Part 2)
  2. Can parrots recite Vedas?
  3. Why do animals worship Gods?
  4. Mysterious Messengers for Ajanta, Angkor Wat and Sringeri
  5. Elephant Miracles

6). 45 Words for Elephant

  1. Can Birds Predict your Future?
  2. Two Little Animals That Inspired Indians
  3. Three Wise Monkeys from India
  4. Mysterious Tamil Bird Man

11.Alexander’s Dog and Horse, posted November 24, 2014

12.Vedic Sarama and Greek Hermes, posted on 24 June 2015

Contact London Swaminathan at swami_48@yahoo.com

Wonderful Chariot Festival in London

Written by London swaminathan

Article No.1931

Date :14th June 2015

Time uploaded in London: 18-33

Hare Krishna movement (Iskcon) is organising Rath Yatra like Puri Jagannatha Ratha Yatra (chariot festival) in  big cities around the word. I have attended one such event 25 years ago in London. Today I went again to participate in the Chariot festival held in London. It was a marvellous event attended by thousands and thousands of people. There was a big difference between today’s Ratha Yatra and the one that happened 25 year ago.

Then there were not many people as devotees. Now it has grown and I could see followers themselves in thousands. And then there were people like me who support all Hindu causes in London.

Though Tamil Temples in London also condcut chariot festivals, nothing is comparable with Hare Krishna Ratha Yatra. The reason being this is done in the heart of London. Other festivals are not allowed to do it in the city centre.

Now to what happened today:

Thousands of people had stood in the Queue for free food and enjoyed the Prasad. When I go to teach at the University of London (SOAS), I used to watch students queuing up for Hare Krishna free food at lunch time. It was done once a week during term time. Students from all ethnic backgrounds stand there to get the food. But at today’s Central London chariot festival, tourists from 200 different countries also stood in the Q and enjoyed the food! A lot of Hindus and Hare Krishna devotees did a very good service. Food was served continuously from 12 noon to 5 pm.

Once I was invited to Buckingham Palace for lunch with the queen. Every year this garden party is organised by the palace and 1000 people are invited. Only thousand people will be invited. Though we had twenty different ice creams 20 types of drinks, 20 different cakes and twenty different main dishes, they fed only 1000 people. But ISKCON feeds thousands and thousands at their annual Rath Yatra. I haven’t seen anything like this in London.

The whole atmosphere was surcharged with devotion. Tufted “white Brahmins” (foreign devotees) danced in the streets. One furlong long procession took half hour to cross each point. Several chanting groups attracted a big crowd around them. Since it covered important tourist spots of London such as Hyde Park, Piccadilly Circus, main Shopping Streets and Trafalgar Square, thousands of tourists watched it with wonder. Amazed by the sight, millions of cameras clicked for good pictures. Young children dressed as Krishna and Radha attracted more photographers. Each one vied others to take photos with them. Even the watching tourists repeated the holy chant Hare Krishna, Hare Rama.

Apart from blaring music, free food, lot of Bhagavad Gita copies were distributed. They never sell the books in public events but accept donations. One conspicuous thing is the absence of police. Normally I see police vans in the front and in the back of other processions. Here everything was done by the dedicated volunteers.

Though I don’t see eye to eye with their teachings their adherence to self-discipline of not using liquor, cigarettes, non- vegetarian food is appreciated by all the Hindus. In spite of these strict conditions they are able to attract more foreigners to the movement. They shave their head like Hindu priests and wear saffron clothes. Other family people in the movement wear just special tilaks.

Every Hindu must participate in such events to draw inspiration. It spreads positive vibrations. Most of the foreigners took their leaflets politely. Only few said no.  in India such events are common and it is easy to feel the atmosphere. But in Western Countries it is not that easy. I enjoy such events celebrated in the heart of London. I will wait for June 2016 Rath Yatra.