Mega Treasure discovered in Britain (Post No.7534)

Museum curator Neil Mahrer sorting out the coins
Treasure hunters Mr Mead and Mr Miles with Metal Detector

Compiled by London Swaminathan               

Post No.7534

Date uploaded in London – – 4 February 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

Detectorists’ £10m Iron Age coin stash is UK’s biggest ever

AS COIN finds go, this one took a lot of counting… almost eight years in fact!

A hoard of 69,347 silver and gold Iron Age coins — worth £10million — has just been officially recognised by Guinness World Records as the UK’s biggest ever.

The stash, which dates from around 50BC and weighs almost 1,700lb, was unearthed by metal detectorists Reg Mead and Richard Miles on Jersey in the Channel Islands in 2012.

It was hidden under a hedge in a clay mound and also included jewellery.

The pair began their search back in the 1980s after a woman told them she had seen what looked like ‘silver buttons’ in a field.

The hoard has been declared ‘treasure’, which means it officially belongs to the Queen. But the duo are entitled to a reward — which is expected to be ‘considerable’. Some of the finds are now on display at the island’s La Hougue Bie Museum. Olga Finch, curator of archaeology for Jersey Heritage, said: ‘We are delighted that such an impressive archaeological item was discovered, examined and displayed in Jersey.

‘Once again, it puts our island in the spotlight of international research into Iron Age coinage and demonstrates the world class heritage Jersey has to offer.’

The previous Guinness record for the largest collection of ancient coins found in Britain was 54,951, near Mildenhall, Wiltshire, in 1978.

The world record is 150,000 pennies from the 13th century, found in Brussels in 1908.

Mr Mead and Mr Miles described the moment they received their official record certificates as ‘lovely’.

From Metro Newspaper dated 3-2-2020

–subham–

எல்விஸ் பிரெஸ்லி தபால் தலை(Post No.7508)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

–          

–         Post No.7508

–          

–         Date uploaded in London – 28 January 2020

–         Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

–         Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

மே 24, 1992 தினமணியில் நான் எழுதிய கட்டுரைகள்

ரஷ்ய ராக்கெட்டுகள் ஏலம்

எல்விஸ் பிரெஸ்லி தபால் தலை

டைட்டானிக் கப்பல் விபத்து விசாரணை

எக்ஸ்டசி உயிர்கொல்லி மருந்து

இதில் எல்விஸ் பிரெஸ்லி தபால் தலை முடிவும் 26-7-1992ல் தினமணிக் கதிரில் வெளியானது.

முதலில் எல்விஸ் பற்றிய செய்தியைக் காண்போம்

PUZZLES AND RIDDLES- 9 லட்சம் புதிர்கள் -9 (Post No.7492)

COMPILED BY S NAGARAJAN

Post No.7492

Date uploaded in London – 25 January 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

லட்சம் புதிர்கள் – 8 கட்டுரை எண் 7387 வெளியான தேதி 27-12-2019

லட்சம் புதிர்கள், விடுகதைகள், மாயாஜால மாஜிக்குகள், புதிர்க் கணக்குகள்! – 9 (91 முதல் 100 முடிய)

ச.நாகராஜன்

  1. At the Inn

Three travellers arrived tired and hungry at a lonely inn. The innkeeper apologized and said he could only offer them a meal of potatoes. When he brought in the dish all the men were asleep. After a while one of the three woke up, ate a third of the potatoes and went back to sleep. Soon afterwards another woke up, ate a third of the potatoes that remained, and promptly fell asleep again. Then the third man did likewise. When the innkeeper came back he found that eight potatoes were left. How many had he put on the dish?

  • The Gambler Who Lost

The gambler had lost all his money. He had a gold chain of seven links which his opponent agreed to value at $ 1 per link. The play proceeded  at $ 1 per game and the debts were settled after each. The gambler lost each time, as his opponent expected. What was the least number of links that had to cut?

  • Well Played, SIR!

The vicar saved the game for his side and scored forty runs, thereby raising his batting average for the season from twenty seven to twenty eight. How many runs would he have required to bring his average up to thirty?

  • Grandsons Galore

Grandpa Govind whose age was somewhere between fifty and seventy five, was fond of telling his friends :” Each of my sons has as many sons as brothers and the  combined number of my sons and grandsons is precisely the same as the number of my years.”  How old was Govind and how many grandsons had he?

  • A Tale of Two Motor-cars

Murugan always reckoned to average 40 m.p.h. on long journeys; his friend Kesav could average 20 m.p.h in his old car. They set out together with their wives along the same road and Murugan said he would turn back after 45 miles and then they would picnic together when they met. How long did the run take?

       6)  I will put a Girdle round the Earth

Assume that the earth is a perfect sphere with a smooth surface and that a wire is stretched round it at the equator. If the wire were cut and six feet added to its length, so that it formed a ring equidistant from the equator at all parts, what would be the distance between the wire and the earth?

  • Choose Your Goblet

One of seven goblets, A to G, standing in a row is made of  solid gold; the others are of base metal. The competitors are told that if they count 1000 starting at A (thus: A, B,C, D, E,F, G,F,E,D and so on) they will finish at the prize.  The winner chose the right goblet without counting. What was his choice?

  • How is your Geometry?

Where on earth could you find a triangle of which each angle is 90 degree?

  • Answer  will sooth your nerve!

Construct two lines at right angles, then a circle, two semi-circles on the same line,  a triangle with two sides produced, three quarters of a circle repeated once, and a circle. Place these seven figures in a row. The answer will soothe your nerve!

  1. At what time are the hands of the clock pointing in exactly opposite  

Directions, each towards a minute division line?

Answers:

  1. 27 Potatoes
  2. Only one : the third
  3. 66 runs
  4. Govind was 64 and he had 56 grandsons
  5. An hour and a half.
  6. Very nearly a foot
  7. He chose D
  8. With its vertex at either the North Pole or the South Pole
  9. TOBACCO
  10.  6 O’ Clock only

*****

‘A GENIUS IS KNOWN WHEN HE IS BORN’ – PICASSO EXHIBITION IN LONDON (Post No.7476)

COMPILED BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No.7476

Date uploaded in London – 20 January 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

There is a saying in Tamil , “A IS KNOWN (SEEN) WHEN HE IS BORN” (Vilaiyum Payir Mulaiyile Theriyum). One can recognise a genius even at his early years. Picasso started his art work at the age of nine. And kept them all through his life and donated some of them to  Barcelona Museum in Spain. Now they may be worth millions of dollars or Euros. Two of them are just paper cutting figures of Dog and Dove. tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

London Newspapers have featured them because they are going to be exhibited in Royal academy until April 2020. They are among 300 works gathered from around the world for the show. The exhibition is called ‘Picasso and Paper’. He had a life long fascination for paper and would buy very expensive high quality paper to work with but would equally  draw on the back of an envelope. He never threw anything away and would keep even bus tickets and cinema tickets.

The exhibition also features a section looking at the materials Picasso used throughout his career including the salad bowl he used as a block for making an early wood cut. This reminds another Tamil saying ‘Even a blade of grass is a weapon for a skilled person’ (Vallavanukku Pullum Ayutham). tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Picasso’s father was an artist and his parents recognised his exceptional talent even as a child. He was very much taught and encouraged to develop his art.

Picasso drew incessantly as well as using paper to make sculptures, prints and photographs.  The exhibition includes works more recognisable by the master including the huge 4-5 metre long collage Women at their Toilette and his 1962 work Le Dejeuner Sur L’herbe d’Apres Manet.

Xxx

Longest hair – Indian Girl in Guinness Book of Records

Another interesting news item featured in Indian and foreign newspapers is about the Indian girl Nilanshi Patel of Gujarat. She was entered as the girl with longest hair. Every woman wanted to know what hair oil she used to grow suh a long hair. But she dodged the question by saying that was a hair oli prepared by her mother with secret ingredients. Whatever the secret, hair oil companies will be ready to pay her millions of rupees to get that secret formula. Here is what the newspapers said about her:-

Source – news papers published in London and India

LONGEST HAIR- I6 YEAR OLD  INDIAN GIRL IN RECORDS BOOK

At the age of 6, Nilanshi Patel had her beloved long hair cut for the first time. She absolutely hated it and instantly regretted it.

That one bad hair experience resulted in Nilanshi’s vow to never cut her hair again. tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Well, it’s been 10 years since she made her personal pact, and her gorgeous dark, wavy hair has been growing ever since. It’s currently 5 feet, 7 inches long — making the 16-year-old from India an official Guinness World Record holder.

According to the 2020 edition of the Guinness World Records, the “real-life Rapunzel” now has the longest hair of any teenager in the world!

Nilanshi’s hair requires constant maintenance, but she’s more than happy to put in the time and care. Her supportive mother helps by massaging mustard oil into her locks every day. Other than that, the teen doesn’t use any special products or shampoos.

Her mother hopes her daughter will let her amazing hair grow longer so that she will be even more famous.

Patel says she washes her hair once a week and amazingly, it takes only a half-hour to dry. However, it takes an hour just to comb it — something her mother happily assists with. “My mother helps me to braid and to comb my hair,” she says, explaining that she has always been supportive of her decision to keep growing it. “I style it as a long braid and also as a bun” — the latter is her go-to style for special occasions and table tennis. tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Amazingly, Patel’s hair isn’t even a third of the length of the that of the adult woman with the longest hair. That Guinness World Record has been held since 2004 by China’s Xie Qiuping, whose hair measures more than 18 feet long. She started growing her hair at age 13 — seven years older than Patel when Patel started — so the 16-year-old could conceivably surpass hers one day.

Although she says her friends call her a “real-life Rapunzel,” Patel also gets questions from people who assume her hair gets in the way of everyday activities. “I don’t face any problems with my hair. I do all the sports and all the things with me hair,” she says. “It’s a lucky charm for me, clearly.”

Who is Rapunzel?

 It is a German fairy tale. Other languages also had similar stories.

A lonely couple, who want a child, live next to a walled garden belonging to a sorceress.[11] The wife, experiencing the cravings associated with the arrival of her long-awaited pregnancy, notices some rapunzel (a salad green in most translated-to-English versions)[12] growing in the nearby garden and longs for it. She refuses to eat anything else and begins to waste away, and the husband begins to fear for her life– one night he decides to break into the garden to get some for her. When he returns, she makes a salad out of it and greedily eats it. It tastes so good that she longs for more. So her husband goes to get some more for her. As he scales the wall to return home, the sorceress catches him and accuses him of theft. He begs for mercy, and she agrees to be lenient, and allows him to take all the rapunzel he wants, on condition that the baby be given to her when it’s born.[13] Desperate, he agrees. When his wife has a baby girl, the sorceress takes her to raise as her own and names her “Rapunzel” after the plant her mother craved. She grows up to be the most beautiful child in the world, with long golden hair.[14] When she turns twelve, the sorceress locks her up inside a tower[15] in the middle of the woods, with neither stairs nor a door, and only one room and one window. In order to visit Rapunzel, the sorceress stands beneath the tower and calls out: tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Rapunzel!Rapunzel!Let down your hair

That I may climb thy golden stair!

One day, a prince rides through the forest and hears Rapunzel singing from the tower. Entranced by her ethereal voice, he searches for her and discovers the tower, but is naturally unable to enter it. He returns often, listening to her beautiful singing, and one day sees the sorceress visit, and thus learns how to gain access to Rapunzel. When the sorceress leaves, he bids Rapunzel let her hair down. When she does so, he climbs up and they fall in love. He eventually asks her to marry him, which she agrees to. But the sorceress prevented her escape. Prince also lost his eye sight

For years, he wanders through the wastelands of the country and eventually comes to the wilderness where Rapunzel now lives with the twins to whom she has given birth, a boy and a girl. One day, as she sings, he hears her voice again, and they are reunited. When they fall into each other’s arms, her tears immediately restore his sight. He leads her and their twins to his kingdom,[20] where they live happily ever after.

Tags – Picasso, paper art, London exhibition, Dog and Dove, Longest hair, Nilanshi Patel, Rapunzel

Xxx subham xxx

PUZZLES AND RIDDLES – PART 8 (Post No.7387)

PUZZLES AND RIDDLES – PART 8  (Post No.7387)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

Date – 27th December 2019

Post No.7387

contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

லட்சம் புதிர்கள், விடுகதைகள், மாயாஜால மாஜிக்குகள், புதிர்க் கணக்குகள்! – 8 (81 முதல் 90 முடிய)

ச.நாகராஜன்

  1. Problem with Cube

What is the least number of cubical bricks that can be either spread at the form a square or stacked to form a cube?

  • Hilary lost one of the cubical building bricks and then found she could make    

only  one solid oblong whereas previously she could make four different ones. How many bricks were there in the complete set?

  • John had more building bricks than Hilary. He found he could pack them all  

 together to make a big block in three different ways. How many more bricks did he need to make a solid cube?

  • Try these : I have three builder’s bricks, each measuring 9 inches long 4 ½ 

inches wide and 3 inches deep. How many different heights can I build up with them?

  • A sash window with a semi-circular top is 2’6” wide. If the top sash is lowered   1 feet what is the area of the opening?
  • Arrange six matches together to form four triangles.
  • How high is a pole?  :- How high is a pole that casts a shadow 21 feet long, if a six foot man standing beside the pole casts a shadow 4 ½ feet long?
  • How deep is a well, if a rope that just reached from bottom to top can be wrapped exactly 12 times around the cylinderical drum of a windlass – the drum being 7 inches in diameter?
  • Can you help? My friend Raman who sold carpets said that if he had to multiply two numbers together he usually squared their average instead. The answer was always too big but was near enough, he said. I told him that if he was all that keen on squaring instead of multiplying,, he might as well do a little bit more and get the answer right. What else ought he to do?
  •  Take a good look at this number 222221. Is it a prime number?

Answers

  1. 64
  2. 36
  3. Four (to make 64)
  4. 14 (using 1, 2 or 3 bricks)
  5. 2 ½ square feet – the same as the rectangular overlap.
  6. Edges of a triangular pyramid.
  7. The pole is 28 feet high. The problem is solved by simple proportion. The height of the pole is to its shadow, 21, as the man 6 is to his shadow 4 ½.
  8. The well is a trifle.
  9. From his rough answer { (a+b)/2}2 take away the square of half their difference, {(a-b)/2}2. The answer is then ab.
  10. No. 222221 = 619 x 359

Thanks : Source 1 to 9 : Mathematics for all by R.Wesley

***

Fishing Anecdotes (Post No.7378)

Fishing Anecdotes (Post No.7378)   Compiled  by LONDON SWAMINATHAN Post no. 7378 Date 24 December 2019 Uploaded from London Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks  

WHY DID THE SIZE OF THE FISH CHANGE?

Mr Jones and Mr Glover were lunching together. As their various friends passed the table, Mr Jones would stop them and, in glowing terms, describe his success on his recent fishing trip.
Glover amused by the enthusiastic Mr Jones finally said,
“Say, I notice that in telling about that fish you changed the size of it for each different listener.”
“Yes, sure, I never tell a man more than I think he will believe.”

Xxx


If I catch three, I will have three

An old coloured man was sitting by the side of a stream patiently waiting for a bite.  A youngster, ambling along the banks, stopped to watch him.
“Say, uncle, how many you caught?”
“Well, sonny, ef I ketch dis heah one I am after and two mo, I will have three.”
Xxx
Loafs and Fishes
During the course of the Sunday school session, the teacher called upon one of the  pupils to recite some parables .

“Do you know the parables, Johnny? She asked.”
“Yes, Madam.”
“Well, I want you to tell us about the one that you like the best.”
“That is easy, Madam. I like the one where somebody loafs and fishes.”

Xxx   Icy Road
For the first time in their long married life, Mrs Smith had persuaded her husband to take her fishing with him.

Seated by the side of the stream, Mr Smith was silently doing his best to make a catch. The guide with them was engrossed only in the business at hand.  But Mrs Smith kept chattering away, asking all the questions she could think of.
Suddenly she spied a step of oily water, seeming to cross the lake like a broad smooth street.
Oh, guide, guide, , what is that streak over there?
Where, Madam? Asked the guide, endeavouring to bait a hook.
Right over there, what is it?
Why that,Madam, drawled the guide, that is just where the road went across the ice last winter.


Xxx  
Climb up the Pole


A seasoned old fisherman found his neighbor on the bank of the stream one day to be a rank green horn at the art of angling. This personages fished for some hours doing practically everything wrong. Not withstanding this, from the sheer operation of the law of averages, the beginner finally got a bite. Feverishly he reeled and reeled and reeled until at last, some miracle having saved his line, he had wound his small catch,  all the way up to the tip of his pole.

Overcome with the excitement of it all, , he turned to the experienced fisherman and said,
Now what shall I do?
“Looks to me”, said the old timer laconically, as though there was nothing left for you to do except climb up the pole and get him.

Xxxx








More Golf Anecdotes (Post No.7375)

  More Golf Anecdotes (Post No.7375)  

Compiled by London swaminathan Post no. 7375 Date 23 December 2019 Uploaded from London Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks  
xxxx


Searching frantically for an almost hour , two novices at the game of golf attempted to find their balls which they had driven into the rough.
About to give up they were approached by a sweet old lady who had been watching them sympathetically,
I don’t wish to interfere, gentlemen, but would it be cheating if I were to tell you where the balls are?

Xxx  

THREE STROKES, THREE ECHOES!
A foursome at golf were going around on a course which had as its hazard a deep ravine. Three of them were caught and two of them decided to forfeit the hole rather than take a chance on having too many strokes chalcked up against them . The other decided to take his chances.
He disappeared into the ravine and others gathered around to watch his progress. Finally the ball appeared and bounced up on to the green.
How many strokes ? Asked one.
Three.
But we heard six.
Three of them were echoes.
Xxx  

CARELESS CADDIE
The golfer, annoyed at the loss of his ball, started to scold his caddie for not having been more careful in watching its flight.
Replying thoughtlessly, attempting to excuse himself, the caddie said,
Well, sir, it dint usually go any where, so it sort of took me unprepared like
Xxx  

LABORERS SYMPATHY

  A couple of day labourers, on their way home from work, stopped to watch a game of golf. They saw a golfer drive his ball into the rough; watched as he toiled to extricate himself. Then he got into sand trap and laboured, throwing up huge clouds of sand, to get himself out of his difficulty .
Finally, after getting on the Green, he managed to put the ball into the cup. One of the labourers, a burly Irishman, had been watching all this with a most sympathetic eye. Unable to repress his verbal sympathy, he said,
Now, mister, yez arre in a helluva fix.

Xxx  

DISAPPOINTING SUCCESS
A new member of a golf club was led to the first tee. Surrounded by grinning spectators he teed off, and with an almost miraculous drive landed the ball in the first hole. Noticing no sign of anything from his watchers, who were in fact struck speech less by this feat, he marched off to the second tee. Taking his stance again he drove at the ball, and again it went into the cup.
Waving his club as though in near disappointment he said,
Gosh, I sure thought I would missed it that time.
Xxx


Football Anecdotes (Post No.7343)

WRITTEN By London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 14 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 19-30,

Post No. 7343

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

Football and Religion


In Belfast they still tell you about the football game that took place between the 100 % Catholics and 100% Protestants. A Limey attended that game and when the Catholics made a skilful play he applauded and when the Protestants in their turn scored he again joined in the shouting. At this point an Irishman jabbed the Limey in the back and said,


“My God, Man, haven’t you got any religion at all?”


Xxxx

“Girls” won the match

Coach Dana X Bible of Texas A and M college delivered perhaps the quietest, shortest, most effective pep talk in recent football history. His team had been badly trounced in the first half of one of their big games. The interval between halves was one of silence and gloom in which the coach said nothing. At last, as the team prepared to go out again on the field, he looked them over slowly and deliberately and said,
Well, girls, shall we go?
They won the game.

Xxx

The football game between Notre dame and Yale was in full swing. The score was tied. The spectators were yelling wildly; the players were grimly determined that their side would win.


About the middle of the third quarter time was called at the request of the Yale Center. Walking up to the referee he said,


Look here, Mr Referee, I don’t like to complain but every time we get tangled up in a scrimmage play that big Irish Center bites me. What do you think that I should do about it?


Well, snapped the referee, the only thing I advise is that you play him only on Fridays.

Xxxx subham xxx

25 ஜேம்ஸ் பாண்டு படங்கள் பற்றிய சுவையான விஷயங்கள் (Post No.7264)

 Written by LONDON SWAMINATHAN

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 26 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 8-34 am

Post No. 7264

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

நான் தினமணியில் 1992-ம் ஆண்டில் எழுதிய கட்டுரைக்குப் பின்னர் 27 ஆண்டுகளில் நடந்த சுவையான பாண்ட் James Bond  செய்திகள்–

Born Thomas Sean Connery
25 August 1930 (age 89) FountainbridgeEdinburgh, Scotland
Occupation Actor
Years active 1954–2006
(one sporadic role since)
Spouse(s) Diane Cilento
(m. 1962; div. 1973)Micheline Roquebrune (m. 1975)
Children Jason Connery
Family Neil Connery (brother)
Website seanconnery.com
Signature

2018 வரை 24 படங்கள் திரையிடப்பட்டன. 25ஆவது படம் 2020-ல் வெளியாகும். அதன் பெயர் `நோ டைம் டு டை` NO TIME TO DIE’

ரோஜர் மூர் ஆறு படங்களில் நடித்தார். இப்போது டேனியல் கிரைக் 5 படங்கள் நடித்துவிட்டார்.

இதுவரை பாண்ட் கொன்ற வில்லன்கள் 405; காதல் லீலைகள் 58 பெண்களுடன்.

மொத்த வசூல் –$16,315,134,284

25ஆவது பட NO TIME TO DIE ரிலீஸ் தேதி- 3-4-2020

When will Bond 25 be released?

With filming currently underway, the 25th movie NO TIME TO DIE in the Bond series is set to hit the big screen on April 3, 2020.

Daniel Craig says goodbye to James Bond as No Time To Die filming wraps (26-10-2019 news )

James Bond movie order at a glance

  • Dr. No (1962)
  • From Russia with Love (1963)
  • Goldfinger (1964)
  • Thunderball (1965)
  • You Only Live Twice (1967)
  • On Her Majesty’s Secret Service (1969)
  • Diamonds Are Forever (1971)
  • Live and Let Die (1973)
  • The Man with the Golden Gun (1974)
  • The Spy Who Loved Me (1977)
  • Moonraker (1979)
  • For Your Eyes Only (1981)
  • Octopussy (1983)
  • A View to Kill (1985)
  • The Living Daylights (1987)
  • License to Kill (1989)
  • GoldenEye (1995)
  • Tomorrow Never Dies (1997)
  • The World Is Not Enough (1999)
  • Die Another Day (2002)
  • Casino Royale (2006)
  • Quantum of Solace (2008)
  • Skyfall (2012)
  • Spectre (2015)

Unofficial Bond films:

  • Casino Royale (1967)
  • Never Say Never Again (1983)


Tags– ஜேம்ஸ் பாண்ட் படங்கள், பட்டியல், வசூல், நடிகர்கள், புதிய படம்

Ian Fleming
Author of Bond Novels

PUZZLES AND RIDDLES-6 லட்சம் புதிர்கள், விடுகதைகள்- 6 (Post No.7233)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 19 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 8-39 AM

Post No. 7233

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000