Vishnu in Viet Nam

Written by  London Swaminathan

Date: 14 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 21-35
Post No. 7096

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Pedestal with Ramayana Scenes

Hindu temples in Vietnam can be broadly classified into two groups. They are modern and ancient. The modern temples are constructed by the migrant business community in the last few hundred years. The ancient temples were constructed when the Hindu rule began in Vietnam about 2000- years ago.

In the modern temples we see continuous worship and in the ancient temples only occasional worship. Most of the ancient temples are dilapidated. Many of the statues decorate the museums around the world. In the olden days Vietnam was called Champa. Hindus ruled several South East Asian countries for 1500 years from the first century of modern era. Hindu influence is found more in South and Central Vietnam. Northern part has more Chinese influence.

The names of towns and regions are in Sanskrit –





Kauthara – Kedar nath

The river name is Ma Ganga –Mekong

Let us look at two important temples now:-

Latest excavations in two places have given lot of new information. The statues and artefacts collected from these sites are displayed in Danang Museum. Old statues were taken to Paris and stored in Guimet Museum in Paris. So one has to see all the statues and inscriptions in all the museums to piece together the history of Viet Nam. The oldest Sanskrit Inscription of South East Asia, known as Vo Canh Inscription  is in the History Museum in Hanoi. ( I have identified the King Sri Maran in the inscription as Tamil Pandya King).

My son Temple

The ancient Cham temple is in My Son which is 70 kilometers from Da Nang. It is dated to 4th century of modern era.  The materials displayed in the Da Nang museum will throw some light on the historical places. (At the same time Mula Vraman’s Yupa Sanskrit inscription is found in the remote forest of Borneo! This shows the spread of Sanskrit and Hindu religion from Vietnam to Indonesia)

Da Nang museum has

52 objects from Tra Kieu

30 objects from My Son

17 objects from Chan Lo.

But there are 43 Cham sites.

My Son was the most sacred place of the Champa kingdom with over 70 structures of brick and stone. Epigraphic evidence indicates that construction began around 4th century. In 2012 the staff at My Son discovered an Eka mukha linga.

The My Son temple pedestal is the most written about Cham piece  of art. 1500 years ago this place was called Deva devalaya, meaning abode of god of gods, that is Lord Shiva.  Since king Bhadravarman constructed it , the Shivalinga there was called Bhadreswara . The king has t donated almost the entire valley for the upkeep of the temple.

Next comes the Tra Kieu site which is 50 kilometres from  Da Nang. There are three shrines one each for Shiva, Kubera and Poet Valmiki . King Prakasa dharman and Vikranta varman constructed them . The shrines were called pujasthana.

Later inscriptions used many Sanskrit terms in the temple inscriptions.

Tra Kieu temple

We find a big pedestal for Shiva linga here. On the pedestal beautiful scenes from Ramayana and Bhagavatam are portrayed . Wedding scenes of Sita and Rama are beautifully sculpted.

Lord Shiva
Eka Danta Ganesa from Viet Nam Museum

18 வகை தானியம், 4 வகை யாழ் (Post No.6963)

She looks like Dhanya Lakshmi

Compiled by London Swaminathan


 Date: 1 SEPTEMBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 17-

Post No. 6963

Pictures are taken from various sources; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

18 வகை கூலம், 4 வகை யாழ் என்ன என்ற பட்டியலை 1968ம் ஆண்டு சென்னை உலகத்  தமிழ் மாநாட்டு கையேடு வெளியிட்டுள்ளது-

Food is God, says Vedas
Work is God
18 Types of Grains, 4 Types of Lyre (yaaz in Tamil)
Tamil Lyre/ Yaaz
From London Underground Station
Yaaz in Gupta Coin
Yaaz/ Lyre- oldest in Gupta sculpture


Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 23 December 2018
GMT Time uploaded in London – 18-54
Post No. 5820

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Brahma is praising Vishnu on the many headed snake in the middle of the ocean.

 Varaha Avatar’s (incarnation’s) purpose is to recover the Vedas from the bottom of the ocean. Look at the flying objects drawn in 1915.

 picture of Vaikunda; Garuda/eagle is the vehicle of Vishnu

Varaha Avatar of Vishnu kills Hiranyakshan and  the Devas shower flowers from the heaven. Look at the flying objects.

Gate keepers of Vaikunda prevent the saints from entering and they were cursed. Vishnu is rushing to the spot.



Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 22  September 2018


Time uploaded in London – 9-49 am (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5457

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.



NEW SCIENTIST magazine has organised a Science Exhibition in London Excel center for four days from september 20, 2018. I visited the exhibition on second day. There was a big and enthusiastic crowd mostly students with their teachers or parents.

Over 100 stalls were there from University departments, government departments, book publishers and private business selling from meteorites to robotic toys. Some of the talks were well attended.

As soon as I entered the site I saw the big stall by European Space Agency. They displayed the models of their future space probes.

What surprised me was a person buying two meteorites for 140 pounds. Such stones from space are available in plenty in India but without any scientific details. Meteorite business is a big business here. The stones that fell from the sky are scientifically analysed, recorded and documented. From tiny samples to big stones are displayed in two or three stalls. Two authors were selling their science books personally signing the copies. Freebies such as brain caps were given to school students in some stalls.


140 speakers are lined up for four day talks.


All of us emit radiation to some extent. Even bananas emit radiation. But all of us know the radiation from nuclear materials are harmful. Even smoke alarms at homes have radiation. A stall explained all these things and allowed us to measure the radiation from different objects. It was interesting and educating.


Geology stall explained all about earth quakes and the man warned me that India is due for a big earth quake (not political!) in the Himalayan range, so do California. But no one could predict or forecast when it is going to happen. Ganges, Sarasvati and other rivers changed their course during such past big earth quakes.


Most interesting was a robot which laughs when you tickle it in its head or cheeks.


Harvard Univesity Press displayed their latest science books. New Scientist is selling their books and magazine at a discounted price. I have taken some pictures which would explain more than words.


















ஆஹா! அபார விஞ்ஞான வளர்ச்சி! ஆனால் மனிதன் .. ?! (Post No.4394)

Written by S.NAGARAJAN



Date: 14 NOVEMBER 2017


Time uploaded in London- 5-20 am



Post No. 4394

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures are not related to the story.



அறிவியல் தாக்கம்


ஆஹா! அபார விஞ்ஞான வளர்ச்சி! ஆனால் மனிதன் .. ?!






நாளுக்கு நாள் விஞ்ஞானத்தின் தாக்கம் மனித வாழ்க்கையின் எல்லாப் பகுதிகளிலும், எல்லா அம்சங்களிலும் வந்து விட்டது – ஆன்ம வளர்ச்சியைத் தவிர.

இதைப் பலரும் கவலையுடன் சுட்டிக் காட்டி வருகின்றனர்.

சாது டி.எல்.வாஸ்வானி 365 நாளுக்குமான தினசரி சிந்தனைகளைத் தனது “Breakfast With God” என்ற நூலில் தந்திருக்கிறார்.

அதில் பிப்ரவரி 22ஆம் தேதிக்கான நற்சிந்தனை இது:


The Modern man is proud of his progress, his science, his commerce and mechanical inventions.


This scientific age is, to many, the age of wonders; yet is man unhappy still! This age of wonders is, also, an age of deep unrest.


There is weariness in many hearts.


In this mechanical age man is becoming, more and more, a machine himself.

Not until he rises above the machine into a realm of the Atman may man be truly happy.


பொருள் பொதிந்த சிந்தனை அல்லவா இது! இயந்திரங்களைப் பயன்படுத்தப் போய் மனிதன் இயந்திரமாகவே இதயமின்றி ஆகி விடுவானோ?!


ரொபாட்டில் இனி இரு வகை இருக்குமோ? ரொபாட்,மனித ரொபாட் என்று??!!


ஹரி கிஷன் தாஸ் அகர்வால் (Hari Kishandas Aggarwal) என்ற சிந்தனையாளர் Peace  Of Mind  என்ற இரண்டு பாகம் கொண்ட நூலில் 775 பாக்களைப் புனைந்துள்ளார்.

அதில் சில:




The Stone age has gone

The Iron age has gone

The bullock-cart age has gone

The Jet age has come

Contentment has gone

Discontentment has come (Verse 409)


Paradoxes of Materialism – I

Inventions have increased and the wants too,

The doctors have multiplied and the diseases too,

Weapons have grown and the wars too,

Production has doubled and the population too. (Verse 548)


Paradoxes of Materialism – II

Science has developed and the destruction too,

Employment has increased and the strikes too,

Wealth has increased and poverty too,

Education has increased and ignorance too. (Verse 549)


Paradoxes of Materialism – III

Vegetables have increased and the non-vegetarians too,

Politicians have increased and the problems too,

Leaders have increased and the labels too,

Religions have increased and the repulsions too. (Verse 550)


இவர் இப்படிக் கூறுவதெல்லாம் சரிதானே!



விஞ்ஞானம் வளர்கிறது. அதைக் குட்டிக் குழந்தைகள் தெரிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டமா, என்ன?

பார்த்தார் ஒரு கவிஞர், குழந்தைகளுக்கான் ‘ட்விங்கிள், ட்விங்கிள், லிட்டில் ஸ்டார் பாடலைக் கூட விட்டு வைக்கவில்லை. பாடினார் இப்படி:-


Twinkle, twinkle little star,

How I wonder where you are:

High above I see you shine,

But, according to Einstein,

You are not where you pretend,

You are just around the bend;

And your sweet seductive ray

Has been leading man astray

All these years – O, Little Star,

Don’t you know how bad you are?


சரி, குழந்தைகள் ஒரு புறம் இருக்கட்டும், வாலிபர்களும், பருவ மங்கைகளும் விஞ்ஞானத்தால் வளர்ந்தார்களா?

ஒரு கவிஞர் பதிலிறுக்கிறார் இப்படி:


A girl at college, Miss Breese,

Weighed down by B.A.’s and Litt.D’s

Collapsed from the strain

Said the doctor, “’T is plain

You are killing yourself – by degrees.



சிந்திக்க வேண்டும் சற்று!

எதை எதை எந்தெந்த இடத்தில் வைக்க வேண்டுமோ அதை அதை அந்த்ந்த இடத்தில் வைக்க வேண்டும்.

அறிவியலுக்கு ஒரு இடம்; ஆன்மீகத்திற்கு முதலிடம்!

புரிந்தால் சரி!


Importance of Cow in Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.4053)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 5 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 9-28 am
Post No. 4053

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


The cow occupies a unique position in Hinduism. Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa gives a graphic account of care and respect shown to a cow by the emperor Dilipa.

Hindus’ greatest contribution to the world civilization is cow and its products. When the world was drinking goat’s milk and camel’s milk and even donkey’s milk they discovered that the cow’s milk is the best in the world and it is as good as mother’s milk. No ancient literature praises or values cow’s milk as Hindu literature. From Rig Veda to Sangam Tamil literature we find innumerable references in praise of the cow.


There are very interesting words in Sanskrit from the cow:-


Love and affection shown towards calf by its mother cow. Oft quoted in the Vedas

Go loka

The heaven of Krishna is Go loka (cow’s world)


A daughter is called milk maid (duhitri)


clan; group


Women with divine love towards Krishna


All the saints are honoured with Milk and Honey. Hospitality is a unique Hindu concept. Rig Veda and Tamil Sangam book Purananuru have a lot of Danastutis, in praise of donation and hospitality. (English word donation comes from Sanskrit Dhaana).

Hosipitality is the rule of life among the Hindus. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has a chapter on it. Rig Veda praises it. Mahabharata has several stories in praise of hospitality. Panchatantra is full of quotations on hospitality. Guests were received with great ceremonies in ancient India. They must be given water to wash their feet and a seat to take rest. If they are unknown people, pial of the house was given to them to take rest and provided with full meals.


Hindus not only domesticated the cows and oxen, they worshipped them as gods and goddesses. Kamadhenu is the wish fulfilling cow. The picture and statues of Kamadhenu are in Hindu houses and temples.

Go puja and Gaja Puja (cow and elephant worship) are done in all the temples and religious Mutts. This has been going on for several thousand years without stopping. No animal in the world is worshipped continuously like this.

A word ‘Gohna’ is used for the guests. Foreigners translated it literally as Cow killer. They thought a cow was killed by the seer to feed another seer. The real meaning is that a cow’s products such as milk, butter, ghee, curd/yogurt, cow dung Go mutra (cow’s urine)– all are used in the service of the guests. Cow dung will be sprinkled with water in front of the house. Cow dung will be smeared in the oven to clean it. Cow’s urine is used to purify a place and a person.

Story of Cow’s creation

Satapata Brahmana (2-2-4-1) gives the story of Cow’s creation.

“Prajapati alone existed. He generated Agni (fire) from his mouth.

When they had sung praises, they went towards east saying, ‘We will go back thither! The gods came upon a cow which had sprung into existence. Looking up at them, she uttered the sound ‘hin’. The gods perceived that this was the ‘hin’ of the Saman (melodious sacrificial chant of Sama Veda); for heretofore their song was without ‘hin’, but after that it was the real Saman. (musical chant of Rig Vedic mantras; Hindus discovered the musical notes sa, ri, ga , ma pa, da ni – seven notes)


And as this same sound, ‘hin’ of the Saman, was in the cow, therefore the latter affords the means of subsistence; and so does he afford the means of subsistence whosoever thus knows the ‘hin’ of the Saman in the cow”.


“They said, ‘Auspicious indeed, is what we have produced here, who have produced the cow; for truly she is the sacrifice, and without her no sacrifice is performed; she is also the food. This word ‘go’ (Sanskrit word for cow; English word cow came from Sanskrit Go) then, is a name of those cows, and so it is of the sacrifice; let him therefore repeat it, saying , good, excellent! and verily, whosoever, , knowing this, repeats it, as it were saying good, excellent! with him those cows multiply, and the sacrifice will incline to him”.

Foreigners couldn’t understand this mantra. They took the word sacrifice and wrote that cow was sacrificed in the fire. But Hindus knew the correct  meaning: without cow’s products they cant run their life or do religious performance; Hindus use milk in birth and funeral ceremonies. Without Go mutra (cow’s urine), Ghee and milk no ceremony is done. They were great scientists to find that that Cow’s urine and Cow’s poo (cow dung) have got great curative and anti- bacterial properties.

Another story about cow is as follows:

Cow came from Prajapati’s Breath

Satapata Brahmana says ((7-5-2-6)

“Prajapati was alone at first. He desired, May I create food, may I be reproduced!. He fashioned animals from his vital airs, a man from his soul (mind), a horse from his eye, a cow from his breath, a sheep from his ear and a goat from his voice”.


Foreigners couldn’t understand the meaning of such mantras. Whenever and wherever they wanted they interpreted some words according to their whims and fancies; and the fact is no two foreigners agreed on the meaning, because they don’t know the real meaning. We can see this tend throughout the Vedic translations done by 20 to 25 authors. For them it was jigsaw puzzle game.


In the above mantras if they see a direction ‘North’, they will write “Look, they have come from North pole”. Here in the mantra the direction mentioned is east. Poor foreigners couldn’t say that Aryans came from the east. So they will keep quiet!





Dasara in 1930s: Arthur Miles (Post No. 3218)


Compiled by London Swaminathan

Date: 4 October 2016

Time uploaded in London: 19-06

Post No.3218

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

(latest Dasara pictures )


Contact swami_48@yahoo.com



“Under the Aswija (September or October) moon, the Dasara festival begins. Dasara means ten nights and for ten nights and days the festival continues. A more elaborate spectacle than the festival of Dasara of Mysore can be seen nowhere in the world to-day. To say that the city is arrayed for carnival, gives no idea of the ten nights. Haroun-el-Rashid might have dreamed of something resembling it for ten of his Arabian Nights.


The palace of the Maharaja twinkles with thousands of electric lights. From the temple at the entrance gate a god, so decked in jewels and garlands that only his face remains visible, looks out at his worshippers, who are dressed in silks exquisite linen, and tissues of spun gold. The metallic clink of bracelets and necklaces is heard above the wail of age-old musical instruments, and glittering figures bring their offerings to the temple and prostrate themselves before the god. For all this the nights have a strange quiet, and it is as if the worshippers moved through an ancient dance lost in meditation.


The days blaze with colour, until the eyes fairly ache. It would seem that where nature is so passionately vivid nothing could be added to the picture. But streamers from posts for miles, and temporary structures along the streets are buried under multi-coloured silk and embroidery. On the tenth day (victory day), the Maharaja, seated on the State elephant, caparisoned with velvet, flowers and jewels, leads a procession through the streets.


It was customary in former years for the Prime Minister to ride beside him. But the present Prime Ministeris a Mohammedan, and the heir apparent sits beside the Maharaja today. The elephant’s huge ears are painted with designs such as one sees in old frescoes and he wears gold anklets studded with precious stones.

KPN photo

The cream coloured State cows, walking close together, wear  ropes of pearls and gold casings on their horns. Across their backs purple colour thrown, into which gold thread has been woven. Their hoofs have received a gold wash, and just above. them are clamped anklets, the value of which would balance a tottering empire. Men wearing dhoties as light as a cobweb, move along carrying garlands of flowers; followed by men in uniform and the Palace guard, resembling players in some gorgeous extravaganza. The orchestra plays something which might have been heard in the temple of Milita in old Babylon while the virgins sacrificed themselves to Venus. Sometimes the animals from the zoo have been known to join the procession. The whole pageant is as colourful and sensuous as an oriental carpet on which slept some barbaric princess of old.


Before the opening of the festival, an auspicious hour has been chosen for setting up the Maharaja’s throne in the Durbar hall. It is the throne of his house, andis used now only for the Dasara. Tradition says that the throne was once the possession of the Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata, and that it later belonged to the Yadu dynasty of Sri Krishna, from which ancestry the present reigning family claim descent. It is also said, that after the English had conquered Seringapatam, the throne was rescued from Tippu Sultan’s lumber room and set up for the house of Wodiyar, in the state of Mysore. When the throne is set up in the Durbar hall, the image of a lion is placed on it; since it was on a lion that the goddess Kali went into the battle against the demons.


On the occasions of the Dasara the goddess Kali destroys the demon of physical desire, who, in the form of a buffalo, is called Bandasura. The battle waged for nine days, and the victory to Kali came on the tenth day. One of the goddesses, fought beside Kali, slew the two demons Chanda and Manda. For this daring exploit the goddess was called Chamundi, the name being a combination of the names of the defeated demons. Chamundi hill, from which at night the city of Mysore with its thousands of lights reflected in the sacred tanks looks like an enchantment, is associated with the goddess. The Maharaja has a small temple on the top of the hill, to which he frequently retires to meditate. It is said that he is a holy man, who refuses to leave his beloved India to visit the materially-minded West.


For the first nine days of the Dasara the Maharaja cannot leave the palace. Standing before the image of the Goddess Chamundi, wearing a bracelet which is sacred to her, and a substantial growth of beard (during the nine days he must not shave), he is supposed to give himself up to the contemplation of his soul. No energy should be given to physical desire of any sort, consequently all his attention is concentrated upon the goddess and the occasion. The Maharaja is the central point of the Dasara, as according to the ancient laws of Manu the king was the representative of God. He was the will, the devotion of all his people, and during the nine nights, by his own purification, he purifies his subjects.


The festival of the nine nights is called the Navaratri. There is no difference between the two festivals, save that the Dasara celebrates its day of victory. On the ninth night European guests, who wish to pay their respects individually and receive floral acknowledgment, are received by the Maharaja. At the palace both Western and Eastern music can be heard each night of the festival.


All the aspects of the Dasara are feminine. It is the Sakta which in Mysore takes what is known as the right-hand path. This means that it does not descend into its lowest form. The people are apparently content with the magnificent pageant furnished by the Maharaja.


The sakti, or energy of the masculine principle, goes into the female principle for destructive reasons. The female represents the male as the agent of destruction. Some woman, usually a virgin (although even widows have been known to officiate), represents the energy of Siva. Sometimes the woman is worshipped as the wife, sometimes as the mother. Behind all this objective expression lies the cosmic energy, of which Siva is supposed to be the active embodiment. The cosmic energy, which is believed by the Hindus to be masculine, cannot destroy. It has created the world and all that is in it, and when it seeks to destroy it must become feminine.


In this respect Hinduism does not differ very much from other religions. From time immemorial human imagination has given the woman the role of destruction. Even her power to destroy, according to the Hindus, had to be borrowed from man.  Each Hindu god shows his disposition through his sakti, or wife. Sivamust destroy in order to build, in order to build and is impersonated by the goddess, Kali. Brahma a milder god, uses his energy in the goddess Saraswati; while Vishnu, the lord of creation, uses Lakshmi as his vehicle of power.



At the Mysore Dasara wrestling bouts are staged which the Maharaja watches. Special attention is paid to the girls of unusual beauty, as they are considered special representatives of the sakti. The animals are grouped with the human population on this occasion, and all are purified; the State elephant and the State horse having a special ceremony.


After the State sword is worshipped, it is placed in a palanquin and sent with the State horse and elephant to the parade ground, three miles from the palace. At sunset a parade of troops is held on the ground. The scene is very dramatic, with its background of amber sky, and its veil of sparkling sun-mist. The Maharaja performs puja (worship) before the State sword and the banni-tree, and the sword is then sent back to the palace, accompanied by the elephant and the horse. The Maharaja follows by torchlight. The worship of the banni (Vanni) tree is an incident from the Mahabharata”.


(After this, the writer narrates the story of Arjuna hiding the weapons under the Vanni, tree and the principle of Sakti, parting of hair on the head of Hindu women and applying Kumkum etc.)


Mysore Palace - Dasara procession mural

Mysore Palace – Dasara procession mural

dasara color 3.jpg








Compiled  by London swaminathan

Date: 15 November 2015

POST No. 2331

Time uploaded in London :– 19-29

( Thanks for the Pictures  ) 





David Cameron, Prime Minister of Great Britain, celebrated the Hindu festival Diwali in his house for the sixth year on 10th November 2015. He has invited about 100 prominent people from Hindu, Sikh and Jain communities for the Diwali/ Deepavali lunch. Here are some pictures released today by the PM’s office. 

swami and cameron

Blog writer and former BBC Producer London swaminathan with Mr Cameron. Swaminathan represented Hindu Forum of Britain along with a few other representatives at the lunch.


Ms Preeti Patel (extreme left in the picture), Minister of Commerce, with Cameron. Sari clad women are guests at the lunch.

dancer cameron

Some artistes at the Diwali Lunch