IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 22 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 19-40

(British Summer Time)

Post No. 5577

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Bhartruhari’s Niti Sataka 21,22,23

 

We have already seen 20 slokas from Niti Sataka of the great poet Bhartruhari. Today we will look at three more slokas and compare them with Tamil Veda Tirukkural. In each couplet, he deals with various subjects unlike Tiruvalluvar. So every line can be compared with sayings of other great people. In sloka/couplet 21 he deals with Anger, Friendship, Wicked people, Wisdom, Modesty and liking for Poetry. This is his unique style which is seen later in many Sanskrit Subhashitas (golden sayings).

  1. If a man has patience, what need has he of armour?

If he has anger in his heart, what further enemy need he

fear ? If he has knowledge, what need of fire to consume

evil ? If a friend, what need has he of divine medicines ?

If there are malicious people about him, why should he be

afraid of serpents ? If he has perfect wisdom, what need

of riches ? If he is modest, what need has he of orna-

ment ? If he gives his mind to poetry, what need has he

of power ?

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural, says about anger,

IF ONE WISHES TO SAFEGUARD ONESELF, ONE SHOULD CONTROL ANGER.IF NOT, IT IS BOUND TO RUIN ONESELF- TIRUKKURAL  305

THE FIRE OF ANGER WILL DESTROY NOT ONLY THE PERSON UNDER ITS INFLUENCE BUT ALSO HIS KIN WHO MINISTERS TO HIM IN THE PATH OF RIGHTEOUSNESS-306

FRIENDSHIP

GENUINE FRIENDSHIP HASTENS TO REDRESS DISTRESS EVEN LIKE THE HAND WHICH PICKS UP QUICKLY THE GARMENT THAT SLIPS- 788

LIVING WITH SNAKES

TO LIVE WITH MEN WHO HAVE NO SYMPATHY IS TO LIVE CLOSELY WITH A SERPENT IN A HUT-890

Liking for poetry is not seen in Tirukkural but it also deals with the joy that learning brings.

 

  1. Be well disposed towards relatives ; liberal to infe-

riors : always hate the evil ; love the good ; be obedient to

princes ; honour the wise. Be firm towards enemies ; be

respectful to venerable men ; deal shrewdly with women.

The man who frames his life after these precepts prospers

in the world.

DEALING WITH ENEMIES

THE REMNANT OF AN ACTION AND OF AN ENEMY WILL BE FOUND AS RUINOUS AS THE REMNANT OF A FIRE – 674

LET THE THORN BE WEEDED OUT WHEN IT IS TENDER; WHEN GROWN, IT WILL PRICK THE HAND OF WHO NIPS IT- 879

ON MODESTY

FOOD, CLOTHING AND THE LIKE ARE COMMON TO ALL MEN; BUT MODESTY IS THE CHIEF FEATURE OF THE GOOD—1012

LOVE BEGETS AMITY, AND THAT IN TURN BRINGS AN IMMEASURABLE GLORY OF FRIENDSHIP- 74

 

23.The company of wise and saintly persons removes ignorance and stupidity from the intellect. It makes the speech truthful, increases self-respect,drives away sin and crime, makes the mind happy and cheerful and makes one popular in society. Tell me what the company of saints does not offer?

Tiruvalluvar, Tamil poet who lived at least 1500 years ago says in his Tirukkural:
“Weigh the worth and chose for friendship men of ripe wisdom who know the law (Kural 441)

“Cultivate amity and seek help from men who remove present ills and guard you from future ills (Kural 442)

TO PLEASE GREAT MEN AND MAKE THEM ONE’S OWN IS THE RAREST OF THE RARE BLESSINGS- KURAL 443

TO ESTEEM MEN WHO ARE GREATER THAN ONESELF AND FOLLOW IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS IS THE HIGHEST OF ALL POWERS – 444

Greatest philosopher of India, Adi Shankara, says,
“ Satsangatve nissangatvam
Nissangatve nirmohatvam
Nirmohatve nischalatattvam
Nischalatattve jeevanmuktih” –Bhajagovindam (9)

“Through the company of the good, there arises non-attachment; through non-attachment there arises freedom from delusion; through freedom from delusion there arises steadfastness; through steadfastness, there arises liberation in life”- Bhajagovindam

Bhagavan Ramana has rendered this verse into Tamil in his supplement to Ulladu Narpathu (supplement to Forty Verses on Existence)

 

Avvaiyar on the same theme

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar, who lived several centuries ago, says

“Sweet is solitude; sweeter is to meditate upon god. Sweeter still is the company of wise people (saints); and the sweetest is to think about the great people always, whether you are wide awake or sleeping. (i.e.to follow them is the sweetest thing in the world)”

In another verse in ‘Vaakkundaam’, she reemphasizes this point,

“It is good to see good people; good to listen to them, it is better to talk about their virtues and the best is to go along with them”.

क्षान्तिश्चेत्कवचेन किं किम् अरिभिः क्रोधो‌உस्ति चेद्देहिनां
ज्ञातिश्चेदनलेन किं यदि सुहृद्दिव्यौषधं किं फलम् ।
किं सर्पैर्यदि दुर्जनाः किम् उ धनैर्विद्या‌உनवद्या यदि
व्रीडा चेत्किम् उ भूषणैः सुकविता यद्यस्ति राज्येन किम् ॥ 1.21 ॥

दाक्षिण्यं स्वजने दया परिजने शाठ्यं सदा दुर्जने
प्रीतिः साधुजने नयो नृपजने विद्वज्जने चार्जवम् ।
शौर्यं शत्रुजने क्षमा गुरुजने कान्ताजने धृष्टता
ये चैवं पुरुषाः कलासु कुशलास्तेष्वेव लोकस्थितिः ॥ 1.22 ॥

जाड्यं धियो हरति सिञ्चति वाचि सत्यं
मानोन्नतिं दिशति पापम् अपाकरोति ।
चेतः प्रसादयति दिक्षु तनोति कीर्तिं
सत्सङ्गतिः कथय किं न करोति पुंसाम् ॥ 1.23 ॥

–subham–

Walk Ten Steps Backward if You are Angry! (Post No.5303)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 9 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 8-28 AM (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5303

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

A very hot tempered man was told by his Guru to walk ten paces backwards every time his temper rose and he felt like lashing out. The man had gone to another village and arrived home quite late at night. He came home to find someone else was sleeping in his place. Thinking the worst of his wife he unsheathed his sword and was just about to kill the two of them.

 

Just then he remembered what his Guru had told him and so he stepped ten paces backwards. While he was doing this , he knocked off something  and the noise awoke the person sleeping in his place. It was his daughter. As soon as he realised who the person was , he was grateful to have taken those steps backwards. Therefore it is better to be a little hesitant before an act than to be sorry when it is too late.

Source: Sikshapatri, Swaminarayan Mandir, Kalupur, Ahmedabad, Year 2000

 

My Comments:-

TAMIL VEDA TIRUK KURAL SAYS,

Great harm may be caused by anger.

Therefore one should restrain anger towards anybody-

Kural 303 (Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar)

 

If one wishes to safeguard oneself, one should control anger, If not it is bound to ruin oneself – Kural 305

 

ALSO READ MY POSTS

 

How can you tackle Angry People? | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2015/09/11/how-can-you-tackle…

How can you tackle Angry People? DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK! DON’T USE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE. WRIITEN BY london swaminathan.

 

anger quotes | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/anger-quotes

Posts about anger quotes written by Tamil and Vedas

 

anger | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/anger

But whne he was happy he gave boons as well. … When angry, count a hundred! … //tamilandvedas.com/2015/09/11/how-can-you-tackle-angry-people/

 

 

–subham–

Four Types of Angry People! (Post No.2952)

fight-scenes-290x300

Article Written by London swaminathan

Date: 8 July 2016

Post No. 2952

Time uploaded in London :– 14-31

( Thanks for the Pictures)

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)

 

angry-status

Sanskrit is the only ancient language in the world, where we can read about anything under the sun. Though Greek literature comes closer to Sanskrit in its contents there is nothing before 800 BCE in Greek language. And we don’t have a law book like Manu’s, a sex manual like Kamasutra, a linguistics book like Yaska’s or a grammar book like that of Panini’s. Hebrew, Chinese, Latin and Tamil can’t come anywhere near Sanskrit.

 

We have Sanskrit words and sentences in documents and inscriptions from 1400 BCE – an indisputable archaeological proof. Even training the horse is mentioned in the Boghazkoi inscriptions dated around 1400 BCE. Tamil inscriptions are available from 300 BCE, that too with Sanskrit and Prakrit words only.

 

Here are some Sanskrit couplets from Manu and others:–

 

 

Uttama, Madhhyama, Adhama and Papi

 

Uttame sa kshanam kopo madhyame ghatikaadwayam

Adhame sydahoraatram paapishtee maranaantaka:

 

Good people won’t feel the anger for more than a moment.

People in the next rank – not so good, but O.K—will feel the anger for 48 minutes (i.e. for two ghatikaas; a ghatikaa is 24 minutes).

People at the lower level, will be angry for 24 hours (Aha:+raatri).

But the sinners (paapishta:) will keep the anger till they die.

Those who feel the anger over an incident for ever are sinners! That is the message it gives.

 

Tamil poet Tiru valluvar also says, “The anger of a person who has reached the pinnacle of goodness will not last even for a moment”. – Kural 29

Beware of the fury of the patient man, says John Dryden

young-angry-man-52068682

Manu on Anger:–

 

Manu, the oldest Law Maker, (his name is in the oldest book in the world, the Rig Veda), lists the eight bad qualities that come out of anger:

Paisunam saahasam droha iirshyaarsuuyaarthaduushanam

Vaagdandajam sa paarushyam krodajopi ganoshtakah

Manu 7-48

Slander, physical violence, malice, envy, resentment, destruction of property, verbal abuse and assault are the eight vices born out of anger.

 

Durvaasa – synonym of anger!

 

In Hindu literature Durvasa’s name is synonymous with anger. He din’t even wait for a minute to curse anyone. He was notes for his uncontrollable temper. Many fell under his curses. He cursed Sakuntalaa for keeping him waiting at the door, and so caused the separation between her and King Dushyanta. But whne he was happy he gave boons as well. Kunti got a boon from him and became a mother by the sun.

 

He cursed Indra for showing disrespect to the garland he presented to Indra. Devas went to Vishnu and he arranged the Samudra Martha – Churning of the Ocean —  at last the demons were overpowered. When Krishna forgot to wipe his foot he cursed him and foretold Krishna how he would die. ‘Durvasa’ means ill clothed. Probably his dirty clothe is his anger!

 

My old articles on ANGER:–

 

Win Anger by serenity, wickedness by Virtue (Post No. 2568)

Compiled  by London Swaminathan, Date: 23 February 2016

 

When angry, count a hundred! (Post No 2565)Date: 22 February 2016

 

Conquer Evil Doers by Saintliness, Anger by peacefulness (Post No. 2839)

Date: 25 May 2016

Sringeri Acharya’s Advice on Anger Management! Compiled  by London Swaminathan,  Date: 22 September 2015

–Subham–

 

 

How can you tackle Angry People?

angry

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

WRIITEN BY london swaminathan

Date : 11 September  2015

Post No. 2148

Time uploaded in London: –   19-16

(Thanks  for the pictures)

 

 

Great harm may be caused by anger. Therefore one should restrain anger towards anybody – Tirukkural 303

 

Can there be greater enemy than anger which flares up, destroying one’s peace of mind and cheerfulness? – 304

 

If one wishes to safeguard oneself, one should control anger. If not, it is bound to ruin oneself – 305

 

How Mataji tamed a Modern Durvasa

Swami Ramdas of Ananashramam narrated this anecdote:–

Sadhus (ascetics), to whatever denomination, sect or creed they belong, welcome at Anandhasram situated near Kanhankad in Northern Kerala. Sometimes we would find scuffles and fights going on amongst them in the Ashram Dharmashala. One would say to the other, “You should not touch me. Stand farther away! You belong to a lower sect. You have no business to sit close to me. Why did you touch my leaf? You have polluted the leaf on which I was served my food and so on and so forth”.

anger cartoon

Once a Sadhu came to the Ashram and would not eat food in the common dining hall. So he cooked his food separately. He was given the necessary provisions such as rice, dhal, ghee, wheat flower and vegetables for cooking his food. One day he had taken a bucket from the ashram for storing water. He had, of course his own Lota/tumbler which was used by him for drinking water and other purposes.  He also kept the bucket, nearly half full, by his side it was rather close to the plantain leaf on which he had, as usual, served his food , prepared by himself. He sat down for eating.

Just then, a woman worker of the ashram went there. She wanted the bucket, as it was the one used by her for washing utensils. She was about to take vessel, and had hardly touched it, when the sadhu shouted: “How did you dare to touch my bucket? You have polluted the whole place I cannot take this food”.

He became wild and started cursing and shouting at her. We could hear him in the ashram.  He was jumping about with uncontrollable fury. The woman, unable to stand all this ran away from the place and came to Mataji Krishnabai. In a moment, another person came and reported to Mataji: “The sadhu has collected all the food he had cooked and served on the leaf and thrown it away to the dogs. He is still fretting and fuming. Nobody dare approach him”.

The sadhu was short and stout in stature and had a ferocious look. He had a grizzly beard and a matted hair on his head. Mataji looked at his wild behaviour from a distance and found he was burning with anger. He looked like a modern Durvasa in action. She felt that something must be done to calm him down. She went inside the kitchen store. There were in it some water melons. She cut them into nicely shaped pieces and got also some fine variety of plantains and two tender coconuts. All these she placed on a plate and asked another worker to ake it to the sadhu. She also followed the worker to the place where the sadhu was.

anger

When the sadhu saw the plate with the juicy red water melon pieces and other fine fruits, and Mataji coming along with them, his anger cooled down a bit. Mataji said to him: “The woman worker committed a mistake but she never intentionally did it. Will you just take the fruits on this plate?”  She handed him also a big pitcher full of sweet warm milk. He now sat down and began to eat and when nearly half the fruit and milk was finished, he came back to normal.

Mataji is a tamer of lions. A smile appeared on the sadhu’s face when the whole quantity of fruits and milk went down. Now he was perfectly cheerful. Mataji then asked him, “ How do you feel?” He replied, “Quite happy, mother!”  At last, he went about telling everybody that Mataji was supremely gracious. “The food I had prepared was nothing in comparison”, he said. “What she gave me was veritable nectar. My body was burning, but it has cooled down now. I am most grateful to her”.

DURVASA: An angry saint in the Hindu Mythology, who was famous for his anger and curses
–Subham–