WATER GIVEN TO COW BECOMES MILK; WATER TO SNAKE -POISON!! (Post No.5854)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 29 December 2018
GMT Time uploaded in London –18-08
Post No. 5854


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

BHARTRUHARI’S NITI SATAKA VERSES 45, 46

45. Cruelty, causeless quarrels, the desire for another’s

wife or money, envy of the good, or of one’s own relatives.

These are the natural characteristics of wicked men– niti sataka

Greatest of the ancient Tamil poets, Tiru valluvar, author of the Tamil Veda Tirukkural, also say the same:-

Envy

He who is envious needs no enemy to ruin him. Envy itself is enough to bring him ruin- Kural/couplet 165

The mean find fault with others even if they eat and dress themselves normally – 1079

Another’s wife

A man who seduces another’s wife because she is easily accessible will suffer the consequence of everlasting sin – Kural/couplet 145

The man who commits adultery can never escape ENMITY, SIN,FEAR AND INFAMY- 148

Covetousness

If a man is so devoid of equality as to covet another’s wealth, not only will  his family be ruined, but many other ills will also betake him – 171

Cruelty

Killing leads to all other sinful acts- 321

xxx

46. An evil man should be avoided though he be

adorned with learning. Is a snake less feared because it

is ornamented with jewels ? – niti sataka 46

A Tamil poets puts it in a better way,

If you see a horned animal stay away at least by five yards; if an animal like horse that can kick you hard, keep the distance to at least ten yards; if it is a made elephant you have to leave at least 1000 yards; but if it s a bad man, don’t even make yourself visible. That means run as far as possible so that he cant see you! This is in Niti Veba by an anonymous author.

Another verse by poet Munaippadiyar in Tamil Ara Neri Charam, says,

Look, if you give water to cows it gives you back milk; if the same water is given to snake you get only poison. This is the difference between good and bad people; The bad,  even if they read scriptures; they mis quote it; interpret it in the wrong way.

So Bhatruhari is right in comparing bad people to snakes!

अकरुणत्वम् अकारणविग्रहः
परधने परयोषिति च स्पृहा ।
सुजनबन्धुजनेष्वसहिष्णुता
प्रकृतिसिद्धम् इदं हि दुरात्मनाम् ॥ 1.45 ॥

दुर्जनः परिहर्तव्यो
विद्यया‌உलकृतो‌உपि सन् ।
मणिना भूषितः सर्पः
किम् असौ न भयङ्करः ॥ 1.46 ॥

tags- Niti sataka 45, 46,Bhartruhari, snake water, cow , Cobra jewel

–subham-

Fate decides your Wealth, say Shakespeare, Bhartruhari and Valluvar (Post No.5810)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 21 December 2018
GMT Time uploaded in London – 18-07
Post No. 5810


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Fate decides your Wealth, say Shakespeare, Bhartruhari and Valluvar (Post No.5810)

Bhartruhari and Tamil poet Valluvar agree on several points in this sloka of Niti Sataka.

1.A person’s wealth is decided by his fate

2.Fate is written by Brahma, Hindu God of Creation on one’s head or forehead.

3.Saint Vidyaranya’s story shows that Harihara and Bhukka got it even whenthey were in arid land. But Saint Vidyaranya couldn’tget in the present birth (Read the story given below)

4.Valluvar explains it more clearly. One needs effort to get wealth. Inspiration and perspiration give wealth. But that comes only when your Good Karma (Punya done in one’s previous birth) acts. If you have bad Karma (papa), then laziness will engulf you.

44. Whatever fate has written on the forehead of each,

that shall he obtain, whether it be poverty or riches.

His abode may be the desert, but he shall gain no more if

he live even on Mount Meru. Let your mind be constant.

Do not be miserable through envy of the rich. The

pitcher takes up the same quantity of water whether it be

from the well or the ocean.

यद्धात्रा निजभालपट्टलिखितं स्तोकं महद्वा धनं
तत्प्राप्नोति मरुस्थले‌உपि नितरां मेरौ ततो नाधिकम् ।
तद्धीरो भव वित्तवत्सु कृपणां वृत्तिं वृथा सा कृथाः
कूपे पश्य पयोनिधावपि घटो गृह्णाति तुल्यं जलम् ॥ Niti Sataka 1.44 ॥

Look at the following couplets: –

Tirukkural 371, 377, 380

Except as ordained by the Lord, who measures out each man’s meet

Even the millionaire cannot enjoy his hoards -377

Even a millionaire cannot enjoy his wealth except as ordained by Fate. This is exactly what Shakespeare meant when he said in Hamlet,

There is a Divinity that shapes our ends

Rough-hew them how we will– Hamlet

Another couplet

The constructive industry that produces wealth, and the destructive indolence

That brings about adversity in life ,are both the outcome of fate-371

The last couplet of the chapter on fate is as follows,

What is more potent than Fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- 380

Another translation of the same couplet

Destiny is supreme, because its intended consummation will surely come about

Even if planned efforts are made to overcome it-380

STORY:- Vidyaranya found Golden Treasure!

Kanchi Shankaracharya (1894-1994 Paramacharya) in his Madras Discourses (1957-1959) gives the story of Vidyaranya’s discovery of gold and using it for establishing Vijayanagara Empire. Born as Madhava in a village in Karnataka he prayed to Goddess Mahalakshmi, Goddess of Wealth, for enormous amount of wealth. Lakshmi appeared before him and told him that he can’t enjoy wealth in this birth but it was possible for him to get it in the next birth. An idea flashed in his mind immediately. He told Goddess Lakshmi that he would take Sanyas ( Renunciation) which is considered a ‘second birth’ for a Hindu. Lakshmi agreed and gave him tons of gold. As soon as he saw rocks of gold and hills of gold he wept loudly. He knew that sanyas (renunciation ) means no attachment to anything worldly. “Oh My God, What Have I done? How can I touch gold when I have become a Sanyasi (an ascetic)”, he cried. Goddess Lakshmi disappeared while he was wondering what to do next.

At that time of history in 14th century AD, Muslim forces invaded South India and destroyed most of the temples along its routes. Madhava, who was later known as Vidyaranya, called two goatherds Harihara and Bhukka and asked them to build a city at the chosen place at the appointed auspicious time. Both of them did it and utilised the entire gold to establish a mighty and wealthy Hindu empire—later known as Vijaya Nagara Samrajya.

There is another story about Sri Vidyaranya, who later became Jagadguru of Sringeri Mutt, about making gold shower in the lands of Vijayanagara Empire. When there was a draught, Harihara and Bhukka approached Vidyaranya swami for help. He prayed to goddess Lakshmi again and there was a shower of gold in the capital city.

Water pot simile

Another interesting information in this sloka is Bhartruhari’s simile of water pot in in the ocean; This is followed by Tamil poetess Avvaiyar as well. Avvaiyar lived a few centuries after Bhartruhari. Another Avvaiyar lived before him in Sangam Age.

“Though you dip the measure/pitcher deep in the deep sea water, it will not contain four measures. O Maid ! Though riches and husband are choice, the happiness of the couple hangs on fate or destiny”—Muthurai by Poetess Avvaiyar

Tag- water pitcher, Wealth,Fate, Valluvar, Bhartruhari

–subham–

31 Quotations from Niti sataka of Bhartruhari (Post No.5713)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 29 November 2018


GMT Time uploaded in London 13-56

Post No. 5713
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

DECEMBER 2018 ‘GOOD THOUGHTS’ CALENDAR

This month’s calendar consists 31 quotations from Bhartruhari’s Niti Sataka

FESTIVAL DAYS-  Dec.11- Poet Bharatiyar’s Birth Day, 16-Dhanur/ Markazi month begins, 18-Vaikunda Ekadasi and Gita Jayanthi, 23-Arudra Darsan, 25-Christmas

NEWMOON DAY- 6 ; FULL MOON DAY- 22 ; EKADASI FASTING DAYS-3, 18 ;

AUSPICIOUS DAYS- DECEMBER 12, 13, 14

 

DECEMBER 1 SATURDAY

Great persons offer donations with their hands;
Offer obeisance to gurus with their heads;
Speak the truth with their tongues;
Listen to the wisdom by their ears and
Observe purity in their hearts.

DECEMBER 2 SUNDAY

Great Turtle upholds the earth; pole star makes the planets to go round it. The birth of those who spend their lifetime in the service of others is worthwhile.

DECEMBER 3 MONDAY

Vast and mighty ocean is endless and bright and able to bear all the burden; on one side Vishnu sleeps and on the other side demons rest. On one side mountains lying and on other side submarine fire (Great people are like that).

DECEMBER 4 TUESDAY
The sincere and noble friend prevents his friend from committing wrong deeds. He inspires his friend to get involved in good things.

DECEMBER 5 WEDNESDAY

The sun makes the lotus blossom, moon makes the lily blossom, monsoon clouds make rains without any request;
Noble persons serve others even when not asked for .

DECEMBER 6 THURSDAY

The noble ones renounce all desires. They practise forgiveness and are free from pride. 

DECEMBER 7 FRIDAY

Very few saints are full of nectar of good deeds in their mind, speech and body. They win over the love of all the three worlds.



DECEMBER 8 SATURDAY
Indra with all his thunder bolt as weapon, Airavata as vahana, gods as soldiers , Brihaspati as Guru and blessing of Lord Vishnu– was defeated by his enemies. Fate alone should be our refuge and not our own efforts.

DECEMBER 9 SUNDAY

The noble person may fall on the ground like a ball but, would rise again. However, an inferior person falls on the ground like a lump of clay.

DECEMBER 10 MONDAY

The moon is full of nectar and is controller of all Medicines and is on the lock of Lord Shiva. Yet the moon cannot avoid it’s waning .
Fate alone is responsible for whatever happens in this world

DECEMBER 11 TUESDAY

The trees stoop when they bear fruits. The clouds descend low when they have enough water to give The noble persons observe even greater humility when they become prosperous.

DECEMBER 12 WEDNESDAY

One may be in the forest or ocean or among enemies or under difficult circumstances; but one is protected by the good deeds of the past 

DECEMBER 13 THURSDAY

One shall get only what is destined by according to one’s actions. Who can change what is destined for the future?

DECEMBER 14 FRIDAY
Neither handsomeness nor nobility, nor learning brings good fruits. Only the penance under gone in the past brings good fruits.



DECEMBER 15 SATURDAY
Any action carried out in haste would result in one’s own heart like a thorn.

DECEMBER 16 SUNDAY

When the fruits of noble deeds get exhausted, all the prosperity gets scattered like the pearls of a necklace which gets broken during love making.

DECEMBER 17 MONDAY
Do only the noble actions which turn a sinner into a saint, an illiterate into the learned, enemy into a friend and poison into nectar.

DECEMBER 18 TUESDAY
Indeed the ways of Karma are mysterious. It changed Brahma into a potter, Vishnu had to take ten avatars, Shiva had to roam with a skull in his hand

DECEMBER 19 WEDNESDAY
Give up all your attempts to destroy the patience of the noble ones by heaping misfortunes upon them, because such attempts would be futile.

DECEMBER 20 THURSDAY
A determined person never gives up his quality of patience even when harassed or troubled.

DECEMBER 21 FRIDAY

Real ornament for wealth is modesty, humility for knowledge, charity for money and absence of anger for penance.

DECEMBER 22 SATURDAY

For those whose bodies are filled with pure character, fire becomes cool water, ocean becomes a small stream, Mount Meru becomes a small stone and lion becomes a tamed deer..


DECEMBER 23 SUNDAY

Patient and determined persons win over the three worlds

DECEMBER 24 MONDAY

Gods never stopped till they collected nectar from the ocean. They were not freighted by poison. Thus the steady minded persons do not end their efforts until they attain their goals.

DECEMBER 25 TUESDAY
The true ornament of ear is listening to Vedas and not ear rings. The real ornament of hands is the giving of alms in charity and not bangles or bracelets.

DECEMBER 26 WEDNESDAY

He is the real son who pleases his father by good deeds. She is the real wife who always thinks about the good of her husband.

DECEMBER 27 THURSDAY
A drop of water that falls in an oyster shell becomes a pearl. A drop of water that falls on a piece of red hot iron instantly gets burnt up. Thus the quality of the contact with good saints or the wicked determines the result of such a company.

DECEMBER 28 FRIDAY

The saintly persons observe the pledge to do ,charity silently, to welcome guests who come to their homes, to observe silence after doing good things.

DECEMBER 29 SATURDAY

I bow down to those great persons who seek the company of saints, who admire the virtues of others and who are devoted to Shiva.

DECEMBER 30 SUNDAY
Shadow in the morning is long, but becomes shorter as the day advance s;In the afternoon the shadow is short, but grows longer as the sun sets. The friendship with the wicked and the noble ones decreases and increases accordingly.

DECEMBER 31  MONDAY

My mind feels the seven thorns: dull moon during day, charming woman who lost her youthfulness, lake without lotus flowers, face of an illiterate, greedy employer, noble man facing trouble and wicked person enjoying palace life.



HAPPY NEW YEAR TO YOU.

AND MORE

Bhartruhari quotations from Nitisataka

The heart of a great man is soft and delicate like a lotus flower when he is in prosperity. But his heart becomes hard like a rock when he is in adversity.
xxx
The path of one’s ultimate good is clearly shown in all the scriptures, it is non-violence, truth, not coveting others wealth, respect for gurus and silence when talking about others’ women.
xxx

Great persons always observe patience in adversity and peace full and forgiving in prosperity.
xxx

The deer, the fish and the noble person happily subsist on grass, water and contentment. Yet the hunter, the fisherman and the wicked persons are unnecessarily being hostile towards them.

xxx
How can one be happy living near a wicked person who has thrown moral s and ethics to the winds?

xxx

If a person observes silence he is considered dumb, if he talks too much he is called talkative. The path of service is mysterious and even the yogis are unable to understand it.
xxx
If one has greed, there is no necessity of other wickedness. If one cherishes back biting, there is no need for other sins.

TAGS- Bhartruhari quotations, December 2018 calendar.


–subham–

Why does Rahu devour Sun and Moon? (Post No.5648)

Written  by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 10 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –13-16
Post No. 5648

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog

We continue with Niti Sataka of Bhartruhari. Let us look at slokas/couplets 28,29,30

Bhartruhari stresses in thse three slokas that one must do commendable things.  The animals and humans are in different groupings because of their difference in actions. If a man goes higher and obtain fame , that will differentiate him from ordinary people and animals.

These slokas are about Fame

परिवर्तिनि संसारे
मृतः को वा न जायते ।
स जातो येन जातेन
याति वंशः समुन्नतिम् ॥ 1.29 ॥

What man is not born again while he passes from one birth to another? But that man is only truly born by whose birth his family attains to dignity.

Bhartruhari says one attains fame by improving the prosperity and dignity of the family.

Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural, says,

If one takes birth in this world one should come with qualities which bring fame; if it is not it is better not to appear al all- Kural 236

He adds,

The gods will honour those who have earned everlasting fame rather than the sages who have attained the abode of the gods – Kural 234

xxx

 

कुसुमस्तवकस्येव
द्वयी वृत्तिर्मनस्विनः ।
मूर्ध्नि वा सर्वलोकस्य
शीर्यते वन एव वा ॥ 1.30 ॥

There are two uses both for a flower bunch (inflorescence) and also for a wise man; they may be exalted on the head or wither in the forest.

Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita says

Uththishta , Yaso labha!

Arise! Attain Fame

— Bhagavad Gita 11-33

In Tamil and Sanskrit there are sayigs about men

‘Like a lamp inside a pot’ (may be compared to forest flower)

‘Like a lamp at the top of a hill’ (may be compared to flower on the head of a beautiful woman)

Some wither like beautiful flowers in the forest, without anyone knowing about it.

Others are praised like the flower bunch on the head of a beauty.

xxx

Rahu devouring Moon

‘Although there are plantes like Brihaspati who is the head of the devas, yet Rahu with great mighty power never attack Brihaspati and others. He devours Sun (Lord of the Day) and Moon (Ruler  of the Night) during the periods of eclipse’.

सन्त्यन्ये‌உपि बृहस्पतिप्रभृतयः सम्भाविताः पञ्चषास्

तान्प्रत्येष विशेषविक्रमरुची राहुर्न वैरायते ।
द्वावेव ग्रसते दिवाकरनिशाप्राणेश्वरौ भास्करौ
भ्रातः पर्वणि पश्य दानवपतिः शीर्षावशेषाकृतिः ॥ 1.31 ॥

Here Bhartruhari insists one must do great things; difficult it may be but that which brings glory. That is why Rahu, the snake, goes to Sun and Moon leaving other bright objects in the sky such as Jupiter (Brihaspati) or Venus (Sukra).

No use of fighting with a weakling; no use of beating a dead snake; if one needs fame one must take big tasks.

Hindus who calculated the exact time of eclipses thousands of years ago, used to explain the eclipses to lay men as snakes devouring the sun and the moon.  During the eclipse the sun or moon looks like a round ball devored by someone and released back slowly. Rahu’s head was cut off by Lord Vishnu when he tried to steal the Elixir Amruta according to Hindu Mythology.

–subham–

IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 22 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 19-40

(British Summer Time)

Post No. 5577

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Bhartruhari’s Niti Sataka 21,22,23

 

We have already seen 20 slokas from Niti Sataka of the great poet Bhartruhari. Today we will look at three more slokas and compare them with Tamil Veda Tirukkural. In each couplet, he deals with various subjects unlike Tiruvalluvar. So every line can be compared with sayings of other great people. In sloka/couplet 21 he deals with Anger, Friendship, Wicked people, Wisdom, Modesty and liking for Poetry. This is his unique style which is seen later in many Sanskrit Subhashitas (golden sayings).

  1. If a man has patience, what need has he of armour?

If he has anger in his heart, what further enemy need he

fear ? If he has knowledge, what need of fire to consume

evil ? If a friend, what need has he of divine medicines ?

If there are malicious people about him, why should he be

afraid of serpents ? If he has perfect wisdom, what need

of riches ? If he is modest, what need has he of orna-

ment ? If he gives his mind to poetry, what need has he

of power ?

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural, says about anger,

IF ONE WISHES TO SAFEGUARD ONESELF, ONE SHOULD CONTROL ANGER.IF NOT, IT IS BOUND TO RUIN ONESELF- TIRUKKURAL  305

THE FIRE OF ANGER WILL DESTROY NOT ONLY THE PERSON UNDER ITS INFLUENCE BUT ALSO HIS KIN WHO MINISTERS TO HIM IN THE PATH OF RIGHTEOUSNESS-306

FRIENDSHIP

GENUINE FRIENDSHIP HASTENS TO REDRESS DISTRESS EVEN LIKE THE HAND WHICH PICKS UP QUICKLY THE GARMENT THAT SLIPS- 788

LIVING WITH SNAKES

TO LIVE WITH MEN WHO HAVE NO SYMPATHY IS TO LIVE CLOSELY WITH A SERPENT IN A HUT-890

Liking for poetry is not seen in Tirukkural but it also deals with the joy that learning brings.

 

  1. Be well disposed towards relatives ; liberal to infe-

riors : always hate the evil ; love the good ; be obedient to

princes ; honour the wise. Be firm towards enemies ; be

respectful to venerable men ; deal shrewdly with women.

The man who frames his life after these precepts prospers

in the world.

DEALING WITH ENEMIES

THE REMNANT OF AN ACTION AND OF AN ENEMY WILL BE FOUND AS RUINOUS AS THE REMNANT OF A FIRE – 674

LET THE THORN BE WEEDED OUT WHEN IT IS TENDER; WHEN GROWN, IT WILL PRICK THE HAND OF WHO NIPS IT- 879

ON MODESTY

FOOD, CLOTHING AND THE LIKE ARE COMMON TO ALL MEN; BUT MODESTY IS THE CHIEF FEATURE OF THE GOOD—1012

LOVE BEGETS AMITY, AND THAT IN TURN BRINGS AN IMMEASURABLE GLORY OF FRIENDSHIP- 74

 

23.The company of wise and saintly persons removes ignorance and stupidity from the intellect. It makes the speech truthful, increases self-respect,drives away sin and crime, makes the mind happy and cheerful and makes one popular in society. Tell me what the company of saints does not offer?

Tiruvalluvar, Tamil poet who lived at least 1500 years ago says in his Tirukkural:
“Weigh the worth and chose for friendship men of ripe wisdom who know the law (Kural 441)

“Cultivate amity and seek help from men who remove present ills and guard you from future ills (Kural 442)

TO PLEASE GREAT MEN AND MAKE THEM ONE’S OWN IS THE RAREST OF THE RARE BLESSINGS- KURAL 443

TO ESTEEM MEN WHO ARE GREATER THAN ONESELF AND FOLLOW IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS IS THE HIGHEST OF ALL POWERS – 444

Greatest philosopher of India, Adi Shankara, says,
“ Satsangatve nissangatvam
Nissangatve nirmohatvam
Nirmohatve nischalatattvam
Nischalatattve jeevanmuktih” –Bhajagovindam (9)

“Through the company of the good, there arises non-attachment; through non-attachment there arises freedom from delusion; through freedom from delusion there arises steadfastness; through steadfastness, there arises liberation in life”- Bhajagovindam

Bhagavan Ramana has rendered this verse into Tamil in his supplement to Ulladu Narpathu (supplement to Forty Verses on Existence)

 

Avvaiyar on the same theme

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar, who lived several centuries ago, says

“Sweet is solitude; sweeter is to meditate upon god. Sweeter still is the company of wise people (saints); and the sweetest is to think about the great people always, whether you are wide awake or sleeping. (i.e.to follow them is the sweetest thing in the world)”

In another verse in ‘Vaakkundaam’, she reemphasizes this point,

“It is good to see good people; good to listen to them, it is better to talk about their virtues and the best is to go along with them”.

क्षान्तिश्चेत्कवचेन किं किम् अरिभिः क्रोधो‌உस्ति चेद्देहिनां
ज्ञातिश्चेदनलेन किं यदि सुहृद्दिव्यौषधं किं फलम् ।
किं सर्पैर्यदि दुर्जनाः किम् उ धनैर्विद्या‌உनवद्या यदि
व्रीडा चेत्किम् उ भूषणैः सुकविता यद्यस्ति राज्येन किम् ॥ 1.21 ॥

दाक्षिण्यं स्वजने दया परिजने शाठ्यं सदा दुर्जने
प्रीतिः साधुजने नयो नृपजने विद्वज्जने चार्जवम् ।
शौर्यं शत्रुजने क्षमा गुरुजने कान्ताजने धृष्टता
ये चैवं पुरुषाः कलासु कुशलास्तेष्वेव लोकस्थितिः ॥ 1.22 ॥

जाड्यं धियो हरति सिञ्चति वाचि सत्यं
मानोन्नतिं दिशति पापम् अपाकरोति ।
चेतः प्रसादयति दिक्षु तनोति कीर्तिं
सत्सङ्गतिः कथय किं न करोति पुंसाम् ॥ 1.23 ॥

–subham–

Interesting Life Story of Bhartruhari and Bhadragiriyar! (Post No.5210)

Bhartruhari meeting his former wife; Mogul painting

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 12 JULY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 7-46 am  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5210

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

Bhartruhari    is a popular name in Hindu literature. But there were many poets and kings with the same name . One Bhartruhari  was a grammarian. Another Bhartruhari  was a poet and author of 300 verses Niti Catakam, Srngara Catakam and Vairagya Catakam. He lived in fifth century CE

The latest one lived around tenth century who was the contemporary of famous Tamil devotional poet Pattinathar. This Bhartruhari  composed Bhartruhari or BHADRAGIRI pulampal in Tamil, that is lament of Bhartruhari.

Whoever it was there is an interesting story who became the subject of folklore in Chattisgarh and Rajasthan. He was the disciple of Saint Goraknath.

The hero of our story is linked with king Vikramaditya. That name is also confusing. There were many Vikramadityas in India and the most famous one lived 2200 years ago
His wife name was Pingala and she repented for her mistake. Later he came to her on his travel to holy places with his followers. That meeting became the subject of Moghul paintings and folklore. The story changes from place to place.

 

Throughout India the beggar minstrels sing the wistful melodies of with the ever recurring refrain about the impermanence of life. They say neither the body nor the wealth last for long. They very often refer to Bhartruhari. Whether it is the name of the saint or grammarian or the poet who wrote 300 verses on Love, Peace and Renunciation is of historical interest.

 

Tradition says that the happy king or poet was metamorphosed by the inconstancy of his wife Pingala. Two pictures here show that Bhartruhari coming to beg alms from his erstwhile wife. He left her after an incident which showed that she loved someone else who loved someone else. We see a love triangle in the story. After becoming an ascetic, he got the name Gopichand and he met his penitent wife. In the picture, we see Bhartruhari accompanied by some wandering friars and his former wife with half a dozen attendants. They are on the banks of a stream with beautiful natural scenery.

A fruit that which gives long life was presented to Bhartruhari by a Brahmin.

He gave to his youngest wife Pingala

Pingala gave to her secret lover- a police officer- Mahipala

Mahipala passed it to his beloved Lakha

Lakha who fell in love with the king passed it to Bhartruhari, the king.

 

This awakened Bhartruhari and he abdicated the throne to his brother Vikramaditya of Ujjaini.

 

The confusion here is no one knew which Vikramaditya and which Bhartruhari.

 

Any way the message is clear—Impermanence of Life which is a popular theme in all ancient Sanskrit and Tamil hymns.

Here is the Tamil version
His name is Bhadragiri. He met Pattinathar, a merchant turned ascetic. Tamil history says he was a king and became an ascetic. His verses are called Bhadragiriyar lament (pulampal in Tamil). In some places, he imitates Tamil poets Tirumular and Pattinathar. It is a philosophic poem. He was against caste. He quoted Kapilar Ahaval. Bhadragiri was praised by a later poet Ramalinga Swamikal.
 

–subham–

 

How to win Friends? How to succeed in Life? (Post No.2903)

Blog_Post_Books_5

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Date: 17  June 2016

 

Post No. 2903

 

Time uploaded in London :– 14-51

 

( Pictures are taken by London swaminathan)

 

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

 

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com

 

how to  win

Dale Carnegie’s book How to Win Friends and Influence People was sold like hot cake and then lot of Self-Improvement books with the stereotyped titles such as How to become rich? How to become handsome? How to Succeed in Life? Flooded markets. Now in every book shop there is a section or shelf for Self-Improvement books. There is no doubt that they spread positive thoughts and motivate people. But for a Hindu there is nothing new in the book. Most of the Hindu Hymns spread optimism and positive vibrations. There are hundreds of Sanskrit couplets which have similar messages. One of them deals with how to move with different sections of the society.

 

There are over 25,000 Sanskrit ‘subhasitas’ (Golden Sayings in verses) in Subhaasita ratna Bhaandaagaara, Subhaasita ratna kosa, Subhaasitaavali, Paththathi, Bhartruhari’s Satakas etc. Here is a  Self-Improvement Verse from Bhartruhari’s Nitisataka:-

 

Daakshinyam svajane, dayaa parajane, saatyam sadaa durjane,

Priitih saadhujane, nayo nrupajane, vidvadsajjane saarjavam

Sauryam satujane, kshamaa gurujane, Naarijane dhuurtata  (kantaajane dhrustataa)

Ye chaivam purushaaH kalaasu kusalaastesveva lokastitih

grow rich

Daakshinyam svajane – show courtesy to your own people

Dayaa parajane – be compassionate with others

Saatyam sadaa durjane- always be careful with bad people

Priitih saadhujane- be kind to good people

Nayo nrupajane – be tactful with the rulers/government

Vidvadsajjane saarjavam –be honest with the learned

Sauryam satrujane- show heroism to your enemies

Kshamaa gurujane- be patient with your teachers

Naarijane Dhurtataa/Kantaajane dhrustataa – look after well your wife’s people (shrewdness towards women)

Ye chaivam purushaah –those men who are adept in the above arts

Kalaasu kusalaastesveva lokastitih – hold his sway over the world

 

who-dares-wins

दाक्षिण्यं स्वजने दया परजने शाठ्यं सदा दुर्जने
प्रीतिः साधुजने नयो नृपजने विद्वज्जने चार्जवम् ।
शौर्यं शत्रुजने क्षमा गुरुजने नारिजने धूर्तता
ये चैवं पुरुषाः कलासु कुशलास्तेष्वेव लोकस्थितिः ॥

–subham–

Stories and Quotes on Fate and Free will

woman-crossroads

Article written by S Nagarajan

Research article No.1467; Dated 8th December 2014.

Fate and Free will – Part VII
Santhanam Nagarajan

Bhartruhari – the famous king turned saint has sung categorically thus
(in his famous Niti Sathakam meaning 100 verses on morals):

“Whether dive in the ocean or ascend the Samairoo hills, get victory over the enemy in the field of battle, engage in husbandry, trade or service, soar high in heaven like birds, what is not destined would never happen and whatever happen cannot be undone.”

To illustrate his point, he has given an example also in another verse:
“A serpent, not experiencing to live long and being confined in a basket, was in great bodily trouble and out of hunger all his organs had become loose. A mouse, having made a hole in the said basket, fell into the mouth of that serpent, who, being satisfied with its flesh, escaped through that hole. Now, you may observe that in prosperity and adversity, God is the cause of causes.”

But at the same time, like Thiruvalluvar, the Tamil poet, Bartruhari also says:
“Laziness is a great enemy of mankind. There is no kinsman better than one’s own efforts, from the performance of which all troubles are removed.”

Hence, even fate is all powerful; one has to make his best efforts at all times.
Similar views are expressed in ‘The Bustan of Sadi’.

We can read some of the stories:
A poor man dropped a dinar in the road. He searched much, but at last, despairing, abandoned the attempt.
Someone came along and found the coin by chance.

Good and ill fortunes are predestined. Our daily portion depends not upon our strength and efforts, for those who are strongest and strive the most stands often in the direst need.

free will
One more story:

A darwesh remarked to his wife, who was of ill-favored countenance: “Since Fate has made thee ugly, do not encrust thy face with cosmetic.”

Who can attain good fortune by force? Who, with collyrium, can make the blind to see?

Not one among the philosophers of Greece or Rome could produce honey from the thorn.

Wild beasts cannot become men; education is wasted upon them.

A mirror can be freed from stain, but it cannot be made from a stone.

Roses do not blossom on the branches of the willow; hot baths never yet made an Ethiop while.

Since one cannot escape the arrows of Fate, resignation is the only shield.

The wisdom of east strongly favours Fate. But at the same time it advise us to work

(Note: Niti Sathakam: three verses -English translation by: Mr Sohan Lal
The Bustan of Sadi: two stories – English translation by Mr A. Hart Edwards)
We will analyze further.

******************
fate2

Mother of Aurobindo Ashram’s View on Fate
Fate and Free will – Part VIII
Santhanam Nagarajan

The Mother of Sri Aurobindo Ashram has clearly defined destiny.

Who is Mother? Originally named Mirra Alfassa, the Mother was born in Paris on 21st February 1878. Between 11 and 13 a series of psychic and spiritual experiences revealed to her not only the existence of God but man’s possibility of uniting with Him, of realizing Him integrally in consciousness and action, of manifesting Him upon earth in a life divine.

At the age of thirty-six the Mother journeyed to Pondicherry, India, to meet Sri Aurobindo. She saw him on 29th March 1914 and at once recognized him as the one who for many years had inwardly been guiding her spiritual development. She went back to Paris and returned to Pondicherry on 24th April 1920 to resume her collaboration with Sri Aurobindo, and remained there for the rest of her life.

She worked for 50 years in Aurobindo Ashram and left her body on 17th November 1973 at the age of ninety five. In her spiritual charged life she had touched all spiritual subjects and advised the ardent seekers of Truth about all spiritual matters. She explains the destiny as follows:
“I shall give you a simple example – but it may occur in any state of consciousness.

A stone falls. If it fulfills its destiny, it will fall to the ground, won’t it? But you are there and you have a vital or mental will – one or the other – and you catch the stone in your hand. You have changed the destiny of the stone. A leaf falls to the ground if it follows its normal destiny. You have a vital will; you take the leaf in your hand. You have changed the destiny of the leaf. This happens millions of times in the universe and nobody notices it because it is so common.

But imagine that you have a very high range of consciousness. If into the determinism down here you can bring by aspiration, an urge, a prayer, a higher consciousness, if you can take hold of your higher consciousness, so to say, and bring it into the material destiny. Everything would immediately be changed. But because you do not see or understand what is happening, you say that it is chance or a miracle.

Not every destiny is active in a material destiny, and if you want to change this material destiny, you must be able to bring down another one from above. In this way, something new will enter into it – these “descents” of the higher consciousness take place all the time, but because we do not understand them, this ‘something new’ that comes is turned by ordinary people into a miracle.”

Bringing down the Supramental force and consciousness into the physical and material world, everything will be changed in an absolutely unexpected way.

Thus material destiny could be changed and you have to work hard to bring down another one from above.

Great sages and saints agree that by Divine Grace the destiny can be changed, altered, modified, eliminated.

Fate and Freewill series is written by S Nagarajan. To be continued…………..

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