IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 22 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 19-40

(British Summer Time)

Post No. 5577

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

IF YOU HAVE PATIENCE, YOU DON’T NEED AN ARMOUR- BHARTRUHARI (Post No.5577)

Bhartruhari’s Niti Sataka 21,22,23

 

We have already seen 20 slokas from Niti Sataka of the great poet Bhartruhari. Today we will look at three more slokas and compare them with Tamil Veda Tirukkural. In each couplet, he deals with various subjects unlike Tiruvalluvar. So every line can be compared with sayings of other great people. In sloka/couplet 21 he deals with Anger, Friendship, Wicked people, Wisdom, Modesty and liking for Poetry. This is his unique style which is seen later in many Sanskrit Subhashitas (golden sayings).

  1. If a man has patience, what need has he of armour?

If he has anger in his heart, what further enemy need he

fear ? If he has knowledge, what need of fire to consume

evil ? If a friend, what need has he of divine medicines ?

If there are malicious people about him, why should he be

afraid of serpents ? If he has perfect wisdom, what need

of riches ? If he is modest, what need has he of orna-

ment ? If he gives his mind to poetry, what need has he

of power ?

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural, says about anger,

IF ONE WISHES TO SAFEGUARD ONESELF, ONE SHOULD CONTROL ANGER.IF NOT, IT IS BOUND TO RUIN ONESELF- TIRUKKURAL  305

THE FIRE OF ANGER WILL DESTROY NOT ONLY THE PERSON UNDER ITS INFLUENCE BUT ALSO HIS KIN WHO MINISTERS TO HIM IN THE PATH OF RIGHTEOUSNESS-306

FRIENDSHIP

GENUINE FRIENDSHIP HASTENS TO REDRESS DISTRESS EVEN LIKE THE HAND WHICH PICKS UP QUICKLY THE GARMENT THAT SLIPS- 788

LIVING WITH SNAKES

TO LIVE WITH MEN WHO HAVE NO SYMPATHY IS TO LIVE CLOSELY WITH A SERPENT IN A HUT-890

Liking for poetry is not seen in Tirukkural but it also deals with the joy that learning brings.

 

  1. Be well disposed towards relatives ; liberal to infe-

riors : always hate the evil ; love the good ; be obedient to

princes ; honour the wise. Be firm towards enemies ; be

respectful to venerable men ; deal shrewdly with women.

The man who frames his life after these precepts prospers

in the world.

DEALING WITH ENEMIES

THE REMNANT OF AN ACTION AND OF AN ENEMY WILL BE FOUND AS RUINOUS AS THE REMNANT OF A FIRE – 674

LET THE THORN BE WEEDED OUT WHEN IT IS TENDER; WHEN GROWN, IT WILL PRICK THE HAND OF WHO NIPS IT- 879

ON MODESTY

FOOD, CLOTHING AND THE LIKE ARE COMMON TO ALL MEN; BUT MODESTY IS THE CHIEF FEATURE OF THE GOOD—1012

LOVE BEGETS AMITY, AND THAT IN TURN BRINGS AN IMMEASURABLE GLORY OF FRIENDSHIP- 74

 

23.The company of wise and saintly persons removes ignorance and stupidity from the intellect. It makes the speech truthful, increases self-respect,drives away sin and crime, makes the mind happy and cheerful and makes one popular in society. Tell me what the company of saints does not offer?

Tiruvalluvar, Tamil poet who lived at least 1500 years ago says in his Tirukkural:
“Weigh the worth and chose for friendship men of ripe wisdom who know the law (Kural 441)

“Cultivate amity and seek help from men who remove present ills and guard you from future ills (Kural 442)

TO PLEASE GREAT MEN AND MAKE THEM ONE’S OWN IS THE RAREST OF THE RARE BLESSINGS- KURAL 443

TO ESTEEM MEN WHO ARE GREATER THAN ONESELF AND FOLLOW IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS IS THE HIGHEST OF ALL POWERS – 444

Greatest philosopher of India, Adi Shankara, says,
“ Satsangatve nissangatvam
Nissangatve nirmohatvam
Nirmohatve nischalatattvam
Nischalatattve jeevanmuktih” –Bhajagovindam (9)

“Through the company of the good, there arises non-attachment; through non-attachment there arises freedom from delusion; through freedom from delusion there arises steadfastness; through steadfastness, there arises liberation in life”- Bhajagovindam

Bhagavan Ramana has rendered this verse into Tamil in his supplement to Ulladu Narpathu (supplement to Forty Verses on Existence)

 

Avvaiyar on the same theme

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar, who lived several centuries ago, says

“Sweet is solitude; sweeter is to meditate upon god. Sweeter still is the company of wise people (saints); and the sweetest is to think about the great people always, whether you are wide awake or sleeping. (i.e.to follow them is the sweetest thing in the world)”

In another verse in ‘Vaakkundaam’, she reemphasizes this point,

“It is good to see good people; good to listen to them, it is better to talk about their virtues and the best is to go along with them”.

क्षान्तिश्चेत्कवचेन किं किम् अरिभिः क्रोधो‌உस्ति चेद्देहिनां
ज्ञातिश्चेदनलेन किं यदि सुहृद्दिव्यौषधं किं फलम् ।
किं सर्पैर्यदि दुर्जनाः किम् उ धनैर्विद्या‌உनवद्या यदि
व्रीडा चेत्किम् उ भूषणैः सुकविता यद्यस्ति राज्येन किम् ॥ 1.21 ॥

दाक्षिण्यं स्वजने दया परिजने शाठ्यं सदा दुर्जने
प्रीतिः साधुजने नयो नृपजने विद्वज्जने चार्जवम् ।
शौर्यं शत्रुजने क्षमा गुरुजने कान्ताजने धृष्टता
ये चैवं पुरुषाः कलासु कुशलास्तेष्वेव लोकस्थितिः ॥ 1.22 ॥

जाड्यं धियो हरति सिञ्चति वाचि सत्यं
मानोन्नतिं दिशति पापम् अपाकरोति ।
चेतः प्रसादयति दिक्षु तनोति कीर्तिं
सत्सङ्गतिः कथय किं न करोति पुंसाम् ॥ 1.23 ॥

–subham–

Where is the need for a shield if you have patience? (Post No.3108)

question red

Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 31 August 2016

 

Time uploaded in London: 18-33

 

Post No.3108

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks for the pictures.

get-answers.jpg

There are four Sanskrit couplets which give us practical advice about good and bad virtues. Instead of dry listing of all the virtues in a list, it gives the same message in beautiful slokas. I give below a rough translation and then the Sanskrit verses.

Where is the need for a shield, if you have Patience?

Where is the need for an enemy, if you have Anger?

Where is the need for fire, if you have Relations?

Where is the need for medicine, if you have Friends?

Where is the need for a snake, if you have Bad friends?

Where is the need for money, if you have Knowledge?

Where is the need for jewels, if you have Modesty?

Where is the need for a kingdom, if you have Wisdom?

Where is the need for bad habits, if you have Greediness?

Where is the need for new sins, if you Talk behind one’s back?

Where is the need for penance, if are Truthful?

Where is the need for pilgrimage if your mind is Pure?

Where is the need for strength, if are United?

Where is the need for make ups, if you are Great/Famous?

Where is the need for money, if you are Learned?

Where is the need for death, if you have Stained hands?

kim kim 2 (1)

kim kim 2 (2)

In Sanskrit:

Saantiscet kavachena kim

Kim aribhih kroto asti

Jnaati cet analena kim

Suhrut divya ausadhaih kim palam

 

Kim sarpaih  yadi durjanaah

Kim dhanair vidhyaa anavadhyaa yadi

Vriida cet kim bhaushanaih

Sukavitaa yadi yadyasti raajyeva kim

 

Lobhah cet gunena kim

Pisunataa ydyasti kim paatakaih

Satyam cet tapasaa ca kim

suchimano yadhyasti tirtena kim

 

saujanyam yadi kim balena

mahimaa yadyasti kim mandanaih

savidhyaa yadi kim dhanah

apayasaa yadi kim mrutyunaaasti

 

–Subham–

 

 

Three Popular Anecdotes on Patience

519-Maharshi-Valmiki-India-Stamp-1970

Article No. 2079
Written by London swaminathan
Date : 17  August  2015
Time uploaded in London :–  19-59

“Forbearance is the best ornament for men and women”, says sage Valmiki.

“Alankaaro hi naariinaam ksamaa to purusasya vaa” – Valmiki Ramayana

 

Patience is a virtue extolled in every scripture and preached by all the saints. There are popular anecdotes in the life of famous people. Tamil saint Tiruvalluvar has devoted one full chapter for it. Mahabharata and Ramayana have plenty of references to patience, forbearance and forgiving.

Retaliation gives but a day’s joy;

Forbearance brings glory for all time – Tirukkural 156

There are three anecdotes to illustrate the greatness of this virtue:

 stamp_newton

Isaac Newton and his dog Diamond

Isaac Newton’s favourite dog is Diamond which was so famous even Carlyle has mentioned it in his book on the French Revolution. One day Newton went for a walk leaving the dog at home. He had his research work on his table where there was a lighted candle. The dog had jumped on it and set fire to the papers. It was the product of his twenty year work. When Newton returned from the walk he saw the charred papers and got a shock. But he never became angry or threw the dog out of the house. He patted on its back and said, “O Diamond, You don’t know what you have done to my work.” He started writing all his work again.

Dictionary Destroyed

There is a similar story about Dr Thomas Cooper who edited a dictionary during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. He edited a learned dictionary with the addition of thirty three thousand words, and many other improvements. He had already been eight years in collecting materials for his edition, when his wife, who was a worthless and malignant woman, going one day into his library, burnt every note he had prepared under the pretence of fearing that he would kill himself with study.

The doctor shortly after came in, and seeing the destruction, inquired who the author of it was. His wife boldly avowed that it was the work of her mischievous hands. The patient man heaved a sigh and said, “Oh, Dinah, thou hast given me a world of trouble!”

Then he quietly sat down to another eight years of hard labour, to replace the notes which she had destroyed.

buddha

Buddha and Purna

Purna was one of Buddha’s disciples. He decided to preach in the region of Sudana, which was an uncivilised region.

Buddha asked, “Purna, Where are you going to preach?”

In the region of Sudana, said Purna.

What if they refuse to accept your teachings and criticise you?

That does not matter. I am happy that they did not physically hurt me.

What if they attack you?, asked the Buddha.

It does not matter. I am happy that they did not attack me with weapons.

What if they stab you or cut you with a knife?

I will be still feeling happy thinking that they did not kill me.

What if they kill you?

It does not matter. I will be happy that they helped me to get liberated

Buddha was very happy when he heard this and allowed him to go to the chosen area saying that he reached the highest stage.

valluvar

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tirukkural

Plato and Aristotle

Dr S M Diaz in his commentary on Tirukkural points out neither Plato nor Aristotle said anything about patience:

“It is surprising that these higher level virtues like forbearance, which before Christ, were not referred to by Plato and Aristotle in any of their treatises. But Sangam Tamil literature (Kalitokai 113-14; Natrinai 116)) and the Kural mention it. Obviously the Tamil society of those days, through national channels, had reached a high plateau of norms of virtue, as regards individual and social conduct.”

Some English Quotes on Patience, Forbearance and Forgiving

To err is human, to forgive is divine – Alexander Pope

Good to forgive, best to forget – Robert Browning.

Only a great soul can be superior to the injury – Cato

The best revenge is not to copy him

That was wronged you – Marcus Aurelius, Book VI-6

Unkindness must be treated with kindness – Seneca, Book 27-III

Father, forgive them; they know not what they do – Luke 23-34

The rarer action is in virtue than in vengeance – Francis Bacon

— End —