EMPEROR ASOKA’S FOUR TANKS OF MEDICINES AT FOUR GATES! (Post No.5134)

Written by LONDON SWAMINATHAN

 

Date: 21 JUNE 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  7- 16 am  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5134

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

EMPEROR ASOKA’S FOUR TANKS OF MEDICINES AT FOUR GATES! (Post No.5134)

2300 Years ago, Emperor Asoka installed four tanks filled with medicines in four gates of the city (Pataliputra) according to Buddhgosa’s Samantapasadika.

Why?

 

A Buddha Bikshu died for want of medicines. Immediately Asoka took this drastic step. According to the rock edicts of Asoka, two kinds of medical treatments were available in his kingdom- 1.medical treatment of man and 2.medical treatment of animals.

In later Pali work Culavamsa (Chapter 73) we find Kittisirirajasiiha (Kirti Sri Raja Simha of Sri Lanka) appointed two physicians well versed in medicines and nurses for the bikshus. They were given yearly a big sum for the medicines from the Royal Treasury.

The king gave the best treatment for Upali when he was suffering from a disease in the nose.

Sri Lankan King ParakramabahuI had a big hall built for sick people and he gave to each sick person a special slave and a female slave to prepare medicines day and night, according to need, medicines and food, solid and liquid (Culavamsa, Chapter 76).

Treatment for Poison

Parakramabahu collected different types of medicines and preserved them in cow horns. This was to cure the wounds caused by the poisonous arrows. He also collected iron pincers for extracting arrow heads. He engaged many skilful physicians.

 

Snake Bites

To cure the snake bites, they used four materials: Cow dung, urine, ashes and clay. One physician used drugs made up of vegetables and cured a person even after the poison affected all limbs.

XXX

Hemp water was used as medicine (Mahavagga 6-14-3

To cure constipation, a decoction made up of ashes of burnt rice was administered.

For the wind troubles in stomach salt sour gruel or teka-kula was given which contains ginger and two kinds of pepper.

Following Eye ointments were mentioned in the Buddhist works:

Black Collyrium

Rasa ointment (made with vitriol_

Ointment made with antimony

Geruka (yellow ochre)

Kapalla (soot taken from a lamp)

In case of internal complaint, hot water with fruit juice was given.

 

Plague in RajagrAha

The Dhammapda commentary mentioned two diseases in bankers’ houses.

Bhaddavatiya , a banker got an intestinal disease. When this disease broke out, the first to die were the flies, then insects, then mice, domestic fowls, swine, cattle, slaves, both male and female, and last of all, the members of the household.
The banker with his wife and daughter fled away from the house. The same work also refers to the outbreak of plague in the house of the chief a banker of the Rajagraha with the result that many animals, slaves ,masters and mistresses of the household and the chief treasurer with his wife fell a victim to this disease.

A peculiar kind of disease known as Ahivataroga or snake- wind disease broke out in a Savaththian family.

 


Besides the diseases mentioned above, a list of diseases is also given:-
Sota Roga = Disease of hearing
Jihva Roga = Disease of tongue
Kaya Roga = Disease  of body
Mukha Roga = Disease of mouth
Dant Roga = Disease of teeth
Kaba =cough
Sasa =asthma
Pinasa= cold in the head
Daha = burning
Kucchi Roga = Disease abdominal trouble
Muchchaa = hysteria
Pakkhandika=  diarrhoea
Suula = acute pain
Visucikaa = cholera
Kilaasa Roga = a cutaneous Disease
Apasmaara = epilepsy
Daddu=  ringworm
vitachchikaa=  scabies
Madhu meha=  diabetes
Lohitapitta=  bile with blood
Bhagandala = fistula
Sannipaatikaa = union of humours
Utuparinaamajaaabaadhaa = change of season disease

In the medicine list we find the usual Ayurvedic ingredients.
Among the non vegetarian ingredients, fat of bear, fish alligator, swine and ass have been prescribed with oil.

It is interesting to note that pulverised ointments were put into pots and saucers.
Boxes were used for ointments.

 

Summarised from Dr Bimala Churn Law’s article, Calcutta, Year 1940

–SUBHAM–

 

 

 

Why did Asoka kill his 99 brothers?

killing 1

Research Paper written by London swaminathan
Post 1282: dated 11th September 2014.

There were two Asokas in India. One was Black Asoka (Kalasoka) who was good and convened the Second Buddhist Council. The other one was world famous Indian emperor Dharma Asoka who was full of Adharma in his early life. Mysteries in Indian history are not solved yet. Nobody knew who the Black Asoka was! Nobody knew that the famous Asoka killed all his 99 brothers and cousins born to different mothers. Mahavamsa never mentioned the Kalinga War!!

Mahavamsa, the chronicle of Sri Lanka is full of murders and mayhem. It painted a gloomy picture of early Indian kings. Mahavamsa says that Dharma Asoka killed all his 99 brothers!

There is lot of confusion in Buddhist, Jain and Hindu versions of Indian history. “scholars” from foreign countries did not accept Hindu History narrated in the Puranas. If they had accepted it, it would have contradicted the story told by the Christians that the world was created in October, 4004 BCE. Moreover they were afraid of ex communication from the church or blinding or execution like Galileo and Copernicus. Millions of women including the most famous Joan of Arc were burnt alive for worshipping pagan gods or following pagan beliefs. The women were dubbed as witches.

But foreigners accepted the Buddhist history because they thought Buddhism as a rebellion against Vedic Hindus, which is not true. One must read the Introduction to Dhammapada by philosopher Dr Radhakrishnan. Buddhist and Jain versions were also as confusing as Hindu Puranas. But the “scholars” compromised with the dates and rejected Kalasoka and other conflicting matters. About Jains they were least bothered. Since they were not in any other country except India at that time, they did not matter to them. Moreover they couldn’t digest the strict non violence and vegetarianism of the Jains. All the foreign “scholars” were beef eaters and (whisky) drinkers. This and their belief in the Biblical date of World creation greatly influenced their angled, biased, crooked, distorted, jaundiced, one sided and perverted thinking and dating.
Mahavamsa gives us a long list of murders, yet to be confirmed by a secondary source in history. Following is the list of murders and mayhem:
killing 2

Murder mysteries in Mahavamsa:

Mahavamsa Chapter-4:
Bimbisara’s son Ajatasatru slew (killed) his father.

Mahavamsa Chapter-4:
Ajatasatru’s son Udayabhaddaka slew his father.
Udayabhaddaka’s son Aniruddha slew his father
Aniruddha’s son Munda slew his father
Munda’s son Nagadasaka slew his father
People became angry about these patricides and banished Nagadasaka and appointed Sisunaga as the king.
His son Kalasoka ruled for 28 years.
Who is this Kalasoka who ruled for 28 long years?
No mention about this king Indian history books written 150 years ago by the British, still studied by the stupid Indians!!!

Mahavamsa Chapter-5:
Asoka, son of Bindusara, slew 99 brothers born of different mothers and won the sovereignty of Jambudvipa (India).
No mention of the Kalinga War which made Asoka to convert to Buddhism!!

Mahavamsa Chapter-7:
Vijaya’s first wife Kuvanna was killed by Yakshas (when he sent her out of the palace after marrying a Tamil Pandya girl).

killing 3
Mahavamsa Chapter-9:
Princes killed slave Kalavela and herdsman Citta.
Mahavamsa Chapter-10:
The prince’s men killed all the soldiers of enemy and the eight uncles with them and they raised a pyramid of skulls.

Mahavamsa Chapter-34:
Queen Anula married city carpenter Vaduka and killed him by poison after falling in love with a wood cutter.
She killed wood cutter Tissa by poison and married Niliya.
She poisoned Brahmin Niliya and ruled the country for 4 months.
Later Kutakanna Tissa killed Anula in a battle.

Mahavamsa Chapter-35:
Kanirajanu Tissa slew his brother and reigned for three years.
Having slain his brother in the festival sports at the Tissa tank his younger brother Yassalakatissa ruled for 7 years.
Subha the guard ordered to slain the king and reigned for 6 years.

THAILAND-SOUTH-UNREST

Mahavamsa Chapter-36:
Three Lambakarnas killed king Vijayan and one of them,Samghatissa ruled for 4 years.
He was killed by poisoned fruits. People who hated him mixed the poison.
King Jethatissa killed all the treacherous ministers in his father’s funeral procession. He was behind the procession allowing his brother to take the body out of the gate of the palace. As soon as the body passed the gate, he ordered the gate to be closed and killed all the ministers and impaled their bodies around his father’s pyre.

Mahavamsa Chapter-37:
The last chapter of Mahavamsa ended with the killing of a thera. One of the wives of Mahasena was sad about the destruction of a Mahavihara. He asked one labourer to finish off the thera. Samghamitra and a lawless minister Sona were killed while they were coming to destroy Thuparama.

Mahavamsa, has lot of murders and killings from the beginning to the end apart from the lawful killings in the battles. I have not included the war deaths because they are considered lawful from the ancient days till today.
Contact swami_48@yahoo.com

(Pictures are taken from various websites;thanks,they are not related to the anecdotes in Mahavamsa)